Premium Essay

Control of Health Care in Puerto Rico

In: Social Issues

Submitted By gatita747
Words 1779
Pages 8
Control of Health Care in Puerto Rico
Josie Valentín
Walden University

Overview of the health care system

The Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH), the State Health Agency (SHA), is a free-standing, independent agency. Under its jurisdiction are all the health-related affairs of Puerto Rico. The PRDH performs the following functions: Planning, evaluating, and regulating as well as auditing the programmatic, administrative, and fiscal aspects of health facilities and services. The PRDH performs these duties in the public and private health sectors of the commonwealth.
The system is driven by health needs or problems to produce health results or outcomes. The government’s role in health, once limited primarily to protecting the public from epidemics of infectious diseases. This information are Retrieved from /phppo/inpho/profile/pr

Who controls health care in Puerto Rico today? Why?

Several affiliated organizations function under the SHA. Included in this group are the General Health Council, Administration of Health Facilities and Services, Administration of Medical Services of Puerto Rico, and Central Areawide Comprehensive Health Services Corporation (CACHSC). The CACHSC is a private non-profit organization which serves as fiscal agent to the SHA for Federal grants earmarked to provide high-quality primary and migrant health care to medically underserved and low income residents of the mountainous municipalities.

The General Council of Health serves as the Puerto Rico State Board of Health. The Council was created to advise the public and private sectors in planning, coordinating, revising, and evaluating the health systems of Puerto Rico. As the advisory body for the Secretary of Health, the Council also develops criteria and guidelines for establishing Health Department Policy related to health services. The Council has 25…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Health Care Reform

...United States Main article: Health care reform in the United States Health care reform in the United States Healthcare reform in the US Debate over reform History Latest enacted legislation Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Senate bill - H.R. 3590) Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (H.R. 4872) preceding legislation Social Security Amendments of 1965 Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (1986) Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (1996) Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (2003) Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act (2005) [show] More information -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This box: view· talk· edit See also: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Maximum Out-of-Pocket Premium as Percentage of Family Income (Source: CRS) In the United States, the debate regarding healthcare reform includes questions of a right to health care, access, fairness, sustainability, quality and amounts spent by government. The mixed public-private health care system in the United States is the most expensive in the world, with health care costing more per person than in any other nation, and a greater portion of gross domestic product (GDP) is spent on it than in any other United Nations member state......

Words: 3815 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Secondary Education in Puerto Rico

...Higher Education in Puerto Rico Amanda Morris Consumer Behavior 10 December 2012 Higher Education in Puerto Rico Puerto Rico is an interesting country when looking in comparison with the United States. They have been largely influenced by the US in culture, economics, and education. Because they have had aspirations of becoming the 51st state, they have historically tried to mainstream their culture in tandem with cultural trends in the mainland US. The interesting thing about that is that Puerto Rican people are fiercely proud of their cultural identity, and their heritage. They refer to themselves as Puerto Rican, even when they are second and third generation United States’ citizens. They have fought to keep Spanish in their schools instead of strict English. They hold themselves to even higher standards of education in many aspects. This leads to some interesting nuances in Puerto Rican education and the choices people make when it comes to choosing a college. This paper seeks to briefly examine how consumer behavior relates to higher education in Puerto Rico. Economics play a large factor, as well as strong involvement from the government, and US cultural influences in how and why secondary education choices are made for the people of Puerto Rico. To being with, when thinking about Puerto Rico, one must first look to what makes the country unique. A good starting place would be its basic facts regarding its demographics. Puerto Rico is one of......

