Premium Essay

Corrections

In: Social Issues

Submitted By haddadr
Words 4157
Pages 17
-Corrections is a booming business prisons + crime = profitable industry we have an Increasing number of people under correctional supervision
6 million people under the correctional system by the end of the century
- Tough on Crime Political Stance popular public policy
20 million victimizations in 2009 repeat violent felons off of the streets treat minors as adults create mandatory sentencing laws reduce time-off-for-good-behavior
- Shift in Public Opinion
4.3 million violent crimes
33 million personal theft crimes
- 7.2 million 3% (1 in 33) of adults in the U.S. are under some sort of correctional supervision

-Probation (community sentence) and parole are NOT the same thing

-1.3% average annual increase from 2000 to 2009 But declined 1.3% in 2010 to 2009 “has the correctional population supervision increased or decreased from 2000 to 2009?” Answer: INCREASED

- the majority of people in the corrections system are on PROBATION

- Percentage breakdowns for types of offences:
9% Public Disorder (35% federal) DUI, indecent exposure, drunken disorderly, prostitution, etc.
18% Drug Offence (51% federal)
19% Property Offense (less than 10% federal)
53% Violent Offenses (less than 10% federal)
- Regions highest to lowest
South
West
Midwest
Fed?
North East
- Top 5 States
Federal
Texas
California
Florida
New York

Notes From Ch. 1 in Textbook-

- Penology the study of the use of punishment for criminal acts
- Penitentiary typically used to describe older or highly secure prisons; first term used to describe secure facilities to hold criminals
- Corrections the range of community and institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and services for managing criminal offenders
- Gaols
English system of jails
- Walnut Street Jail first penitentiary in the united states
-Pennsylvania System the “separate and Silent” system...

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