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Cooper V Aaron

In: Other Topics

Submitted By eunisflamme
Words 501
Pages 3
Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1, 78 S. Ct. 1401, 3 L. Ed. 2d 5 (1958)
FACTS: Petitioner, the school board of Little Rock, Arkansas, had sought to implement a program of desegregation of children in compliance with the Brown v. Board of Education declaring state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. However, the petitioner filed a suit to the district court to suspend court orders to implement the desegregation program for a period of two and a half years, claiming that the resistance by the state government and public hostility made it impossible to maintain a sound education program for both the American and African-American children. The state’s governor wishes to have the state legislature make it legal to segregate; he argues that the case is only binding until the state legislates otherwise. The district court granted the school board's request.
On the other hand, the respondents contested that their constitutional right should not be yielded under conditions of chaos and prayed for a faster desegregation program filed a request to the Supreme Court to render decision but was denied without waiting for the appeals court to deliberate on the case. United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit's the reversed the decision of the district court.
Hence, the appeal resulted.
ISSUE: Whether or not state government officials are bound by federal court orders and rulings based upon the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Constitution in mandating desegregation
THE DECISION: Yes. Every state is bound by not only the United States Constitution, but also all cases decided by the United State Supreme Court. Although each state has its own authority, that sovereignty is arranged by the United States Constitution. More significantly, the Court held that since the Supremacy Clause of Article VI made the U.S....

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