Premium Essay

Crimnal Justice

In: Other Topics

Submitted By darklordofdeath
Words 257
Pages 2
Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that analyzes the principal objectives of punishment within the U.S. corrections system.
Answer the following questions in your paper:

• What are the state and federal objectives of punishment?
• How does sentencing affect the state and federal corrections systems overall? Support your answer.
• What is determinate and indeterminate sentencing? Which sentencing model do you feel is most appropriate? Explain why and provide an example.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Assume the role of correctional officers at a maximum-security prison. A university professor has asked you to speak to her class about your experiences as correctional officers. To prepare for the visit, she has sent you the questions that the students will ask you.

• How does the prison environment influence the way you ensure security and custody in your prison?
• What methods of secure custody do you use in your prison?
• How do you ensure professionalism among the corrections staff?
• Do you work for a private or nonprivate prison? How do your daily work experiences differ from those of others according to the type of prison you work for?

Create a hypothetical maximum-security prison environment to use as a basis for your answers. The prison may be a state, federal, private, or nonprivate prison.

Write 200- to 300-word responses to each question, responding as you would to the students during the classroom visit.

Remember correctional officers will likely have different experiences and answers to these questions. Format your answers to reflect those...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Plato vs. Aristotle: Virtue

...philosophies salient differences. While Plato believes only philosophers are capable of true, inherent virtue, Aristotle believes all men can be virtuous with practice and dedication. GREAT. WAY TO GET TO THE POINT. BE SURE TO MENTION WHETHER OR NOT YOU'RE ARGUING THAT VIRTUE IS INTRINSICALLY GOOD. HAVE IT SMACK ME IN THE FACE IT'S SO OBVIOIUS. (LIKE THAT TYPO). Plato’s Republic contains one of the greatest recorded discussions on the nature of justice. His definition of justice can be interpreted today as virtue, or the proper working of the soul. Plato argues in this work that virtue is inherently good only when it is manifest in the perfectly ordered soul of the philosopher. This philosopher is born just and inherently good, thereby making him the only individual capable of loving and seeking after virtue completely. …..... I'M GUESSING THIS ATTACHES TO THE NEXT PARAGRAPH? AND I'M NOT SURE HOW I FEEL ABOUT “BORN JUST”. REMEMBER, IT ISN'T “INBORN” BUT IT IS NATURAL. YOU AREN'T BORN THAT WAY. YOU TEND TOWARDS IT, THOUGH. Only through virtue, or justice as he calls it, can a man receive happiness, and this hints at the inherent goodness of virtue. A man’s soul will only be truly content when he is doing what he is good at and meant to do. This theory of specialization is discussed in depth in Book Two and throughout Plato’s Republic. …..... I'M GUESSING THIS ATTACHES TO THE NEXT PARAGRAPH? AND I'M NOT SURE HOW I FEEL ABOUT “BORN JUST”. REMEMBER, IT ISN'T “INBORN” BUT IT......

Words: 1667 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Justice vs Revenge Essay

...Justice versus Revenge If you feel betrayed by another person, what would you do? Some people in the world seek justice. Other people seek revenge. We do not need revenge; what we need is justice. We need to promote justice to create a better world; if we promote revenge, it would have a catastrophic effect on our world. Why is there revenge? Revenge exists for our own selfish reasons. It is driven by our personal motives and the belief that there will be balance and stability afterwards. Many factors contribute to one’s lust for revenge. One could feel they have been attacked and suffered some unjust loss or injury; as a result, they feel many negative emotions and wish to make the perpetrator suffer and feel their pain. Perhaps one feels they have to “defend the honor” of themselves, their family, ancestors, or some other group they identify with by avenging the shame that the perpetrator inflicted. Revenge could be caused by a combination of pain and anger. It is not easy to counteract these feelings because if you feel vengeful, you are already in a certain state of mind that is immersed in emotion and lacks reason. Revenge could be driven by anger, driven by betrayal, driven by depression, driven by hate, hurt, jealousy, shame… The victims wish to restore their dignity and increase their pride or stature; remember someone they lost; ensure that the perpetrator is remorseful for their actions; or transform themselves from prey to predator, from powerless to......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Diversity Awareness Case Study

