Premium Essay

Crime And Crime Case Study

Submitted By
Words 2092
Pages 9
“The influence of Academic education on crime rate within South Asia”
This paper illustrates effects of academic education on the crime ratio prevailing in the country. We present realistic influences between crime and education in South Asian countries and specifically in Pakistan, using various data sources. A solid conclusion is that criminal activity is negatively related with higher levels of education in Pakistan. Therefore, we categorize the outcome of education on influence in criminal activity using fluctuations in required school leaving age laws over time to understanding for the endogeneity of education. In this fundamental approach, for property crimes, the negative crime-education relationship remains strong and significant. The consequences of these findings are explicit and perfect. They indicate that refining education can yield major
…show more content…
They begin by analyzing the effect of high school graduation on incarceration using Census data. Instrumental variable estimates using changes in state compulsory attendance laws as an instrument for high school graduation uncover a significant reduction in incarceration for both blacks and whites. Overall, the estimates suggest that completing high school reduces the probability of incarceration by about .76 percentage points for whites and 3.4 percentage points for blacks.
Machin, Marie and Vujic (2010) presents new evidence on the effect of education on crime, looking at different data sources from Britain, and paying attention to the causal direction and magnitude of connections between the two. They uncover evidence that crime is significantly related to education, especially in the case of property crimes. They find that magnitudes of the estimated effects are sizable, with causal estimates probably being larger than the non-causal least squares

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Case Study Crime Rates

...2014 Case Study: Analyzing Crime Rates Looking at the case study, and analyzing the crime rates in the U.S., I learned that, the crime rates fluctuate with the poverty rates. In theory when people have good jobs crime goes down, but this has not been proven to be true as of yet, criminologist are still studying this theory, and this is not away that crime can be prevented, because there will always be poverty. However the theory that longer prison sentences could affect the crime rates is also one that is discussed in the study, but this could also have a negative effect as well. To explain, if we extended the incarceration for the small petty crimes, like low-level drug offenders, or petty burglary, and car-thefts, it may have two different effects on the crime rates. One effect would be that the offender is off the street for a longer time, but without reforming programs in the prison system they will get out and more than likely reoffend. The second way it could have an impacted, is that the first time potential offender, whom may not commit the crime for fear of the longer time in jail. Our Prison system cannot be the only way to control the crime rates, this could only temporarily impact the rates, but also could have a backlash the effect as well, most prisoner go in to prison knowing one type of crime, but if they are incarcerated for an extend period of time, they normally come out with a new criminal skill or two. And this could potentially spike the crime......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Crime Case Study Examples

...chosen Case study 1 to be discussed. By applying the knowledge gained throughout the syllabus and proper research, I have met the requirements of the paper. Based on contemporary justice in crime, the paper has been prepared. First, the brief description of the crime is outlined by summarizing the whole issue centered in the case study. Secondly, I have focused on description of the processes in the adult American criminal justice system the offender would go through, starting with arrest. Further, I have highlighted the weakest and strongest links in the criminal justice process. 2. A brief description of the crime Based on reading of the Case study 1, it is revealed that there are two murders happened....

Words: 1842 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Case Study-Crime That Pays

...Case Study: Crime That Pays (and Pretty Well, Too) I stride toward ground zero of counterfeiting-the notorious Silk Market of Beijing. As do more than 10 million people a year, I enter a 35,000 square-meter, seven-level piracy temple, packed with nearly 2,000 small stalls, staffed by thousands of hard-charging, take no prisoner vendors, offering cheap knockoffs of the leading branded products in the world. Navigating a surreal bazaar gone wild, I stroll by stalls boldly displaying bogus Prada purses, Hugo Boss shirts, ad Hermes scarves; depending on how well you negotiate, each can be had for an absurd fraction of the price of the genuine version. Moving on, stall after stall offers infamous “copywatches,” Nike gear, Sony Jump Drives, Wii Remotes, Gillette razors, Oakley sunglasses, Zeiss binoculars, Nikon lenses, North Face jackets – one after another, in a seemingly endless procession of premier brand names. Despite spot-on comestic resemblance, virtually all is counterfeit. Moving around, one comes to digital zones, finding copies of software, music, games, and movies. Rack upon rack displays products from some of the best and the brightest minds of the world, now selling for ludicrously low prices-Microsoft Windows 7 for about a buck, Microsoft Office for $0.75, Wii Guitar Hero for a buck, Photoshop for two bucks, AutoCad for five dollars. Each stall is packed with an ever-changing collage of customers-Germans, Indians, Canadians, Brazilians, British, and Americans, and......

