Premium Essay

Curriculum Guides for Academic Intervention

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sklemann
Words 3060
Pages 13
Curriculum Guides for Academic Interventions
Sheila Klemann
Grand Canyon University


Curriculum Guides for Academic Interventions The following is a curriculum guide intended for special educators to teach reading and writing skills to primary students with EBD. Reading and writing are closely related, mutually supportive linguistic activities. Therefore, developing beginning reading skills through writing activities is an effective approach. Writing requires careful scrutiny of the sound and sequence in order to write words correctly and it is this cognitive process that enables the child to become proficient in the phonetic analysis skills that are the foundation of the reading process.

This guide will include principles of effective instruction and some teaching strategies used to address the needs of students with EBD. At times it will refer to principles governing behavior that impact the outcomes of instruction. It will include some instructional lessons for teaching primary reading and writing, the steps to achieve the objectives and assessment procedures to insure the efficacy of interventions. Since there hasn’t been many scientifically based studies of EBD specific to these subjects (Yell, Meadows, Drasgow, & Shriner, 2009), the guide will show how a task analysis can be used to design an effective lesson. Teaching children with EBD is compounded by the fact that their behavior problems are often caused by social and academic failure (Kauffman, 2005). Therefore, part of the instructional plan must be to eliminate the behavioral problems and substitute replacement behaviors while teaching the student the necessary academic skills. So the principles that guide effective instruction and strategies that support it must be considered.
The 8 Principles that Guide Effective Instruction for EBD students...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...appropriate for high school to ensure students accelerate their academic achievement, and the safety and well-being of our students is a top priority. Bullying affects a student’s ability to focus on learning and to succeed in the classroom and beyond. I will have a detailed program to include the following; Establishing an Anti-Bullying Hot Line In my program, establishment of anti-bulling hot line must be included. This will gather for students who may not be comfortable reporting to administrators and staff at school. While proactive measures are critical to prevention, it is also essential that all reported instances are treated with utmost seriousness. Establishing a Bullying Prevention Guide for Students and School Personnel My program must include provision of a guide which will help guidance or parents of students with disabilities to advice their children about cyber bulling. This guide will include a part used by students themselves. The guide provides strategies for responding effectively when students are bullied. This guide helps prepare parents and guardians of children with disabilities to talk with their children about bullying. It provides strategies for responding effectively when children are bullied and for including these strategies in chil­dren’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). Establishing Bullying Prevention and Intervention Guide for Individualized Education Program This guide provides the individualized education program Team with......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Maryland Race to the Top and It's Assumptions

...Third Wave of Reform (Maryland State Department of Education, Preparing World-Class Students, 2012). Maryland has adopted the Common Core State Standards and PARCC assessments to ensure that the students will be prepared for the increasing demands of a global society. In order to meet the rising needs of 21st century students, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) developed the Maryland Common Core State Curriculum which aligns with the new national standards and assessments. These higher standards have raised the expectations for our students and are providing them with opportunities to gain a deeper understanding of the skills they need to be prepared to enter college and careers without the need for remediation (MSDE, Preparing World-Class Students, 2012). This Race to the Top strategy is universalistic because it takes the position of a reform view for the assumption, purposes of schooling (Astuto, Clark, Read, McGree, Fernandez, 1994). This strategy focuses on implementing the Common Core State Standards, a revision of the Maryland State Curriculum. These new standards are national education standards that define the skills and knowledge that students need to meet upon graduation. By implementing the Common Core State Standards, Maryland is providing all students with the benefit of a strong foundation...

Words: 4209 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Lifelong Learning

...through. Each procedure is a different step in making sure that these students have the necessary tools to promote lifelong learning. Early Intervention is a process used to service students who might be at risk of not reaching or maintaining at academic grade level. Students receive services that are designed for their special need. This program ensures that students are given an equal chance at receiving the best education that is right for them. One of the first steps that must be done is diagnosing what the developmental disability might be. A developmental disability means that a child is delayed in some area of development (Overview of Early, 2012). A developmental disability can occur in one of five areas, cognitive, physical, communication, social or emotional and adaptive. An example of developmental disability could be a language delay. This would mean that the child has problems processing information. This process could be either receptive or excessive. Another disability would be autism. A student that has autism has problems with communication or socialization. Some of these disabilities are diagnosed early in life from birth to age 2, while others are not noticed or diagnosed until they reach school during the ages of 3 to 5. Once the developmental disability is diagnosed then the next step can begin. Early intervention is a system of services that helps babies and toddlers with developmental delays or disabilities (Overview of Early, 2012). Once a child......

