Premium Essay

Cubism Movement

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lexiench
Words 1004
Pages 5
Beginning in 1907 the Cubism movement was set into motion by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque; this would eventually become the most internationally influenced movement of the 20th Century. The movement has roots dating back to European traditions of the Renaissance, which can be seen it its illusionism and deconstruction of linear perspective. The Cubism movement can be broken down into two primary styles of Analytical and Synthetic Cubism, each equally influential in their own way. First up was Analytical Cubism; this references the artist objective of analyzing and breaking down of the form and space within the picture plane.
Analytical Cubism was the period from 1907 to 1912; it was formed primarily at the hands of Pablo Picasso, Paul Cezanne and George Seurat. Analytical Cubism was a period of exploration in separating the perceived reality of what we can view and the intellectual reality of what we know. These characteristics include flattening the pictorial surface and simplifying the picture plane to only a basic geometric fragmentation of the subject. Additionally, minimal color was used in order to further flatten the subject. Flatness was a key characteristic of Analytical Cubism; lack of warm and cool hues prevented the subject from becoming dimensional and eliminated any single focal point.
With the goal of Analytical Cubism being to separate realities, artist used easily recognizable items or ordinary subjects. Things used were often just found around the artist studio; typical choices of subject matter include bowls of fruit, bottles or glasses. These were chosen so that the viewer could easily understand what they were seeing and how it had been manipulated and separated from perceived reality.

Next up was Synthetic Cubism, which lasted from 1912 to 1914, but was seen into the early 1930s. This period was focused on the goal of construction...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Analytic Cubism

...Cubist Movement There are many artists out there with their many styles of work, although Picasso was no different, because he is also identified with a certain art style also. Picasso is different because he dared to be different, he introduced a new artistic style that became a revolutionary movement in art and was marked a true genius of the 20th century. Picasso couldn’t have made this movement without his friend Braque who studied under Cezanne. During this time, Picasso and Braque with another fellow artist Joan Miro started the Cubist movement. Cubism is a reproduction of images, seen from many different angles. Cubism was broken into two different phases, Analytic Cubism, which lasted from 1910-1912, and Synthetic Cubism 1912-1914. Cubism started during the time of war, which had a huge impact on the Cubist movement. Picasso and Braque met through mutual friend, a poet a critic Guillaume Apollinaire. Picasso’s painting of Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1906-1907) has been called “the first painting of the 20th century”. Picasso’s Demoiselles d’Avignon painting was inspired by African sculpture and the later paintings of Paul Cezanne, this signaled the new style of Cubism. When Braque and Picasso first met, Braque had called Picasso’s d’Avignon painting, bold and made people want to drink gasoline and spit fire. Braque then went on to paint Large Nude (1908), which had a lesser take of geometric shapes than Picasso’s painting. Despite their differences, Picasso and......

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Iwt Task 1 the Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Cubism is one of the most influential visual arts styles of the early twentieth century” (, n.d.). Previous periods of art tried to mimic nature and cubism rejected that theory. They were known to use multiple viewpoints. The paintings disassembled and reassembled an object in abstract form. The world was very turbulent during the time when cubism was beginning. There were many scientific, cultural and technological discoveries occurring during this time. All the changes in human history were causing many artists to look at their world differently. Cubism looked at objects from different perspectives and the changes occurring during the artists’ time. Most art pieces of this time were not valued in the same manner they are today. The preeminent artist of Cubism is Picasso. The twentieth century Cubism movement spawned most modern art forms. At the height of disassembly art was Geometric Abstraction. This form uses simple geometric forms. They do not represent anything in nature. There was no attempt at creating three-dimensional space. The paintings during this time use straight lines and curves in a linear pattern. This form of art is at times seen as a twentieth century invention, although it can be found as far back as the 5th century (, n.d.). Similar turbulence of the Cubism period can be seen within the......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cubism and Geometric Abstraction

...entertainment for mankind over centuries. From intricate instructions on embalming to please the gods in Egypt, to Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup advertisement style pop-art, every piece of art has a history and a story to tell. This story begins with Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who are credited with fore fronting the avant-garde Cubist revolution. Abandoning the socially correct representations of objects, which blatantly depicted the actual appearance of said objects, Cubism reduced natural inspirations to their geometric equivalents and used varying planes to depict differing points of view according to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Cubism is best described by Jacques Lipchitz, a Cubist sculpture, “Cubism is like standing at a certain point on a mountain and looking around. If you go higher, things will look different; if you go lower, again they will look different. It is a point of view" (Cubism Movement, 2012). The key to truly understanding an art form is to know why it was created, or how it evolved. Cubism was a form of rebellion from the norm that existed for centuries. This norm was around since the Renaissance time period, nearly 500 years prior to Picasso, and it was to depict an object on a specific limited plane exactly as it appeared to the artist. The modern world was starting to perceive their surroundings in a deeper and more complex way;...

