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Cuban Special Period

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Submitted By jazzboo
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The Special Period
Cuba has a very real story to share with the entire world, it happened to them in mid 1990s when the Cuban economy treaty with the Soviet Union crashed. This caused Cuba’s all oil imports to stop completely and their economy took a free-fall. Little had the world known that this was the beginning of the modern crisis and someday the whole world will have to face the same fate? The end of associations with Soviet Union caused Cuba’s oil import to stop abruptly, which lead to major problems in the country, one of the major problem was scarcity of food; people in the country were literally starving due to the lack of food. This was the time Cuba started to set example for the rest of the world by starting a very successful green revolution, as an answer to their on going crisis of facing the “Peak Oil”.
Peak oil is the point in time when the global production of oil will reach its, maximum rate, after which production will gradually decline. Peak oil crisis is faced because there is a finite amount of resource, and the production of these resources will have a beginning, middle, and an end of production; and at some point it will reach a level of maximum output, and the graph will be a bell shaped which indicates a peak but after which there is no increase but only a steep decline. This elevated crisis in the Cuba caused Cuba to face its “Special Period”.
Cubans had to find a way to survive and come out of the crisis and the first step they took was to replenish their food sources and hence they started the sustainable agriculture revolution. They started by fertilizing the top layer of the soil as it had lost all its qualities because of the extensive use of the artificial pesticides and fertilizers. Than they set up provisional schools where everyone can learn how to farm and train the domestic animals to use them instead of the tractors. This had a very positive effect as all the open land was being cultivated. On the political part the government reduced the taxes on farmland and were even giving the government owned farmlands to the public free of rent. There were scientist who were also trying to develop options for sustainable and bio fertilizers and pesticides. The major change they made, was to DE commercialize agriculture and split them into smaller farms where they can develop a sense of community and the yield is much higher. The idea of sustainability was very much appreciated and taking that into consideration the rural areas were provided with solar panels to generate heat and electricity.
Cubans were very successful in resurrecting their agriculture; they achieved all this without any financial help of the World Bank or any other country. All there resources now are very sustainable and it is safe to say that they have increased their agriculture product in such a way that it can sustain their whole population, and there is still some left to export. United States of America has always been the country that used the most percentage of non replenishes able energy and so in the country everything is commercialized from the food system to the defense. These resources will not last for very long so USA can learn how to be more sustainable so when the USA reaches it Peak Oil crisis they can be ready to face the downfall.

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