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Cultural Assessment for Nursing

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Culture Paper

I was born and raised in the Philippines. I identify myself with the Filipino culture. I chose to learn about the Mexican culture, so I have interviewed my coworker. The interview was focused on the meaning of food in their culture and its impact on their health.

When asked about the meaning of food, Estella and Betty both associated it with family gatherings, holidays, and celebrations wherein food brings people together. They celebrate Christmas, Quinceneras (when a girl is considered a young woman on her 15TH birthday), and weddings. Most of their meals include beans, rice, and either corn or flour tortillas. Tamales are commonly served during their celebrations because they have been their traditional food for many generations. Tamales are made up of corn meal, lard, chili, salt, and a choice of pork, cheese, raisins, or vegetables for the filling. They are wrapped in corn husks to keep them moist, and they are steamed. Some people from Mexico use lard in making flour tortillas and in making the masa (dough) of the tamales. Others also use lard for frying. Mole, a type of sauce poured over chicken and pork, is made up of melted chocolate, roasted nuts, and bananas. This type of dish is prepared and served only on special occasions because the preparation time is long. Refried beans is a common side dish. It involves a three-step process. First, the beans are boiled with salt. The second step is the mashing and frying of the previously boiled beans. The third step is frying the previously mashed and fried beans. Since it is fried two times, it is called “refried beans.”

Based on the dishes that I mentioned, I can say that some of the food preparation practices and ingredients Mexicans use may have a negative impact on their health. In the Mexican culture, people who look full or heavy are considered healthy or “well-fed.” This also...

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