Cyber Ethic

In: Business and Management

Submitted By zaliliu
Words 3045
Pages 13
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN CYBER ETHICS

INTRODUCTION

According to Barquin (1992), cyber ethic guidelines consist of Ten Commandments which are: (1) Thou shall not use a computer to harm others, (2) Thou shall not interfere with others computer work (3) Thou shall not snoop around in others computers files, (4) Thou shall not use computer to steal, (5) Thou shall not to bare fall witness, (6) Thou shall not copy or use proprietary software you have not paid for, (7) Thou shall not use others computers resources without authorization or proper compensation, (8) Thou shall not appropriate other people’s intellectual property, (9) Thou shall think about the social consequences of the program you are writing or the system you are designing (10) Thou shall use a computer in ways that ensure consideration and respect for your fellow humans. These commandments or rules need to be obeyed by everyone who utilizes the cyber space facility in order to maintain the tranquility of cyber world. However, not everyone concern about these rules as we seen nowadays. In order to prevent plague from spreading and become worse in future, we have to identified the root cause of the problem and define how to solve it.

The first commandment explained that it is not ethical to harm another user by using computer and it is not limited to physical injuries but also harming or damaging other user data or files. It is unethical to create a programmed that deliberately allows someone to steal, copy, or gaining unauthorized access to others data. The waywardness to this commandment is the main reason why unethical behavior such as hacking, spamming, cyber bullying and phishing occurs in our society.

The creation of computer viruses, which are purposely to harm useful computer program or interfere with the normal function of the computers, is unethical practice in cyber world ad…...

Similar Documents

Cyber Security

...Companies/Education An example of a company that provides ethical hacking is eTechSecurityPro. The company identifies that when business have developed an “it-won’t-happen-to-me” 57 attitude, this undoubtedly increases the chance of intrusion attacks into their systems. eTechSecurityPro also recognizes that regardless of a small, medium or large business, they are all equally vulnerable to IT attacks. As a result, the value-added services to an organization can be significant because it helps prevent and detect the occurrence of real online hacking before it is too late to mitigate the security gaps in the system. Companies that specialize in the enhancement of employee security awareness are Cyveillance and Wombat, a leading cyber intelligence and cyber security training company respectively . All of the employees promptly receive a threat assessment education session, and the two companies test users with simulated phishing attacks, such as deceiving them to assess whether they would click on a malicious hyperlink. This specialized phishing software allows the customization of “phishing and spare phishing email templates” 59 58 to simulate real phishing methods. After these tests, there would be follow-up training sessions on the employees who were identified as most susceptible and vulnerable to the attacks. It is critical that every employee is properly trained to strengthen their own level of security awareness. This will in turn lead to fewer successful social......

Words: 11999 - Pages: 48

Cyber Crimes

...Computer Crime has become a very large issue in our society today; this paper will look at this issue from a sociological perspective. It will analyze the various crimes that make up computer crime and see what changes it has brought about in the world in which we live in. Computer crime first is a very new problem in our society today and it is crimes that are committed from a computer. These include embezzling, breaking into other computers, cyber porn and various other crimes that have a drastic affect on the society and the institutions that each of us hold to keep our global society running. To first understand computer crime one must understand first what crime is. According to Diana Kendall, "crime is a behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail or other sanctions"(Kendall 1999; 161). Yet since computer technology is so new it has really no laws to govern it. A law is formal norms that are enforced, norms being established rules of behavior. Many of the crimes committed on computers often times go unpunished. As stated by David Pitchford in the London journal Focus when writing on pornography on the Internet, " the only way illegal pornographers can be caught is through chance leads, tip-offs and telephone tracing" (Focus 1995; p10-12). Many of the crimes that are also committed on computers via the Internet are very new also. New subcultures have formed around the Internet for the possibilities it brings. Computer crime despite the many......

Words: 1474 - Pages: 6

Focus Paper on Cyber Ethics

...Definition: When the technology gets out ahead of us, then we have to work hard on our policies and ethical guidelines to catch up with this new technology. Data: The area of computer ethics covers a wide range of topics, many of the specific issues fall into one or more of several major categories: privacy, ownership of information, and security. The distinction between public and private is central to the American democratic tradition, for the private domain has long been consider the domain within which individuals freedom is most fully exercised. Computer-based technologies allow governments, corporations, and even individuals to collect certain amount of information about people. Using computers at home and work, individuals leave a huge amount of information about themselves, their reading and buying habits, their business dealings, their personal likes or dislikes. Several people ask if there should be a limit on the power of individuals, corporations, and governments to acquire such information. The growth of computer power and storage, coupled with the vast increase in the amount of information stored in databases, has opened the door to powerful database searches that reveal more about individuals than they would have believed possible. Encryption plays an important role as well. If criminals and terrorists can use encryption they can effectively prevent the government from monitoring their communications. Since digital media can be shared so easily and cheaply and...

