Free Essay

Critical Thinking and Ethics Essay

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Studious
Words 317
Pages 2
Critical Thinking and Ethics

Critical thinking has a unique and complementary relationship with ethics. Critical thinking is what makes ethics come to life. In fact, it is imperative to “…develop critical-thinking skills, to recognize behavior and to understand different philosophical approaches to moral reasoning” (Manias, Monroe, & Till, 2013, Para.2). The principles and rules of critical thinking are applicable to ethical reasoning because they enable a mental process of evaluation that helps guide us to decisions based on truths and information that is verified. Ultimately, “Ethical principles mean something only when manifested in behavior. They have force only when embodied in action” (Paul & Elder, 2011, Para.5). It is only through true critical thinking analysis that our ethical reasoning will translate into exemplary forms of actions. If everyone followed the rules and guidelines of logic, there would still be a need for ethical decision making. The reason is because, “the forces that shape us and the institutions that nurture us are complex and sometimes contradictory” (Manias, Monroe, & Till, 2013, Para. 1). Much like ethics (morals, values, individual beliefs and sense of right and wrong), our logic is largely influenced by our background and experiences. Therefore it is too overwhelmed with emotion, making it unreliable for ethical decision making. If a woman finds out that the powerplant she works for is guilty of illegal dumping, her logical thought process may lead her to make a bad ethical decision for the sake of keeping her job. However, her critical thinking analysis of the same scenario may lead her to take a more unselfish route in order to uphold her morals and promote a greater good.

Manias, N., Monroe, D., & Till, J. E. (2013). Ethics Applied (7th ed.). Pearson Learning Solutions.

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2011, November 19). Ethical Reasoning Essential to Education. Retrieved from

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Relationship Between Critical Thinking and Ethics Essay

...The Relationship between Critical Thinking and Ethics GEN/201 July 27, 2014 The Relationship between Critical Thinking and EthicsCritical thinking is when exercising or involving careful judgment or judicious evaluation. (Version 3.0.3)  This means you take all the facts to narrow down the decisions of a situation or problem. In critical thinking there are six types of thinking, as described by psychologist Benjamin Bloom. They are remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating and creating. (Ellis, 2015, p. 205) The process in which to use the six types of thinking is a three-step process of checking your attitude, checking for logic and checking the evidence. (Ellis, 2015, p. 205) This process will help you move through the six levels with more ease. Checking your attitude helps you in keeping an open mind and also being open to others point of views. While checking for logic, it can help you see assertions and assumptions in most situations. Checking for evidence requires you to find proof. To find the proof you must ask more in-depth questions, look in books and check other sources to find the evidence. According to my Ethical Lens Inventory Report my preferred lens are rights-responsibility and results lens. This means I balance reasoning and intuition to determine how to full fill my duties while achieving the greatest good for each individual.  My blind spot is that I believe that my motive justifies method or that my own good is good enough.......

Words: 620 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Relationship Between Critical Thinking and Ethics

...The Relationship between Critical Thinking and Ethics Cheryl B. Green Gen/201 December 7, 2015 Portia Dennis Introduction Critical Thinking According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, critical thinking is the act of using your mind to produce ideas or careful judgements. If we use this definition anytime we are producing ideas or judgements we are utilizing critical thinking. When using critical thinking we are mentally going through steps in our head to achieve our desired outcomes. The skills we use for critical thinking are observation, interpretation, analyzing, inference, evaluation, explanation and metacognition(Boyd, p85). My daughter is turning 5 in two weeks but she has been a very willful child since she could speak.  We wake for school every day at the same time, and I observe her mood from the time she opens her eyes. I watch to see if she has gotten enough sleep, if she is grumpy or if she hops straight out of bed. The wheels in my head begin turning and I have to interpret her language into mine so that I don't miss any of the clues she is sending me.  Once I have figured out her mood I need to analyze how I'm going to handle her.  Her moods are very tricky. I suggest a particular outfit for her to wear.  Most days she doesn't like what I pick out for her to wear because she feels that she is old enough to make her own decisions when it comes to wardrobe. Usually, she picks what I have laid out for her and throws it on the floor.  Now we move into......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Critical Thinking and Ethics

