Countries Affected by Natural Calamities

In: Science

Submitted By yasiirah
Words 1287
Pages 6
COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY NATURAL CALAMITIES

Natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and floods can often come at the least expected time. Others, such as hurricanes and cyclones are increasing in severity and destruction. Typically, the poor are the worst hit for they have the least resources to cope and rebuild.


As the 2011 Great Eastern Japan Earthquake has made all too clear, natural disasters can be very difficult to predict and fully prepare against, and have incredibly far-reaching consequences for the safety and wellbeing of individuals and communities. As in previous natural disasters such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Australian bushfires in 2009, the 2010 Haiti earthquake and the 2010 Pakistan floods, the impacts on people and society in affected areas are immediate and overwhelming. Such catastrophes tend to worsen pre-existing problems and inequalities, with vulnerable parts of the population often disproportionately impacted. For instance, initial estimates suggest that 65% of the deaths from the recent disaster in Japan were of people aged 60 or over. The consequences can be felt for many years, with people suffering as refugees or being displaced within their own country, their livelihoods destroyed, and facing long-term health issues.

Over the past two years, 700 natural disasters were registered worldwide affecting more than 450 million people, according to a new IMF study.
Damages have risen from an estimated $20 billion on average per year in the 1990s to about $100 billion per year during 2000–10. This upward trend is expected to continue as a result of the rising concentration of people living in areas more exposed to natural disasters, and climate change.






















Japan Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Crisis


The earthquake off the coast of Japan on…...

Similar Documents

Natural Products

...Natural product From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search | This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2009) | Paclitaxel (Taxol) is a natural product derived from the Yew tree.[1] A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism - found in nature that usually has a pharmacological or biological activity for use in pharmaceutical drug discovery and drug design. A natural product can be considered as such even if it can be prepared by total synthesis. These small molecules provide the source or inspiration for the majority of FDA-approved agents and continue to be one of the major sources of inspiration for drug discovery. In particular, these compounds are important in the treatment of life-threatening conditions.[2] Contents[hide] * 1 Natural sources * 2 Screening of natural products * 2.1 The plant kingdom * 2.2 The microbial world * 2.3 The marine world * 2.4 Animal sources * 2.5 Venoms and toxins * 3 Traditional Medicine * 4 Isolation and purification * 5 Synthesis * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links * 9 Further reading | [edit] Natural sources Natural products may be extracted from tissues of terrestrial plants, marine organisms or microorganism fermentation broths. A crude (untreated) extract from any one...

Words: 3118 - Pages: 13

Natural Monopoly

... television channels to choose from so any monopoly that the “big 3” had back then is pretty much a thing of the past. Those big three companies do however hold a larger share of the broadcast market but they are by no means considered a monopoly. So in conclusion, when it comes to trying to decide if media firms such as cable, telephone and broadcast industries would be considered as natural monopolies, I would have to say in my judgment, no they are not. You would have to go back and take a look at the definition of a natural monopoly and take it piece by piece and you should come to the same conclusion. Reference Page Benjamin, S., Lichtman, D., Shelanskit, H., & Weiser, P. (2006). Telecommunications law and policy. (2nd ed.). Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press. Stigler, G. (2008). The concise encyclopedia of economics. Retrieved from http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Monopoly.html...

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Natural Resources

... fluctuations of recent millennia”. According to McMenamin, Hadly, and Wright (2008) climate warming causes decrease in effective moisture which in turn causes changes in development and phenology, loss of pond habitat and increased risk of disease which ultimately causes the loss of amphibian populations. In addition, impacts on the environment which include habitat degradation are continuing to be affected by global warming (McMenamin, Hadly, & Wright, 2008). Since the early 1990’s “the number of salamander populations has fallen by nearly half”, “thus, it is crucial that we elucidate the ways in which climatic change and ensuing habitat change already have impacted amphibian species” (McMenamin, Hadly, & Wright, 2008, para. ). If we do nothing to save the habitat of the Blotched Tiger Salamanders we will eventually cause them to die out at Yellowstone National Park because of the pollution we did to cause global warming. Since its establishment in 1872 as a national park, and now as a biosphere reserve and a World Heritage Site; Yellowstone has been and still remains to be an example of excellence in environmental management. In order to preserve our resources for our current and future generations, Yellowstone national park continues to strive to demonstrate exemplary leadership for sustainability and climate change mitigation by managing operations and adapting facilities in a sustainable manner. Under the Organic Act of 1916, the National Park service......

