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Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice: Victimology

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mrjackson2180
Words 1573
Pages 7
Derrick L. Jackson
Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice
CRJS410 - 1304A - 01
Professor: Samantha Carlo
Unit 1 Individual Project 1
July 25, 2013

Abstract
Within this paper a report is written for the California Chief Attorney in efforts to support a presentation to the County Commission. Key components of victimology, history of victimology, theories, and differences between criminology and victimology are discussed. The flagstaff of safe houses for abused women and children, along with our nation’s first rape crises center are highlighted. The contribution from our history’s civil rights movement and how it has played a part in the U.S. laws are explained, along with children’s rights groups and the problems child victims face in the criminal justice system. In the conclusion of this paper, readers will be given a path to take in regards to advocacy groups for victims.

Before we begin to understand the concept of victimology I feel it is important to first understand the definition of a victim, and the history in which victimology stems from. To be a victim means that you are a person who individually or collectively, has suffered harm, including physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of your fundamental rights, through acts or omissions that are in violation of criminal laws operative within member state, including those laws proscribing criminal abuse of power (UN Declaration 1985 on Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power). Victimology stems from criminology, which is the study of crime as a social phenomenon, and is the science upon which victimology is based. Victimology differs from criminology because it is the scientific study of physical, emotional, and financial harm people suffer because of illegal activities. Victimology is best viewed as an area of specialization within...

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