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Asian Modernities Exist in “the Development of Abstract Art”

...ASIAN CUBISM 1910 ASIAN CUBISM 1910 YŌGA late 1800s YŌGA late 1800s NIHONGA 1898 NIHONGA 1898 Word Count: 790 Word Count: 790 Xueyan (Jessica) Wu Professor Hong Kal FA/VISA 2340 02 March 2015 ASIAN MODERNITIES EXIST IN “THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABSTRACT ART” Asian modern art has been largely neglected by Western audiences; a simple reference to Rita Gilbert’s “Living with Art” timeline confirms this notion. As such, Alfred H. Barr, Jr. neglected to include Asian modern art in his seminal 1936 map, The Development of Abstract Art, and consequently, I have provided a revision. Barr’s depiction epitomizes a European-dictated arrangement of art history, which excludes all versions of modernity not part of ‘his’ visual. I question the legitimacy of this omission. Modernity is not a singular definition, not solely manifested in one structured European interpretation. It is not necessarily residing in one place, but migrating and shifting, following the social conditions and traditions which surround different geographical contexts. One may contend that Asian modernist art does not belong within Barr’s space or that it does not fit any prescribed definition of modern art. There are valid reasons for this belief; the most widespread insisting it is merely a ‘copy’ of European modernity, and therefore, already included within Barr’s interpretation. This is untrue on many levels. Tatehata Akira writes in Why Cubism, that “…we must admit that a large part of......

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Victoria Era

...paintings illustrate the three stages in a women’s life. All of them explain the visions of the women’s part in the home. Her first character is being a mother to her child guiding the child through the path of life. The second sight is a wife being supportive of her husband and the third is the daughter taking care of an elderly one. Her concern in all these paintings are for someone else besides herself contrary to the painting “An afternoon in the Nursery”. In this particular piece the woman is fixed on herself, by being engross with her reading. The children are playing among themselves with no attention on them. The open window with the serene scenery could disclose an escape from her homely life as a woman. Cubism is a modern movement that occurred as a segment of art history. This type of art was recognizable due to the two dimensional appearance, geometric angles, lines and shapes. In traditional painting styles, the subject is usually fixed on one time and place but in cubists work it portrays the subject from...

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Spanish sculptor and painter Picasso Ruiz Picasso is considered for the artistic genius in the 20th century nomination. Picasso style is one of a genius; his techniques were like a breath of fresh air. He held a variety of ideas during the 20th centuries. His ambition and the magnitude of his art work is what make him out to be the greatest of his time. Picasso created more than 20,000 art works. He became famous in his own life time he is known for becoming the first artist to successfully utilize mass media to gain popularity. He also introduced the notable case of Cubism, created, almost all the art movements during the twentieth century. What is interesting is that the viewers are able to grasp what Picasso see through his paintings. In Picasso’s paintings he visibly expresses his emotions and shared his personal feelings the way he saw things. His work displays an unlimited and vast nous of vitality and penchant for variation and innovation. Picasso once said that, “Painting is just another way of keeping a diary”. I feel as if his work was his diary he used art to capture specific moments of his life. Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain Pablo Picasso, also known as Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was extraordinary in the world of art. Picasso's father taught as an art teacher during this time his dad quickly took noticed that his son was a genius, therefore he caught young Picasso everything he knew. At the young age of 14, Picasso took an entrance exam to......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...The painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” was painted during the summer of 1907 by Picasso. According to Picasso, the cubism has came in a time period when the world was experiencing modernization in technology and medicine; and the societies were rapidly growing and developing as well (Picasso, 1996). The meaning of the painting in English was the Young Ladies of Avignon; it depicted five prostitutes in a brothel. It is one of the most important paintings in the genesis of modern art. There is a strong similarity in the dramatic clashing of light and dark tones and the overhead light source (Meighan, 2008). This essay is an example of a student's work Disclaimer This essay has been submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Essay Writing Service Essay Marking Service Example Essays Who wrote this essay Become a Freelance Writer Place an Order The work of Picasso in Les Demoiselles d’Avignon truly introduced cubism as art of movement. His painting has been noted as the twentieth century's most significant painting. His work depicted a crude version of prostitutes through a deformed style never seen before. The painting was an anti-idealist representation of un-ideal subject matter (Meighan, 2008). Depictions of prostitutes and the theme of sexuality had been the subject of paintings in the past, but Les Demoiselles left an impact because of Picasso. He had......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Time Traveling Historian

