Premium Essay

Cultural Differences Between China and Japan

In: Business and Management

Submitted By yyyk
Words 448
Pages 2
In order to achieve success in global business, it’s critical to know cultural differences between target countries and our native country. National culture is the set of shared values and beliefs that affects the perceptions, decisions, and behavior of the people from a particular country. Even two countries whose geographic distance is close, their cultural differences may vary a lot, for example, China and Japan.
From the graph I get on the website, the biggest cultural difference between China and Japan is on uncertainty avoidance, which is the degree to which people in a country are uncomfortable with unstructured, ambiguous, unpredictable situations. The fact that China has a comparatively low score on this dimension reflects that Chinese are adaptable and entrepreneurial, and comfortable with ambiguity. On the contrary, at 92 Japan is one of the most uncertainty avoiding countries on earth. Japanese learned to prepare themselves for any uncertain situation. This goes not only for the emergency plan and precautions for sudden natural disasters but also for every other aspects of society.
On long term orientation, both China and Japan have relatively high scores. This dimension describes how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future. Therefore, these two countries show an ability to adapt traditions easily to changed conditions, a strong propensity to save and invest, thriftiness, and perseverance in achieving results.
Both on individualism and indulgence, China has very low scores and Japan has moderate scores. Low scores on these two dimensions show that Chinese people act in the interests of the group and not necessarily of themselves, and that China is a restrained society that have a tendency to cynicism and pessimism. Japanese scores show that people put harmony of group above...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Case Study Analysis

...For example, consumers in Hong Kong have different historical and cultural views than Mainland China, although they may have similar cultural values (Weber, 2002). Consumers within these two regions may have different preferences and environmental standards. The same could be said for Japan. Therefore, when marketers are trying to enter other regions they must understand the region’s culture and behavior toward a product or service. Marketers must also understand demand factors of that region, such as economic and social. Case one: Japan to Apple’s iPhone: “No Thanks!” Although technology is used all over the world, different countries can provide many challenges when trying to introduce new technologies to them. Apple found this out when trying to introduce the iPhone in Japan. According to Frommer (2010), reasons the iPhone was not successful in Japan was because Apple failed to understand what the Japanese consumer expected of an iPhone and the competitive marketplace. Although the iPhone is successful in the United States, many consumers in Japan believe the phone’s technology is old and inadequate. Some Japanese consumers also believed that the iPhone did not look good and the network subscriptions were too expensive (Chen, 2010). Japanese consumers believe that the technology and many of the iPhone’s features are inadequate because Japan has already had the technology and features for more than two years (Chen, 2010)....

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mlitt

...Be it cultural misunderstandings, systemic political differences, or a poor understanding of the market conditions in a given country, marketing mistakes damage a company’s ability to enter (Ghauri and Cateora, 2010). While political differences or a poor understanding of the market strongly impact success in a foreign market, the slightly larger issue that multinational corporations encounter are due to cultural misunderstandings. However, the impact that cultural misunderstandings have on success in a foreign market is dependent on the industry in question. In some industries, international marketing mistakes can often be rooted in the lack of understanding of different cultures such as the aspects buying behavior and product preference. Take the retail industry for example, since the purchasing behavior of customers varies by region, foreign retailers might usually make marketing mistakes due to insufficient knowledge of a given region’s preferences. Tesco, one of the biggest supermarket brands in Europe, failed in the U.S due to their insufficient understanding of American consumers’ shopping behavior with regards to groceries. Tesco had found success selling ready meals in European markets and applied that logic to the American market. The ready meals plan was a strategic failure since American consumers do not buy them...

Words: 2708 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Instructional Communication

...Several teaching behaviors studied in instructional communication lead to different results based on cultural contexts (Zhang & Oetzel, 2006). Teacher confirmation is an instructional behavior that helps students’ perceived learning in the classroom (Ellis, 2000). Goodboy and Myers (2008) affirmed a positive relationship between...

Words: 3491 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

East Asia History

...The third part of the essay will examine the similarities and differences between these two events, with the ultimate purpose of determining the qualitative differentiation to be made between the concepts of “restoration” and “revolutions”. The main characteristics of the Meiji restoration of 1868 The Meiji Restoration of 1868 can be interpreted as a concatenation of events that led to the establishment of a political compact that centralized power in the...

Words: 2686 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Intercultural Communication Strategies

...Same scenario when doing business, even more so if that business is to be done in another country or with someone with a different cultural background. Things such as higher levels of sensitivity, being more detail oriented or simple differences like their patterns of behavior can make a huge difference in some other culture (Drew, 2013). If you want to succeed in the cross-cultural business world of negotiations you must completely understand others, and using that knowledge to your advantage to recognize the desires of all parties involved; and then develop a situation that becomes a win-win setting for everyone involved. It is wise to keep in mind, that when doing cross-cultural business, the methods or approaches of the domestic could be different and may not apply if they are not culturally accepted by the other party (Drew, 2013). Some of the most common things you should know before negotiating business with another culture are as follows:...