...Critical thinking and ethics Noella Lubin GEN201 07/13/2015 PAMELA BREITUNG The relationship between critical thinking and ethics . Critical thinking plays a huge role in ethics. Critical thinking is thinking clearly, thinking fairly, thinking rationally, thinking objectively, and thinking independently (Braithwaite, 2006). Ethics is moral principles that govern a person or group behavior and the rule of conduct. Critical thinking is a form of fiction and identifying the unknown (Ethics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis Ethics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis Burgess, 2013). Critical thinking develops a mental process of evaluation that helps to determine their ethical standards. By incorporating the critical thinking process into their mindset, it enables you to more efficiently to make a decision based on truths and verified information rather than the unknown. There are steps to take in regards to thinking critically, and you should follow them as listed to make a rational decision. Step one (Knowledge), Being able to identify what is being said. Step two (comprehension) understanding the material, you make the knowledge that you acquired your own by relating it to what you already know. The better involve, the better you comprehend. Step three. (Apply) Know what you have read, heard, seen and understand it and carry out some task to implement what you comprehend to an actual situation. Step four (analysis)......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...University of Phoenix Material Using Sources Review the Continuing Academic Success assignment requirements from Week 5. Conduct research in the University Library to find at least three sources that are relevant for your Week 5 essay. Complete the following table for each source you have chosen. Include the original passage when you provide the summary, paraphrase, and quote. Source 1 | | | |Title of the article |Setting goals | |Why did you choose this article? |It helps to touch on the point of how setting goals can lead to success | |Is the article credible? How? |The article was published May 2014 under a noted publishing company | |Is the author biased? How do you know?|No, the author is in agreement that setting personal goals can lead to success | |Is the article relevant? How? |It discusses results that can be obtained through appropriate goal setting | |Find a passage you might use and |When working to obtain your goals you need to revisit them to further help you to understand what| |summarize it. |you are striving for. It keeps things in perspective ...

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

500 Word Essay

...Have you ever been curious about the relationship between critical thinking and ethics? In this essay you will explore what critical thinking is and the steps to it. What the Ethical Lens Inventory is and how ethics influences our decision-making and how it’s applied in our daily life. In General Psychology one of the definitions of critical thinking is "Critical thinking examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.” Critical thinking is used several times throughout the day in our lives. It helps us with our decision-making ability. There are six steps in the critical- thinking process: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating. These six levels of thinking fall into three major categories, which include: checking your attitude, checking for logic, and checking the evidence. We have to remember when using our critical thinking skills to separate our opinion from facts to obtain accurate information. After taking the Ethical Inventory Lens Assessment, I learned that my preferred lens is Rights - Responsibly and Results lens; which means, “I balance my reason and intuition skills to determine how to complete duties while achieving the best for each individual.” Additionally, I discovered my Blind Spot is “being satisfied with too little good. I can fail to be accountable to those who are depending upon me when I exercise free will. Once I satisfy my own......

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gen 200

...Course Design Guide GEN/200 Version 2 Course Syllabus College of Humanities GEN/200 Version 2 Foundations for General Education and Professional Success Copyright © 2011, 2008 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This general education course is designed to introduce the intentional learner to communication, collaboration, information utilization, critical thinking, problem solving, and professional competence and values. The course uses an interdisciplinary approach for the learner to develop personal academi c strategies in order to reach desired goals and achieve academic success . Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents:   University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality. Course Materials Ellis, D. (2011). Becoming a master student (13th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. All electronic materials are available on the student website. 1 Course Design Guide GEN/200 Version......

Words: 3013 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking and Ethics

...Critical Thinking and Ethics University of Phoenix- Gen/201 Tina Kersey Introduction In this short essay I will be describing the relationship between critical thinking and ethics, defining critical thinking and the critical thinking process and how my personal ethics influence my decision making ability. Critical thinking Critical thinking is defined as the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment ( Critical thinkers decisions are only based on precise facts and logical thinking but being a skilled critical thinker, decisions are made when the information is clear with being open and willing to alternative results based on collaboration and facts. The process To be a critical-thinker, you must be flexible and ask a wide range of questions to make your judgment. Benjamin Bloom, a psychologist, named six levels of thinking called “Taxonomy of Educational Objectives” (Becoming a master student, chp 1, pg 55) Level 1- Remembering: Can I recall the key terms or facts? Level 2- Understanding: Can I explain this idea in my words to someone else? Level 3- Applying: Can I use this idea to produce a desired result? Level 4- Analyzing: Can I divide this idea into parts, groups, or steps? Level 5- Evaluating: Can I rate the truth, usefulness or quality of this idea- and give reason for it? Level 6- Creating: Can I invent something new based on this......

