Premium Essay

Crime and the Affecting Factors of the Criminal Behavior

In: Other Topics

Submitted By aymanelzeiny
Words 12519
Pages 51
Crime and the affecting factors of the criminal behavior

Prof. Dr. Ayman Elzeiny First : - Introduction to crime :
The information about the crime reaches to the public may be through the newspapers , television programs, films, and novels .
Some of us have accumulated experience with crime by having ourselves been victims or knowing others who have been victims, some by being offenders (or at least defendants), or knowing such individuals, and others by being occupationally concerned with prevention of crime or supervision of people found guilty of violating the law .
There's many difficulties to offer a wholly satisfactory definition of the crime, a word frequently used and a phenomenon often encountered .
For the purposes of scholarly study specifically, the amassing of reliable statistics, development of explanations and theories, and preparation of sound public policy a definition more exact than the mental images held by the public is essential .
Crime is a by-product of civilization. Most civilized members of society obey authority and conform to the norms prevailing in their culture.
Their obedience and compliance may vary in degree, but law-abiding citizens remain within the limits of tolerance. Crime then is a sociopolitical event subject to the definitions of the society in which it occurs.
The social response to crime in terms of treatment of offenders is dependent upon the advance of the civilization and the affluence of the society. Public policy is always a blend of economics and humanitarian values.
Social scientists seek to know the conditions under which crime increases; the characteristics of offenders and victims; why some acts are illegal and others are not .(1)
For these and other important purposes, we must again ask: what's the wholly satisfactory definition of the crime ?

1 - The legal Definition of…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Factors Affecting

...relationship between family socio-economic status (SES) and the academic performance of children is well established in sociological research.2 While there is disagreement over how best to measure SES, most studies indicate that children from low SES families do not perform as well as they potentially could at school compared to children from high SES families (Graetz, 1995). Most studies, however, compare students from across all SES backgrounds to reach the conclusion that low SES adversely affects a range of educational outcomes. Another important dimension, however, is the factors that may influence educational outcomes within particular SES bands. This paper presents data on the educational performance of children from financially disadvantaged backgrounds and examines its variation as affected by traditional measures of SES as well as by a range of other family, individual and contextual factors. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The purpose of this study is to know the problems encountered by the Grade Seven students of Dona Aurora National High School and the effects of these problems on their academic performance in school. More specifically, the investigation seeks to answer the following questions: 1. Do the following problem areas affect the academic performance of the students? a. Family b. Academics c. Study habits d. Social relationship e. Finance f. Health 2. How do these areas rank according to the number of frequencies of the specific......

Words: 2573 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

The Link: Genetics and Criminal Behavior

...The Link: Genetics and Criminal Behavior Carla Davis AIU Online An ongoing debate that genetics can be linked to criminal behavior has been ongoing. Researchers are working hard to link criminal behavior and genetics. This study tries to find supporting evidence that a criminal can inherit the notion to commit criminal activity through inheritance. On side believes that criminal activity is caused through inheritance while others agree that genetics has absolutely nothing to do with committing crimes and it’s a person choice when committing a crime or partaking in criminal activities. Included in these studies are adopted studies, twin studies, and testosterone studies. These studying link criminal activities with genetics and give supporting evidence that criminal activities are not inherited. The Link: Genetics and Criminal Behavior Research currently suggests that the genetic characteristics of anger and illegal behavior involve several different factors depending on multiple genes. Although no researcher has been able to put a finger on any genetic factor that could be applied to the concept genes play a part in the influence of aggressive and criminal behavior, many studies have been done to include twin studies and adoption. Twin studies, adoption studies, and testosterone studies are the leading studies that link genetics and criminal behavior. (University of Texas at Dallas, 2012) Studying the differences and similarities between single/identical eggs and......

Words: 1107 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Causes for Criminal Behavior

...Causes for Criminal Behavior Ashford University CRJ 308 September 3, 2013 Causes for Criminal Behavior According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program, there were 1,203,564 violent crimes committed in the United States in the year 2011. That means that someone was murdered every 36 minutes, raped every 6.3 minutes, robbed every 1.5 minutes and assaulted every 42 seconds. But why do people commit these crimes? What drives them to harm others? "Criminal behavior and violence may be the consequence of head injuries acquired during childhood and youth" (Carrington & Ramos, 2003) neurological and neuropsychological anomalies or the upbringing and social interactions of the child's upbringing. Some people read the morning paper to keep up on current events while others watch the evening news, but regardless of the method they are all looking to see what sort of crimes have been committed that day. Crime has become so common that people skip reading about simple offences such as breaking and entering and theft and move on to the more interesting violent crimes such as forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. However, every once in a while a crime occurs that is so tragic it shocks the nation back into reality and makes people question their safety even with their family, neighbors and friends. These are the crimes that remind us that we walk hand in hand with the criminally insane on a daily basis without realizing it. But if they are insane should they......