Words: 1739 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Case Study 49: Property Crimes

...Case Study 49: Property Crimes First M Last ( For Professor Beintema Managerial Statistics (GM533) Keller School of Management August 2010 I. Executive summary  Our study examined data provided by various U.S. government agencies on property crime rates in the fifty U.S. states and eight possible contributing factors such as per capita income, high school dropout rate, average precipitation, population density, and urbanization. Our analysis revealed that of the eight possible contributing factors, only three variables (namely, urbanization rate, high school dropout rate, and population density) affected property crime rates. Our data analysis model accounted for approximately 66% of the factors contributing to property crimes. The model is generally considered to be statistically strong, however, if we need to account for the remaining 34% of factors contributing to property crime rates in the U.S., further data and evaluation of other possible factors would be necessary. II. Introduction  According to the US Department of Justice (2006), property crime includes several criminal offenses such as burglary; car and motorcycle theft, larceny theft and arson. Property crimes involve “taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims.” One exception to the basic rule, however, is arson which does not involve the taking of property and does involve force against the victims. The purpose of this......

Words: 3478 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

White Collar Crime Case Study

...Revenue Service) about $290,000 upon plea deal. However it appeared that Semenza's history won't get him out of his own consequence, who was one of the top prosecutors in Nevada. Lawrence Semenza once the top federal prosecutor during 1970s in Nevada, he prosecuted numerous high profile cases, including a tax evasion case against Joe Conforte and also prosecuted a failed tax case against Sheriff, Ralph Lamb which( 8news channel, 2014). At the time of his presidential appointment, Semenza was considered the youngest U.S. attorney in the United States. Larry continued his law practice in Las Vegas after his government service. For the years 2006 through 2010, he individually had taxable income of approximately $655,000, and with the corporation, he had taxable income of approximately $345,000, yet Semenza failed to document individual or corporate income tax returns. The case is being investigated by IRS Criminal Investigation and prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Eric Johnson and Nicholas D. Dickinson. It is important that every US citizen understand and feel certain that everyone is playing by the same law in filing and paying their taxes irrespective of the position and considered to be a crime. According to court documents in August 2014 statement, Semenza operated law under the name of C personal service corporation from 2007 through 2010and failed to file either individual or corporate tax return almost failing to pay $290,009 in taxes for the...

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

True Crime or Moral Panic - Sociological Case Study

...Student ID:5145400 SY3 CASE STUDY - True Crime or Moral Panic Crime and deviance is present is all societies and has been throughout generations, and there are differing explanations for their existence through the various sociological approaches. Functionalism views society as a system of connected parts. Emile Durkheim (1982) saw crime in society as a stable system based on value consensus, norms and values which a society has established. Durkheim saw the need for some crime as an inevitable, normal and even necessary part of that system, and although it can disrupt social stability, it also performs some positive functions. One of these positives is boundary maintenance, and how crime produces a reaction from society against the wrong-doer which in turn reinforces their commitment to the value consensus (, 2009). Criticisms of Durkheim's view on crime is how he failed to explain how much deviance is needed for society to function, and that just because crime has a function, it doesn't mean society is creating crime for the purpose of that function. Even how this 'necessity' doesn’t feel right for the victims (Jones, 2014). Conflict theories such as Marxism disagree with functionalism about crime being necessary, but instead suggest it is an inequality between the ruling and working class. Although Marx did not talk at length about crime, he did believe that laws were codified. Where one class kept the other classes in check through......

Words: 2550 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Mental Illness And Crime: A Schizophrenia Case Study

...have merely just grasping the concepts of schizophrenia and how it should be properly treated. In the past people with mental disorders were sent off to live in asylums, locked in cages, beaten, or killed. The religious view point was that the diseased were possessed by evil spirits and would be exorcised, or they used other dangerous methods to try and release the demons. Slowly the care for the insane started to develop. At first treatments and studies weren’t the most humane but as scientists started to understand mental illness it...

Words: 1658 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Choose One Global Crime as a Case Study and Critically Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Transnational Policing of This Crime.

