Creating Accessible

In: Business and Management

Submitted By renga123
Words 22110
Pages 89
Creating Accessible
Adobe PDF Files
®

A Guide for Document Authors

© 2004 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, Acrobat Capture, the Adobe PDF logo, FrameMaker, GoLive, InDesign, PageMaker, Photoshop, PostScript, and
Reader are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Mac is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the United States and other countries. Microsoft, Windows, and Windows XP are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Mention of third party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor recommendation.

iii

Creating Accessible Adobe® PDF Files
Contents
Introduction
Section One: Checking PDF Documents for Accessibility
Checking the reflow order of a document
Additional accessibility tests

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Section Two: Accessibility Basics
Tagged PDF

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Section Three: Accessible PDF documents from Native
Applications
Creating accessible PDF documents using
Adobe InDesign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
InDesign accessibility tips
Exporting to PDF

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

Creating accessible PDF documents using
Adobe FrameMaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .…...

Similar Documents

Creating a Business

...Urban Outfitters Continuing Case Study: Creating a Business Introduction to Business Prof. Maria Gambuzza Urban Outfitters Continuing Case Study: Creating a Business 1. Identify at least three challenges when setting up a business. Explain why they are challenges. One of the challenges when setting up a business is about finance. First and foremost, business needs to determine the startup cost. To be able to do that, they must identify all the expenses their business will encounter during their startup phase. The expenses will be either one-time cost, such as business license fee or going costs, such as leasing cost, supplies, etc… After that phase, business needs to find their capital sources. If they don’t have their own savings or can’t borrow money from friends or family, their option will be getting loan from banks. In the early state of the business, their inexperience “in financial matters often prompts banks to deny loan requests”. (1) Business owner needs to well prepare and organize to prove to their lender that they are the bank’s good investment. The other challenge is experience and skills. Many people are first time business owners who are inexperience and lack of skills. Some start a business because they see people doing successfully and think they can do the same. However, running a business smoothly and successfully requires owners to have skills and experience in all perspective of the business, including accounting, marketing, etc. The......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Creating Value

...chapter 1 Marketing in a Changing World: Creating Customer Value and Satisfaction ROAD MAP: Previewing the Concepts Fasten your seat belt! You’re about to begin an exciting journey toward learning about marketing. To start you off in the right direction, we’ll first define marketing and its key concepts. Then, you’ll visit the various philosophies that guide marketing management and the challenges marketing faces as we move into the new millennium. The goal of marketing is to create profitable customer relationships by delivering superior value to customers. Understanding these basic concepts, and forming your own ideas about what they really mean to you, will give you a solid foundation for all that follows. After studying this chapter, you should be able to 1. define what marketing is and discuss its core concepts 2. explain the relationships between customer value, satisfaction, and quality 3. define marketing management and understand how marketers manage demand and build profitable customer relationships 4. compare the five marketing management philosophies 5. analyze the major challenges facing marketers heading into the next century Our first stop: Nike. This superb marketer has built one of the world’s most dominant brands. The Nike example shows the importance of — and the difficulties in — building lasting, value-laden customer relationships. Even highly successful Nike can’t rest on past successes. Facing “big-brand backlash,” it must now learn how to be both big...

Words: 18287 - Pages: 74

Creating a Jsa

...Creating a Job Analysis Abstract This essay will explain how to create a job analysis. It will explain what a job analysis is, and identifies the objectives of the job duties and roles for a position as a Human Resource Receptionist. Creating a Job Analysis The history of Job analysis was founded in 1900 by Frederick W. Taylor. His interest in improving the studying the principles of work and science developed into what is called a Job analysis. Human Resource Managers create a Job Analysis using task statements, Knowledge Skills Abilities, and create a job description. One method of developing a Job analysis is using the 7 stages of a Functional Job Analysis. The 7 stages are resources in helping to identify the task statements, KSA’s and job description. The following 7 stages are: things functions, work instructions, mathematical, data function, reasoning development, language develop and people function. (Pugh 2007) The thing functions are examples the ability to use office equipment anything tangible. Work instructions requires the ability to perform a given a task. Mathematical function is the ability to operate and handled business math. Data function is dealing with facts, statistics and information with business. Reasoning development show the ability to show comprehensive reasoning. Language develop require oral and written communication. People functions involve interaction with people. All 7 stages are used in developing the process of producing a Job......

