Premium Essay

Cultural Studies

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Hammercy
Words 1106
Pages 5
Unit 5
Introduction to Humanities
Individual Project
HUMA215-1101B-

Cultural Artifact
Artifacts of our own cultures surround us. From art and music to architecture and literature, from philosophy and religion to laws and economics, we live among cultural artifacts that have deep roots. (American Intercontinental University, 2013). An artifact is an item of culture that represents deep traditions and customs. The single artifact that I believe represents the culture that I live in today is the United States Flag. The US flag consists of 13 horizontal stripes which represent the original 13 colonies. The stripes are alternating red and white stripes: 7 red and 6 white stripes. The stars on the flag are symbolic of the 50 states of the union. The colors on the flag are also significant. The color red represents hardiness and valor. The color white represents purity and innocence. The color blue represents vigilance, perseverance, and justice. All of the colors represent the US struggle to fight for independence, justice, and equality for all people. (USA Flag Site, 2012)
The United States flag relates to the values and beliefs of the US culture because it represents unity. The US flag in itself is symbolic of the unity of the 50 states. The United States flag is a source of pride and inspiration to many US citizens because of the bearing on the historical roots. For many the United States is also a symbol that represents equality and justice for all. The United States did not always have these values. As with many countries, the leaders of the United States executed unjust laws and practices on other ethnic groups such as the Native Americans and the imported African slaves. In addition, Americans did not gain independence from Britain until 1776. The historical roots that caused the artifact to come into being are the US civil wars composed of…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cultural Study

...The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study of USA and Canada. The cultural difference and study......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies

...Cultural studies in the academies of the advanced capitalist countries has transformed the object of studies in the humanities. In particular, in English departments, cultural studies has challenged the predominance of the governing categories of literary studies (the "canon," the homogeneous "period," the formal properties of genre, the literary object as autonomous and self-contained) in the interest of producing "readings" of all texts of culture and inquiring into the reproduction of subjectivities. To this end, pressure has been placed on disciplinary boundaries, the methods which police these boundaries, and modes of interpretation and critique have been developed which bring, for example, "economics" and "politics" to bear on the formal properties of texts. In addition, the lines between "high culture" and "mass culture" have been relativized, making it possible to address texts in terms of their social effectivity rather than their "inherent" literary, philosophical or other values. 2. The two most significant categories which have supported these institutional changes have been "ideology" and "theory." Althusserian and post-althusserian understandings of ideology, which defined ideology not in terms of a system of ideas or "world view" but in terms of the production of subjects who recognize the existing social world as the only possible and "reasonable" one, made possible the reading of texts in terms of the ways in which the workings of ideology determined......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies

...Topics in Cultural Studies Brenda Johnson Unit 1 Discussion Board AIU Culture Makeup Ancient civilizations are the foundation of the world as we know it today, was built on ruins of 10,000 years of advanced cultures such as the Greek, Roman, Mesopotamia, Mayan, Indus, Egyptian. Ancient history began with the invention/communication of art and then writing in about 3100 BC and lasted for centuries. Natural environment was an influence that help with the makeup of early civilization; changes in the weather such as seasonal changes, changes in the weather was an influence on when they would go out to do there hunting and planting. Science and development of their knowledge in how to use new tools and how that knowledge helped with simplifying how they hunted, build, and planted. Trading brought about interaction between many different cultures. Agriculture made it possible to settle down in a permanent community and not to have to always be on the move hunting for food; once farming was developed mankind did not have to be on the move continuously; learning to control the production of food and to keep a good supply of food and cattle on hand then their lives started to changed dramatically and completely. Because of the cultural makeup social issues did come up; such as conflicts between groups of people who believed differently. Pros and Cons of Revisionist History Revisionist history is a reinterpretation of what we call facts or truth surrounding...