Words: 2005 - Pages: 9

Natural Justice

... Police Commissioner ex parte Parker[12]). Under this Errington [1935][13] method Popeye’s submission is likely to fail under natural justice as his case lacks judicial nature. The leading case of Ridge v. Baldwin[14] became the 'turning point of judicial policy.'[15] It 'appeared decisively to reject the practical difference between judicial and executive judgement.'[16] Tucker LJ opined that, “…the requirements of natural justice must depend on the circumstance of the case, the nature of the inquiry…the subject matter that is being dealt with, and so forth…”[17] which is simply what was developed further in Ridge by taking into account the level of gravity and impact the decision would have on the person affected.[18] Natural justice applied in R v. Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council ex parte Hook[19] eventhough it was an administrative case, as the license obtained by the applicant was required for him to make a living. Lord Denning stated, “... I agree that he has to have the right of the market-holder to start with, but once he has it and has set up his stall there... it is not to be taken away except for just cause and only in accordance with... natural justice... A stall-holder counts on this right in order to enable him earn a living...”[20] Denning highlights the significance of owning a business or in this case a market-stall that is established to earn money, and therefore should not be withdrawn from the owner. This quote in relation to Popeye implies that......

Words: 3227 - Pages: 13

Countries Affected by Natural Calamities

...COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY NATURAL CALAMITIES Natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and floods can often come at the least expected time. Others, such as hurricanes and cyclones are increasing in severity and destruction. Typically, the poor are the worst hit for they have the least resources to cope and rebuild.  As the 2011 Great Eastern Japan Earthquake has made all too clear, natural disasters can be very difficult to predict and fully prepare against, and have incredibly far-reaching consequences for the safety and wellbeing of individuals and communities. As in previous natural disasters such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Australian bushfires in 2009, the 2010 Haiti earthquake and the 2010 Pakistan floods, the impacts on people and society in affected areas are immediate and overwhelming. Such catastrophes tend to worsen pre-existing problems and inequalities, with vulnerable parts of the population often disproportionately impacted. For instance, initial estimates suggest that 65% of the deaths from the recent disaster in Japan were of people aged 60 or over.  The consequences can be felt for many years, with people suffering as refugees or being displaced within their own country, their livelihoods destroyed, and facing long-term health issues. Over the past two years, 700 natural disasters were registered worldwide affecting more than 450 million people, according to a new IMF study. Damages have risen from an...

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6

Natural Diet

...A natural diet and daily exercise can reduce the risk of health problems, compared to weight loss surgery, which can result in more health problems. Knowing which weight loss option is best for you, is knowing what the pros and cons are of each weight loss program. A natural diet is more of clean way of eating then it is really dieting. It is more of eating real, fresh foods, eating things that are in season, shop and buy locally, eat less meat grow your own fruits and vegetables, shop organic, check your labels and check for recalls on food. Eat fresh foods meaning stay away from processed foods, like frozen TV dinners, fast food restaurants and other pre-packaged foods. Eating lower on the food chain is the most important part of eating clean and learning what you are putting into your body. If you are meat lover then you should look for meat from animals that ethically raised, that are raised locally and on organic diets whenever possible. Learning which foods are in season and which foods are not can be tricky but well worth it in the end because you are eating them at the time of harvest and it is fresh. Shopping and buying locally means that you are supporting your community, local farmers, and you helping to keep working farms working and visible in the community. Growing your own fruits and vegetables guarantees you know where your product is coming from and you can monitor how they are taking processed. Reading the labels on your food packages helps you to...

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

Natural Sweetenters

...Agave may be one of the most popular natural sweeteners today, but its rise in popularity in the U.S. didn’t begin until around 2003. Now it’s commonly used as an alternative to sugar, honey, or maple syrup for cooking, baking, and sweetening everything from coffee to oatmeal. Agave nectar (or syrup) is produced from the agave plant – the same plant used to make tequila. It tastes similar to honey with a hint of molasses and is manufactured by extracting the juice from the plant’s core, which is then filtered, heated or treated with enzymes and concentrated until it becomes a syrupy liquid. Proponents of this natural sweetener claim that it’s a healthy alternative to sugar, honey, and other sweeteners because of its low glycemic index. It’s advertised as ideal for people who are watching their weight or folks with diabetes who are working to lower their blood sugar levels. But before you add agave nectar to your grocery list, here’s what the heck you need to know. Agave nectar contains up to 90 percent fructose. That’s significantly more than table sugar, which is 50 percent fructose (and 50 percent glucose) once it’s broken down by your body. Agave’s high fructose content gives it advantages and disadvantages. The good part first: Because fructose has a low glycemic index, agave doesn’t cause your blood sugars to spike as rapidly after eating it, which means it can temper the sugar rush that occurs after eating something sweet. And even though agave and white sugar...