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Creating a Company

...Administrative Pages 8. Publish Your Content. Rinse. Repeat 9. Don’t Forget Marketing 10. Back Up Your Site Step One: Defining Your Websites Goals When creating a website the first objective is establish the goals the customer may actually have when visiting a website. It is always important to avoid the mistake of not knowing that this should be the first step business goal a company must do. Sebastian Schmitz, who is the author of Cabanova Blog, lists the following requirements regarding business goals necessary in defining websites goals: * Generate appointment * Convert visitors into customers * Increase your existing customer retention rate * Deepen the relationship with your customers * Improve the productivity inside your company Step Two: Choose a Domain Name The next step in creating a website should be choosing a domain name for your website. When trying to set up a name it is always important to create a name that users can both remember and never forget. The suggested name for GGS domain name should be GraysonGlobalShipping.com. If that domain name is taken, use the same name; however use .net or .co instead. Examples: www.GraysonGlobalShipping.com www.GraysonGlobalShipping.net www.GraysonGlobalShipping.co Step Three: Hire a Web Host The next step in creating a website should be employing a highly qualified web host, who will primarily be responsible for handling the day in and day out needs of the......

Words: 2664 - Pages: 11

Free and Easily Accessible Information

...The rapid growth of technology and information has caused millions of people in the world to be dependent on the Internet for information. Free accessibility gives people an easy opportunity to build upon their knowledge and skills. Internet activist, Aaron Swartz, dedicated his life to web openness because he believed public information should be equally accessible by everyone. He believed that sharing information was a moral imperative and fought against copyright laws pushed by corporations blinded by greed that led to the privatization of knowledge. Public information should be free and easily available to increase public awareness and general knowledge. Really Simple Syndication, developed by Aaron Swartz, is a major contribution to the general public. RSS instantly organizes and distributes a wide variety of information on the World Wide Web. RSS provides active information and notifies consumers immediately of new information. One of the most important uses of RSS is to enable and improve student research. A variety of resources in one easy location encourage sharing among peers and enhance comprehension of materials (Glotzbach, Mohler & Radwan, 2009). According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to education. Education is directed to the full development of human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and freedoms ("Universal declaration of," 1998). When education is free and easily available,......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Creating a Title

...The first step in creating a catchy title is to actually write your essay. Often, papers will take on minds of their own, and you’ll end up writing on a different subject than you had planned. If you create the title first, it will mean spending more time revising the title once the paper is completed. | |Idea 1 |Idea 2 |Idea 3 | |Theme | | | | |Audience | | | | |Language | | | | |Phrases | | | | Theme: Your specific argument Ideas: Adjectives that describe that argument Audience: The target group you are trying to reach Ideas: Adjectives that describe that group Language: The words you use to refer to your main idea Ideas: Words pulled from your essay (often the concluding paragraph) that refer to your main idea Phrases: Quotations from sources you’ve used Ideas: Key phrases pulled from quotations in your essay that capture your main......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Creating a Methodology

...streamline projects to eliminate redundancies and make processes more efficient. The system included project management, total quality management, concurrent engineering, scope change control and risk management. In the twenty century, methodology has the same results; to make processes more efficient however some of the processes have changed. The twenty-century processes are supply chain management, business processes, feasibility studies, cost-benefit analyses (ROI) and capital budgeting. Regardless of the changes in the processes, the end result is to streamline the process, reduce paperwork and eliminate duplications. Methodology has been known to lower cost and improve customer satisfaction. Based on the case study titled “Creating a Methodology”, the executive staff had many concerns about implementing an enterprise project management methodology (EPM). The executive staff knew it was necessary to continue to compete in the request for proposal (RFP) process. In addition this was a requirement from corporate to implement a methodology. The reasoning for the executive staff hesitation is that they felt such efficiencies could result in a reduction in authority and workforce. In addition to learning a new process, there were concerns of them being to strict and not allowing enough flexibility. This would change the manor of doing business and additional time would be needed to create the methodology. Although some of the concerns are valid, the benefits of a......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Creating Entrepreneurship