...Time Traveling Historian Gina York HUM/205 October 14, 2012 William Devine Time Traveling Historian As a child I often pondered what it would have been like to live in another time. A time far removed from the time I currently lived in. Would it have been as exciting to live in then as I imagined it to be in my head and would it look anything remotely like I had envisioned it in my “mind’s eye”? In order for me to finally realize my childhood dream I decided to take it upon myself to build a time machine. The question is once I got the time machine built, where would it take me? Would I go back into the past or go forward into the future? I decided that I would choose to go back into the past simply because the future is still open for change but the past has been written; but as an author I was curious to know, had the past been written accurately? I decided that this would be my task. I will travel back in time to verify that what I read in my humanities books was correct. I have tasked myself with a formidable question. What point in time do I want to travel to? How hard it will be to make that decision. Indeed, making the choice turned out to be difficult, but I came to the conclusion that the period I chose to travel back to must have some type of cultural or artistic significance. Of course any given time period produced some kind of cultural or artistic significance. My dilemma was finally resolved when I came to the conclusion that I would simply start the...

Words: 2009 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...Brendan Roberts 1 Cubism A style of art that stresses abstract structure. 2 Degrees of abstraction/Cubism/Expressionist This make me think of the Theo Van Doesburg painting with the cow. But then it also has the lines we would see in a cubist painting also. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. 3 German Expressionist Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. 4 Modernism Just a new way of looking at art, that lead to pop art 5 Photomantage Took pictures ant photos from other pieces and makes them in to one, with more meaning, over even hidden meanings 6 Futureism Was all about the modern view on things, was tired of the past. 7 Dada A European artistic and literary movement (1916-1923) that flouted conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity 8 Surrealism Because they are taking real objects that are all different and making them into one painting. 9 Dade A European artistic and literary movement (1916-1923) that flouted conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity 10 Surrealism Because they are taking real objects that are all different and making them into one painting. 11 Cubism A......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Movements: Rococo Through Surrealism

...THE MOVEMENTS: ROCOCO THROUGH SURREALISM The Movements: Rococo through Surrealism Hum 100 Final At the end of the Baroque period the neo-classical style Rococo emerge in France. It dealt with elaborate ornamentation. The essence of Romanticism is particularly difficult to describe because it heavily focuses on emotion so you have to see, or hear it to understand it. Art in the modern era from 1860-1914 consists of Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Expressionism. These movements are closely related to each other, instead of being a carful rendering like in Realism art was freer flowing and had looser lines. Between the world wars art took on new roles these movements were: Cubism, Futurism, Dada, and Surrealism. The old social stratification of classes was beginning to break down in Europe. The Rococo movement started in France in the early 18th century and is marked by elaborate ornamentation. The Rococo musical style is often viewed as an extension of the Baroque movement, ands characterized by a high degree of ornamentation and lightness of expression. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born January 27th, 1756 in Salzburg began composing music at the age of five. In 1788 Mozart wrote his final three symphonies nos. 39, 40, and 41. He composed these symphonies for zero commission and at the time had no other source of income. Mozart composed these three pieces of work quite rapidly. Composing came easily to Mozart and he often said that he was a vessel......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Abstraction Art

...HUMMANITIES O ART Cubism was truthfully a world-shattering style of art developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques. It was the first style of abstract art which progressed at the beginning of the 20th century in response to a world that was changing very quickly. Cubism was an attempt by artists to invigorate the exhausted traditions of Western art which was thought to have run their course. The Cubists tested orthodox forms of representation, such as perspective, which had been the rule since the Renaissance. Their aim was to develop a new way of seeing which replicated the modern times. Geometric abstraction became popular early 20th century as well however, it was divided into two clear versions. The Gestural abstractionist who build their style loosely on the post-impressionist. Much like Cezanne who created non-objective art focusing on the hand of the artist for illusions of depth. Then you had the artist who mimicked the “it is what it is” essentialism of Euclidean. (Goldstein, 2014) These movements were similar and transformed the world into stark shapes, lines and angles. It was a stark move into the modern ages. It a way to expression similarly the felling of wanting to radicalize the time and move away from the time of Bibliography art lessions. (n.d.). Retrieved from Goldstein, A. M. (2014, august 18). what makes geometric arbstaction so exciting. Retrieved from......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pablo Picaso

...Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Name Date of Submission Pablo Picasso In the 20th century, he dominated the Western art, he was considered a symbolical representation before he attained the age of 50 years. During his 75th career, he finished numerous paintings, ceramics, sculpture and paintings. He nearly, since handedly made a modern art; this artist is no one other than Pablo Picasso. The interesting part that led to the selection of this topic is due to the fact that Pablo Picasso transformed art, such that no other artist has ever had such a big following. Several artist before him had a few follower that were mainly considered to be of the upper class of the society. The audience of Picasso was almost a million. Many of us know Picasso as just a name, but this essay will focus on the his biography together with the subject, form and content of his work, Pablo Picasso was born on the October 25th, 1881 in the town of Malaga in Spain. He was brought up by his mother, Maria Picasso and his father who was an art teacher It is being told that Picasso almost died when he was born due to some breathing defect, it took his uncle to blow cigay smoke in his face so that he could be able to breath. He was bright boy by the time he attained the age of ten years old, the age at which he painted his initial paint work. Many of the art painting that he did were displayed on bullfighting, since he was exposed to the bullfighting at the when he......

Words: 1253 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Art and Intention

...Art and Intention Checkpoint D Lopez Axia College of University of Phoenix Art 101 October 26, 2012 The reaction of the public was not being able to understand what the artist were trying to convey. Marcel Duchamp’s and Michelangelo’s David Nude Descending a Staircase showed this painting had two modern art movements, the Cubism and Futurism. Cubism: The Cubism period focused a lot of multiple viewpoints. Mapped the motion and energy of the body as it passed through space making the picture look unrealistic. Futurism: The Futurist period, was a period fascinated with speed. Artists created an illusion as if the painting were moving. This painting raised eyebrows in France and brought a scandal in New York when the painting was display, the mechanistic approach to the female body was perceived as a crude. Viewers found Michelangelo’s David painting as if he was mocking the audience because They could not find a woman in the painting. People didn’t care very much for his painting, people were offended by the nudity. The public felt that Marcel Duchamp’s Nude Descending art didn’t appreciate art, the people felt that he was disrespectful, his work showed flat forms that overlapped in shallow space. Duchamp wanted to combine two different styles modern art. The Knowledge of the artist inspiration does enhance my appreciation of the painting because after looking at...

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

European Art History

...appearing weak behind the men. It expresses control and fear. It appears to be somewhere in Greece or Rome, where the now classical ideas of art originated. As a neoclassic piece, this is an appropriate setting. I feel that this painting does a fine job of showing the common feelings of many during the late 18th century, and that the artist made a good point with showing the helpless women behind the men. 2. Romanticism-The Third of May This well-known painting by Francisco Goya shows one well organized army taking control of a smaller, less organized military. They appear to have already shot a few men and are not afraid to do so again. The scene is taking place on the outskirts of town. This painting really captures the Romantic Movement by showing many common themes in romantic art, such as emotion, passion, and revolution. It also has many of its characteristics, including dramatic scenes, expressive use of color in the blood of the men, and images of death. In my opinion, the painting is frightening. It shows ruthless men and it seems to be a message that revolution will end in bloody death. 3. Realism- The Gleaners This painting by Jean-Francois Millet depicts three women collecting some kind of harvest from a field. They are dressed in ordinary clothes and they are turned so that their faces cannot be seen. A small town can be seen in the background. This is the most appropriate representative of realism because it shows many of the common themes......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Artist Deconstruction

...Artist Deconstruction Pablo Picasso was born on October 25th, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. Pablo is a famous painter who was influenced by symbolism and some say started the movement of cubism. When Pablo was young he showed a great potential in drawing. Pablo didn’t care for schoolwork and mostly wanted to draw all day long (Ghare, 2011). When he was 14 he applied to the School of Fine Arts which typically only takes older people, much older, then Picasso was (Ghare, 2011). However, his entrance exam was so extraordinary that the school felt it was important to make an exception (Ghare, 2011). Picasso moved to Paris where his adult career began to flourish. The paintings by Picasso are typically categorized into periods based on the mood and style of Picasso. The first is called the, The Blue Period, which happened from 1901-1904. It was called this because his paintings were mostly in blues and greens. The subjects of these paintings were prostitutes and beggars. The second period called The Rose Period was from 1905-1907 because he mostly used orange and pink. From 1907-1909, the African Period, he was inspired by African art and artifacts. Lastly, we have Cubism which occurred from 1909-1912 and used mostly monochrome brown colors (Ghare, 2011). With cubism, Picasso was able to re-create his subjects often breaking them apart and reconstructing within the painting (Ghare, 2011). Pablo was a sensational artist and changed the world of art with his paintings. He was......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4