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

Natural Resources

...Natural Resources and Energy at Wekiva Springs Sharmeen Hugue SCI/256 March 20, 2014 Natural Resources and Energy at Wekiva Springs Wekiva Springs is the 2nd largest spring located in Apopka, Florida within the Wekiwa Springs State Park. In 1970 Wekiva Springs State Park opened to the public. The park occupies 7,000 acres, with the main attraction being the Wekiva Springs. The cool crystal clear water of the springs range in depth from just inches to five feet and maintains a 72 degree temperature. Wekiva means "flowing water" in Creek. The spring flows from a small 20 feet deep cavern, which spreads into a deep cave. This area was once populated by the Timucuan Indians. Wekiva is home to an array of wildlife that includes foxes, river otters, white-tailed deers, Florida bear, great blue herons, great egrets, alligators, and a variety of tropical birds. The aquatic preserve is also the winter home of over 325 West Indian manatees, which is a federally protected species ("Wekiva Spring", 2012). This paper will discuss the springs and the associated agriculture, effects of human population on the spring, sustainability, risk and benefits of nonrenewable and renewable resources, and the sustainability and conservation of Wekiva Springs. Identify Associated with Agriculture The associated topic linked with Florida's agricultural life cycle is a resource located in the central part of Florida. According to the...

Words: 1815 - Pages: 8

Natural Environment

...Natural environment From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Environment. See also: Nature and Environment (biophysical) Land management policies have been developed to preserve the natural characteristics of Hopetoun Falls, Australia while allowing ample access for visitors Bachalpsee in the Swiss Alps; generally mountainous areas are less affected by human activity. A satellite image of the Sahara desert; the world's largest hot desert and third-largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species.[1] The concept of the natural environment can be distinguished by components: * Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive civilized human intervention, including all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere, and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries * Universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from civilized human activity The natural environment is contrasted with the built environment, which comprises the areas and components that are strongly influenced by humans belonging to a civilized (i.e. hierarchically structured, agricultural, densely...

Words: 5733 - Pages: 23

Natural Disaster

... all classes of people are developing. Natural disaster besides affecting people and place, it will wipe off the economy. Revamping the economy and making people recover from the crisis is not alone the responsibility of government, every citizen has to make a significant contribution for recovering, which is the basis of a socialist economic system. During an emergency situation, only this economic system will help aid in quick recovery and all people needs can be satisfied only in this economic system which cares for the society. According to (Gabriel, n.d.) to maintain equality, government will provide quotas and equal employment opportunity to re-emphasis equality. Earthquake occurred in Haiti during January 2010 was unforgettable, but the situation was made better quickly because of the socialist economic condition. When the place was destructed due to earthquake, people were suffering and wandering for help. In many cases, the required aids are not appropriated to the people at the appropriate time. As mentioned earlier, socialist economic condition is the one which will be beneficial and will aid people in overcoming the consequences of emergencies. Especially poor people from the affected area received the priority like free health care services and financial aid from various parts which clearly indicates about the socialist economic condition. Health care facility is being given primary importance in the case of a socialist economy. Any natural disaster...

Words: 1303 - Pages: 6

Country

...Move To Another Country "It's not about how hard you can hit , it's about how hard you can get hit and moving foward ".That helped me stand up and through out of the darkness when I came to The United Sate, which someone thought that is haven . To be came to that haven, I had to wait twelve years .Finally ,that moment came .Then I got in a airplan. To got in the airplane ,that is a big problem because i live in the poor country .It was destroyed through wars with power countries like China ,French , Even super power country ,that is the United State ,where I will be came . And another reason was my family not rich .To got 5 tickets for my family , we had to sell our house, which we was living whole life. When we was on the flight , and looked down the view from the flight and I say that with myself “ that is the heaven , now i get it “ .I was so happy and very excited about it . But when the flight landed and I got in the Los Angeles Airport . All my feeling when I was on the flight was disappeared because I realized that I didn’t know what they were talking about even simple words . And one thing I really regretted that monment was I didn’t learn English before .So I was lucky when I saw Vietnamese and they helped to talk with them by stranlation and airport staff were so nice even they didn’t know what I said and tried to understan what i said .And the next thing was money . We didn’t speak English ,how do we find jobs without English...