Words: 1558 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Biological Criminal Behavior

...Biological Criminal Behavior and Angela Yates Ceretha Butler, Angela De Libero, Tameka James, Sam Price, Michael Palazuelos CJA/314 5/20/2013 Professor Judy Mazzucca Biological Criminal Behavior Through-out history criminal intents have escalade from small crime to federal crimes seen in cases today. Research have proven genes influence the outcome of a behavior in a criminal behavior and the type of attach committed to his or her victim. This crimes are taught in the school of crime into five different steps to help during a crime investigation. One of these cases is Andrea Yates, who committed a horrific crime on her family. This paper will explain the changes in history of crime and the procedures done in a crime. The paper will also include the story of a criminal who committed the crime. Genetic evidence that confirms that biology does play an important part in explaining an offender’s criminality. Some believe that desire to commit crimes may be inherited and that criminal inclinations are genetically based. Research has been done extensively to discover evidence that would support this claim that has been made by intellectuals. Criminal deeds have always been a motivation due to the debate of nature and nurture. Studies have been done in regards to this debate that has resulted in a conclusion that both genes and environment do play apart in the criminality of a person. The research has stated that it is more often collaboration between......

Words: 1353 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior in Product Choices

...FACTORS AFFECTING CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR ON PRODUCTS CHOICES:A SURVEY OF SUPERMARKETS IN ELDORET TOWN ABSTRACT This study will look on the ability of the local supermarket to take in to account the consumer buying behavior and characteristic as a baseline for defining marketing programs. To better understand why consumers buy as they do, many marketers turn to the behavioral sciences for help. Similarly, there are numerous theories, models and concepts making up the the field. These variables and the buying process are usually affected by relations with other people too. The study will look at how individuals interact with family, social class, and other group who may have influences. The study will be conducted in Eldoret town in the month of January 2011, and will adopt a survey design. The study will target customers, managers from 10 major supermarkets, cashiers, accountants and supermarkets attendants. Data will be collected using questionnaires, and analyzed using statistical techniques. Similarly some variables of special interest to marketers include motlvation, perception, learning, attitudes, and lifestyle. Much of what we know a bout these psychological [interprets} variables draws from ideas originally developed in the field of psychology. Inadditon,a solid understanding of consumer behavior is necessary because consumer actions influences the success or failure of marketing strategy, and because firms must create marketing mix that satisfies customers. ......

Words: 9926 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Criminal Behavior

...How can we predict future criminal activity based upon a Childs social behavior and skills and understand how to help them? Have you ever wondered if we could prevent someone from becoming a criminal? Many people have studied the social behaviors in children to predict the chances of them becoming criminals in their future. This idea is becoming more popular as well as recognized in the United States in hopes that we can help the children with high chances before it is too late. The three main predictors looked at are anti-social children, their aggressiveness, as well as their reactions towards affection. Though there are many other social predicts these three are the biggest ‘red flags’ used by those who conduct the studies. Being anti-social at a young age forces a child to being independent and lack in social skills needed to interact in society. Though many cases are just shy children whom find it difficult to initiate conversation; others are drastically different. The shy children are taken out of the equation for high chances of criminal ability do to the fact of one word, choice. A child whom chooses not to interact with other children typically does so because they see themselves as higher than the other children. This leaves the other children to believe this child is weird or an outcast. Therefore the child is treated differently at school, or other places in which they would interact. This can grow to hatred from being tormented by the children and lead the......

Words: 834 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Biological Theories and Criminal Behavior

...Biological Theories and Criminal Behavior Biological theories address deviant behavior as a relationship between biological factors, and social norms in respect to crime. The theories address behavior of an individual based upon his or her biological impact. Schmalleger, (2008) points out a connection to social environments and the impact upon human behavior. The connection has validity because of human thoughts and activities are constantly flowing through the brain providing an impact relating to behavior. Researchers base biological theories on flaws relating to heredity, dysfunction of the brain’s neurotransmitters, injuries, trauma, or abnormalities involving the brain affecting behavior (Raine, 2002). Brain development is a biological theory providing information connecting damage of the frontal lobes located in the brain’s cerebrum to criminal behavior. The brain is similar to a computer sending messages to the body and when the messages cannot be delivered it is because of a dysfunction that has occurred in the brain. The frontal lobes and the limbic system are two of the major areas of the brain involving behavior. The frontal lobes are responsible for reasoning, problem solving, and emotions (Allen & Harper, 2010). The limbic system contains electrical circuitry controlling emotions and motivation (Allen & Harper, 2010). The amygdala when stimulated produces behavior related to emotions, memory and fear. When the amygdala is functioning properly it produces the...

