Counseling

In: People

Submitted By Itzairavel
Words 4828
Pages 20
20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling: The New Consensus Definition of Counseling
David M. Kaplan
American Counseling Association
Vilia M. Tarvydas
The University of Iowa
Samuel T. Gladding
Wake Forest University

Author Note
David M. Kaplan, Professional Affairs, American Counseling Association; Vilia M. Tarvydas, Department of Rehabilitation and Counselor Education, The University of Iowa; Samuel T. Gladding, Department of Counseling, Wake Forest University.
The authors wish to thank Jason Wilke for his assistance.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David Kaplan, American Counseling Association, 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. E-mail: dkaplan@counseling.org

Abstract
With the promulgation of the 20/20 consensus definition of counseling, there is finally profession-wide clarity as to what it means to engage in professional counseling. This article describes the development and discusses the implications of the definition: Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals. The 20/20 consensus definition of counseling has been endorsed by 29 major counseling organizations. Keywords: counseling, definition, 20/20, consensus, professional identity
20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling: The New Consensus Definition of Counseling For well over half a decade, the counseling profession has been actively planning its future through the initiative 20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling. 20/20, as it is often referred to in abbreviated form, was cited as “the largest gathering of counseling organizations in history” (Kennedy, 2008, p. 42). Currently involving 31 participating organizations (a complete list is available at www.counseling.org/20-20/orgs.aspx), 20/20 promulgated…...

Similar Documents

Counseling

...PART II Background Information INITIAL COUNSELING To discuss the following subjects: 1. Performance and Job Knowledge 2. Physical Fitness 3. Military Appearance 4. Education 5. Formations 6. Drugs and Alcohol PART III Summary of counseling SPC Newbie this counseling statement sets forth responsibilities while assigned to this section and clarifies expectations demanded by this command. The following subjects are what I expect from you as your squad leader: (1).PERFORMANCE AND JOB KNOWLEDGE: You will be evaluated on your knowledge on your MOS (Military Occupational Specialty), how you perform with different task and your ability to work with other members in your work environment (TEAM WORK!). You will also be challenged to perform other tasks to see how well you react to different situations. Feel free to ask me or any other Noncommissioned Officer any question you may have, whether it be job related or personal. You have a lot of knowledge in your MOS, I encourage you to keep that high standard and take advantage of the Electronic Technical’s Manuals that 3rd ID......

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Counseling

...Violence: How School Counselors Can Help. Professional School Counseling, 3(4), 231-236. This article was chosen because it offered a different perspective than that of previous ones. Obviously, its focus is on interventions potentially useful to school counselors. However, this author felt it was an important article to include. This is because private practitioners frequently consult with school counselors about their client’s school behavior and academic achievement. Familiarity with the ways a school counselor can help could prove very valuable. The article begins with an extensive literature review. This review provides statistics, definitions of terms, a description of the connection between wife abuse and child abuse and theoretical frameworks to understand the effects of violence. These theoretical frameworks include Social Learning Theory, the PTSD theory and Attachment Theory. Next, the authors offer techniques to identify children from violent homes. These techniques include looking for a child who acts out scenes of marital violence in play. It is recommended that the child be asked direct questions about family violence. The issue of mandated reporting of domestic violence is covered in the next section. Legal obligations are reviewed. Also, the types of risks to which children can be exposed are listed. Ways to help the child in school are then presented. These include the goals of individual counseling and suggestions on how to aid the child in......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Counseling

...individuals self esteem and confidence level. As a survivor from battling thoughts about my weight and personal appearance, I’ve become incredibly passionate about topics of eating disorders, depression, anxiety, and low self esteem. Struggling to fight the demon within me and ignore peers comments was the first step to a new beginning. Walden University’s vision to their students it to advance their teaching skills and allow the student to achieve a greater global good (Walden University n.d.). Walden allows the students to develop their own style and learn more about themselves in order to better their skills in the real world. Within the school of Counseling and Social Services, their vision is one of the most uplifting statements that made me confirm my reasoning’s for choosing this particular University. The School of Counseling and Social Services envisions a future where students and faculty join together as scholars-practitioners (Walden University n.d.). They want students and faculty to work together to promote positive social change within the community (Walden University n.d.). Having the chance to work with faculty allows my mission and vision as a student to instill confidence within others who feel inferior a closer reality. Walden University provides positive influences to help guide students in the right direction to better succeed in their own particular goals to better the lives of others. References Walden University. (n.d.). Scholars of change.......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Counseling

