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Components of the Criminal Justice System and the Criminal Justice Process
Yadisha M Villanueva
University of Phoenix

The criminal justice system has three core component agencies, which are police, courts, and correction. The police agency enforces the law and investigates crime. A major part of their job is to help prevent and reduce crime as much as possible. If a crime gets committed, the police will apprehend the offender. Also a part of their job is to maintain public order and ensure safety throughout the community and their jurisdiction. “The courts agency’s role is to make sure the law is followed and oversee what happens in court. They decide whether to release offenders before the trial. Judges accept or reject plea agreements, oversee trials, and sentence convicted offenders.” (“The National Center for Victims of Crime” 2008) “Corrections refer to the system of probation, parole, jails, and prisons.” (Hagan, 2008) When an offender goes through their trial and gets sentenced, they get sent to corrections, which they can carry out their sentence. The criminal justice process is the set of events that happen when a crime gets committed. The criminal justice process is broken down in five steps. The first step is investigation and arrest. After a crime has been detected the police and investigators run an investigation to collect evidence from the crime scene. After enough evidence gets gathered to determine who is the suspect in the case than they are read their rights and the police get a warrant for their arrest. After the warrant gets issued than the police proceed with the arrest of the suspect. The next step is the pretrial activities. This is the time the suspect is sent to court for their first appearance. After that the preliminary hearing is put into action. Also if an arraignment gets assigned than this is the time it...

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