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Cyber Crime

...Cyber-crimes: A Practical Approach to the Application of Federal Computer Crime Laws Eric J. Sinrod† and William P. Reilly†† I. Introduction Cyber-crime, once the domain of disaffected genius teenagers as portrayed in the movies “War Games” and “Hackers,” has grown into a mature and sophisticated threat to the open nature of the Internet. “Cyber-criminals,” like their non-virtual traditional criminal counterparts, seek opportunity and are attracted to vacuums in law enforcement. The news media is filled with reports of debilitating denial of service attacks, defaced web sites, and new computer viruses worming their way through the nation’s computers. However, there are countless other cyber-crimes that are not made public due to private industry’s reluctance to publicize its vulnerability and the government’s concern for security.[1] Along with the phenomenal growth of the Internet has come the growth of cyber-crime opportunities.[2] As a result of rapid adoption of the Internet globally, computer crimes include not only hacking and cracking, but now also include extortion, child pornography, money laundering, fraud, software pirating, and corporate espionage, to name a few.[3] Law enforcement officials have been frustrated by the inability of legislators to keep cyber-crime legislation ahead of the fast-moving technological curve.[4] At the same time, legislators face the need to balance the competing interests between individual rights, such as privacy...

Words: 23991 - Pages: 96

Governance (Cyber Ethics Scope)

...The Internet has taken an intricate and deceptive approach in the 21st century. With the always-constant advancement of technology, the Internet has grown to be a medium where, individuals utilize it as a platform to conduct criminal activities. Some criminal activities account for: fraud, cyber warfare, financial misconduct, and cyber-bullying. This has grown to be an incredible concern as human safety has been established as the main topic of conversation. With regards too the governance geography of criminal activities, “criminal organizations [as well as, individuals] cloak their power in the mantle of state authority” (Williams). However, “this [does not] suggest that the criminal interaction will determine all aspects of state behavior” (Williams). Furthermore, criminal organizations continue to “entrench themselves in weak states in the former Soviet Union, Africa, Latin America and parts of Asia, [due to] differing degrees of vulnerability” (Williams). Imperviousness to solve these limitations is an approach that must be taken. Instead of acknowledging the ideology of compromising human security, economic and social concerns, there should be some sort of regulation rules implemented. However, there is, “a possible consequence of global divide caused by competing ideologies [over a] struggle for power” (Williams). It is most likely that, states that advocate, “law and order [are the same ones] that are dominated by criminal interests and criminal authorities”......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Cyber

...Worth noting, though, is the fact that at regional firms 1) hours are often less, and 74 © 2007 Vault Inc. Customized for: Triston Francis (tfran@wharton.upenn.edu) SEO Online Career Library Vault Career Guide to Investment Banking Corporate Finance 2) the cost of living is much lower. Be wary, however, of the small regional firm or branch office of a Wall Street firm that pays at the low end of the scale and still shackles analysts to their cubicles. Regardless of location, while the salary generally does not improve much for second-year analysts, the bonus will dramatically increase for those second-years who demonstrate high performance. At this level, bonuses depend mostly on an analyst’s contribution, attitude, and work ethic, as opposed to the volume of business generated by the bankers with whom he or she works. Associates Customized for: Triston Francis (tfran@wharton.upenn.edu) SEO Online Career Library Much like analysts, associates hit the grindstone hard. Working 80- to 100 hour weeks, usually fresh out of top-tier MBA programs, associates stress over pitchbooks and models all night, become experts with financial modeling on Excel, and sometimes shake their heads wondering what the point is. Unlike analysts, however, associates more quickly become involved with clients and, most importantly, are not at the bottom of the totem pole. Associates quickly learn to play quarterback and hand-off menial modeling work and research projects to analysts.......

Words: 68989 - Pages: 276

Cyber Ethics

...Illegal Cyber Activities Technology is everywhere. Walk into a local Starbucks and connect any electronic device to the store’s Wi-Fi Network. Pick up a phone, touch the screen, and instantly be connected to the Internet, check an e-mail, or post to a social media website. Need directions? With satellites all around, it only takes a few seconds to find step-by-step instructions to a desired location. While all of these wonderful things make life easier, they can also turn that convenience into a web of nightmares. As the Internet continues to grow and as technology becomes more advanced, the need for regulation becomes more essential; otherwise, the Internet will become the perfect medium to get away with any crime imaginable. One of the biggest concerns individual people face when using the Internet is privacy. Almost every website has its very own log-in system with a unique username and password section. Not only that, but each website has different requirements for what kind of passwords can be used – some require uppercase letters, lower case letters, numbers and even a special character to make the passwords more secure. According to the University of Maryland’s Computer Science Department, “the best password is one that is totally random to anyone else” (Sanjour). Along with storing a username and password, most websites offer a bio section filled with name, date of birth, phone number and mailing address and even the option to save credit card information......

