Country Profile on Chile

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Country Profile: Chile

Chile was under Inca rule before the Spanish arrived there in the 16th Century. Chile claimed their independence in 1810 but never had a decisive battle over the Spanish until 1818. Between the years of 1879 and 1883 Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia where it won it’s northern regions in a War of the Pacific. Chile has undergone a series of elected Governments. In 1973 a three year Marxist Government was overthrown in a coup led my Augusto Pinochet. Pinochet led the Country until 1990 when a new freely elected president took over. Chile has had great economic growth since the 1980’s. They had secured a sound Government, economic growth and reduced their poverty rate by half. Chile is committed to a democratic and representative Government. Chile has also increased it’s International Leadership roles benefiting it as a stable and Democratic Nation. Chile is located in Southern South America bordering the South Pacific Ocean between Argentina and Peru. It’s coordinates are 30 00 S, 71 00 W. Chile’s entire size is 756, 102 sq. km or 292,000 sq. miles which is slightly smaller that twice the size of Montana, making the Nation 38th overall in world ranking. It is surrounded by 743, 812 sq. km of land and 12, 290 sq. km of water. Chile borders three countries, Argentina, Peru and Bolivia and is the longest Country in the world. It’s climates are desert in the North, Mediterranean in the Central and damp and cool in the South. Antacama desert is one of the driest regions on earth. It has low coastal Mountains, fertile central valley region and the rugged Andes Mountains in the East. Chiles highest point is Nevado Ojas del Salado which stands at 6, 880 m. Chile has many natural resources including, Copper Timber, Iron Ore, Nitrates, Precious Metals, Molybdenum and Hydropower. It’s Natural Hazards include severe earthquakes, active…...

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