Free Essay

Cultural and Ethnic Studies

In: Historical Events

Submitted By martel
Words 682
Pages 3
Once you’ve already decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or what you will be including in your discussion. The broader your topic is, the more difficult it is to discuss your topic in full details. This is why you should establish before hand the scope and limitations of your paper and this will be the foundation of your research paper outline. Basically, your outline will constitute three main parts namely the Introduction, the Body and the Conclusion. But to make sure your paper is complete, consult your instructor for specific parts he/she wants to be included in your research paper. Sample outlines for research papers will be given later on. But first, let us discuss the main parts of your paper and what information each should cover.
INTRODUCTION
The Introduction should contain your thesis statement or the topic of your research as well as the purpose of your study. You may include here the reason why you chose the particular topic or simply the significance of your research paper’s topic. You may also state what type of approach it is that you’ll be using in your paper for the entire discussion of your topic. Generally, your Introduction should state briefly all the major points of your topic your readers will be reading about.
BODY
The body of your paper is where you will be presenting all your arguments to support your thesis statement. Please be reminded of the “Rule of 3” where you should find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Start with a strong argument, followed by a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument as your final point.
CONCLUSION
Conclusion is where you form a summary of all your arguments and state your final stand. Explain why you’ve ended up with the said conclusion.
RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE EXAMPLES
As mentioned earlier, here are some sample outlines for research papers:
Sample #1
Thesis Topic: A Study on Factors Affecting the Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers in Las Pinas City I. Introduction A. Statement of the Problem B. Definition of Terms C. Theoretical Framework D. Methodology 1. Type of Research 2. Respondents 3. Questionnaire E. Hypothesis F. Review of Related Literature G. Scope and Limitations H. Significance of the Study II. Body I. Background of the Study 4. Benefits of Breastfeeding 5. WHO Recommendations 6. The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes 7. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative 8. The Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding 9. National Situationer 10. The Milk Code 11. BFHI in the Philippines 12. Milk Code Violations 13. Formula Feeding 14. Factors Influencing the Decision Regarding Infant Feeding Method 15. Area Situationer J. Presentation and Analysis of Data 16. Socio-economic Demographic Profile of Mothers 17. Information Regarding Current (Youngest) Infant 18. Current Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers a. Exclusive Breastfeeding b. Mixed Feeding c. Formula Feeding 19. Previous Infant Feeding Practices 20. Maternal Knowledge 21. Correlation Tests III. Conclusion K. Concluding Statement 22. Analytical Summary 23. Thesis Reworded L. Recommendations
Sample #2
Topic: Asbestos Poisoning I. Introduction A. Definition of Asbestos Poisoning B. Significance of the Study C. Definition of Terms II. Body D. Symptoms of Asbestos Poisoning E. Effects of Asbestos Poisoning F. Treatments III. Conclusion G. Conclusion H. Recommendations 1. How to Deal with Asbestos Hazards
Sample #3
Topic: Shakespeare Adapted from A Research Guide. I. Introduction II. Body A. Early Life 1. Family a. Father b. Mother 2. Marriage c. Life of Anne Hathaway d. Reference in Shakespeare’s Poems B. Works 3. Plays e. Tragedies i. Hamlet ii. Romeo and Juliet f. Comedies iii. The Tempest iv. Much Ado About Nothing g. Histories v. King John vi. Richard III vii. Henry VIII 4. Sonnets 5. Other Poems C. His Later Years 6. Last Two Plays 7. Retired to Stratford h. Death i. Burial III. Conclusion D. Analytical Summary E. Thesis Reworded F. Concluding Statement

Read more: http://www.experiment-resources.com/research-paper-outline-examples.html#ixzz1yloI8TUO

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethnic Studies

...Name: Course: Institution: Date: Ethnic Studies. Humans have since time immemorial always had a deeply rooted psychological and social need to belong or identify with a community or group that provides interaction with fellow humans, protection from external dangers and gives each member a sense of belonging. Ethnicity can be defined as a group of people who see themselves as unique or distinct from others due to imagined or real mutual history, values and traditions. These things set them apart or distinguish them from their neighbouring ethnicities. Ethnicity also entails the sharing of specific ethnic traits, backgrounds, associations, allegiances or affiliations. There are therefore innumerable ethnicities all over the world which are composed of groups of people bound together by a common factor among them all, which could be racial, cultural, religion, tribal, national, ideological or linguistic. With so many differences between the various ethnicities in their cultures, values, traditions and beliefs, conflict between them is ultimately inevitable. Ethnic groups are almost always never socially homogenous nor are they ever united politically. (Cornell, 39) Several divisive factors are always present within such groups e.g. differences in ideology, social status, class, and religion. When differences between ethnicities fail to spark conflict among them, a particularly dominant ethnicity may attempt to establish hegemony in an area. When the minority ethnicities get......