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

Cyber

...advancements and the information technologies used operate the critical infrastructure that feeds the heart of the U.S. economic and people. However, these advancements have also enable a wide range of malicious activities, such as crime, espionage and terrorism. The U.S. and it’s partners are grappling with a number of complex cybersecurity issues ranging from the proper role of government in protecting U.S. intellectual property to the establishment of the global norms for Internet governance. This paper will discuss two emerging technologies, smart and bionics, and will examine the security challenges and cyber threats associated with them. It will outline how these emerging technologies are used by private and government organizations. Dived further into some of the prominent cybersecurity policies and legal implications that might be associated the use of them. Emerging Cyber Technologies There is some much hype about smart technologies such as smart phones; cars and power grids as the technology has proven to be able to move data that is in rest transmit it over the Internet from almost anywhere. Most of the population has become technology-happy these days. Some pore over rumors and specs on technology websites, some even stand in line for days waiting to get their hands on the newest gadgets. Our world has moved from anticipating the new technologies to now demanding it. Most consumers are ill informed when it comes to understanding the number of......

Words: 2506 - Pages: 11

Cyber Security: Cyber Terrorism

...Introduction Cyber security refers to the practices and processes that are used in technologies such as networks, computers, information and programs from damages by unwarranted entities (Ahmad, Yunos & Sahib, 2012). There are different attacks towards technology which may distort information or be used to create tension in an organization. Information stored in computers has some level of privacy and this depends on the level of sensitivity that such information may have towards that organization. Business strategies, political discussions and government documents are some of the documents that require a higher degree of privacy. However, there are individuals who cause deliberate attacks on the information systems of organizations and governments in order to unlawfully access information or distort the meaning of such data. The intention of cyber attacks has led to the classification of these attacks into particular classes. For example, we have cyber bullying and cyber terrorism. Under cyber bullying, the attackers use technology to abuse and intimidate their targets. Cyber bullying has been common through the presence of the social media where an individual will use pseudo-accounts to publish half truths about others with a bid to embarrass them. On the other hand, cyber terrorism involves the use of technology to access vital government sites in order to cause harm and fear in the society through terrorism activities. Brunst (2010) indicates that cyber terrorist......

Words: 1810 - Pages: 8

Cyber Ethics

...Cyber Ethics CSEC 620 As one of the most uncertain and muddled aspects of any organization or company, Cyber Ethics are undoubtedly one of the most important in today’s technological age. Every organization or company operates with a Code of Conduct for its employees. This Code of Conduct outlines the “dos and don’ts” for an organization in hopes for “ethical” and “moral” operation of business. A typical code of conduct will outline an Acceptable Use policy, Internet Use policy, Security policy, and acceptable conduct policy for its employees that is supposed to be required reading. Like with any law, in cyber security there are always law-breakers waiting for the chance to exploit a weak firewall, a patch in the system, or a careless employee who leaves login information open for the wrong eyes to see. For this reason government and private sector alike must constantly update security measures and do thorough investigations of employees upon hiring. The internet is so large and open that it is a serious security threat for individual corporations and especially government agencies. The US government defends against countless internet attacks every day and because of the vast connections between private companies and government it is both the responsibility of private and public sector to insure everyone’s safety. Developing a widespread Code of Ethics in regards to Cyber Security is an increasingly difficult task. New advances in technology make it difficult to...

Words: 2222 - Pages: 9

Cyber

... CYBER WARFARE Student’s Name Institution of Affiliation CYBER WARFARE Cyber warfare is also commonly referred to as the cyber attack. It involves both the attacks and the counter cyber warfare. By definition, it is an intentional breaching of a person’s or community computer system with an intended to fraud money or steal knowledge from the system. Therefore, it involves manipulation of the computer systems, disabling or to wipe out the aggregate information contained in the system of equipment. It has thus been a stern challenge in the economic and national and the world security. As thus, it has become a primary concern for all business people protecting their ideas not to be leaked, in the military due to the protection of national security and also by the government which has to keep it a secret of all what is happening within it. The issue of the cyber attacks has not been one event but something that has occurred over time as a result of inventions and innovations by the governments and security agencies. It was triggered by the need to safeguard one's interests and at the same time keep secrets that if they leak the competitors or the enemies can use them against you. One of the periods that can be credited to giving birth to the period of developments that led to cyber attacks is 1918 all the way to 1939 whereby there was increased military revolution. One of these......