Words: 2169 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Case 5 Analysis – Google’s Country Experience: France, Germany, Japan

...As Google began to dominate search engine market share in France, Germany, and Japan, it created concern and ultimately distrust of the U.S. domination that was taking place in their countries. This distrust led to lawsuits on the grounds of copyright infringement by multiple companies in France who were ultimately successful in the...

Words: 1991 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Ikea

...Purpose The aim of thesis is to understand the internationalization of IKEA in Asia by comparing between Japanese and Chinese markets. Method This master thesis based on qualitative approach in order to investigate the internationalization of IKEA in Asian markets as a case study since it is beneficial in understanding the observation and explanation of behavior in the certain cases. Conclusion IKEA is considered as retailer internationalization who expands into Japanese market as a result of deregulation and asset-based advantage while internationalize into Chinese market because of supporting environments such as political, social and economic conditions as well as transaction advantage. To success and failure, psychic distance and learning, strategic decision making process, degree of adaptation of retail offer, entry strategy, characteristics of organization and management characteristics are the influencing factors on...

Words: 20792 - Pages: 84

Premium Essay

The Migration of Japanese Overseas Students

...Research Proposal (Ⅰ) Proposed Title (Ⅱ) Introduction (Ⅲ) Brief Literature Review ·Political, Economic and EMJOS ·Cross-cultural and EMJOS ·Gender and EMJOS (Ⅳ)Methodology ·Pilot and Measurement ·Questionnaires ·Individual Interviews ·Comparative Analysis ·Statistic Analysis (Ⅴ)Proposal Research Time-Table (Ⅵ)References (Ⅶ)Appendix (Ⅰ) Proposed Title The Discussion of Education Migration in Metropolises—Based on Japanese Overseas Students (Ⅱ) Introduction The problem of Education Migration has been becoming an international tendency globally in recent years, especially the Japanese Overseas Students (JOS), particularly in metropolises (this research includes three metropolises: Tianjin, Shanghai and Hong Kong). According to current official statistics, the number of Japanese Overseas Students with a bachelor’s degree at above studying in Tianjin (TJ) accounted for 1,906, 1,681, and 1,971 respectively in 2010, 2011, and 2012, dramatically doubling that of a decade ago. As a result of the above situations, I could not help coming up with the questions like why they are primarily female students and what education migration of Japanese Overseas Students (EMJOS) could bring to the political, economic and cross-cultural aspects of TJ society as well as what attitude we should harbour towards this trend (Appendix 1)....

Words: 3098 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Ikea - Case Study Expansion Into China and Japan

...“IKEA – A Long March to the Far East” Global Strategic Marketing Case Study Table of Contents 1 Introduction to the case 2 2 Critically and systematically analyse the global strategic advantages of IKEA 3 2.1 Branding , designer appeal 3 2.2 Critical mass, low cost, low price 3 2.3 Quality, green credentials 3 2.4 Global appeal, local sensitivity 3 3 What were the key challenges that IKEA faced in a) China and b) Japan? 4 3.1 Key challenges faced by IKEA in China 4 3.1.1 Cultural 4 3.1.2 Structural 4 3.2 Key challenges faced by IKEA in Japan 4 4 Critically discuss the marketing strategies used to address the challenges the company faced in China and in other markets. 6 4.1 China 6 4.2 Other markets 7 5 Discuss and justify what IKEA’s marketing strategies should be in the future in these two markets. 8 5.1 China 8 5.2 Japan 8 6 Conclusions 9 7 Bibliography 10 1 Introduction to the case From humble origins in the woods of Sweden in 1926, IKEA has developed into a major retail experience in 41 countries / territories around the world, with a current turnover of €23.1 Billion (IKEA, 2010)....

Words: 2661 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Google

...This essay will first introduce the business strategies of Google, and then examine the threats that Google faces from some countries and local competitors such as Baidu in China. After analyzing, it will finally provide some suggestions for Google to secure the dominance in these countries and gives a conclusion. To some extent, the minority is concerned about how a search engine works and makes money, which actually plays an important role in the process of operating a search engine corporation like Google. It is obviously that a search engine depends on “search”. Google used Pagerank technology to reveal results by not only looking for keywords inside webpages, but also estimating the value of a search result based on the number and popularity of other sites that linked to the page. There are no hand-editing of the outcomes for the reason that the search results. In addition, Google is dissatisfied with the status quo. It keeps perfecting its technique to make the search result more accurate and relevant. It is a prevailing phenomenon that most search engine is running the paid inclusion pattern, but Google is an exception. But then again, Google is not a charity organization only offering people all the resources after all. It needs to make money. For this reason, in 2000, Google offered advertisers the conference to place ads on its websites targeted to the users’ search issues depending on its direct sales force....

