Premium Essay


In: Miscellaneous

Submitted By testmail
Words 440
Pages 2
Copyright is a major issue in today’s world of electronic media, where copying and pirating has become a major threat to the entertainment industry. No matter how protective they make their software or entertainment, the hackers out there still know the cheap and effective way of breaking into the information. It is a known fact that just a couple of centuries ago; copying was not only considered as a protective means of preserving the old texts but was also highly appreciated by the people. But with the development of printing press technology, this concept was slightly changed as now copying was regarded as a theft from the original content. This made the writers of the past to make copyright laws that would protect the individual work

The three systems defined in this paper deal with copyright issue of digital media. The system defined here are the ones that are in bad need of a proper copyright scheme as these digital media content are the ones that are most effected by the piracy and copying issues. The copying of any of these contents results in the decrease revenue for the author, hence discouraging the author for producing a better kind of media for later use.

The first system defined is the Giovanni, which is digital watermarking technology for audio media. The basic idea of this company is to produce audio that is watermarked with waves that are inaudible to the human ear. Giovanni maintains the functionality of copyright targets by keeping archives and provide maintenance to the author. Yet, it does not restrict any access of the eligible person. The second system proposed is the Content Scrambling System, which is embedded in DVDs and DVD players. This system provides copyright by embedding encrypted region codes into the DVDs that allows the DVDs to be played in only the available regions encoded in the contents of the DVD. The DVD player then...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...I. Introduction The Copyright Law Copyright is the exclusive right, to an intellectual property of any person, including elements of authorship, musical, literary, architectural, pictorial, choreographic, pantomimic, graphic, sculptural, and cartographic creations to print, publish or sell copies of his or her original work. Copyright is a law that protects published and unpublished work that you can see, hear and touch, from being reproduced without prior consent from the creator of the work. The copyright law was designed to strike a balance between the needs of consumers and those of creators. The issue is a control over piracy. Piracy has not disappeared, nor, by many measures, has it lessened. However, the success or failure of this act depends entirely on who you talk to. The debate is most often cast as a consumer issue, so both sides are looking for your (the consumer’s) ears. Strong arguments exist from either perspective, but both sides agree there have been unintended consequences to the provisions of the Copyright law. II. What is a Copyright? A Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of original works including literary works, movies, musical works, sound recordings, paintings, photographs, software, live performances, and television or sound broadcasts. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. The Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright......

Words: 3788 - Pages: 16

Free Essay


...teenagers and some adults, to download music or movies etc. illegal because it’s free and easy. But because of the copyright you can get a penalty or in worst case go to jail if you don’t comply the rules for copyright. Texts 1 named The Pirate Bay’s Peter Sunde: It’s Evolution, stupid, written by peter Sunde, February 10 2012 – published on the website, Peter Sunde who is the main character in the article is against copyrighting because he thinks that it is ridiculous that people shall pay for listening to music or see movies on the internet etc. He thinks that copyrighting shall be free, and copyrighting should not exist. Peter Sunde has been in it himself, in 2009 he was arrested for pirate bay, he was in prison 8 months. He wants to destroy copyrighting. In contrast to Texts 2 named You like my poems? So pay for them, written by Wendy Cope, December 8 2007 – published on the website, The Guardian Wendy Cope is a writer who is outraged to see her work all over the internet. Wendy Cope is a person who is a lot into copyrighting because she writes poems and she does not want people to borrow or take her poems without her permission or without paying her. In the article is she also writing that a lot of poets etc. that their income is the money they earn through their poems, so if they do not get any money because people is using their poems legally, then they have not any income more. 2) The writing style in texts 1 is neither hard or easy to......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Copyright Violation and Illegal Downloading