Words: 1682 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Social Networks

...CONNECTIONS 16(1,2): 23-36 © 1993 INSNA The Influence of Social Networks on the Acculturation Behavior of Foreign Students1 Tsung-chi Kenny Hsu Department of Radio/TV/Film, The University of Texas at Austin August E. Grant Department of Radio/TV/Film, The University of Texas at Austin Wei-wei Huang Department of Mass Communication, Fu-jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan Cross-cultural communication scholars have looked at effects of interpersonal communication and both ethnic and host mass media uses on the acculturation behavior of immigrants for a long time. The present study employs an important network analysis concept, the social influence of alters on ego, in the field of cross-cultural communication. Using measures of alters' acculturation, English- and ethnic-language media uses, and years of residence in the U.S., a model is proposed and tested upon a sample of international students from a college campus. The results indicate that the alters' acculturation plays a central role in the pattern of relationships. INTRODUCTION To answer questions such as "what happens when individuals move from one culture to another" and "why are some immigrants more successful than others in adapting a new environment," social scientists have long employed the concept of acculturation to explain the process through which immigrants adapt themselves to the norms and values of the host culture (Gordon, 1964; Padilla, 1980; Gudykunst & Kim, 1984; Kim, 1977, 1988). The......

Words: 4747 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Cultural Influences on Personality and Bicultural Identity by Veronica Benet-MartíNez

...Cultural Influences on Personality and Bicultural Identity by Veronica Benet-Martínez Name Institution Date Abstract There has been increasing numbers of bicultural individuals in many nations, among them the United States showing that bicultural identity is extremely an important aspect for research. This paper recognizes and summarizes the literature on bicultural identity of different individuals. Second, the paper analyses how the Cultural influences on personality and bicultural identity theory addresses real-world problems and the solutions it suggests for such problems. The essential characteristics of the theory as well as the continued relevance are also evaluated for the purpose of analyzing the validity of the theory as well as its accuracy. Bicultural identity integration is determined by such factors like personality, social environment, political, economic and historical context. The current status of an individual’s cultural group may influence the range of that individual’s bicultural identity integration. Keywords: Bicultural identity, biculturalism, culture, personality, psychology. Cultural Influences on Personality and Bicultural Identity by Veronica Benet-Martínez Personality psychology is generally a branch of psychology which is involved with the student of personality and how it varies among different individuals. Personality is a set of characteristics that a person possesses and that have the ability to uniquely influence the......

Words: 4159 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Use of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (Epnds) with Mothers of Different Cultural Backgrounds Within Butetown in Cardiff

...Research Proposal Use of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPNDS) with mothers of different cultural backgrounds within Butetown in Cardiff Introduction Specialist Community Public Health Nurses (SCPHN) are increasingly expected to adopt evidence based practice, utilising research findings to base actions and decisions on that are clinically appropriate, cost effective and result in positive outcomes for clients (Polit and Beck, 2004). Through implementing research based evidence into practice and evaluating its effects, the SCPHN is able to meet standards of proficiency and improve client care (NMC, 2004; Robothom and Frost, 2005). Some women have a much more severe change in mood after the birth of their child and may be assessed as experiencing postnatal depression (PND). The symptoms of (PND) may include anxiety, depressed mood, lack of interest or pleasure in activities, changes in appetite, sleep dysregulation, agitation, irritability, fatigue, malaise, feeling worthless or guilty, unable to concentrate or make decisions as well as thoughts of death and suicide (Driscoll, 2006). The condition is often assessed by a health visitor using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPNDS) (Appendix 1). A number of studies indicate that 10-15 per cent of new mothers will experience PND (Chung et al, 2008). A health visitor sees the mother at home and has a preventive role in relation to both maternal and child health. Women routinely have a postnatal check at 6...