...Syrian Arab Republic Damascus University Faculty of Economics MBA program Organizational Theory Module CREATING Entrepreneurship : Organizational pathways through Transformation Prepared by: Hussam Baravi Content: A. Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Organization:  The Concept of Entrepreneurship.  Entrepreneurial Organization Factors. B. Into Transformation:  The Concept.  Slaughters Seven keys to success. 1|P a ge A. Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Organization: In (Metaprofiling, 2013)1 study about the entrepreneurial organizations they differentiated between two concepts, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial organization. Successful entrepreneurs are opportunists who, through their creativity, drive and vision, create economic or social value. They challenge conventional wisdom by practicing disruptive innovation — innovation that creates new markets through the application of a different set of values. They change the rules of the game by questioning the status quo and upping the stakes. It follows that an entrepreneurial organization can be defined as: An organization that places innovation and opportunism at its heart in order to produce economic or social value. However, for many organizations, this is only a brief moment in their evolution. And according to (Rodrigues et al,2003)2 entrepreneurial organizations, in fact, reflect the basic characteristics of its leadership. Filion shows a set of four indispensable characteristics of an......

Words: 3678 - Pages: 15

Creating and Evaluating Accessible Audio-Only Games

...Creating and Evaluating Accessible Audio-only Games First Author: Tatt Loong Hung Affiliation: CIRCUA, School of Engineering & Information Sciences, Middlesex University Address: The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT, UK. e-mail address: t.hung@mdx.ac.uk ABSTRACT Second Author: Ray Adams (supervisor) Affiliation: CIRCUA, School of Engineering & Information Sciences, Middlesex University Address: The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT, UK. e-mail address: adams@churchillians.net In summary, this work demonstrates the feasibility and acceptability of creating audio-only games plus new findings about the importance of the level of cognitive load, the nature of the learning curve, the different design methodologies and the different types of players for an understanding of the psychology of the player of the audio-only computer game. MOTIVATION FOR THIS RESEARCH Audio-only computer games are the primary focus of the present work. They are important for both practical and theoretical reasons. Computer games now form one of the biggest categories of software application in the world. Yet few of them are accessible for those players for whom visual displays are not appropriate, due to circumstances or visual disabilities. Equally, audio-only games provide an environment in which to investigate the psychology of the users of such games. We have deployed both existing games and those designed in collaboration with potential users, noting greater satisfaction with the latter.......

Words: 2403 - Pages: 10

Creating a Methodology

... Creating a Methodology Nicole Barrett Professor C. Lodge BUS 375 October 18, 2014 Creating a Methodology In the 1900s Methodology was a system to help streamline projects to eliminate redundancies and make processes more efficient. The system included project management, total quality management, concurrent engineering, and scope change control and risk management. In the twenty century, methodology has the same results; to make processes more efficient however some of the processes have changed. The twenty-century processes are supply chain management, business processes, feasibility studies, cost-benefit analyses (ROI) and capital budgeting. Regardless of the changes in the processes, the end result is to streamline the process, reduce paperwork and eliminate duplications. Methodology has been known to lower cost and improve customer satisfaction. Based on the case study titled “Creating a Methodology”, the executive staff had many concerns about implementing an enterprise project management methodology (EPM). The executive staff knew it was necessary to continue to compete in the request for proposal (RFP) process. In addition this was a requirement from corporate to implement a methodology. The employees of the company had a routine way of doing things and they did not like a change. This was a clear indication of a company with employees whose vision is low whose believes were based on their powers and not the goals of the organization. The company headed by the......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Creating Capabilites

...Creating Capabilities: Income and Poverty In Creating Capabilities Martha C. Nussabaum suggests that measuring poverty using one’s income can be misleading and problematic when it comes to understanding the real reason why the person is poor. Nussabaum argues that poverty “involves heterogeneous failures of opportunity, which are not always well correlated with income” (Nussabaum 143). The problem with measuring poverty through the means of just income is outdated, there are many devastating factors that can greatly altar one’s living condition besides their income. As Nussabaum suggests, income is an inaccurate means in determining one’s well-being because other factors such as education, nutrition and debt could contribute to greatly altering one’s earnings, then causes them to go into poverty. This essay is to explain why measuring poverty through income is a problem. Nussabaum’s belief of why the measurement of poverty is determined by income is flawed and how it should not be used because, there are other factors that can greatly altar ones living conditions will be defined as: “Poverty involves heterogeneous failures of opportunity, which are not always well correlated with income; moreover, people in positions of social exclusion may have difficulty converting income into actual functioning, so income is not even a good proxy for capabilities”(Nussabaum 143-4). The research in this essay includes the article What’s the Best Way to Measure Poverty? by Matthew......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Creating a Methodology

