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Cultural Relativism Study Guide

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1. Cultural Relativism: Culture relativism is the view that all cultures are equal. Regardless of the cultural differences, no culture is better than another. Each culture sets their own moral and ethical standards to live by. An example of Cultural Relativism would be how in some cultures they believe women’s bodies, hair, and face must be covered at all times outside of the home when other cultures do not. Not every culture has the same beliefs.

2. Aristotle’s theory of Hylomorphism: The theory of Hylomorphism is Aristotle concept of people being both form and matter. Aristotle thought of form as the physical appearance (body) and the matter to be what the object consists of (soul). An example would be pavement. The unhardened clay would be the matter. The matter changes form when the clay hardens.

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Natural Law Theory: Natural law theory is the concept that regardless the situation or time your morals would determine the right and good action. The theory is considered a foundation of moral principle. An example of this could be in a life or death scenario the decisions you make. Do you try to help others or save yourself? Natural law theory states that you would think in an emotional, intellectual, and rational mindset and ultimately your morals would decipher what your next action is.

4. Oppression, according to Marilyn Frye: Oppression is defined as unjust treatment or no control. Marilyn Frye describes oppression as “a system of interrelated barriers and forces which reduce, immobilize, and mold people who belong to a certain group and effect their subordination to another group”. Frye believed people were limited and many times less than free. There have been many examples in history of oppression. A clear example would be when certain societies look at women as property. There, the women are

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