Premium Essay

Criminal Investigation Process

In: Other Topics

Submitted By zjones1308
Words 1575
Pages 7
The Criminal Investigation Process is a very important aspect of the criminal justice system in today’s society. The smallest mistake in any investigation can allow a dangerous criminal to walk free. The process sets guidelines for law enforcement officers and forensic investigators to follow when processing a scene, collecting evidence, and reporting their findings. The essential steps for any investigations team to follow are: Determine team composition, control contamination, document the scene, prioritize evidence collection, and collect, preserve, inventory, package, and transport and submit evidence. After all of that is accomplished the team has to get together to debrief about the crime scene, perform the final survey of the scene and document it. From there the evidence is processed, lab tests are performed, and all the information is submitted to the district attorney’s office so that charges can be filed. Following the process carefully and correctly is very important to the investigation; any missed steps can result in overlooked evidence and can bring the investigation to a standstill. The investigation process is vital to an investigation’s success and to the conviction of the criminals involved. The first step in the criminal investigation process is to determine the team composition. This step requires the lead investigator to assess the scene quickly and determine what resources and how many personnel will be necessary to process the scene efficiently. The first to be made is how much additional personnel are needed. Factors to consider are the size of the scene, how many victims and witnesses there are, any additional crime scenes that need to be processed, and other circumstances such as weather that would require the scene to be processed faster than usual. Next, the lead investigator should decide if forensic specialists are needed at the...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Reconstructing the Past

...Courtney Sands December 4, 2015 Professor Sever Criminal Investigation Unit 2: Reconstructing the Past As we are covering unit two within our discussion and seminar. As the assignment was presented to us. We have to discuss the methods of inquiry and how they are used in criminal investigations, then the steps to reconstruct a case and how we illustrate the concepts through a hearsay case, then understanding the fundamentals are identified witness, offenders, connecting evidence from the scene. A method of inquiry must be based on the assembly of the obvious, experimental, and measureable evidence subject to specific value of reasoning. It is part of the technical method, and they are used as part of a criminal investigation to achieve a number of goals, but biggest of which is usually determine the criminal. The scientific method is a systematic approach of observation, theory testing, and hypothesis evaluation that forms the basis for modern science. The method of analysis, at the most basic level, includes interviews and interrogations, and a on a crime scene specific levels also includes canvassing. Who gives the investigators information on what they could have seen what possibly could have happened at the scene. Interviews are non-protective, and are the common way to gather information from crime victims and witnesses, or even from stoolpigeons who might passes further information to help shed light upon the facts on the open case. Cross-examinations on......

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Performance Appraisal

...Issues Related to performance appraisal in a Public Organization A focus on Bangladesh Police (CID) ------------------------------------------------- Letter of Transmittal The 24th November, 2015 Senior Professor Chairman, Management Studies Department of management Studies University of Dhaka Subject: Submission of the Report on Performance Appraisal (Promotion & Transfer) system of CID-Bangladesh Police. Dear Sir, We are the student of EMBA, Department of Management. Our major is in Human Resources Management. We have done our report on Performance Appraisal (Promotion & Transfer) system of CID-Bangladesh Police. It was a pleasure to work and analyze on matters related to the performance appraisal occurring a real work place. This paper has provided us an opportunity to relate our theoretical knowledge with the outside world and gave us practical knowledge of the practices of performance appraisal and many roles played by managers. Here, we are submitting you our final report. We have included the overview of the organization, Conceptual framework of CID- Bangladesh Police, problems with current appraisal system, transfer and promotion practices, transfer and promotion policies, reasons of violations of policies, remedies and recommendations on the current transfer and promotion system. In addition, we would like to say that, it was a great experience working on CID- Bangladesh Police. We have given our best......

Words: 2179 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Fake Encounter

...and argued that most of the cases considered by the police as genuine are indeed fake. 2) Does the police have the right to kill the suspects? Why do they resort to take such extreme measures? Ans: The Indian law recognizes the right of a citizen to private defence , and this same right is available to the policemen too. Thus, If the police is firing in an attempt to arrest a person accused of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment of life by the court orders, in that case the encounter cannot be termed as illegal or fake. However, if a death is caused in an ecounter that cannot be justified on the ground of a legitimate exercise of the right to private defence, or in proper exercise of the power of arrest under Section 46 of Criminal Procedure Code, the police officer causing the death would be guilty of the offence of committing a culpable homicide. Political compulsions the greed to earn early accolades and promotions and even reasons as petty as a revengeful punishment are few of their driving...

Words: 2633 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

How Effective Were the Police by 1860?