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Using Brain-Based Techniques to Increase Academic Achievement in Students with Learning Disabilities and General Education Students

...Abstract The objective of this action plan is to introduce researched based strategies into a fifth grade collaborative classroom to increase students with learning-disabilities academic performance by incorporating brain-based strategies into daily lessons and implementing parental involvement. These students display poor test scores, low motivation and behaviors that negatively impact their learning. The purpose of the plan is to determine if incorporating brain-based strategies would help raise test scores and improve student behaviors. Researched based strategies will be included through the following methods: teaching to the brains natural learning systems, and BrainSMART strategies to increase the students’ ability to retain information. The success of this plan will be measured through examination of students’ Georgia Criterion Reference Competency Test (GCRCT), Quarterly Benchmark Assessments (QBA), a teacher-developed observation checklist, and a parent survey. As a result of this plan students will show an increase in academic performance in reading and math and appropriate learning behaviors. Introduction Although research suggests that the specific teaching of thinking skills is proven to dramatically increase student achievement, these skills are seldom taught systematically in American schools. At the same time, studies suggest that IQ without such specific teaching may account for only 4% to 10% of life success (as......

Words: 5645 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Thesis Titles

...READINESS OF GRADE IV TEACHERS IN TEACHING K TO 12 CURRICULUM Background of the Study The implementation of the K to 12 education plan in the Philippine Basic Education Curriculum is the key to our nation’s development. Though the government will face many problems in the long run of the implementation of the program, there really is a need to implement it because the enhancement of the quality of our education is very urgent and critical. Teachers will be given sufficient in-service training on content and pedagogy to implement this program. Currently the Deped Grade 4 teachers have been trained to meet the content and performance standards of the enhanced K to 12 Curriculum. Both public and private schools participated on 5 days training thru sending their teachers to be ready and well prepared on the opening of classes. Although the Grade 4 teachers are said to ready for the K to 12 Curriculum, there is another challenging part for them to battle with. It is insufficient teacher’s guide, books and teaching material to facilitate learning process. May be the government take alternative plan to meet the target in implementing the program without suffering the quality of education every learner should get. Statement of the Problem: This study aims to find out the level of readiness of the grade IV teachers in teaching k to 12 curriculum in Sta. Barbara District I. Specifically, this study will answer the following questions: 1. What is the profile of the......

Words: 2337 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Evaluation of Writing Development

...Third Grade Writing Development at Sugar Grove Elementary School I. Introduction and Philosophy Sugar Grove Elementary School has a current enrollment of 766 students, with 76 of those qualifying for free or reduced lunch. Currently, 6% of the student population has been identified as eligible for special education services (K-6), and 19% receive Title One reading assistance (K-3). There are 529 Sugar Grove families living in single-family homes, 27 of which live in mobile homes. Of the 766 students, 48 of them live outside of the Sugar Grove district having been given the option of attending Sugar Grove, if parents provide transportation. This school community believes that learning is a lifetime quest for academic excellence, personal achievement, and responsibility to the community and the world. They value the unique learning style of every child and the unique path each will pursue to become successful learners and responsible citizens. The staff and parents work to build a safe and caring environment for all members of our school community to engage in meaningful learning. To create the feeling of smaller communities within a large school, six teams have been organized, three teams of five to six classrooms at the 1st – 3rd grade levels and three teams at the 4th – 6th grade levels. All teams are in close physical proximity to each other. This structure offers several advantages. It allows common planning time for teachers across grade...

Words: 1564 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Special Education Process

...Therefore, in comparing RTI and special education programs several key differences appear. Special education is based more on individual needs and goals, and in the majority of cases last the duration of a student’s academic career due to disabilities or behavioral problems. In contrast, RTI’s are not solely based on special needs, therefore, RTI’s are able to identify students that may have a lack of understanding of the curriculum. Without the rigid constraints of special education, RTI is more flexible and able to meet the needs of students in the moment. Nondiscriminatory, Multi-disciplinary Evaluation Once written parental consent is obtained, the school psychologist will conduct an initial evaluation of the student within 60 calendar days. The evaluation is based on the individual’s specific concerns and may also include to collection of data from parents and school personnel. Once the evaluation is complete, the team meets to allow the school psychologist to inform the committee, including the parent(s), of the results and the child’s placement into...