Words: 2157 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Health Care

...It is devastating to think about not having the right supply of air to help me to breath. How many times we have been told to take care of our body and lungs, and fell to do so. I have learn, not maintaining  a healthy way of living dealing with your lungs will led to major problems in the long haul. The disease I will discuss is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease {COPD}. COPD is the resistance to airflow as a result of airway narrowing. Airway obstruction may result from accumulated secretions, edema, swelling of inner lumen of airway, bronchospasm, or destruction of lung tissue. There three cystic fibrosis that is related to COPD and they are Emphysema, Chronic bronchitis, and Asthma. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease has a major impact on both physical and psychological well-being {Donna R. Falvo, 420.}  Realizing that this is a life-changing condition, with one cure and treatment [makes you think] ‘what does that mean?’ A pulmonologist told me, “That any person that is face with COPD would have to have a lung transplant to get rede of the disease.” The etiology of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease {COPD} is that cigarette smoking is the number one reason in developing COPD and is ten times likely to develop this disease. Secondhand smoke exposure can also cause COPD. When this happen hyperplasia in our cells produce more mucous, reduced airway due to hyperplasia, reduce ciliary activity that bring up foreign bodies to cough things up. Cigarette smoke will......

Words: 2989 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Differences Between United States and Puerto Rico

...Are there differences between living in Puerto Rico and living in the United States? I believe that there are big differences. I came to the United States when I was fifteen years old. Although, I am currently living in the United States, I always go back to Puerto Rico to visit my family. I love it there. I like living in the United States but there are many things that differ from Puerto Rico such as food, education and weather. Puerto Rico has variety of Spanish food that make you go there. Puerto Rico’s food is one of the best reasons to visit the island. It is diverse, rich, and flavorful with a combination of rice, beans, meat and fish fried. Puerto Rico cooking is somewhat similar to both Spanish and other Hispanic cuisines. It’s is a unique blend of influences. In Puerto Rico they cook rice with beans as a weekly menu. Traditional foods remind us of who we are, what we like, and those we love. In contrast the United States has variety of food from all over the world. Their food is a combination of everything because it has a lot of different people from other countries. Also, you can find Spanish food, Italian food, Mexican food, etc. The American people adopted a style of life, so they eat a lot of junk food, so there is high percentage of fast food places. In what I seemed American people tend to eat nachos, hot dogs and cheese burger instead of eating rice with beans. The style of education in Puerto Rico based in schools. In the other hand, their education......

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Contracts in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

...Contracts in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico LAW 421- Contemporary Business Law July 8, 2014 On week three of our course, we were ask to write a word paper on Contracts in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in which we will describe the contracts according with the following cases; * Muñiz v. COPAN, 113 D.P.R. 157 (1982) * Trinidad v. Chade, 153 D.P.R. 280 (2001) * Las Marías v. Municipio, 159 D.P.R. 868 (2003) First, we must define contract in order to understand what role they have in our business law. A business contract is one of the most common legal transactions one can be involved in when running or working on a business. No matter what type of business one may run, having and understanding contract law is the key to creating sound business agreement that will be legally enforceable in the event that a dispute may arises. A contract is a legally enforceable agreement between two or more parties that creates an obligation to do or not do a particular thing. The term “party” can mean an individual person, company, or corporation. Contracts are usually governed and enforced by the laws in the state where the agreement was made (Melvin, 2011). Depending upon the subject matter of the agreement (i.e. sale of goods, property lease), a contract may be governed by one or two types of state law. * The Common Law; the majority of the contract (employments agreements, leases, general business agreements) are controlled by the state’s common law made, form......

Words: 1953 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Puerto Rico Local Law Paper

...Running head: PUERTO RICO local law paper Puerto Rico local law paper Name School Instructor Course number 1) The concept of Mercantile Right in P.R. to tenor with the cases of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico; Fish market Pink v. Lozada, 116 DPR 474 (1985) and Reece v. Ariela, 122 DPR 270 (1988). CONCEPT OF MERCANTILE RIGHT Mercantile right is the negotiation or traffic that applies to commerce for the purpose of making a profit. This right is protected by laws that give a person or business entity the right to engage in commerce. According to Tulane University Professor Vernon V. Palmer (2001), Puerto Rico's mercantile law stems from various sources (primarily Spanish and US) and has different statutes for different areas that are relative to commercial and industry. In 1995, Puerto Rico adopted Articles 5, 7, 8, and 9 of the United States' Uniform Commercial Code and as such, greatly affected by legal changes and decisions in the US. APPLICATION TO THE CASES FISH MARKET PINK, INC. v. OSVALDO LOZADA CREEK In June 1980, Lozado bought a boat that had been registered as a fishing vessel. In July 1980, Lozada (not a fisherman) sold a boat to Rosas. The sale included a loan amount for repairs necessary. In 1981, Rosas founded the Pink Company/Signature Fishing Market (???) and transferred the debt from a personal one to one of the business. In 1983 Lozada began collection attempts on the loan amount. The loan amount was being disputed by Rosas as not a valid...

