Free Essay

Cremia Crisis

In: Social Issues

Submitted By aana
Words 514
Pages 3
Crimea is a peninsula in Eastern Europe with an estimated population of 2.4 million comprising mainly Russians, Ukranians and Crimean Tatars. It is surrounded by the Black sea and the Sea of Azov. Crimea and adjacent territories were a part of the Crimean Khanate between the 15th to 18th Century before being merged with the Russian Empire. After the 1917 Russian Revolution Crimea became a Republic within the Russian Republic in the then USSR. In 1954, it became part of Ukraine within the then USSR. In 1991, when Ukraine attained independence, Crimea became the autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Russian Black Sea Fleet was, under a treaty, allowed to be stationed at Sevastapol and permitted to establish naval and military bases. The Crimean economy sustains itself mainly on tourism and agriculture. Other significant industrial enterprises can be found in sectors including chemicals, engineering and fuel production. There are several on shore and off shore natural gas fields.
The Crimean people wish to state on record the events leading upto the current state of affairs. The then Ukrainian President, His Excellency Viktor Yanukovych deferred approval to the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement. Ukraine struck a deal with Russia which, inter alia, mandated Russian buyout of $15 billion worth of Ukrainian bonds, and gave a 1/3 discount on gas prices to Ukraine. This abandoning of the Ukraine-EU agreement sparked off major protests at the Euromaidan in Kiev, Ukraine's capital. The protestors were in favour of greater EU-Ukraine. The Ukrainian Legislature arbitrarily installed an interim administration. This interim government was recognised by the West and European nations, while the Russian Federation and others termed it illegal and undemocratic.
The Crimean people were being oppressed systematically and repeatedly by the Ukrainian regime. The Crimean Council and the City Council of Sevastopol declared their intention of attaining independence from Ukraine, with a further possibility of integrating with Russia, if so approved by referendum. In the ensuing vote, about 96% voters cast their ballots in favour of merging with Russia with a turnout of over 83% despite repeated interferences by obstructionist. Soon, the Crimean Parliament, the supreme representative body, declared independence from Ukraine and asked to join Russian Federation, which accepted the request. The Russian President, His Excellency Vladimir Putin declared Crimea was an integral part of Russia and also invoked the principle of self-determination and highlighted Crimean special importance for the Russian Federation. Crimea is currently firmly part of Russia, being a federal subject.
The Crimean people solemnly assert their right of self-determination and the power to decide their own future. The Crimeans also express their gratitude to the Russian Federation for its constant support and for helping guarantee the safety, security and stability of Crimea. The Crimean community therefore requests and urges the global comity of nations to accept with open arms Crimea as an integral part of the Russian Federation. Crimea does not want a throwback to the past. Crimea does not want to be with Ukraine. Crimea humbly reiterates itself as culturally and socially linked to the Russian Federation.

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