Words: 3277 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Multiculturalism

...Ethnic stereotypes and multiculturalism. Summary of course   "Ethnic psychology" Contents:                                   1. The concept and properties of ethnic stereotypes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 4 2. National prejudices. Types etnostereotipov ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .7 3. 4. Variants of the reactions to cultural diversity ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 5. Advantages and disadvantages of multiculturalism ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 16       Bibliographic list ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 20 Introduction. Considering the cultural differences in thinking, beliefs, attitudes and behavior, it is easy to succumb to cognitive and emotional reactions to the material to begin to make generalizations, to form negative stereotypes about other people and even pre-make judgments about these differences, and people who are inherent in this behavior before you really understand what lies at its core. These processes and reactions are common in today's world, and to describe them often use the terms ethnic stereotypes, prejudice, multiculturalism, discrimination. Unfortunately, these terms are often used without a clear idea about them, which only exacerbates the problems that they need to clarify. Some of today's most pressing social issues associated with these processes, as boundaries between countries and cultures are becoming more permeable......

Words: 4386 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Miss Mitchell

...This is a protected document. Please enter your student or faculty username and password. Username: Password: Log In Need assistance logging in? Contact Technical Support. Doc ID: 1009-0001-1993-00001994 Toll Free: 877.428.8447 M-F, 6am MST or Sat-Sun, 7am-12am MST Find us on Facebook and Follow us on Twitter! F I F T H E D I T I O N An Introduction to Multicultural Education James A. Banks University of Washington, Seattle Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City São Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo ISBN 1-269-53060-7 An Introduction to Multicultural Education, Fifth Edition, by James A. Banks. Published by Pearson. Copyright © 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. Vice President/Editorial Director: Jeffery Johnston Executive Editor: Linda Bishop Editorial Assistant: Laura Marenghi Senior Marketing Manager: Darcy Betts Production Editor: Karen Mason Production Project Manager: Elizabeth Gale Napolitano Manager, Central Design: Jayne Conte Cover Designer: Laura Gardner Cover Art: “Sea and Sky” (013) 2003 © Marvin Oliver Artist Full Service Project Manager: Niraj Bhatt, Aptara® , Inc. Composition: Aptara® , Inc. Printer/Binder/Cover Printer: Courier Westford Text Font: ITC Stone Serif Std 10/12 Text Credits: Page 11, Stiglitz excerpt: From Stiglitz, J.E. (2012). The......

Words: 78362 - Pages: 314

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies and Diversity

...Cultural Studies and Diversity Introduction Social scenes result from human components forced upon or made from the normal scene of a territory. The investigation of social scenes analyzes the presence of regions, the array of articles creating those appearances, and the zones themselves to get it procedures influencing a scene and implications implanted in the human components of the scene. Two procedures that impact the improvement and support of ethnic scenes in American schools are relocation and digestion. Movement, eminently chain relocation, has added to outlining ethnic zones and to managing extensive ethnic populaces inside of these zones. Digestion, then again, diminishes the thickness of ethnic populaces inside of ethnic zones, therefore presenting ethnic scenes to the impacts of different gatherings. Restricted ethnic gatherings have reacted to these impacts has been to change the basic scene of the ethnic zone into an unprecedented scene to reassert their regional case. Since numerous ethnic celebrations are held in ethnic zones, the images installed inside of the phenomenal ethnic scenes turned out to be a celebration's piece scenes. What's more, ethnic celebrations support distinctive social exhibitions to venture a mental self-view to other gathering individuals and whatever remains of American culture. The scenes of ethnic celebrations, thusly, have ended up similitudes of ethnicity. The idea of 'social scenes' can be found in the European custom of......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cultural Studies and Diversity

...Cultural Studies and Diversity Introduction Social scenes result from human components forced upon or made from the normal scene of a territory. The investigation of social scenes analyzes the presence of regions, the array of articles creating those appearances, and the zones themselves to get it procedures influencing a scene and implications implanted in the human components of the scene. Two procedures that impact the improvement and support of ethnic scenes in American schools are relocation and digestion. Movement, eminently chain relocation, has added to outlining ethnic zones and to managing extensive ethnic populaces inside of these zones. Digestion, then again, diminishes the thickness of ethnic populaces inside of ethnic zones, therefore presenting ethnic scenes to the impacts of different gatherings. Restricted ethnic gatherings have reacted to these impacts has been to change the basic scene of the ethnic zone into an unprecedented scene to reassert their regional case. Since numerous ethnic celebrations are held in ethnic zones, the images installed inside of the phenomenal ethnic scenes turned out to be a celebration's piece scenes. What's more, ethnic celebrations support distinctive social exhibitions to venture a mental self-view to other gathering individuals and whatever remains of American culture. The scenes of ethnic celebrations, thusly, have ended up similitudes of ethnicity. The idea of 'social scenes' can be found in the European custom of......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Magnet Diversity

