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Corruption and Anti Graft Legislation of Italy

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tehseenc
Words 1107
Pages 5
CORRUPTION

Political corruption remains a major problem in Italy, particularly in Southern Italy including Calabria, parts of Campania and Sicily where corruption perception is at a high level. Political parties are ranked as the most corrupt institution in Italy, closely followed by public officials and Parliament, according to Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2013.
Regarding business and corruption, foreign investments and economic growth are hindered by organised crime and corruption. Business executives from World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014 consider corruption one of the problems for doing business in Italy Procurement process, mainly in water, roads and railway projects, in Italy is affected by corruption.

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CORRUPTION CHALLENGES
Government and politics
Checks and balances in the Italian government are compromised. A 2012 study indicates that the legislative branch has little independence from the executive. This creates a disparity in power and enables the executive to govern without appropriate accountability.
Integrity mechanisms are also poor in the public sector. According to a 2011 report, parliamentary and government codes of conduct are aspirational at best, and not enforceable. Weak – and often non-existent – sanctions cannot effectively deter corrupt acts. National corruption scandals also undermine public officials’ image.

Political financing
Corporate donations to political parties and candidates are unregulated. Although there are constraints on election expenditure, there are no limits on donor contributions to parties or candidates. Donor identities are only revealed for contributions above €50,000 and even these loose regulations are not adequately enforced.
Political party and campaign expenditure reporting are also unsatisfactory…...

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