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Criminal Law and Cyber Crime

...* Chapter 10: Criminal Law and Cyber Crime * Section 1: Civil Law and Criminal Law * Crime- A wrong against society set forth in a statute and punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment—or in some cases, death * Key Differences Between Civil Law and Criminal Law * Burden of Proof * Civil Case * Plaintiff must prove his or her case by a preponderance of the evidence and must convince the court that based on the evidence presented by both parties; it is more likely than not that the plaintiff’s allegation is true. * Criminal Case * The state must prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt. The prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant has committed every essential element of the offense with which she or he is charged * Criminal Sanctions * Much harsher than civil * Involve fines, imprisonment, probation, and sometimes the death penalty * Civil Liability for Criminal Acts * Some torts, such as assault and battery, provide a basis for a criminal prosecution as well as a civil action in tort, * Classification of Crimes * Felonies * Serious crimes punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than one year * Misdemeanors * Less serious crimes punishable by a fine or by confinement for up to a year *......

Words: 2272 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Mrkt 410 Assignment 1 Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior

...Internal, External, and Situational Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior MRKT 410 Consumer Behavior March 29, 2015 University of Maryland University College Introduction We do everything for a reason, even if we can’t articulate what the reason is. The goal of marketing is to satisfy consumers’ needs. That is why understanding motivation would lead to understanding why consumers do what they do. Different individuals react differently to the same stimulus. Below are influences that affect consumer behavior that include internal, external, and situational factors. Internal Factors Internal influences are what personally influence an individual based on lifestyle and way of thinking. * Age: Consumers of different age groups have different needs and wants. People that belong to the same age group share a set if common cultural experiences that they carry throughout life (Solomon, 2013). The energy drink Red Bull targets young people and introduced it in bars, nightclubs and gyms. * Gender: Gender distinctions start at a very early age (Solomon, 2013). A simple example is that men purchase different things than woman do. Studies proved that women tend to spend more than men (Mohan, 2012). * Perception: The process by which people select, organize and interpret sensations and how people add meaning to the raw sensations (Solomon, 2013). Consumers who viewed themselves as socially conscious tended to place more weight on issues such as environmental impact......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Factor Affecting

...have or not. SCOPE OF THE STUDY ? This Report will help to understand the consumer behaviour towards purchasing a new Washing Machine or Refrigerator. ? It also opens the various factor which can effect the purchase decision. ? This Report provides a frame of mind of people, what are the exceptions of consumer and up to how much level these expectation met. ? This Report will be helpful for Retailers and Companies so that they can understand the consumer behaviour and can satisfy the consumer on more better manner. ? To know whether they recommend to other or not. www.allprojectreports.com OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY ? To know race of celebrity in buying decisions. ? To know consumer behaviour while purchasing. ? To know what factor affect consumer behaviour. ? To know the consumer view regarding service/after sales service. ? To know various strategies used by companies to attract consumers ? To know the consumer preference. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY TYPE OF RESEARCH DESIGN The project will certain the drivers Consumer Behaviour and to find the factor which affect purchase of Washing Machine & Refrigerator. The Research divide into two parts : - ⊗ exploratory research to find the various drives of consumer behaviour ⊗ conclusive research to find the factor affecting the purchase. EXPLORATORY RESEARCH The universe define as comprising of people who had avail, purchase for Washing Machine & Refrigerator. Exploratory Research aimed at finding......

Words: 6303 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Personal and Environmental Factors Affecting Canossian Students' Behavior During Eucharistic Celebrations

...Personal and Environmental Factors Influencing the High School Students’ Behavior during Eucharistic Celebration CLE AREA – High School Department I. Introduction A. The Eucharist and Canossa School Sta. Rosa The Eucharist is one of the most important and vital aspects of faith. As the Catechism of the Catholic Church proclaims it, the Eucharist is the source and summit of Christian life (cf. CCC 1324). Thus, it is just proper that a Catholic school provides regular opportunities for students to develop a loving devotion to the Holy Eucharist especially in the Celebration of the Holy Mass. The celebration of the Holy Eucharist in the campus reflects vividly Canossa School Sta. Rosa’s vision and mission that aims at the education and formation of S.M.A.R.T. Canossian with the Heart. Responding to this call of placing the Eucharist at the center of its students’ life, Canossa, with its aim to make Jesus known and loved, faithfully reminds its students to attend regularly the Sunday Mass and occasionally invites them to celebrate the Holy Eucharist inside the campus during first Fridays and during special feasts and solemnities. B. The Importance of Active Participation during the Eucharistic Celebration The Second Vatican Council states clearly that the “Mother Church earnestly desires that all the faithful should be led to that fully conscious, and active participation in liturgical celebrations which is demanded by the very nature of the liturgy. Such......