...How effective were the police by 1860? “The government wanted to avoid rumours that the police were like the military so officers were unarmed. Their uniforms were very different from that of the military. It was down to the determination not to be like the military, so many people were uncertain of what the police actually did. This tended to cause a lot of early complaints. This could negatively impact the effectiveness of the police force if people were this unsure about them.” This source suggests that there was an element of distrust, as the people did not know what the police did, thus the police force’s work was doubled, as not only did they have to combat crime, but they also had to reassure the public that they were not a military force, and that they could be trusted. Therefore, initially this might have led to many crimes being unreported, making the force ineffective. “This source shows the inconsistency of crime prevention in the growing industrial cities in the early 19th century. Where Newcastle had an 'efficient force' other areas such as Liverpool were 'policed by a mix of watchmen and parish constables'. There were also problems in rural areas with issues such as "Captain Swing" violence becoming prominent in 1828-32.” Again, this could show that in some areas the police were ineffective due to mistrust, and shows that with crime increasing in the early 1800s, the older methods with the “watchman” were inadequate to deal with it, thus a new system was......

Words: 1198 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Police Model Comparison

...POLICE MODEL COMPARISON PARTICULAR | PHILIPPINES | COLUMBIA | MYANMAR | JAPAN | NEW ZEALAND | OrganizationalName | Philippine National Police(PNP) | National Police of Columbia Policia National | People’s Police force | Law Enforcement in Japan | New Zealand Police | Agency | Department of the Interior and local Government (DILG) | Ministry on National Defense | Ministry of Home Affairs | National Police Agency or NPA | New Zealand Government/Ministry of Police | Entrance Age | 21 years old | 21 years old | 18 years old | 21 years old | 20 years old | Retirement age | 56 years old | 50 years old | 60 years old | 60 years old | 55 years in service | Minimum Rank | Police Officer one(PO1) | Patroller | Constables | Police Officer(Junsa) | Constable | Highest Rank | Police Director General | Commissioner of Columbia/National Police | Police DirectorGeneral | Chief Superintendent(Keishie) | Commisioner | Minimum Qualification | BaccalaureateDegree Holder | High school Graduate/College Graduate | Baccalaureate Degree Holder | Upper-secondary-school graduate and university Graduates | Tertiary Education | PARTICULAR | AUSTRALIA | AFGHANISTAN | SRI LANKA | SPAIN | INDIA | OrganizationalName | Australia FederalPolice (AFP) | Afghanistan National Police | Sri Lanka Police | Cuerpo National Police (CNP) | Indian Police Service (IPS) | Agency | Federal Bureau of Narcotic Australia | North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) | Ministry of defense, Public Security,......

Words: 890 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...From, Sagar Narayan Bhatt 117 A 1ST Floor Kolivery Kalina Near Sant Jude Church Santacruz E Mumbai 400 098. Date : 23/11/2014. To, The Regional Passport Officer Mumbai SUB : Reply against your letter Ref No SCN/302258872/14 dated 16/07/2014. File No BO 3067776664214 dated 17/05/2014. Respected Sir, I the undersigned Sagar Narayan Bhatt had applied for my fresh passport file no BO3067776664214 dated 16/07/2014. I had received a letter from passport office on date 16/07/2014. In the letter its mentioned that police has informed passport office that I am not staying at my present address. I am staying at my present address which is mentioned in the form. When enquiry came from local area police station I was not at home. My exam was going on that time I was in college. I am studying in...

Words: 298 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Fatal Stabbing Essay

...Fatal Stabbing One stabbing. Two portraits the course of action. However, are they both portraying the same truth? The two portraits of the action are an article from respectively The Guardian and The Sun, both portraying the stabbing of an 18-year-old outside an Oxford Street Foot Locker. The texts in question are articles from the two newspapers, though they were not publish in the printed newspaper, but on the website of the newspapers. The two articles deal with the fatal stabbing of an 18-year-old boy in the midst of the Boxing Day sales. The article posted in The Guardian is very focused on facts while the article in The Sun focuses on the sensation of the murder and crime. This can be due to the fact that The Guardian is “an organ of the middle class” meaning that many of their readers are fairly educated and are fact-driven readers. On the other hand The Sun is a tabloid newspaper and appeals to the sensationalist and gossip-driven lower-middle class, lower class and young people. The victim of this fatal stabbing was the 18-year-old who went under the street name Seydou Nutz who was pronounced dead after a fight broke out between youths in the Foot Locker shop. According to The Sun the fight was between rival gangs over which trainers to steal in the jam packed Oxford Street. Reportedly, the gang chased Nutz through the store whilst they “shoved parents and children aside as they chased down the terrified victim before murdering him in broad daylight”.......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Hunger Games

