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Counseling

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20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling: The New Consensus Definition of Counseling
David M. Kaplan
American Counseling Association
Vilia M. Tarvydas
The University of Iowa
Samuel T. Gladding
Wake Forest University

Author Note
David M. Kaplan, Professional Affairs, American Counseling Association; Vilia M. Tarvydas, Department of Rehabilitation and Counselor Education, The University of Iowa; Samuel T. Gladding, Department of Counseling, Wake Forest University.
The authors wish to thank Jason Wilke for his assistance.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David Kaplan, American Counseling Association, 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. E-mail: dkaplan@counseling.org

Abstract
With the promulgation of the 20/20 consensus definition of counseling, there is finally profession-wide clarity as to what it means to engage in professional counseling. This article describes the development and discusses the implications of the definition: Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals. The 20/20 consensus definition of counseling has been endorsed by 29 major counseling organizations. Keywords: counseling, definition, 20/20, consensus, professional identity
20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling: The New Consensus Definition of Counseling For well over half a decade, the counseling profession has been actively planning its future through the initiative 20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling. 20/20, as it is often referred to in abbreviated form, was cited as “the largest gathering of counseling organizations in history” (Kennedy, 2008, p. 42). Currently involving 31 participating organizations (a complete list is available at www.counseling.org/20-20/orgs.aspx), 20/20 promulgated...

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