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Corporate Bond in Vietnam

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Cucang
Words 17957
Pages 72
Corporate Bond Market in the Transition Economy of Vietnam, 1990-2010
VUONG, Quan-Hoang and TRAN, Tri Dung
Corporate bond appeared early in 1992-1994 in Vietnamese capital markets. However, it is still not popular to both business sector and academic circle. This paper explores different dimensions of Vietnamese corporate bond market using a unique, and perhaps, most complete dataset. State not only intervenes in the bond markets with its powerful budget and policies but also competes directly with enterprises. The dominance of SOEs and large corporations also prevents SMEs from this debt financing vehicle. Whenever a convertible term is available, bondholders are more willing to accept lower fixed income payoff. But they would not likely stick to it. On one hand, prospective bondholders could value the holdings of equity when realized favorably ex ante. On the other hand, the applicable coupon rate for such bond could turn out negative inflationadjusted payoff when tight monetary policy is exercised and the corresponding equity holding turns out valueless, ex post. Given the weak primary market and virtually nonexistent secondary market, the corporate bond market in Vietnam reflects our perception of the relationshipbased and rent-seeking behavior in the financial markets. For the corporate bonds to really work, they critically need a higher level of liquidity to become truly tradable financial assets. JEL Classifications: G32, G38, O16 Keywords: Vietnam; Corporate Bond; Interest Rate; Transition Economy; Debt Market

CEB Working Paper N° 10/001 January 2010

Université Libre de Bruxelles - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management Centre Emile Bernheim ULB CP145/01 50, avenue F.D. Roosevelt 1050 Brussels BELGIUM e-mail: Tel. : +32 (0)2/650.48.64 Fax : +32 (0)2/650.41.88

Corporate Bond Market in the Transition Economy of...

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