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Darfur Genocide

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Submitted By Jesus37316
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Since 2003 there has been a mass slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women and children in western sudan and despite peace efforts it continues to this day. It was the first genocide in the 21st century. The genocide is performed by the Janjaweed which translates to ‘devils on horseback’ a government-armed and funded Arab militia. After getting numerous complaints about the violence going on in Darfur because of the conflicting tribes, instead of helping the conflicted tribes unite or separate they armed and funded the Janjaweed to create the genocide. After this the janjaweed have gained a few rival rebel groups some including The Sudanese Liberation Movement, and The Justice and Equality Movement. From 2003 till now there has been over 480,000 people killed, and over 2.8 million people are displaced. Sudan is located in northeastern Africa, borders the Red Sea and is between Egypt, Chat, Uganda, and six other countries. The genocide occurring in Sudan affect neighboring countries such as chad and Central African Republic creating tension due to the hundreds of thousands of refugees who stream over both countries’ borders to flee the violence. Although the genocide started in 2003 its origin can be traced following Independence from Britain in 1956, its independence and lead to an unstable country suffering from conflict such as northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslims, non-Arab southern Sudanese.The first civil war ended in 1972 and broke out again in 1983. The second war resulted in more than 4million people being displaced and according to rebel estimates, more than 2 million deaths over two decades. The civil war continued climaxing reaching its peak in the 1990’s, despite this the government still ignored reports of rising violence in Darfur.On top of the government's effort and support of the darfur genocide, there are also lots of rivaling tribes that also produce violence between each other. All this violence leads to people becoming homeless, Darfur's economy and resources are sipped away and depleted. Because of this, over 4.7million Darfuri peoples depend on humanitarian aid to survive. There has been numerous failed peace talks that have lead to the continuation of the conflict. The most successful talks so far took place in Abuja in 2005, leading to the Darfur Peace Agreement. Present at these negotiations were the sudanese government and three main rebel groups: the Justice and Equality Movement, Abdel Wahid Mohamed al-Nur’s faction of the Sudan Liberation Movement, and Minni Minawi faction of the SLM. Despite this, all the negotiations have been unsuccessful. This is a huge problem, this generation is so blinded by what happens outside of what's in front of their nose and they don't bother to see problems in the world that they would think only happened in the past the Darfur genocide is happening as we speak and nobody cares about it, the people complained about violence in the area to the government and instead of helping them they funded more groups to create the genocide and lead to even more violence.

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