...Choose one global crime as a case study and critically evaluate the effectiveness of the transnational policing of this crime. This essay focuses on money laundering and argues the effectiveness of the transnational policing of this crime; money laundering is one of the world’s most prevailing organised crimes. This essay firstly defines policing from contrasting viewpoints of different philosophers as well as identifying modes of the police. I will explore the modes of policing and various definitions of policing; this essay considers definitions and approaches to policing through a transnational concept with influences from prominent figures within the ideology of transnational policing. The conventional process of money laundering is clarified together with implications of the how this global crime effects other crimes as well as society as a whole. Aided with two case studies I give examples of how money laundering takes place; taking into hindsight the effectiveness of the policing of money laundering. This essay also addresses the connection between money laundering and the risk society theory whilst also taking into consideration the contrasting views of domestic police modes and transnational police modes. Through addressing ways in which money laundering is combated through global organisations such as Interpol, I critically address significant notions of the policing of money laundering. Policing is typically understood as a method of crime control; however......

Words: 3023 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Sterotypes and Court Preduice

...introduce prejudice into the legal system and form impressions of defendants in criminal cases; which may contradict a fair trial (MacLin & Herrera, 2006). They are perceptual representations that are perceived for members of a group and include the evaluation of that particular group e.g. their behavior and attributes (MacLin & Herrera, 2006). Recognising stereotypes and understanding how they create bias, has significant effects in the criminal justice system. It is desired to maximize the amount of correct decisions jurors render, For this reason, stereotyping is important to study in a jury setting. It is also imperative to study defendant gender and crime type, as a relationship between the two may influence jurors’ verdict decisions. Gordon, Bindrim, McNicholas and Walden (1988) conducted a study to determine the effect of defendant race and type of crime on juror verdicts. The independent variable was the type of crime (burglary or embezzlement) and defendant race (black or white), while the dependent variable was the recommended jail sentence. Crime descriptions that varied in crime type and defendant race where given to an equal number of black and white students to assess. Based on this, participants determined the defendant’s jail sentence and bail amount. The severity of the crime and the probability of the defendant repeating the crime were also scaled. The studies hypothesis was supported as the white embezzler received longer jail sentences in......

Words: 2360 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Effects of Macroeconomic Evils on Property and Violent Crimes in Malaysia

...EVILS ON PROPERTY AND VIOLENT CRIMES IN MALAYSIA Chor Foon Tang♣ University of Malaya ABSTRACT The main objective of this study is to investigate the effects of macroeconomic evils – unemployment and inflation on different categories of crime rates – property and violent crimes in Malaysia via the multivariate Johansen-Juselius and Granger causality techniques. This study used annual data from 1970 to 2006. Johansen-Juselius cointegration tests revealed that property and violent crimes are cointegrated with unemployment and inflation. Furthermore, the empirical evidence exhibit that unemployment and inflation are the driving factors for crimes in Malaysia. Therefore, supply-side economy may be an ideal choice of policy to reduce crime rates in Malaysia. Keywords: Crime, Inflation, Unemployment, Malaysia 1. INTRODUCTION Recent deliberation on whether “Malaysia is a safe haven for travel and investment?” was frequently asked by the international tourists and foreign investors owing to the increasing trend of crime rates in Malaysia. From the visual inspection in Figure 1, both property and violent crime rates in Malaysia has increased quite significantly between 1970 and 2006. Over a decade from 1970 to 1980, both property and violent crime rates in Malaysia increased more than two folds. The property crime rate increased drastically from 25 thousand cases in 1970 to 66 thousand cases in 1980. In the similar vein, violent crime rates increased from......

Words: 6868 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Cyber Crime in Bangladesh

...RECENT TREND OF CYBER CRIME IN BANGLADESH : LAWS AND PRACTICES GOLAM RABBANI Student of LLM Roll 10119032 Department of Law Rajshahi University BANGLADESH E-mail: Recent Trend Of Cyber Crime In Bangladesh : Laws & Practices INTRODUCTION The development in information technology and electronic media especially from 1980`s onwards have given raised to a new variety of computer related crimes which are commonly called cyber-crime. The cyber-crime may be done by using computer only, but this crime may be done very easily by using internet. Cyber crime or computer crime refers to any crime that involves a computer  and a networks. Some authorities feel that the term cyber-crime is misnomer as this term is nowhere defined in any statutes or act enacted by the Parliament. In a sense is radically different from the concept of conventional crime in so far as both include conduct whether act or omission which causes breach of law and therefore, it is punishable by the state. It is not surely said that, from when the cybercrime was started but in 1999 at Tywan a virus was attracted named CIH, made the topic of cyber-crime familiar to the whole world. In the present time people become more dependent on computer and internet, as result, we can’t not think our daily activities without this technological help. For this reason, some self-gainer people chose this technological way to make any crime easily.......

Words: 1924 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

In What Sense, If Any, Should Mental Illness Be Considered a Cause of Crime?