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Derecho Penal Informatico de Puerto Rico

...publique, revele o ceda a un tercero los datos, comunicaciones o hechos descubiertos o las imágenes captadas a que se refieren los Artículos 171 (Violación de comunicaciones personales) y 172 (Alteración y uso de datos personales en archivos), o que estableciere una empresa para distribuir o proveer acceso a información obtenida por otras personas en violación de los referidos Artículos, u ofreciere o solicitare tal distribución o acceso será sancionada con pena de reclusión por un término fijo de tres (3) años. Si la persona convicta es una persona jurídica será sancionada con pena de multa hasta diez mil dólares ($10,000). Artículo 104.- Se enmienda el Artículo 175 de la Ley 146-2012, según enmendada, conocida como “Código Penal de Puerto Rico”, para que lea como sigue: “Artículo 175.- Delito agravado. Si los delitos que se tipifican en los Artículos 171 (Violación de comunicaciones personales), 172 (Alteración y uso de datos personales en archivos) y 173 (Revelación de comunicaciones y datos personales), se realizan con propósito de lucro por las personas encargadas o responsables de los discos o archivos informáticos, electrónicos o de cualquier otro tipo de archivos o registros; o por funcionarios o empleados en el curso de sus deberes será sancionada con pena de reclusión por un término fijo de ocho (8) años. Si la persona convicta es una persona jurídica será sancionada con pena de multa hasta treinta mil dólares ($30,000). Lo dispuesto en este Artículo será aplicable......

Words: 1609 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Health Care

... Tayong Bih Instructor: DR. C. IREGBU, Ph.D. Health Financial Management (HSA525) Assignment 1 Company Overview Universal Health Services (UHS) is a health management company that operates in three divisions; behavioral health facilities, acute care hospitals and ambulatory centers throughout the United States, Puerto Rico. Founded since 1978, it has prided itself in delivering top-notch hospital services through its strategy of purchasing already existing strong and successful health care franchises. With its philosophy of integrity, competence and compassion, it has grown its employee population to 68.000 and has established a strong capital position which is enabling it stay an industry leader. (UHS, 2015). As its newly appointed chief financial officer (CFO), one of the many duties but not limited to will be that of a financial operator. In this role, operation will ensure that UHS becomes financially effective or stays financially effective. In order to determine whether this organization stays or is finally stable, conducting a wide range of financial operations starting with an internal financial analysis will be paramount. One of the first tools utilized is a trend analysis. This tool uses UHS’s revenues generated from 2012 through 2014. |Year |2012 |2013 |2014 | |Revenue |6961.4 |7283.82 |8065.33 ......

Words: 1124 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Americanization of Puerto Rico

...When island inhabitants first heard that Americans were planning on invading Puerto Rico and driving out Spain's rulers, Puerto Ricans welcomed the North Americans to their home. (To view an in-progress work dealing with the Spanish-American War from a pro-colonial expansion point of view, visit this site/ For an objective historical account view this site). The Puerto Ricans were tired of not having a voice in politics and government and with the knowledge that America was a democracy, there was hope that this status quo would change. Although Puerto Ricans felt sentiments of fear at the arrival of the Americans, this did not curb their welcoming and enabling the American invasion. Unfortunately, the outcome of the invasion was not as positive as was thought it would be. During early U.S. rule, Puerto Ricans still were not included in the majority of governmental relations, and as with Spaniards, Americans who were sent to rule in Puerto Rico had never been there before and were ignorant about the history, culture, Spanish language, etc. Basically, Puerto Rico continued being ruled by foreigners who sought to complete their own interests, as opposed to looking to what are the interests of the nation they are invading and ruling. A cogent metaphor in Ferré's novel for the unrequited hopes that Puerto Rico had when United States invaded is Tony Torres, who is supposedly going to dance in Kerenski's adaptation of Swan Lake and Firebird . The people who lived in Machuelo......