...a drunken gang member in self-defence during an armed robbery. Zachary Schultz, then 18, was charged after the body of John James, 19, was found just before midnight May 12 on a walkway near Cameron Heights Collegiate in Kitchener. When he was released on bail just one day later, it sparked public protests by relatives of James and members of the local South Sudanese community. Some alleged racism was influencing the case because James was black and Schultz is white. The manslaughter charge was withdrawn in Kitchener court by Crown prosecutor Mary Ellen Cullen, who gave a detailed summary of the events and reasons for the determination that Schultz was protecting himself and a friend. She said Schultz, a college student with no criminal record, met a teenage girl after work and they went to talk in a park behind the high school. They were sitting on a hill. James appeared, seemingly drunk, came up to them and asked for the time. Cullen said James walked away, but returned a short time later, grabbed the girl by the neck and forcefully stuck the barrel of a handgun - later determined to be a metal starter's pistol - in her mouth. James demanded money and property. Schultz and the girl gave him $10, a cellphone and an iPod. With the gun still in the girl's mouth, James asked a lewd sexual question, demanded more property and threatened to kill her if they didn't hand it over. James was counting backwards from 10, Cullen said, when Schultz reached into......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Pay Research Bureau

...Cpl 618 Ramchurn Police Medical Unit Police Department Line Barracks Port Louis 31 December 2012 The Secretary Errors, Omissions and Anomalies Committee 8th Floor Emmanuel Anquetil Building Port Louis Sir, The Police Medical Branch, as per Standing Order 75, comprises of the Head Office at Princess Margaret Hospital (Candos), the Regimental Medical Unit at Special Mobile Force, Vacoas and Police Medical Inspection Room at Line Barracks, Port Louis. It is under the charge of a Chief Police Medical Officer (CPMO) (new post PRB 2008), one Principal Medical Officer (PPMO) and four Police Medical Officers (PMO) and one Psychologist. One Senior Medical and Health Officer is attached on contract basis to alleviate the workload, for consultation only. The CPMO is accountable to the Commissioner of Police for proper administration of the service. ../2 - 2 - Main Duties and Responsibilities • Provide Medical Service i.e. consultations and dispensing of medicines to Police Personnel and their families • Attend to all Medico Legal cases referred to the Police :- Autopsies, Examinations of Victims / Accused in cases of Sexual Assault , Murders etc • Medical......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Captain Edith Strong Case Study

...was able to worked her way up to the position that she holds after serving 18 years as captain. She is known to be the first woman to hold such a high position at the department. Previously she was Lieutenant of Administrative Services where majority of her service was in patrol, she then was a sergeant and served as watch commander. The department that she works at is 65 percent white, 27 percent Hispanic and seven percent female officers. The police department haves a decisive chain of command that is set to job specialty. Officers that are on patrol are assigned to certain beats, they respond to calls that are giving to them, and they do initial investigation on minor crimes, and they also do precautionary patrol (More, 2012). The other investigations are conducted by The Bureau of Criminal Investigations. Everyone at the department follow their job descriptions dutifully any deviancy from description of the job would be instance action from the supervisor usually resulting in write ups. The division deals with 62 percent of the assessable workload from the police department and haves the manpower of 58 percent. There is lieutenant who is the adjutant, with three watch commander lieutenants, there is a traffic sergeant who oversees six police officers. There is sergeant who oversees the police in the neighborhood with a balance of 10 police officers, there is three officers for school resources, and there is 71 patrol police officers inside......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Slave of B

...Task 3B Planning a novel Detective novel Summary Slave of B is a detective novel that takes place in New York. We get to know the detective team and get even closer up on the criminal detective Wold and his new assistant Anthony Grey. In the first pages we experience the secound murder in a serie of five. The book also follows the murders mentality in cursiv, and we soon discover that he is not the person he seems to be. He, we don`t get to know his name before the last chapter - is being controlled by a man that goes throught the half book by the nickname B. You just might think that these two guys are composed, cold-blooded murderers, but as you turn the pages you will know that it is mutch more to it. Both of them have more than one reason for their actions. In each murder, B need to find a number that is tatooed some place on the victims bodys. But what does he need this numbers for, and why do these people have a tatooed code on them? The code is the most important clue in the book, and B is the only one that knows what it`s for. Just maybe the victims aren`t so innocent like they seem? And what happends to Wold when someone close to him becomes involved? Time is a considerably fact between life and death of more than the victims, and has to be followed like a shoe on a foot. In the middle of the book we reach the top of tension as the slave of B is about to do a big mistake and almost......