...OXFORD – PHILIPPINES INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Salawag Campus, Cavite CAREER COUNSELING A WRITTEN REPORT ON GUIDANCE and COUNSELING Submitted by: JANET R. PINTO RAQUEL F. HERNANDEZ Submitted to: Dr. LUZ B. DASMARIňAS Professor CAREER COUNSELING I. INTRODUCTION Keeping a balance between personal and professional life is quite important for any person. At times we get so get stressed out owing to the work pressure that the momentum is somewhere lost. A such a phase of life it becomes very crucial to understand your work in a better manner become capable of making strong and righteous decisions. Career Counseling is one such practice that aids people by making a connection between passion to work, purpose to do a task and understanding and acknowledgement of work. Working atmosphere is different at different offices and different industries. It furthermore transforms as you grow in a position with evolution in ressponsibilities and tackling new individuals who may not be as supporting as your last associates. Career Counseling in such arenas help in building capabilities and leaves no stone unturned in ensuring that with your independence in doing a task and with the new found confidence, each task for you become a child’s play, thereby bringing satisfaction and contentment in your professional life. Also, increasing awareness and purpose for desired work is one aspect. It goes a long way in helping individuals in improving their standard of work...

Words: 2353 - Pages: 10

Counseling

...psychologically healthy and does not require a clinical intervention. • It works on the premise that clients are self-aware, or can achieve self-awareness. • It is time-bounded. • It is a skilled activity • Personal issues may be discussed but the emphasis is on performance on work. Differences between Counseling and Coaching: |Counseling |Coaching | |Broader focus and greater depth |Narrower focus | |Goal is to help people understand the root causes of long-standing |The goal is to improve an individual’s performance at work | |performance problems/issues at work | | |A short-term intervention, but can last for longer time periods due |Tends for be a short-term intervention | |to the breadth of issues to be addressed | | |Counseling can be used to address psycho-social as well as |Coaching does not seek to resolve any underlying psychological | |performance issues |problems. It assumes a person does not require a psycho-social | | ......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Counseling

...Press. Counsellors Act 1998 (Act 580). Laws of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur: Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Bhd. Federation of Malaya (1955). Annual Report on Education, 1955. Kuala Lumpur: Art Printing Work. Hoelter, J.W. (1983). The effects of role evaluation and commitment on identity salience. Social Psychology Quarterly, 46,14-47. Kamaruddin Hassan (1994). Counselling in the banking sector - An experience [Kaunseling dalam sektor bank – satu pengalaman]. Jurnal PERKAMA, 5, 156-164. Lim, H.K. & Menon, S. (1982). Socio-psychological perspectives on students in four secondary schools in Selangor. Paper presented at National Conference on Adolescents, Kuala Lumpur. Llyod, A. (1986). The sources of citations for guidance and counseling articles. Jurnal PERKAMA, 2, 29-38. Llyod, A. (1987).Counselor education in Malaysia. Counselor Education and Supervision, 26(3), 221-227. Ministry of Education (MOE), Malaysia (1964). Appointment of Guidance Teachers [Perlantikan Guru Bimbingan], KP/5209/35/4(4). Service Circular, Educational Planning and Research Division (EPRD). Ministry of Education (MOE), Malaysia (1968). Outline of guidance services. Kuala Lumpur: EPRD. Mohamad Hussein (1994). Counselling in Social Welfare Service [Kaunseling dalam Perkhidmatan Kebajikan Masyarakat]. Jurnal PERKAMA, 5, 148-155. New Straits Times (2000). Nasional, October 26, 2000. Quek, A.H. (1992). Supervision in vocational and technical education: A perspective towards Vision...

Words: 5596 - Pages: 23

Counseling

...Running Head: ETHICAL CONCIDERATIONS FOR GROUP LEADERSHIP Ethical Considerations for Group leadership in Counseling David Cook Liberty University HSER 511-04 Dr. Pinkston July 4, 2014 Abstract Ethics has been in the forefront in the counseling field, especially in the recent cases of PTSD and military and family counseling. This type of family and group counseling presents new ethical considerations for professionals. Group leaders have to be aware of new updates in the code of ethics and legal responsibilities while showing empathy and leadership in the group. The viewpoints in this paper will consider those codes from the perspective of a professional Christian leader. Viewpoints will include techniques for group participation, professional training for the leader, confidentiality considerations, ethnic and cultural awareness and ethical financial practices. There will be a focus on the personal relationships within the group setting and how the leader can effectively control the ethical relationships. This paper will present a personal testimony on Christian qualities that direct leadership and ethical considerations in treatment in family healing. Ethical Considerations for Group leadership in Counseling Professional counseling and group therapy has received more recognition in the past few years and the subject of ethical practices, as a result, has become more important and relevant. Codes for ethical practices have...

