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Critical Thinking - Islam

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Critical Thinking

Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx
Apologetics 104
Liberty University

I. Part One: What would the worldview of Islam be?

i. The Question of Origin – In the Islamic worldview, the origins of the faith lie in their god's initial creation of the universe and everything in it, including the first parents, Adam and his wife. For a time, all creatures lived in perfect peace, but then they were tempted and disobeyed their god's rules. As a result, Adam and his wife were banished from Paradise. However, their god reassured Adam that the banishment was temporary. He promised to send messengers to Adam and these messengers would bring his guidance. Adam was reassured that those who follow their god’s guidance will have no reason to feel fear or have grief. ii. The Question of Identity – For an Islamic, their personal identity is in relation to Allah. They fully submit to the will of Allah according to the Quran. It is this relationship to their Creator which defines, establishes and maintains their very humanity. From Allah they derive their understanding and knowledge of what is right, what is wrong, how they came to be, who and what they are and thus the purpose of their life here on this planet. iii. The Question of Meaning/Purpose - So what does the Creator, Allah, tell us about our purpose in life? The Quran states that mankind’s basic trust, our responsibility, is to believe in and worship Allah: “And I did not create Jinn and mankind except to worship me alone.” (Quran, 51:56) iv. The Question of Morality – The Islam’s Quran is not an appropriate guide of ethics or moral problems or dilemmas. It deals with judgments that are concrete situations. They are based on the subjective perceptions of Mohamed. He made decisions depending on the specific situation at hand. He also based his decisions, based on the...

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