Words: 1050 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Music Culture in Puerto Rico

...The Music Culture in Puerto Rico during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries is poorly documented. It most likely included Spanish church music, military band music, and diverse genres cultivated by the jíbaros, who are peasants, mostly of Taino descent, and enslaved Africans and their descendants. While they only make up 11% of the population in the country, they contributed some of the island's most dynamic musical features becoming distinct indeed. In the 19th century, Puerto Rican music begins to emerge into historical daylight, with genres such as danza being naturally better documented than folk genres like jíbaro music and bomba y plena. The African people of the island used drums made of carved harwood covered with an untreated rawhide on one side, commonly made from goatskin. A popular word derived from creole to design this drum was shukbwa, which literally means 'trunk of tree'. In other islands like Guadalupe, this type of hollowed trunk is known as bwa fuyé. If the term "folk music" is taken to mean music genres that have flourished without elite support, and have evolved independently of the commercial mass media, the realm of Puerto Rican folk music would comprise the primarily Hispanic-derived jíbaro music, the Afro-Puerto Rican bomba, and the essentially "creole" plena. As these three genres evolved in Puerto Rico and are unique to that island, they occupy a respected place in island culture, even if they are not currently as popular as contemporary music......

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Should Puerto Rico Become a State

...Should Puerto Rico Become a State? Why Puerto Rico should become a state? This topic has been controversial for a while not only for the residents of Puerto Rico, but also for the residents of the United States. All coins have two faces and stories have two sides, and this is the case of this controversy. In this essay, I will discuss pros and cons of Puerto Rico becoming a state, I will also present my point of view. It will take a careful analysis and serious discussion, may be even national consensus before the moment of admission of a new state into the United States. Becoming a state is not something that happens just because the residents of Puerto Rico agree with, but understanding the history and agreeing with the U.S. terms, Puerto Rico should become the fifty first state of the United States. The Puerto Rican government should encourage the citizens and work harder for the statehood. As a Puerto Rican living in the United States and having my love ones in the Island, I feel the government in Puerto Rico need to make progress and give more encouragement to Puerto Rico to become a state. Puerto Rico became United States territory in 1889 during the Spanish-American war. The first year of the 20th century were marked as the struggle to obtain grater democratic rights from the United States. In 1950, the president Truman signed what is known as a Public Act 600, which allowed Puerto Rico to draft their own constitution, establishing the commonwealth of Puerto Rico;......

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

History of Puerto Rico

...Identification. Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Rico in 1493, during his second voyage, naming it San Juan Bautista. The Taínos, the indigenous people, called the island Boriquén Tierra del alto señor ("Land of the Noble Lord"). In 1508, the Spanish granted settlement rights to Juan Ponce de León, who established a settlement at Caparra and became the first governor. In 1519 Caparra had to be relocated to a nearby coastal islet with a healthier environment; it was renamed Puerto Rico ("Rich Port") for its harbor, among the world's best natural bays. The two names were switched over the centuries: the island became Puerto Rico and its capital San Juan. The United States anglicized the name to "Porto Rico" when it occupied the island in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. This spelling was discontinued in 1932. Puerto Ricans are a Caribbean people who regard themselves as citizens of a distinctive island nation in spite of their colonial condition and U.S. citizenship. This sense of uniqueness also shapes their migrant experience and relationship with other ethnoracial groups in the United States. However, this cultural nationalism coexists with a desire for association with the United States as a state or in the current semiautonomous commonwealth status. Location and Geography. Puerto Rico is the easternmost and smallest of the Greater Antilles, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Basin to the south. Puerto Rico is a crucial hemispheric......

