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Cyber Security

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Ujjwalagrawalco
Words 11999
Pages 48
2011

Ethical Hacking & Penetration Testing
ACC 626: IT Research Paper

Emily Chow 20241123 July 1, 2011

I. Introduction
Due to the increasing vulnerability to hacking in today’s changing security environment, the protection of an organization’s information security system has become a business imperative . With the access to the Internet by anyone, anywhere and anytime, the Internet’s “ubiquitous presence and global accessibility” can become an organization’s weakness because its security controls can become more easily compromised by internal and external threats. Hence, the purpose of the research paper is to strengthen the awareness of ethical hacking in the Chartered Accountants (CA) profession, also known as penetration testing, by evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of the information security system.
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II. What is Ethical Hacking/Penetration Testing?
Ethical hacking and penetration testing is a preventative measure which consists of a chain of legitimate tools that identify and exploit a company’s security weaknesses . It uses the same or similar techniques of malicious hackers to attack key vulnerabilities in the company’s security system, which then can be mitigated and closed. In other words, penetration testing can be described as not “tapping the door” , but “breaking through the door” . These tests reveal how easy an organization’s security controls can be penetrated, and to obtain access to its confidential and sensitive information asset by hackers. As a result, ethical hacking is an effective tool that can help assist CA professionals to better understand the organization’s information systems and its strategy, as well as to enhance the level of assurance and IS audits if used properly.
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III. Basic Characteristics of Penetration Testing
Different Types of “Hat Hackers”
There are different types of “hat hackers” that should be...

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