Words: 953 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lifelong Learning

...Lifelong Learning 4/7/13 When you become a teacher you will be working with students with numerous disabilities and each student that has a disability must go through several different procedures. As a teacher or a parent we want to make sure each student and/or child is ready for the next step in their lifelong learning process. Getting the students with disabilities ready for their life you must follows many procedures and each procedure is different because it is a stepping stone giving each student the necessary tools they need to succeed in their lifelong learning. Early Intervention does make a difference it is a process that helps service students that may be at risk of falling behind in their academic level. This service is designed to help students receive help for their special needs. This is a program that makes sure students with special needs have the same right as every other student to get the best education possible. Diagnosing a child’s developmental disability is the first step that must be done. What does a developmental disability mean? A developmental disability shows areas that children are delayed in and allows the teachers and parents to work on those areas. “Children with developmental disabilities often struggle with language, mobility, learning, self-care and independent living” (CRC, 2011). “Developmental disabilities are typically identified early in infancy or childhood, but can also be discovered in adolescence. Roughly 17 percent of......

Words: 1121 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Comprehensive Technology Plan

...EDU 225 Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan My mission is to incorporate technology strategies in the classroom as much as possible, while following the guidelines set out by the state curriculum. My vision is to create a classroom/environment where all students are excited and anxious to learn and that students be able to show what they have learned at the end of each lesson. As technology continues to grow, there will be more and more of a need and demand for technology use in the classroom. When using computer technology in the classroom, one must find the course of action to correctly guide lessons for the curriculum so that students can reach their optimum goals. Ultimately to mark how each student is doing in the classroom we must locate software for formative and summative assessments. After all, a teacher’s ultimate goal to be able to teach our students and also be able to document what those students have learned. In that light one, the teacher must look a number of things, how can technology assist in efforts to assess student learning? What are formative assessment and summative assessment and how do they compare and differ? What are the pluses and minuses of using technology in the classroom? Should only technology be used in assessing learning? These are the questions that teachers seek to answer and justify. First, let us explore assessments in the classroom. Why is assessment necessary? What are formative and summative......

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

A Magical Solution for Urban Schools Reading Intervention Programs

...Unit 9 Project: A Magical Solution for Urban Schools Reading Intervention Programs LaKisha Overton Kaplan University CM220 Professor Kerr March 31, 2014 A Magical Solution for Urban Schools Reading Intervention Programs Reading can be the gateway to a new world. Unfortunately today there are large numbers of inner city elementary school children who struggle with reading daily. For example, “According to the 2012 Maryland School Assessment, 34.5% of Baltimore City 3rd graders are reading below grade level, a figure that is double the state average” (Baltimore City Library Project, 2014, para.1). It’s the duty of inner city school districts to make changes that will embrace the issues which are effecting the academic growth of children. The letters in words are symbols and those letters make sounds. Putting them all together equals reading, and reading is the key to a child’s future independence. That independence allows them to be positive contributors to society. As well as prepare them to maneuver daily technological advances in our society. A child without a solid reading foundation could be led on a path to becoming a high school dropout. “One in six children who are not reading proficiently in the third grade do not graduate from high school on time” (Baltimore City Library Project, 2014, para.1). Many children have low to poor academic achievement. Multisensory reading intervention can be the solution to help break the cycle of poor reading skills amongst......

Words: 2180 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

National Achievement Test

...Chapter I: The Problem and Its Background Introduction Student achievement is not simply a matter of what happens in school. Academic achievement can be defined as excellence in all academic disciplines, in class as well as extracurricular activities. It includes excellence in sporting, behavior, confidence, communication skills, punctuality, assertiveness, arts, culture, and the like. It is a good way to enhance the drive of student to achieve a lot. It is about academic excellence, exemplary deportment, special awards, essential life skills, and responsibility to the community. In terms of academics, all students will obtain, understand, analyze, communicate and apply knowledge and skills to achieve success in school and life. In terms of essential life skills, all students will demonstrate aptitude, attitudes, and skills to lead responsible, fulfilling, and respectful lives. In terms of responsibility to the community, all students will understand and model the important attributes people must have to contribute to an effective and productive community and common good of all. In brief, it involves both product and process, and achievement is assessed both individually and collaboratively. A key component of both the product and the process in this "new literacy" classroom is that the students need to be conversant in multiple forms of representation—they must collect and process a certain amount of information, including non-print material such as photographs, video......