Words: 1520 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Public Services

...perfect team member’s performance. Response officers: These are the men and women who respond to 999 calls they can be urgent or just silly calls everyone starts of here in the police force. its often considered the hard part of policing because it has such harsh shifts and typically the more dangerous role as well. They do house raids they have very mixed activities they can do different levels of driving for example pursuit driving class 1 and some plain clothes work. They can also be sent to assist ambulances in case of disorder. Safety neighbour teams: These are policemen or women who are responsible for looking after and patrolling a small geographic area the police need to know this area well so they know where they are and where the criminal might be or go if they did a runner. This group of police officers can conduct house raids in their designated area and will also do some work in plain clothes work as well. Traffic officers: Traffic officers are the police that provide road policing they use a special piece if tech it's called a ANPR automatic plate recognition camera it finds cars that have no insurance or outstanding ticket or violations. They are mainly responsible for the car pursuits because these men and women have trained and passed their level 1 or 2 pursuit driving class test. Most of the officers can drive fast cars motor cycles and hgvs in case they need to move them. FSU fire arms support unit: This is the fire arms support unit they provide the......

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mumbai Police

...The Mumbai Police (also known as Brihanmumbai Police) is the police force of the city of Mumbai, India. It has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Mumbai. The department's motto is "Sadrakṣaṇāya Khalanigrahaṇāya" (Sanskrit: सद्रक्षणाय खलनिग्रहणाय, "To protect the good and to punish the evil"). Although considered one of the best police forces in the world for solving high profile, high stakes crimes, Mumbai police is also thought to be influenced by local politicians. It is headed by the Commissioner of Mumbai Police, who is generally an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. The current commissioner is Arup Patnaik. Mumbai Police Has total 89 Police Stations in its Jurisdiction. For Administrative purpose Mumbai police is divided in to 12 Zones and one additional Port Zone. Police stations under Port Zone keep vigil on the Mumbai Port. Each Zone contains 3 to 4 Police Stations. Broadly Mumbai police is divided in to five regions namely Central, North, South, East and West. Each Region having 3 to 4 Zones. The in charge of each zone is a DCP. And In charge of Police station is Police Inspector commonly known as Sr. Police Inspector which is an honorary designation. Ranks of Mumbai Police Rank | Abbreviation | Strength | Commissioner of Police | C.P | 1 | Joint Commissioner of Police | Jt.CP | 5 | Additional Commissioner of Police | Addl. CP | 12 | Deputy Commissioner of Police | DCP | 38 | Additional Deputy...

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

True Detective

...Harrleson, and the other is an intellectual, nihilistic man, Matthew McConaughey. This series alternates between 1995, when detectives Martin Hart (Harrelson) and Rust Cohle (McConaughey) start working a case together, and 2012, when the two detectives work a new case that has strong similarities to the case in 1995. State internal affairs detectives are interviewing both men separately and believe that Rust may have committed the old crime, new crime or both. Rust and Marty investigate a ritualistic murder in rural Louisiana. As they attempt to uncover leads in this disturbing case, their own lives intersect in fascinating, yet explosive ways. Though the investigation itself is interesting, the interpersonal behavior of the obsessive and frequently conflicting lead characters makes this drama seem so much fresher than all other criminal television series. The structure in this series is unique. In 2012, two detectives are interviewed about a case that occurred in 1995. This series is primarily set in 1995, but has several scenes in 2012.  We get to watch Rust and Marty at the beginning of their journey and at their rock bottom. This is a drama that began with its ending in mind. This series is in no rush, so it is able to go at a...

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Love Actually

...Police, the police will continue to patrol the area so that opportunist thieves don’t try and loot damaged houses and shops. They will continue to make sure everything is kept in order. They will prepare the roads ready for opening when the recovery phase starts. They will continue to make sure that only the right people with have access to incident site as it prevents evidence from be tampered. This allows investigation teams to be able to identify clues more easily. Police will also appoint senior investigators. Fire service, they would help to move heavy debris away from the incident Ambulance Police, with the highways agency they would start opening roads so that cars, buses and other vehicles can start to get to where they need to. This allows businesses to be able to reopen and restock their shelves. It also allows supplies to be brought in for repairing damaged properties. The Senior Identification Manager will liaise with HM Coroner and be responsible for Disaster Victim Identification investigation at the scene, investigation within the mortuary; investigation at Casualty Bureau and Family Liaison...

Words: 381 - Pages: 2