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Counseling Theories

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Feminist Therapy

Feminist therapy deals with helping other people understand the impact of gender roles and power differences in society and, in some cases, helping them make changes in social institutions that discriminate against or hurt them. It is helpful because unlike other traditional therapeutic approaches, feminist therapy is distinct in its addressing the role of gender in psychological distress. Gender is a reality that shapes our behavior. Our world is organized through its influence and feminist therapy recognizes that environmental pressures that affect a woman's identity. Women live in a world dominated by males and masculine patterns of thought and behavior and as a psychology student I believe that this therapy would help a lot of women recognize the importance of the different ways that men and women develop throughout the lifespan, including differences in social and sexual development, child-raising practices, work roles and examine issues such as gender roles, the importance of relating to others, and the multiple identities that represent an individual.

Adlerian Therapy
The main aim of Adlerian Therapy is to develop the client’s sense of belonging and to assist in the adoption of behaviors and processes characterized by community feeling and social interest. This is accomplished by increasing the client’s self-awareness and challenging and modifying their fundamental premises, life goals, and basic concepts. What I like about this approach is that the therapists do not see their clients as being “sick” and in need of being “cured” instead they assume a non-pathological perspective and thus do not label clients by their diagnoses and instead of using a medical model to understand their clients, they assume a broader perspective based on a growth model. It also gives encouragement which I believe the most powerful method available for...

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