Words: 533 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Continuing Academic Success When continuing academic success, critical thinking is the most important trait that you can learn. Critical thinking is the ability to take a step back, and really be able to see what you want and what you need to accomplish. It always is not easy to do this, many times we only see what we want and we are content is doing so. Critical Thinking is the ability to see all of the information, good or bad, and doing the most with it. A more detailed description of critical thinking was said by Richard Paul and Linda Elder. They said, “Critical thinking is that mode of thinking about any subject, content, or problem, in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the basic essentials in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them” (Elder, 2008). They put critical thinking in a very plain yet intellectual way. It also makes it known that critical thinking does not just happen overnight. People must build their thinking skills up and get better at it. Critical thinking is something we can all strive to get better at. I also feel that critical thinking involves putting preconceived notion and feelings aside. People need to be able to think rationally about their decisions before they decide the outcome, that way they will be able to ensure that they put all that was needed into their decision. Putting feeling aside can be very hard. Most people base life decisions off of prior experience,......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Terri Olson Week 3 Essay

...Critical Thinking Essay Terri Olson Gen/201 June 8, 2015 Doug Pederson The Definition of Critical Thinking Critical thinking is being able to think clearly and logically. A person with critical thinking skills is able to understand the logical connections between concepts, recognize, create and weigh opinions. “As critical thinkers, we are constantly on the lookout for thinking that's inaccurate, sloppy, or misleading.” 1. 7 Steps in the Critical-Thinking Process 1. Use Your Mistakes-Everyone makes mistakes try seeing as a learning opportunity and think of way to correct this in the future and avoid repeating them. 2. Respect Your Opponent-Don’t make the story about you. Use general speaking terms and don’t relate everything to something you personally have experienced. 3. The “Surely” Klaxon-Avoid using words such as surely and obviously. When you hear these words think of a horn blasting in the background and realize these are probably not sure or obvious. 4. Answer Rhetorical Questions-Often times a person will not be comfortable asking a question. Put yourself in that persons place and answer the question as honestly as you can. 5. Employ Occam’s Razor-“KISS-Keep It Simple Stupid” 2.When answering a question and your answer goes on and on and you very likely can lose your audience. 6. Don’t Waste Your Time on Rubbish-Time is too important don’t sweat the small stuff. 7. Beware of Deepities-Speak clear......

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Impact on Nursing

...various articles by getting vital information and ideas, which helped me, engage in critical thinking, as well as knowing about the author, and where was it published. Discussion helped me to decide whether I agree or disagree with the situation and make my own ideas. It is an excellent way of exploring both sided of the argument. Also, it helped me to try and think of real life examples that proved my point. Writing assignments helped me relate my actual work scenarios into writing; it helped me to do a lot of researches. Regardless of searching and putting my work experience into theory, quality essay writing also accounts for the style of writing, with all the rules and syntax throughout the essay. It will not only reflect on the grades, but also gives me a chance to write a persuasive essay. How will any changed view impact on nursing practice? In module 1, I learned about “what reflection mean to me”. The article on reflection was extremely insightful, reflecting back at my experience has changed my personal outlook and helped me to analyze and criticize my past. I also learned about different nursing professional organizations and the benefits it offers. I felt the need to spend more time on the related website and take advantage of some of the benefits they offer for e.g. ANA & AORN. ANA & ICN code of ethics has changed my view on nursing practice. According to the code of ethics, I will maintain a balance spiritually, emotionally, and physically so that I can......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Community Profiles: Social Responsibilities residents, whether in rural, suburban, or urban venues. Although the prevailing community and individual ethics and moral obligations are identified, the greater good to the communities is demonstrated through a primary theme; individual practices addressing social responsibilities within the communities that strengthen an ethical and moral lens. Our comparative analysis will address critical thinking processes defining conceivable responsibilities of the individuals to the communities, communities’ responsibilities to the individuals, and effects of social responsibilities on the communities. We will focus on the diverse Texas communities of the Shady Mountain sub-division of Leander (rural), the Shadow Glen sub-division of Manor (suburban), and the Kyle neighborhood (urban) (City of Kyle, n.d. and ShadowGlen HOA, 2014 and United States Census Bureau, 2010). Community Profiles Aside from venue differences, the Kyle neighborhood and Shadow Glen communityabideby formal Home Owner’s Association (HOA) agreements (City of Kyle, n.d. and ShadowGlen HOA, 2014). Comparably,the Shady Mountaincommunity has embraced individual social responsibility through adopting a framework of rules similar to an HOA. The communities abide by mandated and implied contractual agreements affordingleadership platforms, enabling individualistic ethics, and establishing a sense of community responsibilities...