...CRP 460/560X Social Justice & Planning Spring 2013 IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Community and Regional Planning DIVERSITY AWARENESS CASE STUDY – ASSIGNMENT 1 Beyond  simple  “text  book”  learning,  in  this  course  we  will  strive  to  connect  the  material  with  current  happenings  in  our  world  and  communities.    You  will  have  an  opportunity  to  do  this  in  this  two‐part  assignment.  In assignment 1 you will find and research a diversity awareness project.  This first part will  focus  on  learning  what  other  groups  and  organizations  have  done  to  promote  diversity  awareness.   Then,  in  assignment  2  you  will  develop  a  campaign  for  promoting  diversity  awareness  in  your  own  academic community – the College of Design.    BACKGROUND INFORMATION  Iowa State University has many projects and initiatives focused on social justice and diversity.  Each unit  and  department  creates  educational  programing  and  events  to  meet  the  needs  of  their  students,  faculty, and staff.  The College of Design Diversity Board, the University Diversity Committee, and other  departments want help developing a Diversity Awareness Campaign that:        Is inclusive to all Iowa State University students, faculty, and staff,  Encourages sensitivity towards and connections across differences,   Initiates dialogue and training opportunities related to diversity concerns,  ......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Critque of Martin Luther King

...A Critique of Martin Luther King, Jr.‘ Natural Law Theory Comp. 102 Date: 6/5/2013 Paradoxically, Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from the Birmingham City Jail,” Initially uses classical natural law theory to define his actions, but immediately thereafter contradicts a fundamental tenet of this theory and relies on a “weaker” version of natural law. In doing so, King must attempt to formulate a theory which justifies his illegal actions in view of his moral obligation to obey the law. King’s failure to distinguish between legal obligations and moral obligations yields a logical paradox in his final formation of natural law theory. However, Kings theory need not be completely rejected if his argument is slightly modified to reject the moral obligation to obey laws. King initially uses classical natural law theory as his rational basis to defend his actions. This theory has two main point of views, the first being,” Moral Validity; is a logically necessary condition for legal validity an unjust or immoral law being no law at all” followed by, “The moral order is part of the natural order moral duties being in some sense “read off ” from essences of purpose fixed (perhaps by God) in nature.” According to this theory, morality law, but law that equals morality by definition. Thus for King to use this theory, two requirements are implicit. He must assert that an unjust law is not really a law, and he must provide a moral theory to distinguish......

Words: 1278 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

An Ethical Look at the Way Pork Is Produced

...An Ethical Look at the Way Pork is Being Produced By J.B.Nelson I believe that something is ethically wrong with the new trend in pork production. It is creating excess waste, degrading the value of the land it utilizes, as well as polluting water and air miles away from its plant locations, causing unjust costs to the public and environment. The big problem is that the new method of producing pork in factory rather than farm settings creates a buildup of waste material. Each pig produces two to four times as much fecal matter as a person, and the factory setting allows this waste to seep into rivers, lakes, and oceans – killing wildlife and creating pollution (Foer 13). On the other hand, an appropriate number of animals raised through traditional farming methods allow manure to go back into the soil as fertilizer for the crops that will become the pigs’ feed (Foer 11). In addition the factory farms have caused an estimated $26 billion dollars in degradation to American land (Foer 12). Pork companies, lead by the Smithfield company which has had sales of $12 billion in 2007 (Foer 14), would say that there is not a problem with the way they produce pork, because it is what people want. The entire food industry is ultimately driven and determined by the decisions people make about what to eat and unless we make new choices the industry will have no reason to stop the growing trend away from traditional farming into the mass-production which has been encouraged by......

Words: 1524 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Discuss the Extent to Which Judges Do Create and Develop the Law.

...Discuss the extent to which judges do create and develop the law. Nowadays, law is not strange with all people. Similarly, almost people know the importance of judges. However not at all people can understand clearly how judge impact on creating and develop law. The purpose of this essay is providing some clear information and helping some people recognize the role of judges. To understand the role of judge, people should know who judges are or what they do. Firstly, judges are people who supervise a court of law. Exactly, the role of a judge depends on what country that judge works in, and what kind of court they preside over. Judges must be fair and honest. They must make decisions and give guidance based on the most authentic to the law, even if he or she does not personally agree. Because of this, the job of a judge is very important (Kagan, 2010). Next topic is the role of judges in creating law. With the assumption that the positive law has limits and sometimes the judges are supposed to expand its borders, people must understand what a positive law is, why it has limits and why and how a judge can change the and expand the law when it is necessary. The positive law mean the law that is sanctioned by the Parliament and Legislature, produced by legitimate and democratically elected representatives, systematized and accepted by the society. In democratic societies and countries, this law is a result of the work of elected officials and it reflects the political......

Words: 1110 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Meaning of Myth in the Republic

...Classics 101 May 3rd, 2013 Myth in The Republic After railing against myths many of the books of The Republic, Plato ironically chooses to end his masterpiece on justice with a myth. The story concerns the hero Er and what he has seen in the underworld regarding how human souls choose their lot in life. Plato uses this myth as a way to illuminate three main concepts that all relate back to the dialogues. The first is that it is a means to a guiding principle, a story that might frame an individuals understanding. It also proves that not only is justice attainable it is worthy pursuit. Ultimately the myth culminates in a validation of philosophy as the most honorable earthly pursuit. The myth is a guiding principle, an ever-constant reminder. After nine long books covering a plethora of topics, Plato breaks everything down to a simple story that is able to illuminate the conversation in a succinct way. In a myth, major life questions can be broken down into short, memorable stories. The reason it does this is because the story evokes emotion; the dialogues evoke thought. As a listener of this myth the reader is able to sympathize, pity and rejoice along with the characters of the story. As an reader of the dialogues, the reader is merely a contemplative observer. The emotions reinforce the ideas that are being brought out in the dialogues. The powerful emotions are brought out in this myth by the very first anecdote. The common man in his rush to pick a favorable fate...