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Calamity Jane

...Martha Jane Cannary AKA Calamity Jane By Julie Nikkola November 27, 2010 Martha Jane Cannary was born May 1, 1852 in Princeton Missouri on a small farm to Robert and Charlotte Cannary. Martha was the oldest of six children; she had two brothers and three sisters. Martha Jane received no formal education, but was considered literate. When Martha Jane was 13 her father decided to re-locate the family to Virginia City, Montana, by way of wagon train that was heading from Missouri to Montana. The wagon train took the Overland Trail, taking approximately five months to reach Virginia City, Montana. According to information on the Lakewood Public Library site the trek was often daunting. “Many times in crossing the mountains, the conditions of the trail were so bad that we frequently had to lower the wagons over ledges by hand with ropes, for they were so rough and rugged that horses were of no use” (Women in History 2010). Along with this they had to ford streams because many streams were noted for quicksand meaning horses could be lost along the way if they weren’t careful. Martha Jane spent most of her time with the men on the wagon train hunting. In her autobiography Martha Jane states “In fact I was at all times with the men when there was excitement and adventures to be had.”(Burk, M. cir. 1900). Charlotte Cannary, Martha Jane’s mother, helped supplement the family income by taking in washing from nearby mining camps. Charlotte Cannary...

Words: 1862 - Pages: 8

Natural Disasters

...NATURAL DISASTERS AND THE DECISIONS THAT FOLLOW Problem Definition Response of different industries ( Insurance Industries, Airline Industries…etc) to natural disaster. A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property damage, and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience, or ability to recover How natural disasters affect business? To which extend do people like Rommel, Neeleman consider customer welfare during making their decisions? Does natural disasters a reason for companies to neglect their organizational Constraints, (customer service and satisfaction)? Justification of the problem There are several factors that affect decisions that follow natural disasters. • % of accuracy in predicating natural disasters. This determines how seriously companies should take the predication into consideration • Timing of the information . It affects the ability to have enough time to respond and make all necessary decisions •Planning and rules to be set, regularly reviewed to include any new case and tested by companies. This plan should consider welfare of both owners and customers. • Ability to adjust adequately for subsequent information and not being selectively interpreting what one sees on......

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Selling Natural Gas to a Foreign Country

...ienYou are a junior manager of international development at Cantafio oil and Gas, LLC. Because of the success in drilling in tight formation thanks to horizontal drilling and fracking, Cantafio oil and gas, LLC, -like many in our industry- has an abundance of natural gas reserves. A constraint on profitability is that like all U.S businesses we are legally prohibited from selling natural gas abroad. With the oversupply of natural gas, the domestic price is depressed. However, recently there has been significant progress in modifying current law to allow the sale of natural gas to foreign entities. While no far reaching legislation has been passed, it is important to be proactive and begin to conduct research to determine what might be profitable foreign markets to sell natural gas. You have been asked to identify a foreign country that would be a receptive market for our liquefied natural gas product. Identify the responsible governmental entity in that foreign country with whom we are going to have to conduct business. Include an analysis of the legal barriers in the United States and that target country before we conduct business. You will need to explain how it is liquefied natural gas can be sold to a foreign country in light of current American law. Remember, this is a memo. Your first decision is to identify the foreign nations to conduct business. Ultimately, this project will be turned over to our legal team to more thoroughly conduct analysis of this......

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Natural Remedies

.... Cooking food in iron vessels and pots can combant the problem of iron deficiency by increasing the iron in the food. If the natural remedies cannot stop anemia we have to ask our GP for some advices and help. The proper treatment of anemia may depend on what type of anemia the patient has. I will try to describe treatments for some of those types: Iron deficiency anemia- usually involves taking iron supplements to replace the lack of intake of iron in diet or excess loss of iron. The most commonly prescribed supplement is ferrous sulphate. It is taken as pills two or three times a day. Another alternative is ferrous gluconate. If the underlying cause of iron deficiency is loss of blood — other than from menstruation — the source of the bleeding must be located and stopped. This may involve surgery. Vitamin deficiency anemias. Folic acid and vitamin C deficiency anemias are treated with dietary supplements and increasing these nutrients in your diet. If your digestive system has trouble absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food you eat, you may receive vitamin B-12 injections. Anemia of chronic disease. There's no specific treatment for this type of anemia. Doctors focus on treating the underlying disease. If symptoms become severe, a blood transfusion or injections of synthetic erythropoietin, a hormone normally produced by your kidneys, may help stimulate red blood cell production and ease fatigue. Aplastic anemia. Treatment for this anemia may include blood...

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5