Words: 2929 - Pages: 12

Counseling

...Introduction to Counseling Written Assignment # 1 I. What is professional counseling? Discuss the most recent trends in counseling. Professional counseling is a service provided voluntary and confidential with the focus on the developmental, situational problems of individuals of all ages and culture. Professional counselors help individuals to make decisions and resolve conflicts. Counselors provide service on different settings like the workplace, schools, colleges and other places as well. They also provide this service to families, groups or individuals. The most recent trends in counseling are through the internet and counseling in the community. These trends cover different parts of the community like business, career centers, religious organizations, and local neighborhood comprehensive health care centers. For instance, many organization provide counseling assistance through an employee assistance programs (EAP), employment enhancement programs (EEPs), career development counseling within the companies and outplacement counseling (EAPs). Employee assistance program were created with the purpose of helping employees who have alcohol problems. However, the service of these programs has been expanded to provide counseling to employees in regards interpersonal and personal family problems that may affect their job performance. Career counseling centers were created during the 1990s to help individuals to explore career opportunities and receive......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Counseling

...Briefly outline and describe the essential elements of a solution-based, short-term pastoral counseling strategy such as its goal-orientation; brief (i.e., number of sessions) and time-limited (i.e., length of each session) nature; basic tenets and guiding assumptions (briefly explain each tenet and assumption), essential interpersonal skills, and possible behavioral positions (i.e., attending, blaming, willing). The goal-orientation for the short-term pastoral counseling should be to get the counselee to focus on their own goals that they have for themselves, and not so much what others or the counselor has for them. The class presentation, Overview of a Solution-Based, Short-Term Strategy, presents that you should limit the counseling to four sessions of either 50, 60, or 90 minutes. These limits fit well within the examples that Kollar gives throughout chapters 8 through 11. Phase 1 – Getting the Present Story The main purpose of this phase is to intently listen to the counselee and gain a solid understanding of where they are coming from. The goal is for the counselor is to actively listen to the counselee. “Active listening mirrors or paraphrases back to the speaker what he has just said, thus confirming for the speaker that he has been heard.” (Kollar, 2011, p. 92) The chief aim to this counseling session is to develop an overall solid picture of the present state of where the counselee is coming from. The counselor’s role in this phase is as a listener and......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Counseling

...|Developmental Counseling FORM | |For use of this form, see FM 6-22; the proponent agency is TRADOC | |DATA REQUIRED BY THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 | |Authority: 5 USC 301, Departmental Regulations; 10 USC 3013, Secretary of the Army and E.O. 9397 (SSN) | |PRINCIPAL PURPOSE: To assist leaders in conducting and recording counseling data pertaining to subordinates. | |ROUTINE USES: For subordinate leader development IAW FM 6-22. Leaders should use this form as necessary. | |DISCLOSURE: Disclosure is voluntary. | |Part I - Administrative Data | |Name (Last, First, MI) |Rank / Grade |Social Security No. |Date of Counseling | |Organization ...

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

Counseling

...Characteristics and Behaviors of Effective Counseling The counseling profession is a broad landscape with many paths, directions and journeys. When one decides to expand on their personal or professional lives by delving into the helping profession, many questions arise to help make an informed decision as to where their efforts will be more useful. Even taking into consideration their own history, personality and desires. These attributes, when looked at from an informed perspective, allow individuals to put forth their best and become effective counselors. But what does being an effective counselor look like? For one, being an effective counselor begins with the question “what is motivating me to be a counselor?” (Sheperis & Ellis, 2014, pg. 162). According to the media provided, Gail Mear, Bob Walsh and Norm Dasenbrook explained some of the characteristics they thought are used during therapy sessions. These characteristics ranged from being a helping person, being able to set boundaries, being empathic so you are able to understand your client’s feelings and grasp where those feelings are coming from and collaboration. This paper will expand on some of those characteristics and also provide critique on a session to help understand not only those characteristics which are effective, but those that may be ineffective during a counseling session. Effective Characteristics Kottler believed that the professional counselor should inhabit characteristics in order to...