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Continuing Academic Success Essay The Foundations for University Success Course is a most beneficial course for both my educational and career endeavors. I am now clearly aware that I must take ownership for my own success. There have also been many advantageous topics introduced which will provide much needed direction. The areas of direction include guidance on the selection of educational and career goals, the value of concise communication in growing my career, ethical direction, analytic and time management skills. My career goal is to obtain the necessary credentials to become a Jr ROTC Instructor. The educational requirements, though essential to obtain employment, are only the basics needed to obtain my goal. I must learn organization, must be able to portray honesty and integrity, to communicate effectively and most importantly be able to instruct all who might enter my classroom. The documentation of career goal, along with the acceptance that I am responsible for my own success has more clearly defined my educational direction to obtain my goal. During this course I learned the value of setting goals and am able to realize this value, by the visualization of the steps needed to obtain the my goal. I realize now that receiving the necessary credentials is not all required to succeed as a Jr ROTC Instructor. I must learn the skills, which will enable me to reach any student regardless of their learning style. “The term learning styles refers to the preferences...

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...the sources and biases of the vast quantity of information that confronts us in the "Information Age." INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS Required Resources Soomo (2013). Critical Thinking. [Webtext]. Asheville, NC: Soomo Publishing. Note: For each week of the course, all of the following materials in the Preparation and Evaluation portions can be accessed through the Webtext link within Blackboard. The Activities portion (discussion question) will not be located in Webtext, but rather in a separate Blackboard link within your shell. Supplemental Resources Critical Thinking Community. (2013). Defining Critical Thinking. Retrieved from Ellerton, P. (2011). Reason to Think. Issues, (95), 33-35. ETS. (2013). Introduction to the Argument Task. Retrieved from Holyoak, K., & Morrison, R. G. (2005). The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Hughes, W. (2000). Critical Thinking: An Introduction to the Basic Skills. Peterborough, Ont: Broadview Press. Philosophy Pages. (2011). Categorical Syllogisms. Retrieved from Tittle, P. (2011). Critical Thinking: An Appeal to Reason. New...

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Continuing Academic Success

...Continuing Academic Success GEN/201 09/29/14 Felicia Pettway Continuing Academic Success It was a big decision for me to continue my path to higher education without giving up. Personally, it took me 4 years of community college to finish with my general education program because of the obstacle that came through my path. Being in school my whole life, honestly speaking I was just about ready to give up because of the stress and pressure. Knowing how far I was to my goal and a little help from my family I was able to make a decision to not give up and peruse my goal and attain my diploma. Persistence is key and in knowing that I am going to strive to finish my goal. Setting Goals Setting goals is key when it comes to achieving them. It is crucial to set realistic goals that you know you can accomplish as opposed to setting unrealistic one that you know is far from reach. The University talks a lot about setting goals and achieving them. According to University of Phoenix Goal Setting and Time Management (2014), S.M.A.R.T. goals are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and timely. One personal goals that I set forth for myself is to obtain by Bachelor’s Degree in Business and Management. That will enable me in my career to move the corporate ladder and acquire the position I see myself in. The Writing Process Good writing is essential for success in school and the 21st Century workplace. Writing is a combination of skill that is......

Words: 1237 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Personal Responsibility Essay (Gen 201)

...Personal Responsibility Essay Hiba Sohaib GEN/201 July 14, 2014 Efren Ordaz Personal Responsibility Essay Personal Responsibility is when a person takes full responsibly of their own actions. In more detail, “Personal responsibility is the willingness to both accept the importance of standards that society establishes for individual behavior and to make strenuous personal efforts to live by those standards.” (Haskins, July 2009, The Sequence of Personal Responsibility). Even though you can sometimes step back or neglect personal responsibilities, they are important in order for one to succeed as a student because it gives you an idea of how to go further in life by setting realistic life and career goals for yourself as well as giving you the opportunity to make ethical decisions. I believe personal responsibility is important in order to succeed as a student. When a person accepts their personal responsibilities, they cannot blame anyone but themselves for any failures they may face. Any action I take, not only in my academic life but also my personal life, reflects directly on me and the person I am. As a student I try to study hard and learn as much as I can from all my courses, especially the ones that challenge me. I put in extra effort to help myself understand or solve a problem, as this will help me achieve good grades and evolve and grow as a person. If I fail in any way, I set myself goals to do better and achieve better, and when I reach those goals, I......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6