...------------------------------------------------- Copyright violation and illegal downloading 1. Give an outline of the attitudes to the copyright violation and illegal downloading as pretended in texts 1and 3. The two texts show us two opposing attitudes to copyright violation and illegal downloading. Text one: "The Pirate Bay´s Peter Sunde: It's Evolution, Stupid". Peter Sunde tells us about his dissatisfaction with his conviction for contributory copyright infringement. He claims that the entertainment industry should evolve because it's kind of "old" and that the entertainment industry is dying. So he tries to convince the reader that he's not guilty and that the supreme court must vacate his sentence. Later Peter Sunde uses democracy to argue for changing the law of copyrighting. Text three: "You like my poems? So pay for them", is by Wendy Cope, who is a poet. The text shows her opinion of copyright violation and illegal downloading, which is an opposing view than the one from Peter Sunde. She suffers from the loose grip on the copyright rules because everybody can just get anything from the internet, without her approval. Of course having it on the internet might affect the sales of her poems. And the fact that you can get it free of the internet, might not be a good thing if her income depends on how well her book sells. Wendy Cope feels that ignoring copyright is a problem because everyone might harm people by doing so, without even knowing it. ......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Week One Assignment Research Notes Children’s Internet Protection Act, 2000 Federal Communications Commissions: Federal law created by the Congress to address concerns about viewing offensive sites in school and library computers. Early 2001, CIPA regulated rules and requirements for certain schools and libraries that are eligible to receive funds. These rules and regulations are towards those who receive funds through E-rate- a program that makes certain communication technologies more affordable. CIPA states that: 1) Schools and libraries may not receive funds unless internet and computer has a child safety measure program. Also, this facility must hold one public meeting to address the proposal. 2) Schools under the CIPA must enforce internet monitoring for minors. 3) Schools and libraries subject to CIPA are required to adopt and implement an Internet safety policy addressing: (a) access by minors to inappropriate matter on the Internet; (b) the safety and security of minors when using electronic mail, chat rooms and other forms of direct electronic communications; (c) unauthorized access, including so-called “hacking,” and other unlawful activities by minors online; (d) unauthorized disclosure, use, and dissemination of personal information regarding minors; and (e) measures restricting minors’ access to materials harmful to them. Schools and libraries must have safety policies and computers in proper working functions for the minors before receiving E-rate......

Words: 533 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Do a SWOT analysis of YouTube in India. Internal | Strengths * The site is very user-friendly and video uploads are easy * Launching a localized YouTube site that contained local promoted videos, featured videos, localized user interface * Using digital hash technology for copyrighting protection | Weaknesses * User created content is not really that popular or well crafted * Copyrighted material is not allowed to be uploaded onto the site * Only including some Indian languages and not all Indian languages on the site | External | Opportunities * Expand viewer content to include a larger age range of viewers * Customizing to local preference to attract more users * Entered into various partnerships with Indian TV networks and film produces that would suit the local taste | Threats * Competition from Google’s social networking site Orkut and local Indian portals offering local content * Local music labels in India suing YouTube * Receiving criticism from fundamentalist groups regarding its contents * Facebook, Twitter, and Flickr | 2. Assess YouTube’s growth through alliances and partnerships. YouTube has grown by forging partnerships with various companies and providing entertainment that suit the local taste and preferences of the host county. 3. Assess the company’s localizing strategy. Do you recommend that YouTube “localize” when entering other countries? YouTube India provides users with relevant content and a platform to share its unique and diverse culture and...

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Informationn Techmology Acts Paper

...that are obscene, child pornography, and what is harmful to minors. The main purpose of the act is to protect children from the dangers that the internet has ("Federal Communications Commission", n.d.). The No Electronic Theft (NET) Act was enacted by Congress in 1997 to help prosecute of copyright violations on the internet. It makes it a federal crime to copy, distribute, and share copies of electronic works that are copyrighted, such as movies, games, and music. Also applicable in means of making copyrighted material available over networks. Before this Act was passed people who purposely distributed copied software over the internet did not face criminal penalties if they didn’t make profit off of it. Violation of the electronic copyrighting will carry out a maximum penalty of three years in prison and a fine of $250,000 ("University Information Technology Services", 2011). Congress enacted the Fair Credit Reporting Act in 1970 because the improper use of credit records. The...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sources of Values

...individual to keep the company’s secrets or important data and not sell out to competitors. Religious institutions such as the church teach its followers basic values they should live by. Some very familiar ones include not stealing, not killing, being obedient, not committing adultery, but rather showing compassion to those in need, dressing modestly, and making peace with others. The value of dressing modestly may encourage an individual to dress properly and professionally for work activities. Educational institutions also contribute its values to students. Students are encouraged and most often required to be punctual, to complete given assignments by deadlines, and to not cheat on exams or to respect other people’s work by not copyrighting. With regards to the business place, workers are encouraged to be punctual to work, to meet deadlines, and to not be dishonest especially when dealing with figures and financial statements. It is imperative...

