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Credit Policy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nipponamatya
Words 1671
Pages 7
Chapter 8: Personality

8.1 Meaning:

Personality, Latin word “persona” literally means “a mask”.

Personality refers to the characteristic patterns of behaviour and modes of thinking that determine a person’s adjustment to the environment. A good personality is often as synonymous to one’s charming appearance, healthy build up, pleasing behaviour patterns, good character, fine temperament (blend of nature, character, spirit, outlook etc), and so on. Hence a complete description of an individual’s personality would include many factors like intellectual abilities, motives acquired in the process of growing up, emotional reactivity, attitudes, beliefs, and moral values.

In a nutshell, personality is the combination of physical and mental qualities, ideas, aspirations, ambitions, and interest that characterize a person.

8.2 Nature and Characteristics of Personality

2 Nature of Personality

1. Personality is something unique and specific. No two individuals, not even the twins, behave exactly the same way over any period of time.

2. Personality includes everything about a person. It includes all the behaviour patterns like conative, cognitive and affective activities. Besides, it includes his/her semi-conscious and unconscious behaviour.

3. Personality is organization of some psychophysical systems or some behaviour characteristics and functions as a unified whole.

4. Personality is dynamic since every individual has to struggle against his inner as well as environmental forces in order to bring modification and change in his personality patterns.

5. Personality is developed because of the combinations of one’s heredity and environment; and it is fostered through learning and acquisition.

6. Personality is a psychological concept which includes ‘the character’ as one of the constituents of one’s personality.

7. Personality...

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