... Healthcare leaders acknowledge that workplace diversity and cultural competence are important to providing health services, as cited by (Davis, 1998). Perceptions of nursing managers related to workplace diversity and cultural competences have not been a focus of any research studies. There have been studies done on nurse job satisfaction which have focused on a range of aspects, there have only been a few that have focused on workplace diversity and cultural competence from the nurse managers’ perspectives. Health care settings as an organization commonly accept workplace diversity and cultural competence as a competitive edge, as cited by (Davis, 1998). There has not been many links to nurses eminence of work life and the factors related to workplace diversity and cultural competence. Value of work life is defined here as the individuals estimation of need fulfillment and enjoyment of one’s job and career. Nurses job satisfaction is considered a factor of quality of nurses work life. This paper will portray the need for a study to be done among Nurse Managers perceptions of workplace diversity, cultural competence and job satisfaction. This paper will also show that there is an under representation of racial and ethnic minorities in the nursing field and of how the need for more diverse nursing......

Words: 1073 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Asian American Population Project

...critically evaluate the theories, methods and research in cross-cultural awareness that relates to the Asian American Population. This Asian American Population project t will analyzed the influence of culture on attitudes, values, perceptions, human behavior and the interpersonal relations to the Asian American Population. The writer will identify potential problem that Asian Americans encounter in a pluralistic society such as the United States of America. The personal competencies will be identified and analyzed to improve interaction with Asians American within a counseling professional setting. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Title Page 1 2. Abstract 2 3. Introduction 4 4. Define Asian American 5 5. Historical Antecedents 6 6. Potential Problems 7 7. Educational Reflection 8 8. Personal Competencies 8 10. Theories Identity Formation 9 11. Action Plan 10 12. References 11 13. Annotated Bibliography 12 In Espiritu (1992) as the United States becomes an increasingly diverse society, the need for understanding the psychological impact of the immigrant and second-generation experience increases. This understanding is crucial for two distinct reasons: first, it will help understand American society as it evolves and changes, and second, it will help understand ethnic communities, families, and individuals more intimately. ......

Words: 3464 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Cultural

...Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists American Psychological Association Approved as APA Policy by the APA Council of Representatives, August, 2002 Copyright, American Psychological Association, 2002 Author Note: This document was approved as policy of the American Psychological Association (APA) by the APA Council of Representatives in August, 2002. This document was drafted by a joint Task Force of APA Divisions 17 (Counseling Psychology) and 45 (The Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues). These guidelines have been in the process of development for 22 years, so many individuals and groups require acknowledgement. The Divisions 17/45 writing team for the present document included Nadya Fouad, PhD, Co-Chair, Patricia Arredondo, EdD, Co-Chair, Michael D’Andrea, EdD and Allen Ivey, EdD. These guidelines build on work related to multicultural counseling competencies by Division 17 (Sue et al., 1982) and the Association of Multicultural Counseling and Development (Arredondo et al., 1996; Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). The Task Force acknowledges Allen Ivey, EdD, Thomas Parham, PhD, and Derald Wing Sue, PhD for their leadership related to the work on competencies. The Divisions 17/45 writing team for these guidelines was assisted in reviewing the relevant literature by Rod Goodyear, PhD, Jeffrey S. Mio, PhD, Ruperto (Toti) Perez, PhD, William Parham, PhD, and Derald Wing......