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Most Americans Should Not Use Credit Cards

...I believe there needs to be integrity in everything we do. There is integrity in day to day activities, who don’t we hold that standard to ourselves in terms of stealing or copyrighting. There are a number of issues with this and I will go over two of the issues we encounter when dealing with academic integrity. First off is the attitude toward buying assignment and laziness turning into plagiarism and second is the need for responsible blogging. These are the issues I find close to the heart in dealing with the integrity of any piece of work somebody comes up with. There is an absolute need for a code of ethics much like the one Axia has but for everything. With this code of ethics we could change the world so long as people are willing to change. First I want to touch on the attitude toward buying assignments. I have heard time and time again from people who have bought assignments online or produced an article from a fellow student, that it’s ok to buy an assignment. They believe that since big corporations steal ideas and products, it’s alright for them to do so. This is not true in the least but, it’s absolutely unethical in the worst way. This is an ongoing issue and the plagiarism check in our library here at Phoenix is absolutely essential to detect and deter these ongoing issues. The other half of this issue is the idea that it’s alright to copy someone else’s ideas and post them as your own. This includes blogging but effect the academic field in a much severe way...

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Article Review

...Article Review Danielle Carr Law 421 January 27, 2014 Abstract This paper will be a review about an article. Also it will assess the different types of legal protections for intellectual property. It will analyze the legal issues of e-business. That will include intellectual property, privacy. Ethics, and security. Article Review This paper will be a review about an article. It will assess the different types of legal protections for intellectual property. It will analyze the legal issues of e-business. With that it will also include intellectual property, privacy. Ethics, and security. This article is about Apple and their history of legal disputes between Apple, the computer company, and Apple, the Beatles’ record company. The disputes were about the same thing every time and that was their similar logos. The two companies have gone to court twice for this before. They went to court in 1981 and in 1991. They are now going back to court saying that the computer company is over stepping its bounds of the agreement that has been made. There are four types of intellectual properties. The types are copyrights, patents, trademarks, and trade secrets. “A patent grants property rights on inventions, allowing the patent holder to exclude others from making, selling or using the invention. A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol, or design that distinguishes the source of the goods of one business from its competitors. A trade secret is a formula, process, device, or other......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...THESIS MANUAL INSTRUCTIONS CONCERNING THE PREPARATION OF THESES AND DISSERTATIONS Research and Graduate Studies Texas A&M University-Kingsville Kingsville, Texas 78363 (361) 593-2808 SPRING 2011 COPYRIGHT PRIVILEGES BELONG TO RESEARCH AND GRADUATE STUDIES Reproduction of this THESIS MANUAL requires the written permission of the Graduate Dean. FOREWORD The nature of a research study should be one in which the investigation leads to new knowledge or enhancement of existing knowledge in the student's field of study, either through acquisition of new data or re-examination and interpretation of existing data. At the graduate level, all students should learn how new knowledge is created, how experimentation and discovery are carried out, and how to think, act and perform independently in their discipline. Depending upon the degree to which the discipline has an applied orientation, the student can demonstrate mastery of the discipline through means such as research papers, literature reviews, artistic performances, oral/written presentations or case studies. The doctoral dissertation is viewed in academia as the ultimate model of documentation of the student's research. The characteristics of dissertation research include the theoretical background, description of the problem, the method which was used to solve the problem, interpretation of results and explanation of their significance. The student is expected to produce a product of excellent quality which......

Words: 10528 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Brand Elements of Adidas and Nike

...Ömer Dündar Kan Bilgi University ADIDAS vs NIKE The comparison of Adidas & Nike in terms of brand elements is below: 1. Memorability is the recognition and recall of the brand. Adidas: Because the name of the brand has come from the name of the founder “Adi Dassler” who is known as a strong, positive and high quality shoe maker; the brand is also recognized as strong, positive and high quality. The brand is also remembered with its 3 striped-logo. Nike: The brand was launched after the brand “Blue Ribbon Sports.” The meaning of “Nike” is “The Greek goddess of victory” which associated with sports by Nike. In addition, the brand is also recognized with its simple logo which promotes victory and winning. 2. Meaningfulness is awareness, descriptive and recognition of the brand. Adidas: As i mentioned before the brand is recalled as strong, positive and high quality. Besides, its logo is associated with challenges and goals. This is why its products are the tools for these challenges. Nike: In the sports; competition is one of the most important things between the athletes and the brands. That is why a sport company Nike has used meaningful objects as a brand name and brand symbol. The brand name means “the Greek goddess of victory” and the symbol is a wing which promotes victory and pace. 3. Likability is how much the customers find the brand aesthetically. Adidas: The brand’s logo is simple which is 3 stripes, and is using......