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies

...Cultural Studies Andrea Spann HUMA215-1301B-27 American InterContinental University GREEK Cultural | Political | Economic | Religion | | The language is almost of Latin. | Greece, and especially Athens, is the cradle of democracy in the western civilization. | The economic and social structure of classical Greece, including thecolonies it sent out around the Mediterranean, had many features in commonWith other agricultural civilizations. | Dancing associated With Religious ceremony. | | Ancient Greek Culture was the birthplace of Western civilization about 4000 years ago. | Apart from many smaller changes, it was mainly based on the opportunity for all citizens over 20 to take part in governing the country. | In the 8th-century Greece depended clearly on farming. | At times Greek peasants showed their interest in some of the more emotionalreligious practices imported from the Middle East, which provided more colorthan the official ceremonies of the Greek pantheon and spiced the demandingRoutines of work. | | The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present. | Greek governments supervised the grain trade, providing not onlytransportation facilities but also storage depots to try to minimize theChance of famines. | A common pattern - the Greek economy evolved,Particularly as trade rose and cities grew. | Things that were created......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies in Media

...What is the Value of Cultural Studies? Why is it relevant on a media/ communications programme? Firstly what is cultural studies? Cultural studies is devoted to understanding how a society creates and shares meaning. So, cultural studies searches to understand how meaning is brought about, constructed and dispersed throughout all social structures, practices, beliefs within each certain culture. It is important to remember that cultural studies is a holistic analysis, taking the social whole into consideration, including and combining every known theory from political theory, feminist theory, social theory, media theory and so on. ‘This approach analyses culture in order to understand the lives, experiences, consciousness, values and struggles of particular groups in society’[i] There are a number of important concepts when it comes to cultural studies. Society creates meaning for everything that exists. All of these meanings are constructed; therefore they are only perceptions of reality. our understanding of meaning and view of the world has been created by the society in which we are surrounded in, brought up in and bred in. who plays the major role in all of this, who makes meaning out of what we see and learn? Is it the man on the side of the road who believes god is real, because he came from a religious background? Or is it the politician that we all elected and trust will tell us what’s right and wrong, and what really means what. Culture then goes on to...

Words: 1650 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Indian Cultural Case Study

...Case Study Care Plan Strategies: Shanti   Care Plan Strategies: Shanti Shanti’s story describes the death and dying process of a 63 year old Indian woman with breast cancer and metastasis. She had lived in the United States for 32 years and both her and her family still strictly followed their Hindu beliefs and traditions. Shanti knew she was ill but not her diagnosis or prognosis. She was in constant pain and suffered from anorexia, weight loss, and digestive problems. Her religious and cultural beliefs were that all that happened in this life was the result of her past life and that her next life would be determined by her actions in this life. To Shanti the pain she was suffering was given to her by the gods and relief from her pain would produce bad karma and result in negative consequences in her next life (Gefland, Raspa, & Briller, 2005, pp 177-178). Because of her beliefs Shanti and her family had chosen not to know her diagnosis or prognosis which created multiple dilemmas in planning hospice care for the patient. After consulting their legal team and ethics committee hospice was able to honor the patient’s wishes and provide services. For the purpose of this paper the author with describe a care plan developed for the care of Shanti that respects the patient’s cultural and religious beliefs but still provides quality care. The care plan includes communication between staff, the patient, and family, treatments that align with the patient’s cultural and......

Words: 938 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies Ip5

...Abstract In this final project of Topics in Cultural studies; I hope to expound on the creation of an artifact that is in its very infancy as artifacts are dated. This is one of Dr. Martin Luther King Father, Husband, Minster, Civil Rights Leader and overall Good Man and the Roman type of granite monument that had been built in his honor in Washington D.C this nation Capital. I will talk about The Monument where it’s located and what it looks like, “The Cultural Background” by which all things started from the gathering of slaves and the effects on a descendant of Africa after European influences more than 400, to their freedom from slavery, to the civil rights movement of which Dr. King emerges. From here I will move to “The Man” Dr. Martian Luther King? Here we have “The Legacy” who was this civil rights leader and what did he do to advance this new metamorphoses in culture after the assimilation of Western cultures within the United States of people of African lineage. The Monument My modern cultural artifact is the Dr. Martin Luther King Memorial located on the National Mall near the Tidal Basin and the Roosevelt memorial. It has an iconic address of 1964 Independence Ave, SW Washington, DC 20024. The street number represents the Civil Rights Act of 1964 of which Dr. King played a large role in the legislation being passed and put into place. Here stands a 3 piece artifact of Dr. King, this statue is 30-foot tall and is carved from a piece of granite that......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies Ip4