Words: 3094 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Domestic vs International Business

...After mulling over the question for some time, I figured out that there is definitely some contrast between a domestic and international business. The difference between the businesses is that, International business is the exchange of goods and services across national borders whilst, Domestic business conducts commercial activities within the borders of the home country. Thus, after learning about the definition of both of them I can say that I do not agree with the statement. Therefore, in these following paragraphs, I will be discussing the differences between studying International business and Domestic business with the aid of two examples. Body When one travels from their home country to another foreign land, he/she do lots of planning. Example, he/she looks for the places to go, what is the currency difference, what is their cultural norms, what is their national language, do the locals converse in English, what is the country’s rules and regulations, and others. In the same way, when we are doing business with a foreign country we need to consider matters like the above. Hence, International business possess a much higher and complex level of risk as compared to Domestic business. New skills and knowledge have to be acquired when we plan to do business with another country....

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Kung Fu Movies

...Kung Fu has its origins in China, which before being modernized, was popularly known as Wuxia (Greene, 2014). This film genre is an important creation of Hong Kong Cinema. The main difference between Kung Fu and Woxia is that the former has less sword play, instead, used more armed combat. It however found its way to the West, where it was embraced in Hollywood as one of them most loved action film genres. The genre was first played on screen in the 1930s in a film known as The Adventures of Fong Sai-Yuk (Kato, 2012). The first directors choreographed the fights to become more realistic on screen. The genre reached its heights in the 1970s and overtook some of the most famous genres of the time. Today, Kung Fu has reached international audiences across the world. The genre is mainly produced Hong Kong, main land china japan and India. This paper looks at the genre as produced in these countries, contrasts and compares them. Characteristics of kung Fu movies in Hong Kong, main land china japan and India The Hong Kong Kung Fu films combine action, mainly as codified by Hollywood, and Chinese storytelling. This is interwoven with aesthetic traditions, which combine to create a distinctive form that has a wide transcultural appeal. However, over the last few years, the Hong Kong Kung Fu movies have been greatly influenced by American and European action styles....

Words: 2432 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Culture Clash

...|  | |Campaign | | | |July 16, 2004 | | | |CULTURE CLASH | | | |SECTION: ASIAN AGENCIES, Pg. 31 | | | |LENGTH: 1218 words | | | |The difference in the business cultures of Asia...

Words: 1393 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Amazon Goes Global

...The CAGE Framework of distance by Ghemawat explained distance as 4 main attributes – Cultural, Administrative, Geographic, Economic.1 To address these risks and costs, it is crucial to first assess the extent and type of differences between the USA market and the United Kingdom market. Amazon’s entry into United Kingdom (UK) can be attributed to minimal distance and various similarities, which allowed Amazon to significantly reduce risks and costs. Primarily, the UK market has a lot of similarities to the US market in terms of cultural, administrative and economic distance. UK has the second most number of native English speakers (60 million), after US (231 million), and is also the place where English was first spoken. Since books were the primary products sold by Amazon, the similarity in language made it extremely ideal for Amazon to target the UK market. Moreover, the GDP Per Capita of US and UK were not significantly different, with US having a GDP Per Capita of $32,949 and UK’s GDP Per Capita being $26,144 in 1998. Gini Index, unemployment rates and inflation rates of UK and US also showed minimal differences.2 These depicts the similarities between UK and US in...

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Market Analysis Wgu Ega

...Countries considered were China, Japan and South Korea. After careful consideration and research, the recommendation is expansion into China. The reason for this is two-fold. The first consideration is market saturation and maturity. The Chinese market is relatively young and undeveloped when compared to Japan and South Korea. There are fewer established manufacturers or distributors in China versus the power house brand names in Japan and South Korea, such as Nissan or Hyundai. Secondly, the market is robust, the economy in China is growing and is one of the largest in the developed world. Chinese consumption is at an all-time high as the economy grows and the middle class develops. This growth will produce a demand for Company A’s products that is sustainably greater than those in other Eastern markets. Finally the Chinese market values Western products in a way not comparable in Japan or South Korea. In Japan and Korea, American products are generally considered inferior and expensive. The Chinese highly value American products and will pay a premium price to obtain them. There will be two types of customers that Company A can market engine parts to. The first type of customers are manufacturing firms that make truck engines in China and then sell the completed engines to truck makers. These firms include companies like Qingdao Seize. Company A’s specialized product will produce a higher quality component engine than currently available domestically....

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5