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6

Cyber

...HTTP, FTP, IMAP, SMTP, POP3, CIFS/NetBIOS and TCP Stream.”(Best Practices, 2014) User awareness training is the keystone to all of this: if you are not educating them, they will show you they are the weakest link in the chain. A multilateral defense strategy is necessary to defend against this and other threats as they evolve over time; if you aren’t vigilant in the cyber realm, you are as good as hacked. References Alert (TA13-309A). (2013, November 5). Retrieved June 24, 2015, from https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA13-309A Best Practices to protect against CryptoWall and CryptoLocker (SW12434). (2014, November 11). Retrieved June 25, 2015, from https://support.software.dell.com/kb/sw12434 Ducklin, P. (2013, October 18). CryptoLocker ransomware - see how it works, learn about prevention, cleanup and recovery. Retrieved June 24, 2015, from https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2013/10/18/cryptolocker-ransomware-see-how-it-works-learn-about-prevention-cleanup-and-recovery/ Jarvis, K. (2013, December 18). CryptoLocker Ransomware - Dell SecureWorks. Retrieved June 24, 2015, from http://www.secureworks.com/cyber-threat-intelligence/threats/cryptolocker- ransomware/ Kostadinov, D. (2014, February 6). RansomWar(e) - InfoSec Institute. Retrieved June 24, 2015, from http://resources.infosecinstitute.com/ransomware/ ...

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Living in the Age of Cyber Attacks and Cyber Warfare

...Living in the Age of Cyber Attacks and Cyber Warfare UMUC   If you asked the average person on the street about cybersecurity and cyber warfare, they would probably say they don’t know much about it other than the fact that it involves computers. In fact, for anyone outside of the cybersecurity industry, the closest thing to cyber warfare that they may have experienced was their viewing of the movie War Games, or the fourth installment of the Die Hard series, Live Free or Die Hard. While those movies had a profound impact on the lives of the characters in the script, the audience probably thought it was merely fiction, not fully based on fact. In Live Free or Die Hard, John McClain (played by the indefatigable Bruce Willis) is attempting to stop a domestic cyber-terrorist who is acting out on a vendetta against the United States. The cyber-terrorist is successful in launching an online attack to overload and destroy a power grid that left much of America’s East Coast in darkness. When I first saw this movie, I was curious if an attack like that was really possible; however, most people around me just labeled the movie as “Hollywood’s overactive imagination”. With cyber attacks literally having the ability to affect lives in a nanosecond, it is vital that everyone understand what cyber attacks entail, the impact of these cyber attacks on a domestic and international scale, and knowing what to expect in the future while living in a world dominated by virtual......

Words: 2352 - Pages: 10

Cyber

...administration. In 2007, the United States National Security Agency (NSA) even launched the PRISM program. The NSA can use these PRISM requests to target communications that were encrypted when they traveled across the internet backbone, to focus on stored data that telecommunication filtering systems discarded earlier, and to get data that is easier to handle, among other things. However, just because we are able to do something it is not always the best decision to do so. For instance, is it wise or even ethical for the government to use this level of surveillance on its citizens in its CHIAO 1 broad unrestricted searches for terrorists. Let examine the ethics governmental monitoring from the perspective of a variety of ethical models such as the Social Contract model, Kantian model and the Act Utilitarian model. First, the ethics of governmental monitoring from a social contract perspective. The social contract theory states that rational people will agree to accept those moral rules that will mutually benefit all in the society on the condition that others will agree to follow those rules as well. In order to examine, if governmental monitoring is ethical according to the social contract theory, we must define what we as a society consider to be reasonable expectations of privacy. One such reasonable assumption is that it is reasonable to assume that when we speak on the telephone or a cell phone that our conversations will be private between only us and the party in......

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Cyber Law

...Report On Cyber law LEGAL ASPECTS OF MANAGEMENT Submitted to: Mr. Maneesh Yadav Submitted by: Ankita Bhatnagar (JL12PGDM030) Introduction: Computers and their use is a day to day activity of all the students, professionals, teachers, Universities, banks, Supermarkets, in the entertainment field, in medical profession and also in higher education. The use of this Weapon is spreading very widely in all parts of our society. As every weapon has two ways of operation. One is good and essential and the other are bad and not essential. Many times, whenever a new weapon is invented, many people use it unknowingly for the wrong purpose. So to aware them and to make the proper use of the Power of the newly invented weapon, laws is to be formulated and should be implemented. This chapter introduces the cyber law and many terms involved in it. There are two basic definitions of cyber crime. (a) One definition says that ‘cyber crime’ consists of only those offences provided in the Information technology Act, 2000. As per this definition, cyber crimes would mainly be restricted to tampering with the computer source code, hacking and cyber pornography. Cyber fraud, defamation, harassment, e – mail abuse and IPR thefts, would not classify as cyber crimes. (b) In second definition, ‘cyber crime’ is said to be an act of commission or omission with the internet, committed on the internet or through the internet or with the help of the internet or connected with the internet,......

Words: 3963 - Pages: 16