...Westernization and European Influences on Various Cultures Angela Lancaster AIU Online HUMA215-1205B-19 Abstract We are asked to analyze and interpret a quotation about the confrontation of Western civilization with other people whose values were often dramatically opposed to the West’s. We are asked to discuss what would the loss of centeredness of culture have meant for a given cultural group. To select from the non-western cultural groups and research the impact of Western or European cultures on the group chosen. Finally we are asked to give an opinion on how non-western culture was prior to the late nineteenth century and how did it change as a result of European expansion. There are several cultures that were affected by the westernization and the colonization of the Europeans. A few of these cultures are the Native Americans, Africans, Chinese, and Japanese. Each of these different cultures had drawn in different ideals, some good, and some bad. Asia did not have as many problems with westernization as the Native Americans and the Africans. The entire culture of the Native Americans and Africans were destroyed from European expansion and colonization, whereas the Chinese and Japanese retained much of their heritage by remaining out of touch with the western world. (Sayre, 2012) The Native Americans had a civilization that was basic and traditional, and it remained that way for several hundred if not thousands of years. They lived off of the......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies

...Topics in Cultural Studies HUMA215 Unit 2 Individual Project By: Mary Mason AIU Online Language is a crucial component of everyone’s culture and values. Everyone communicates with others in different ways depending on one’s culture. There are also different key factors that can be put into play about a person communication for example, sign language. If someone cannot hear or speak than sign language becomes their form of communication. There are many various types of communication used to communicate with others. This is all based on the culture you are taught and use on an everyday basis. The communication style that one uses tells their audience many things about you without that person even speaking one single word. Take body language it can reveal so much about a person. Body language can be direct and intentional but most of it is subconscious and indirect. We use our hands when we speak and that tells others about you, like your thoughts and feelings even if that is not what you want them to know and if it is not what you’re actually talking about. Sign language is another form of communication that is used to communicate. This method of communication is nonverbal and is used mostly by deaf individuals and their close family and friends. There are actually two different types of sign language that is used. American Sign Language (ASL) and the Black American Sign Language (BASL). The Black American sign language is actually used to represent more...

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies and Diversity

...Cultural Studies and Diversity Introduction Social scenes result from human components forced upon or made from the normal scene of a territory. The investigation of social scenes analyzes the presence of regions, the array of articles creating those appearances, and the zones themselves to get it procedures influencing a scene and implications implanted in the human components of the scene. Two procedures that impact the improvement and support of ethnic scenes in American schools are relocation and digestion. Movement, eminently chain relocation, has added to outlining ethnic zones and to managing extensive ethnic populaces inside of these zones. Digestion, then again, diminishes the thickness of ethnic populaces inside of ethnic zones, therefore presenting ethnic scenes to the impacts of different gatherings. Restricted ethnic gatherings have reacted to these impacts has been to change the basic scene of the ethnic zone into an unprecedented scene to reassert their regional case. Since numerous ethnic celebrations are held in ethnic zones, the images installed inside of the phenomenal ethnic scenes turned out to be a celebration's piece scenes. What's more, ethnic celebrations support distinctive social exhibitions to venture a mental self-view to other gathering individuals and whatever remains of American culture. The scenes of ethnic celebrations, thusly, have ended up similitudes of ethnicity. The idea of 'social scenes' can be found in the European custom of......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies and Diversity

...Cultural Studies and Diversity Introduction Social scenes result from human components forced upon or made from the normal scene of a territory. The investigation of social scenes analyzes the presence of regions, the array of articles creating those appearances, and the zones themselves to get it procedures influencing a scene and implications implanted in the human components of the scene. Two procedures that impact the improvement and support of ethnic scenes in American schools are relocation and digestion. Movement, eminently chain relocation, has added to outlining ethnic zones and to managing extensive ethnic populaces inside of these zones. Digestion, then again, diminishes the thickness of ethnic populaces inside of ethnic zones, therefore presenting ethnic scenes to the impacts of different gatherings. Restricted ethnic gatherings have reacted to these impacts has been to change the basic scene of the ethnic zone into an unprecedented scene to reassert their regional case. Since numerous ethnic celebrations are held in ethnic zones, the images installed inside of the phenomenal ethnic scenes turned out to be a celebration's piece scenes. What's more, ethnic celebrations support distinctive social exhibitions to venture a mental self-view to other gathering individuals and whatever remains of American culture. The scenes of ethnic celebrations, thusly, have ended up similitudes of ethnicity. The idea of 'social scenes' can be found in the European custom of......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies

...Tiffany Bevil Topics in Cultural Studies: HUMA215 - 1304A - 04 Unit 2 Individual Project Michael Polich American InterContinental University Online October 21, 2013 Romance is the native language of Europe that I chose to discuss. The term ”Romance” come from the Vulgar Latin adverb romanice, comes from Romanicus as an example the expression romanice loqui, “to speaking roman, that is the Latin Vernacular as well as with latine loqui, to speak in Latin that is Medival Latin and with Barbarice loqui this is to speak in Barbarian a non- Latin language from the people living outside the Roman Empire. The word Romance novel and love affair, Popular Tales that focused on Love in the medieval literature of Western Europe were composed in the vernacular and come to be called romances. The origins of romance languages are the continuation of Vular Latin. It was spoken by the soldiers, settlers, and merchants of the Roman Empire. The expansion of the Empire between 350 BC and AD 150, made Latin the dominant native language in the Continental Western Europe with its administrative and educational policies. Latin has a strong influence in Southeastern Britain; the Roman province of Africa and the Balkans north of the Jirecek Line. The Empire decline and after it was destroyed in the fifth century. Several types of Latin began to spread within each local area at a fast rate and developed into a continuum of recognizably different...

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cultural Studies Analysis of Alfie

...1 Proseminar “Born to be wild”: The 1960s in British and American Cinema in their Socio-Cultural Contexts A Cultural Studies Analysis of Alfie Table of Contents Introduction: Michael Caine - the phenomenon of stardom 1. 2. 3. 4. Great Britain in the Swinging Sixties British Cinema in the 60s Production background to Alfie Socio-gender situation of the Characters 2 3 5 6 7 7 9 11 13 14 4.1. Gilda 4.2. Lily 4.3. Ruby Conclusion: Alfie as an indicator for the cultural history of the 60s Secondary Sources: Filmography, Bibliography and Electronic Sources 2 Introduction „What’s it all about?“ is not only the famous last question of the protagonist in Alfie but also the title of Michael Caine’s autobiography. Born 1933 in London’s poor East End as Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, he started acting in the late 1940s and soon became Michael Caine. Though he changed his name he never tried to hide his past and his Cockney accent gives away his working class origin. It was a hard and long journey to fame for Caine. His first steps into show business were acting with amateur groups, then playing some parts in provincial theatres and later some appearances on British television. It was only after more than 20 years that he got the audiences’ and critics’ attention for his role in Zulu. But it brought him rather critical notice than the hoped for éclat. In 1967 Caine’s career got a considerable boost when he was representing the main character in Alfie - a role that......

Words: 6180 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Topics in Cultural Studies Unit 1

...http://www.ancient-greece.org/resources/timeline.html Jones, J. (n.d.). ROMAN HISTORY TIMELINE . West Chester University's - On-line Web Courses. Retrieved February 15, 2012, from http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his101/TIMELINE/T-ROMAN.HTM Linear A - definition of Linear A by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary. Retrieved February 15, 2012, from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Linear+A Unit 1 Course Material. (n.d.). AIU Online. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from https://mycampus.aiu-online.com/Classroom/Pages/multimediacoursetext.aspx?classid=442277&tid=203&uid=270223&HeaderText=Course Materials: HUMA215-1201B-14 : Topics in Cultural Studies...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Students’ Attitudes Towards Counselling: a Cross-Cultural Study

...STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS COUNSELLING: A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY by KATLEGO FANDIE This thesis is submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree Philosophiae Doctor in the FACULTY OF THE HUMANITIES DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY at the UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE BLOEMFONTEIN January 2015 Promoter: Prof. L. Naudé DECLARATION I declare that the thesis hereby submitted by Katlego Fandie for the degree Philosophiae Doctor at the University of the Free State is my own independent work and has not previously been submitted by me at another University/Faculty. I further more cede copyright of the thesis in favour of the University of the Free State. SIGNATURE: _____________________________ DATE:____________________________ i DECLARATION OF SUPERVISOR ii PROOF OF LANGUAGE EDITOR  083 2877088  +27 51 4367975 corrieg@mweb.co.za CORRIE GELDENHUYS POSBUS 28537 DANHOF 9310 3 January 2015 TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN Herewith I, Cornelia Geldenhuys (ID 521114 0083 088) declare that I am a qualified, accredited language practitioner and that I have edited the following PhD thesis by Katlego Fandie: STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS COUNSELLING: A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY All changes were indicated by track changes and comments, to be addressed by the researcher. ............................................................ C GELDENHUYS MA (LIN – cum laude), MA (Mus), HED, HDLB, UTLM ACCREDITED MEMBER OF SATI......

Words: 53406 - Pages: 214