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Counseling

...Occupations, including counseling, develop because there is a need. 2. The need for such personal assistance - advice, guidance, counseling - has existed, and in various ways been attended to, over the ages. 3. Many of the well-known historical figures (e.g. Plato, Aristotle, Charlemagne, Rousseau, and Thomas Jefferson) have expressed “counseling” points of view. 4. Psychology emerged as a field of study and psychiatry as a specialized branch of medicine in the late 1800s. 5. The development of programs of guidance and counseling in American education began in the years just prior to World War I. Frank Parsons is usually credited with much of the success of its early beginnings. 6. Parsons considered three factors necessary for the wise choice of a vocation. They were: (a) a clear understanding of self; (b) a knowledge of the requirements and conditions for success, compensation, and opportunities in different careers; and (b) true reasoning on the relationships between (a) and (b). 7. Other influences on the development of the counseling movement were: a. the development of standardized tests appropriate for assessment of intelligence and other characteristics of youth. b. the renewed interest in mental health as a result of Clifford Beers’ writings. c. the progressive education movement of the 1920s and 1930s. 8. CHAPTER 1 – HISTORY OF AND TRENDS IN COUNSELING Definition of Counseling * Focus on......

Words: 3419 - Pages: 14

Counseling

...School Counseling Standard Ten Research and Evaluation: Counselors have to continuously look at the different ways that they can improve their skills. In doing this, they have to try to get a better understanding of the skills and processes of research and evaluation aimed at improving school guidance and counseling programs. It is good to be a member of a national counseling organization that has a publication or magazine that comes out on a regular basis that helps to keep counselors informed about certain trends and changes in the counseling profession. An effective counselor is always looking for ways through research and outside input to help improve their program. In order to know what needs to be improved in a program, you must use a variety of sources to help you investigate what needs to be improved. Things that can be used are data, surveys, parent, teacher, student inputs, etc. I had the privilege of interviewing several teachers and an administrator in order to get their input on how they thought a Comprehensive School Counseling Program should be ran and what function the program should provide service for. This in turn led to an Interview Assignment Paper that summarized my finding. This will help me to improve upon things that others perceive as important to the program that maybe we are not currently doing or doing correctly. As school counselor, it will be very important for me o make sure that I read article that address issues......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Counseling

...I have always been fascinated with counseling - I find it similar to finding a prize in your lunchbox at school. It gives you a feeling of being Sherlock Holmes; discovering and solving a mystery – the mystery of why we do things. My curiosity has increased during my tenure in the Dallas Independent School District (DISD) working with inner city school children. There are many students within the district that are burdened by life. I feel this burden prevents and sometimes precludes them from learning and enjoying life as a child. I have a compassion for people – particularly school age children. As an Officer in the United States Army I was required to perform periodic counseling for soldier assigned under my supervision. I received exceptional satisfaction when one of my soldiers received a promotion because they followed the advice I gave. Additionally, I got satisfaction for recommending soldiers for assistance with marital or financial problems encountered. This experience gave me a well rounded knowledge of support resources available and experience dealing with a variety of problems encountered by young people. I attributed my success in this position to three (3) traits: I was a good listener, I was determined, and I was patient. Listening allowed me to get to the gist of the problem – to see through all the talk and get to the heart of the matter. Being determined allowed me to stick with the issue until resolved and ensuring my subordinate understood......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Counseling

...ANNEX A INITIAL COUNSELING FOR PSD 1. Use of Chain of Command: the Chain of Command consist of the Team Leader, Squad Leader, PLT Sergeant, PLT Leader, 1SG, and the Company Commander. Make sure it is used in this order. Never break the Chain of Command. 2. Open door policy: This works hand and hand with the Chain of Command. You will notify your Chain of Command when you feel you need to utilize the open door policy. 3. Military customs and courtesies: You will comply with all military customs and courtesies as outlined in AR 600-200. 4. Personal appearance: You will look like a professional at all times. You will be cleanly shaven and your uniform will be clean. You will attempt to keep your uniform as serviceable as possible. There is no excuse. You will conduct personal hygiene daily, especially after PT. 5. Sick call: You must report back to the company to notify your Chain of the Command of your medical status. If you have any questions on the time and where sick call is located then inquire through your Chain of Command. Let your Leader know you are going to sick call at least an hour before going. 6. Finance: If you have any questions or problems relating to your pay or finances, you must notify your Leader so the proper course of action can be taken. 7. Formation: You will not miss link up, convoy brief, or SP time, unless you have a legitimate excuse and you have notified your Chain of Command at least 30......

Words: 604 - Pages: 3