...Creating a Methodology July 20, 2015 Lanika Jones Project Management Dr. Christopher Hase   John Compton, the president of the company could not understand why his executive team waited so long to develop an enterprise project management methodology (EPM) for their company. Being that they knew about what steps, how to go about it the start up and the time frame are was going to take to execute this plan. But first when you think about a methodology what it is? A methodology a set of methods, rules, or ideas that are important in a science or art: a particular procedure or set of procedures. When Compton’s executive team was presented with this idea of creating a methodology for his company his team was stagnant with following through because they had to go through the change process. The change process is “when the employees’ initially refuse to admit to the need of change”(Kerzner 98). When a change process come into play when a employees refuse to admit or adapt to the need of change different corporate culture factors need to be put in to play in order for the Compton’s team EPM could be successful. Being that the team had to create a methodology the two cultures that I see fit for the beginning is cooperative cultures and competitive cultures. But in order for the team to understand these cultures is that “good cultures are teamwork, trust, communication and cooperation (Kerzner 99) from all member of the staff. Cooperative culture are base upon trust and...

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Creating Methology

...CREATING A METHODOLOGY BUS 375 Week 2 Assignment Professor Christopher Hase By: Nicole Brevard 07/11/2015 There were two contributing factor that stood out that surrounded the corporate culture that were at play that contributed to the executive staff waiting so long to develop an Enterprise Project Management Methodology. The first contributing factor was the executives were afraid of losing their power and authority they had. I believe they knew by developing a Enterprise Project Management Methodology, that only one executive would be in charge and more powerful than the other executive's. The executives new at some point they would have to do it, but what they did not understand is by not developing an Enterprise Project Management Methodology they were putting the company’s growth and competitiveness in jeopardy. The second contributing factor was the executives had no clue on were to begin with developing an Enterprise Project Management Methodology. The executives were so afraid of who was going to be in control that they really never thought it out. The executive staff recommended 12 life cycles which would have increased paper work and less time to manage the project. A consultant was called in to assist them in creating an Enterprise Project Management Methodology explaining the pros of having. My recommendation for Mr. John Compton and his executive staff is that the Project Management office should not report to the CIO. My reasoning is the...

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Creating an Agenda

...Creating an Agenda Chris Abernathy SOC/110 John Koehler Creating an Agenda More and more meetings are now and will continue to be conducted without the benefit of being in the same room together. People are working from home or the other side of the planet, and it’s important to make these virtual meetings effective. Virtual meetings, which I define as anytime we discuss something with two or more people outside of the same room, can be done over the phone or on the web. And though there are many advantages to meeting with people in this way, there are also obstacles to making them work well. According to "Working In A Virtual Team" (n.d.), it is more difficult to fully understand each other because even the use of video can hide a great deal of non-verbal communication. We also interact differently when we’re not in close proximity to one another. Distractions abound and can easily be hidden from others. And the ability to build trust and camaraderie are especially difficult. All Meetings Should Include: * Agenda. Nothing frustrates people more than attending a meeting where there is no clear reason for it and no logical progression of topics to be discussed. * Check–in time. Take five minutes or so in the beginning for everyone to say something about what’s going on with them—professionally or personally. This gets everyone talking right away and helps facilitate camaraderie. * Schedule. Start and end the meeting on time, and keep the agenda moving......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Creating an Outline

...Creating an Outline An outline helps you arrange the order of ideas in a paper. Many students eliminate outlining in the writing process as an unnecessary step. However, writing an essay without an outline can create disjointed results. An outline provides a roadmap so that the essay can move smoothly from point A to point B to point C. Without an outline, the essay could easily become disorganized, e.g., A, B, A, C, B. This can confuse readers because the points of the essay are not arranged in correct sequence. Use the following suggestions to create an effective outline. Creating Correct Formatting The following information will help you format an outline correctly:  Include at least two elements under each of the sections in the outline. If you have only one element, however, you can add additional information to create at least two points.  Create parallel wording at the beginning of each section of the outline. If the first word begins with a noun, the first words in all other elements in that section must also begin with nouns. If the first word is a verb, the other elements must begin with verbs, etc.  Include a period, and space or tab after each letter or number. Be consistent on using spaces or tabs throughout. (See the sample outline below.)  Use double spacing in the outline for ease in reading or use single spacing throughout and double space between each of the major elements (I, II, II).  Capitalize the first word after each number...

Words: 270 - Pages: 2