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Crime and Disorder Legislation, Sentences and Orders

In: Other Topics

Submitted By rhiannonxx
Words 1133
Pages 5
Pre-court measure
There are 2 pre-court measures that are given to young people before they get taken to court, they want to help give the youths a chance to change their ways. The 2 measures are Reprimand and a Final warning. A reprimand is a verbal warning given to the youth by a police officer. The child may then be sent off to a youth offending team to complete voluntary work also known as community service, this will help to teach the youth a lesson not to punish them. A final warning is given to a child who admits that they are wrong in the offence they have performed. The child must then be assessed by a series of activities to help see the causes of their offending.
Anti-social measures
ASBO’s (anti-social behaviour orders) and ABA’s (Acceptable behaviour agreements) are given out to help prevent anti-social behaviour from happening. An ASBO helps within the act of preventing an individual from committing the offence again, it can also stop the youth from being allowed to enter certain areas to help protect the community. An ASBO can be given to any child aged 10 years and over, its intention is not to punish the individual but it must be put in place to let them know of their wrong doings. An ABA is a written agreement which states that the person must agree to not act in a certain manner that will be classed as anti-social behaviour. It is an alternative to an ASBO and is put in place when the person issuing the ABA feels as if an ASBO isn’t suitable for the situation.
Financial Penalties
This involves the offender having to pay a certain amount of money to the court depending on how bad the offence is. If the individual committed murder giving them a financial penalty would not be suitable however for offences such as disrupting the community or for graffiti on private property a fine would be a good way to deal with this offence.
Community sentences
This sentence would involve the offender being given a certain amount of hours in which they must make up by serving the community. This voluntary work is also known as community service. An individual may be given community service if they commit any of the following offences: Damaging property, benefit fraud or assault. Whether you will be given community service or be sent to prison will depend on a certain amount of factors these are, if it is your first offence, you have a mental health condition which affects your behaviour or the court feel as if you are more likely to stop offending by doing this.
Custodial sentences
This is imprisonment of an offender, this will involve an offender spending a period of time in prison. You will receive a custodial sentence for the most serious offences such as murder or rape. Custodial sentences are given to an individual in which the court feels they need to protect the community against. The length of time you receive in prison will depend on the offence you have committed.
Restorative justice
Restorative justice gives a chance for the victim and offender to meet and communicate to talk about the impact of the crime. This type of justice is used to prevent any confliction, help to build relationships and it gives the offender a chance to help repair the damage they have caused. It is known as a rehabilitation for the offenders, to help them better their lives. It has been proven that £185 million could be saved per year from using the restorative justice system as it allows the offender to see exactly how their offence has affected the victim.
Compensation orders
This order helps within helping an individual get compensation if they become a victim of crime. The offender will be made to pay the money to the court which will then be passed onto the victim. Compensation will be taken into consideration for personal injury, loss or damage which has happened from the offence.
Child safety order
This order is given to given aged 10 and over and its intentions is to help and support them if the court feel as if they are at a risk of being involved in anti-social behaviour. The child may be given a curfew, this is to make sure that they are in after a certain time so they do not get the chance to commit any crimes. If they breach the curfew they must then be supervised by a social worker.
Parenting orders
It is given to a parent and this requires them to attend a 3 month programme. This programme will help parents to deal with their child’s behaviour and stop them offending. The child may then be given a curfew and it is down to the parents to make sure their child is attending school and that they are there on time to help them get a better education.
Reparation order
A reparation order gives the offender a second chance to make things better, the offender may be asked to either help repair the damage from their offence, write a letter of apology to the victim, verbally communicate with the victim to talk about the impact of the offence or have to do community service. There are punishments if you do not do what is asked from you, you could be fined, be given a curfew or be re-sentenced for the same offence.
Supervision order
This order can last up to 3 years and the offender must be given a curfew and take part in activities that the youth offending team has set up for them, the activities could include repairing the damage caused by their offence, also looking at their offence and thinking about what made them do it, they may be asked to go to anger management classes and this can last until the offenders 18th birthday.
Restriction of liberty order
Also known as a curfew, it requires an individual to stay in a certain location for a set amount of time, this can vary from 2-12 hours a day. And you will be asked to make sure that you are indoors after a certain time that you are given. This sentence lasts up to 6 months for over 16’s and 3 months for those under 16.
Community rehabilitation orders
This is equivalent to a supervision order but given to those within a certain age range, those aged 16-17. Activities are set up to help them by repairing the damage or addressing he behaviour of the individual. You will work with a youth offending team and they will help you to stop re-offending and change your life for the better.

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