Words: 556 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Weekly Reflection

...Week Three Reflection Angelica Lozano, Christopher Owen, Noemy Sanchez, Robert Thornley LAW/421 September 23, 2015 Robert Shulman Abstract The issues presented with the development of the internet and Cyberspace multiplies on a regular basis. However, Copy right infringement present as an issue that can be resolved utilizing solutions based on an act that was signed in 1976, the Copyright Act. This Act defines what can be copyrighted and sets a specific time frame in which a piece of work can be copyrighted. The Act defines types of infringements and what is considered Fair use. Learning Team C discussed these topics and how they affect their lives in a professional setting. This discussion also includes concepts the team had difficulty understanding. Week Three Reflection The Copyright Act was signed in 1976 and deals with protection of intangible right of Literary property. This includes musical and dramatic works. The only thing the Copyright Act cannot protect is ideas, methods, and systems. There are three parts of fundamentals to this act which include: originality, creativity, and durable medium. The text describes this as “an original work of authorship is a work that is original to the author”. This means that the author, using their own creative capabilities, created the work. The work must be a durable medium, meaning something tangible such as writing, digital, video or other form of media. An example of this would be any novel......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Swot: Sandwich Blitz, Inc.

...SWOT: Sandwich Blitz, Inc. Jo Lee Kaplan University MT140 The strength for Sandwich Blitz is the fact that they are copyrighting their ingredients to keep competitors from beating them out. This will make them unique among their competitors. When is the provider of the final product or service willing to compromise its own brand-building to add the ingredient brand on the package as well as in advertising? There are four conditions: * The ingredient is highly differentiated, usually supported by patent protection, and so adds an aura of quality to the overall product. * The ingredient is central to the functional performance of the final product. * The final products are not well-branded themselves, either because the category is relatively new, because customers buy infrequently or because there is low perceived differentiation among the options. * The final products are complex, assembled from components supplied by multiple firms who may sell the "ingredients" separately in an aftermarket ( The weakness for Sandwich Blitz is the ROI of 30%. This doesn’t sound like a big profit to me at all. Advertising is a good way to increase the ROI. Advertising venues range from print newspapers and magazines, to website banner ads, to billboards, to nonprofit sponsorships. Whatever medium you choose, your advertising investments should be targeted toward reaching the demographic most likely......

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Db Responses

...Chapter 7 Response Name Course Affiliation Date Chapter 7 is written in an objective manner with the aim of covering rise of technology, with a specific focus on the digital divide. Indeed, the digital divide refers to the difference or gap between the people who have access to technology and those who lack access to technology. Clearly, computer technology has brought about significant ethical and social effects among people from all dimensions. The significance of the digital divide can be witnessed at school and work. The evidence of a digital divide can be seen in terms of the differences in access to computer technology. Different obstacles that limit the access to computer technology for some individuals have caused the divide. Access to computer technology is limited by the differences in geographical areas. From the geographical perspective, statistics indicate that individuals living in suburban areas have a higher access to computer technology both online and computer access as compared to rural and central city residents (Kizza, 2002). Income levels also determine the access to computer technology since computer gadgets or devices are monetized thus individuals have to purchase them and this poses a challenge to people who experience financial constraints. Other -issues include ethnicity where statistics indicate that white non-Hispanic individuals have a higher access to computer technology as compared to other individuals. Age and education......

Words: 1942 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Case of the Mexican Crazy Quilt

...1. Which of the following is suitable for copyrighting? A) buildings B) business methods C) musical compositions D) product logos E) The NIKE sign Points Earned: | 0.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | C | 2. Utility patents for inventions are valid for 20 years. A) True B) False Points Earned: | 2.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | True | 3. A ________ is a patent that protects the functionality of a patent. A) utility patent B) method patent C) design patent D) process patent E) Shark Tank Patent Points Earned: | 0.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | A | 4. A competitor can lawfully discover a trade secret by performing reverse engineering A) True B) False Points Earned: | 0.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | True | 5. A patent in the public domain can be purchased by a non-patent holder A) True B) False Points Earned: | 2.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | False | 6. ) A ________ is a product formula, pattern, design, compilation of data, customer list, or other covert business information A) copyright B) trade secret C) trademark D) patent E) All of the above Points Earned: | 0.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | B | 7. What federal statute was enacted by the Congress to protect trade secrets? A) Sarbanes-Oxley Act B) Lanham Act C) Telecommunication Act D) Economic Espionage Act E) None of the above Points Earned: | 0.0/2.0 | | Correct Answer(s): | D | 8. According to the public use doctrine for patents,......

Words: 2414 - Pages: 10