Words: 5687 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Control of Health Care in the Unites States

...The United States health care system has been controlled by various groups over the years. At one point physicians were known to have controlled the health care system. Their homes were once considered the hospitals in which patients would stay over if needed (Laureate Education Inc., 2008). Over time the control of the health care system transitioned to hospitals. Their role was to become service organizations and offer a continuum of care in the health system (Barton, 2010). Today the health care system is controlled by financing. Financing includes any private plan, employer sponsored, direct purchase, any government plan, Medicare, Medicaid, and military health insurance (Barton, 2010). Financing is considered to control all aspects of health care including physicians being reimbursed for services, hospitals inpatient/outpatients revenue, nursing homes, medical services being provided with and without technology, and prescription drugs. Over the years health insurance has changed. In the last half of the twentieth century, health insurance became the dominant payment mechanism for health services (Barton, 2010). The number of individuals with health insurance dramatically jumped after World War II as well as the spending for health care services (Shi & Singh, 2008). In 1965 Medicare and Medicaid were two government-supported programs initiated as amendments to the Social Security Act (Barton, 2010, p. 55). These programs were developed following the failure to enact......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Puerto Rico

...Puerto Rico is one of the most "hunted" places for a vacation by tourists all over the world. And it is no wonder why the popularity of this place is so high. Its rich culture, beautiful landscapes and wide range of choices regarding how to spend your free time during your staying are pretty convincing for anyone. If you think heaven is out of reach, then you should try choosing as a travel destination Puerto Rico. The climate is so generous that it will certainly make you feel like a million bucks. The constant temperature of about eighty degrees to a hundred is the dream of every tourist, from wherever he/she may be. The lowest temperature ever in the Puerto Rican island had a value of thirty degrees and it was registered in Aibonito. Aibonito is a City on the center of the island, were the mountains are. On the other side we have Ponce, Ponce is one of the hottest parts of Puerto Rico, it’s on the south and it’s right beside the beach. That explains why is so hot. As you can see we Puerto Rico have a variety of weathers. “Caliente” is the word that describes this great place and I'm not talking about temperature here - or, at least, not only about temperature. What are you really looking for? If your answer is "an unforgettable holiday", then you have picked the right travel destination. Puerto Rico is the perfect place for you. Just try to imagine a place where in the winter the weather is just cool and you are not freezing, and you can actually go to the beach......

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Puerto Rico and Federal Judiciary Paper

...ensayo estaremos explicando el sistema judicial de Puerto Rico en términos de estructura, jerarquía y funcionamiento. A su vez lo compararemos con el sistema federal de Estados Unidos. El sistema judicial o poder judicial se define como un poder que tiene el país, en el cual administrar la justicia en la sociedad a través de normas o leyes jurídicas que sean creadas en base a conflictos o situaciones que hayan sucedido. El sistema judicial de Puerto Rico entro en vigor El 25 de julio del 1952, en ese día fue creado lo que hoy conocemos como la constitución del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico. La constitución establece el poder judicial que tendrá Puerto Rico. En ese entonces la Constitución estableció un juez presidente y cuatro jueces asociados pero concedió al propio tribunal el poder de solicitar a la legislatura aumentar o reducir el número de jueces. Este poder que se le otorgo a la legisladora crea conflictos de intereses ya que se puede ver claramente que hoy en día él aumentar y reducir jueces sea a convertido en politiquería más que merito propio. La estructura del sistema judicial de Puerto Rico ha sido modificada en tres ocasiones. La primera estructura fue creada para el año 1952, la segunda fue para el año 1994 y la tercera fue para el 2003. Actualmente vigente la nueva estructura del sistema judicial del año 2003. Esta ley conocida como la “Ley de la Judicatura del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico de 2003". La misma se estableció de la......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5