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Richard Maybury

...Maybury discussed what the cause of America’s economic problems. He discussed that a nation’s economic system is a result of its legal system. On the other hand, the cause is law and economic is just a symptom. The author discussed the two Kinds of laws: Political and Scientific laws. He talked about the two fundamental laws which all-major religions and philosophies agree are: first do all you have agreed to do, second do not encroach on other persons or their property. He mentioned that those two laws were the basis of the old common law and those two laws that can be justly enforced on everyone. On the other hand, each person can obey any other law as long as they do not violate the two fundamental laws. “Whatever Happened to Justice” included the outlawry and how some people don’t accept the law. Therefore, those people do not accept the responsibilities of the law. In addition, they do not have the right of its protection. So people who do not accept the law, they are not different that any other animal outside the law. The aurhor mentioned that everyone does some mistakes in life, but everyone is responsible for his/her mistakes. Therefore, whoever did any mistake he/she is responsible to pay back money for the one who got harm. The book was included steps which made some decisions became laws in the future. It mentioned also some steps can help a person to figure out if some decisions are real laws or not. It talked about...

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Habits of the Heart Reflection

...certain criterion of success to stay relevant with the rest of the world. This definition does not help as the terms happiness and success are too broad to get an idea of what this ideal society would look like. In order to define both happiness and success, I have elected to compose my society using the ideals of mostly the Republican Tradition, a significant part of Expressive Individualism, and a smaller part of Utilitarian Individualism. The reason I believe that most of the Republican Tradition’s ideals are essential to an ideal society are its emphasis on a balance of the self and civic interest, education, and social justice. The balance of the self and civic interest is imperative to this ideal society. One should be able to pursue one’s own self-interest, unless one can contribute to a greater good of society. The idea of education and social justice go hand in hand. According to Thomas Jefferson, the model of the Republican Tradition, “the best defense of freedom was an educated people actively participating in government.” (Bellah 31). In order to establish the rules and governing bodies of this society, a wholly educated population that took an active interest in government affairs is critical to maintain equal freedom for all. This is where the leadership of the society emerges and falls in line with what James McGregor Burns termed as “transforming leadership.” The foundation of this is that “whatever separate interests persons might hold, they are…united in......

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pinto Fires Case

...PINTO FIRES CASE The assumption that ‘it’s easy to be ethical’ assumes that individuals automatically know that they are facing an ethical dilemma and that they should simply choose to do the right thing. But decision makers may not always recognize that they are facing a moral issue. Rarely do decisions come with waving red flags. Dennis Gioia was recall coordinator at Ford Motor Company in the early 1970s when the company decided not to recall the Pinto despite dangerous fires that were killing the occupants of vehicles involved in low-impact rear-end collisions. In his information and overloaded recall coordinator role, Gioia saw thousands of accident reports, and he followed a cognitive “script” that helped him decide which situations represented strong recall candidates and which did not. The incoming information about the Pinto fires did not penetrate a script designed to surface other issues, and it did not initially raise ethical concerns. He and his colleagues in the recall office did not recognize the recall issue as an ethical issue. From the standpoint of Hooker’s test, we will start with the geralizability test. Hooker (2011) states that to pass generalizability, it must give the reasons for an action have to be consistent with the assumption that others who have the same reasons act the same way. To release the Pinto as scheduled and risk the safety of those who purchased it or spend more time designing the car, thereby seceding more of the......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Individual and the Community

...The Individual and the Community This paper will give insight into the different views of three different philosophers with a never-ending struggle to keep a balance between the community and the Individual. By explaining their views he/she will find different definitions from the philosophers on how to live as an individual under a ruler and how a good citizen should be characterized. For example in Antigone a good citizen would not have gone against the law and buried their sibling in one of the philosopher eyes, but in another’s it made Antigone find happiness so the deed would be cleared and would make it ok. A philosopher of Athens named Socrates believed one could only judge him/herself, if he/she knows what is good or bad in their own eyes. “…Crito, why should we care so much about public opinion?” says Socrates in Plato’s ‘Crito’. Socrates compared the individual ‘Crito’ to the state or community. In his eyes all men/women make up a state or community. Life without questioning and examination isn’t worth living because by questioning you learn the answers to the questions you originally had. Learning results to knowledge and knowledge is what makes a good leader. Socrates believed a good ruler was one who listened to his people and when the people of the community came to him/her with issues he/she would sort them out with the best intellect he/she could give, including what was right while also abiding by the law. To Socrates a good citizen was one who asked......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Guardians in Plato's Republic