...subject of mental illness and crime appear to show a strong link between mental illness/abnormality and criminality. However, crime is neither a mental disorder nor is it necessarily evidence of such a disorder. The concept of crime and of mental illness should be kept separate and distinct. Crime is a violation of the criminal law, whereas mental illness refers to behaviour that is often marked by some defect of reason that interferes with an individual’s ability to test reality, and which is usually associtaed with stress, disability and an increased risk of suffering. While it is true that some crime can undoubtedly be explained by mental illness, to consider all crime as a manifestation of such an illness would eliminate any sensible boundaries to the concept of mental illness and would be an unrealistic overstatement of the relationship between mental illness and crime. Mental illness is linked with criminality only in a very complex and ill defined way and the behaviour of mentally ill offenders is rarely explicable purely because of their mental state. There are a number of observations that have been made that necessarily complicate the question of whether there is any causal link between mental illness and crime. Firstly, in many cases, it is impossible to determine when the mental illness may have started in the patient. For example, the mental illness may come about as a direct result of the traumatic experience of imprisonment and in such a case the illness......

Words: 1485 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assess the Explanations for Gender and Crime

...gender difference in patterns of crime. In this essay, I am going to assess the patterns of crime committed by males and females. Many general theories tend to neglect gender as a factor influencing criminality. There is a common assumption that males often commit more crime than women. The study of criminology have tended to be dominated by males, therefore the studies are done by men about men. The official statistics suggest that gender is perhaps the most significant single factor in whether an individual is convicted of crime. The official statistics often comply with the common assumption that men commit more crimes then women. According to official statistics, in 2005, 1.8 million offenders were guilty in which 79% were male and 7% of these were aged fewer than 18. The ratio of male offenders to female offenders is four to one. The highest rates of offending for the most serious crimes were 17 year olds for males and 15 year olds for females. Pollak (1950) argued that official statistics on gender and crime were highly misleading. He claimed that statistics underestimated the extent of female criminality. Pollack claimed to have identified crimes that are usually committed by women but which are likely to go unreported. According to him, nearly all offences of shoplifting and all criminal abortion were carried out by women. Many unreported crimes are committed by female domestic servants. Pollack accepted official definitions of crime when he pointed out all the......

Words: 2222 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Regression Analysis

...Unemployment and crime: New evidence for an old question Kerry L. Papps Victoria University of Wellington Rainer Winkelmann* IZA and Centre for Economic Policy Research, London December 1999 This paper uses panel data techniques to examine the relationship between unemployment and a range of categories of crime in New Zealand. The data cover sixteen regions over the period 1984 to 1996. Random and fixed effects models are estimated to investigate the possibility of a causal relationship between unemployment and crime. Hypothesis tests show that two-way fixed effects models should be used. The main result of the paper is that there is some evidence of significant effects of unemployment on crime, both for total crime and for some subcategories of crime. We are grateful to Rachel Bambery, New Zealand Police National Headquarters, for her assistance in obtaining crime and population statistics. The staff of the University of Canterbury Library also gave invaluable help in unraveling the complexities of New Zealand unemployment and income data. The paper has benefited from useful comments by two anonymous referees, Simon Kemp, Jacques Poot and participants of the CEPR conference on “Metropolitan Economic Performance”, Lisbon, October 1998. *Corresponding author: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, 53072 Bonn, Germany; “I know only of three ways of living in society: one must be a beggar, a thief, or a wage earner.” HONORÉ de MIRABEAU (1749-1791) 1.......

Words: 6399 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Restorative Justice Paper

...behavior. Some individuals know how to control themselves before a tragedy occurs, but most fail to control their temper and they violate the law, and by violating the law consequences are implement because justice must be obtain. Once an offender commits crime then it is more likely for the case to go to trial. The criminal justice system is the practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control. So when crime occurs the defendant will receive either a punishment or sentence. The criminal justice system and other systems that are against crime and inappropriate behavior are always on the side of the victim, because their goal is to obtain justice. The restorative justice is an approach to justice that focus on the needs of the victims and offenders, as well as the involved community instead of satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the offender. Restorative justices involve both victim and offender and focuses on the personal needs. It is based on a theory of justice that considers crime and wrongdoing to be an offence against an individual of community, rather than the state. Restorative justice is a new movement in the fields of victimology and criminology. Acknowledging that crime causes injury to people and communities, it insists that justice repair those injuries and that the parties be permitted to participate in that process. Restorative justice programmes, therefore enable the victim, the offender and affected...

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5