Words: 3406 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Adhd Link to Criminal Behavior

...Long-Term Consequences of Childhood ADHD and Criminal Activities: Does childhood mental illness have long term consequences in terms of criminal behavior?  Abstract The question of whether childhood mental illness has long term consequences in terms of criminal behavior has been little studied, yet it could have major consequences for both the individual and society more generally. In this paper, we focus on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), one of the most prevalent mental conditions in school-age children, to examine the long-term effects of childhood mental illness on criminal activities, controlling for a rich set of individual, family, and community level variables. The empirical estimates show that children who experience ADHD symptoms face a substantially increased likelihood of engaging in many types of criminal activities. An included “back-of-the-envelope” calculation of the social costs associated with criminal activities by individuals with childhood ADHD finds the costs to be substantial. Long-Term Consequences of Childhood ADHD and Criminal Activities: Does childhood mental illness have long term consequences in terms of criminal behavior? Introduction Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent and fast growing mental health problems facing children. The prevalence is estimated to be between 2-10% of school aged children, with 7.4 percent of parents who have children between the ages of 3-17......

Words: 2942 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Criminal Behavior

...to explain the criminal behavior. A theory is an abstract statement that explains why certain things do or do not happen. A valid theory is based on and must have the ability to be able to predict future occurrences of the phenomenon in question. Also, a valid theory has the ability to be validated or tested through experiment or other observation. Today the theories used to explain criminal behavior include what are the onsets, the continuation, and the eventual desistance from a criminal career. The rational theory is when a person commits a crime and their actions are rational and contain detailed planning and making decisions used for personal gain. The person in this theory does everything and thinks outside of the box to avoid capture or punishment. The offender thoroughly evaluates and weighs the potential benefits against the consequences and then decides that the benefit outweighs the potential outcome. There are theories beyond rational theory that we know that these criminals are rational and that their behavior can be controlled or even avoided by fear of punishment. The situational crime control is a theory that state that desperate people may think about crime but only irrational would attack a well-defended, an unreachable target and ultimately risk strict punishment. Crime prevention is reached by reducing the open opportunities people may have to commit particular crimes. The situational crime prevention is focused on the criminal acts being......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting

...COPING MECHANISM Task-oriented / problem-focused coping Problem focused coping also referred to active coping involves controlling managing stress by directly altering situations Edward, 1999. It alters either the environment itself the environment interacts. This type reaction of coping is more stressor and it tends to be used by the people with high score on the big fire personality super factor conscientiousness Watson & Hubbar, 1996. Emotion-oriented / emotion-focused coping In contrast, emotion coping strategies involves the individual’s attempts to regulate emotional responses to, and decrease the effects of a stressful situation Edwards, 1999. This coping strategy can change a person’s emotional response to the stressor. This type of coping usually decreases arousal. People are likely to adopt emotion-focused coping itself and so they must alter their perception of, or responses to, the stressors. Studies with male participants have indicated that those perceiving less control over events are less likely to use problem-focused strategies involving direct actions and more likely to use emotion-focused strategies such as distraction and emotion support David&Sals, 1999. If he doesn’t think anything he does at work ultimately affects whether he gets did off, he is less likely to use active coping strategies. Another type of emotion-focused is venting. Penne baker, 1989 asked a group of college students to write for twenty (20) minutes, a day of for four......

Words: 1327 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Factors Affecting

...Entrepreneurship Development, Volume 3 issue 2: pp 27-42 November, 2011 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 1. To Analyze the Factors Affecting Growth of Micro-Enterprises in Kariobangi, Nairobi R.Gakure & G. Wario (JKUAT), K. Wanjohi, ADRA Kenya Management Published by: Journal of Human Resource and Entrepreneurship Development, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 3. Factors that Influence the Retail Customer on the Choice of a Bank: A Case of 4th Cohort Executive MBA Students of Moi University, R. Gakure & G. Wario (JKUAT), M. Muteru, (Moi University) Published by: Journal of Human Resource and Entrepreneurship Development, Volume 3 issue 1: pp 121-132 July, 2011 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 4. The Role of Human Resource Management Practices in Adoption of Competitive Strategies by Mobile Phone Service Providers in Kenya P. Kiriri, (USIU), G. Wario & M, Ngao (JKUAT) Published by: Management Digest Volume 6: pp 257-267. The Management University of Africa. 5. Retention Strategies for Health Care Practitioners in the Public Health Sector in Kenya G, Wario, A, Ondari, R, Gakure & K, Ngugi (JKUAT) Published by: Management Digest Volume 5: pp 375-388. The Management University of Africa, 6. Factors Influencing Use of Leasing Finance by Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya: A Case of SMEs in Nairobi’s Central Business......

Words: 2494 - Pages: 10