...Just individuals : In his book ‘The Republic’, Plato searches for justice within the individual and what makes a person ‘just’. By comparing his sense of what is just at a political level and what is just at a psychological level he suggests three virtues of the individual which will make that particular person just. The virtues of wisdom, courage and moderation are common to both a just and the fictional just city of Kallipolis. This artificial city has the pre-determined virtue of being just – he does this in order to understand what justice is for the individual because Plato thinks that ‘a just man won’t differ at all from a just city in respect to the form of justice; rather he’ll be like the city.’ (Republic 435b) In the just city Plato creates three classes: the producers, the guardians and the rulers. Each of these three classes has a certain virtue it has to display to fulfill the ‘just city’ pre-requisite that Plato has placed upon Kallipolis. The rulers are required to exhibit wisdom so that ‘a whole city established according to nature would be wise because of the smallest class and part in it, namely the governing or ruling one. And to this class, belongs a share of the knowledge that alone among all the other kinds of knowledge is to be called wisdom.’ (428e-429a) The wisdom enjoyed by the rulers would be used to ensure that the city has ‘good judgement and [be] really wise.’ (428d) The guardians (soldiers) of Kallipolis would be educated in order to absorb...

Words: 6303 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Normative Ethics

...individualism approach, moral rights approach, justice approach virtue ethics approach and the practical approach. The utilitarian approach began in the nineteenth century by two philosophers, Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. They believed that moral behavior produced the greatest good for the greatest number of people possible. The decision maker of the organization is expected to consider the effect the decision will have on all parties. The manger is then to take the path that will improve the benefits for the greatest number of people. This approach is the basis of companies’ ethics regarding employee Internet usage and also personal habits such as alcohol and tobacco consumption since these habits and behaviors affect the entire work place. The individualism approach states that acts are moral when they encourage long-term interest with everyone within the organization learning to accommodate the long-term interests of the organization. The approach is noted to lead to honest and integrity. The individualism approach is not popular within highly organization groups of society because it is easily misinterpreted to support self-gain. The moral rights approach notes that fundamental rights and liberties cannot be taken away from human beings by an individual decision. The justice approach focuses on standards of equity, fairness and impartiality and has three types of concern to managers. The first is distributive justice that requires different......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Business Ethics

...utilitarianism. First, utilitarian calculation “requires that we assign values to the benefits and harms resulting from our actions and compare them with the benefits and harms that might result from other actions” (Calculating Consequences par. 8). The problem lies in the fact that it may be extremely difficult or seemingly impossible to assign these benefits and harms on the outcome of our actions. The authors for example state, “How do we go about assigning a value to life or to art” (Calculating Consequences par. 8). For something that is so important to all people such as life how can there possibly be a value attached to it. The second main problem that the authors state is that utilitarianism does not take any consideration of justice into account when making decisions. The authors note that although some action may produce the best outcome for society it may be an unjust action. “During the apartheid regime in South Africa in the last century, South African whites, for example, sometimes...

Words: 1939 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Shab-E-Mairaaj

...Importance of Shab-e-Mairaaj The Night of Ascension 27th Rajjab A brief description of the Mairaj Just one year before his exodus from Mecca to Madina, on the 27th night of Rajab, Prophet MuhammadPBUH had a unique experience in the history of all religions. The ProphetPBUH, accompanied by Angel Gabriel was taken for Night Journey-(ISRA) from Mecca to Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. There he led a congregation of the souls of all the earlier ProphetsPBUT. Then accompanied by Angel Gabriel he had the Ascension-(MAIRAJ) to Heavens. In the heavens he met again with the ProphetsPBUT individually. Then he was taken to see the Paradise and the Hell. He was shown what the fate of the humans would be after the Day of Judgment. How the Believers and the Righteous would be rewarded in the Paradise and also how the non-believers and the wicked would be chastised in the Hell. After seeing several important divine Signs (Ayaat) he was led by Gabriel to the Sid’rah (The Berry Tree). Gabriel stopped there. The ProphetPBUH proceeded from there to the Divine Proximity. The ProphetPBUH had the Vision of Allah, Lord of the Universe. Five obligatory prayers were ordained by the way of Thanksgiving. The ProphetPBUH was brought back to the earth and to his own place before the Dawn prayers in the same night. Importance of Shab-e-Mairaj The most important things we believe about the Mairaj are noted below: 1) The night journey (ISRA) and the Ascension (MAIRAJ) both did not take place spiritually”......

Words: 3512 - Pages: 15