Words: 24938 - Pages: 100

Free Essay

Conceptual Framework

...Theoretical or Conceptual Framework Cultural Diversity within the 21st Century Workplace and Its Effect on Globalization Conceptual Framework This qualitative phenomenological study was based on the aspects of the conceptual framework which incorporates two areas of knowledge, inclusive of (a) cultural diversity, which details the relationship between ethnic background, racism, sexism, and class oppression (Finch-Lee & Mabey, 2010) and (b) the glass ceiling theory, which applies to the affect on various cultural backgrounds and the advancement of future globalization (Kefela, 2010). This framework will provide an empirical structure that will serve as an analysis for the understanding of perceived cultural dimension as seen by a diverse knowledge-based workplace within the 21st century. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between ethnic or racial diversity as it relates to the 21st century organizational workplace and the outcome on future globalization. Opportunities to advance within the 21st century workplace for qualified employees of various cultural background has presented to being more difficult and often those who progress are less experienced and are the majority counterparts within the organization (Kefela 2010). Traditionally, managerial practices and problems have been articulated and documented from the White man’s perspective (Billing, 2011). Perceived cultural dimension consists on how employee view the...

Words: 682 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Way the People React to Pain

...and sensitive to the patients’ own cultural background especially when they work in diverse society. Cultural incompetency can result in inadequate or inappropriate care due to miscommunication and the possibility to make inaccurate assessments. Thus, cultural competence is linked to improving the quality of pain management as part of the patient care provided (Al-Atiyyat, 2009). Patients with cancer pain should be cared by nurses who are culturally competent and who refrain from stereotyping while providing holistic care to patients. Campbell, Edwards, and Fillingim (2005) showed that there are no racial or ethnic differences in sensation threshold but the expression of pain is culturally-driven. The care provider should not impose their beliefs on the patients and they should be aware to the cultural differences in reports and treatment of pain (Al-Atiyyat, 2009). Only a few studies have addressed cultural factors on pain among patients with cancer. In a cohort study, Rabow and Dibble (2005) explored ethnic and country of origin differences in pain among outpatients with terminal and end-stage chronic illness among patients with cancer. Although patients of all ethnicities are inadequately treated for their pain, African American cancer patients reported more pain than white patients, but no significant ethnic group differences in pain were found comparing Asian, black, and Latino patients. In a cross-sectional and descriptive study on 281 patients in an outpatient......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Adolescent Development Analysis

...development marker with important implications. These implications include the transition of the young male or female travels before adulthood. This document details the knowledge of self-learning, and group, or peer learning within the cultural mixing pot of today’s world. Early Gender Differences Early gender differences should not cause young males or females any difficulties, or harmful reactions from this transition. Most young people going through the transitions normally show no ill effects from the change. This transition does show first beginning of a range of psychosocial problems; early maturity, sub-cultural, peer pressures, and emotional reflections. For the young culture of this world, this first stage into adulthood signals the birth of significant, rapid changes for most young males and females. Significant associations define these changes through the biological differences in sleep patterns, hormonal, and body influences. The psychological differences define traumatic shifts in identification crisis, body, and mental relationships with self, parents, and peers (Blondell, Foster, & Kamlesh, 1999). Early Maturity Differences Researchers studying the beginnings of puberty define this first stage as the capability for reproduction. This study found that 90% of girls reach puberty between the ages of nine and 16. The male counterparts lag little behind the young females reaching puberty between the ages of 10 and 16. Many young females reach sexual peak age......

Words: 1158 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Digger the Tracktor

...Ethnic minority families The Fourth Survey of Ethnic Minorities, carried out by the Policy Studies Institute in 1994, confirmed that people in Britain from Caribbean and Asian ethnic minority groups often had different kinds of family formation. This follow-on qualitative study by Sharon Beishon, Tariq Modood and Satnam Virdee, based on interviews with 68 ethnic minority families, details the views on family life of three groups - African-Caribbeans; Indians and African Asians; and Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. Some interviews were also undertaken with white people in order to be able to make comparisons, where appropriate. Pakistani and Bangladeshi respondents preferred multi-generational households. Most of those interviewed felt that married women should not take up paid employment outside the home. African-Caribbeans were likely to have a more individualistic outlook - a majority of interviewees from this group believed that independence and physical and emotional ‘space’ were necessary for individual maturity. While arranged marriages were expected to prevail as a custom among Pakistanis and Bangladeshis, it was envisaged that in future those getting married will have some say in the choice of spouse. African-Asians and Indians practised a ‘negotiated’ form of arranged marriage, in which parents and the young people both have a say. A positive attitude to marriage and to the perceived benefits for children of being raised in this family structure was common to all Asian...

Words: 2795 - Pages: 12