Words: 10046 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Special Education

...Chapter 1: Student Characteristics Understand Characteristics of Students with Disabilities Some students with disabilities pass through typical developmental milestones and express skills within an average range for their age group. Others show delayed growth at certain developmental milestones, and many students with disabilities experience challenges as they navigate through the school curriculum. It is critical that special education teachers know how to differentiate between typical individual differences among children without disabilities and differences that may indicate a disability that requires interventions and/or specialized designed instruction. In addition, special education teachers need to know the most common types of disabilities that students may experience and how those disabilities affect their ability to learn and their behavior in the classroom. Competency 1 thus focuses on the characteristics of typical and atypical human growth and development and the characteristics of students with various disabilities that special education teachers are likely to encounter. The test includes a wide range of multiple-choice questions that address Competency 1. * Questions on typical and atypical behaviors and abilities for children and adolescents at particular ages. * Questions on the types and characteristics of various disabilities. * Questions on the similarities and differences among students with and without disabilities. This competency......

Words: 37727 - Pages: 151

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Students Decision to Drop Out of School

...AFFECTING STUDENTS’ DECISION TO DROP OUT OF SCHOOL A Research Paper Presented to Center for Social Development Research Cor Jesu College Digos City In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For Academic Research by HERMOGENES C. ORION, JR, Ed.D ERIKKA JUNE D. FOROSUELO, DM-HRM JEAN M. CAVALIDA, MA, RGC March 2013 COR JESU COLLEGE Sacred Heart Ave., Digos City 8002 Davao del Sur Philippines APPROVAL SHEET ------------------------------------------------- As a requirement for Academic Research, this research paper entitled: FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ DECISION TO DROP OUT OF SCHOOL has been prepared and submitted by HERMOGENES C. ORION, JR., ERIKKA JUNE D. FOROSUELO, JEAM M. CAVALIDA ------------------------------------------------- APPROVED by the Oral Examination Committee DR.MARIA ELENA MORALES DR. LETICIA CANSANCIO Panel Member Panel Member DR. ALEX D. NIEZ Chairperson ------------------------------------------------- Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for Academic Research. DR. ALEX D. NIEZ College Dean MAY......

Words: 22080 - Pages: 89

Premium Essay

Phenomenological Study on Absenteeism

...Introduction One of the important requirements of passing a subject or a course is to attend classes regularly. Unattendance, therefore, would probably affect the academic performance of students as it is regarded as an important component of a student’s scholastic record. Aside from that, missing school days could also affect students’ social competence as being absent from class lessens a student’s interaction with his peers and his teacher as well. Absenteeism is considered as a major culprit in the education system. It deteriorates both the teaching and learning process. Also, it is a threat for both teachers, particularly those handling advisory classes, and to students who constantly miss school for particular reasons. Absenteeism tends to become more of a social issue. Aside from the fact that students who skip school every now and then may miss a lot of their lessons, they will probably have poor academic performance. The social competence of students who gradually miss school may also be affected. They will tend to feel inferior with those who attend school regularly and soon result to dropping-out (Suhid, Raman & Kamal, 2011). As a social issue, the environment in which a student interacts with has something to do with what and how he acts. Therefore, those who absent from school constantly would resort to petty crimes and vices just to make-up for their spare time. Sooner or later, they will comprise a big part of the population if it would not be......

Words: 3380 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Case Study

...Progress Monitoring, page 5.5 – Tiered Service Delivery, page 5.9 – Data-Based Decision Making, page 5.13 – Parent Involvement, page 5.16 – Resources, page 5.22 August 2006 Overview In November 2002, the United States Department of Education requested that the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities (NRCLD) identify, describe, and evaluate the implementation of responsiveness to intervention (RTI) in elementary schools throughout the United States. The NRCLD staff worked with the six Regional Resource Centers (RRCs) to identify potential sites and solicit school participation. More than 60 schools across the country initially were considered, and information from 41 of those schools was submitted. The NRCLD research staff reviewed the extensive amount of information submitted and judged that 19 of those schools were engaging in one or more commendable RTI practices based on a review of the following six components of an RTI service-delivery model: • School-wide screening. Screening is a type of assessment characterized by quick, low cost, repeatable testing of critical academic skills or behaviors and can be administered by individuals with minimal amounts of training. A screening measures whether a student should be judged at risk. If a student meets the criteria for at-risk status, he or she is considered for more in-depth assessment. Screenings can use either a criterion referenced or normative comparison standard for measuring student performance.......

Words: 15342 - Pages: 62