Premium Essay

Dc Water

In: Social Issues

Submitted By mich128
Words 739
Pages 3
I do not support the EPA allowing DC Water to use Green Infrastructure (GI) to help meet its responsibilities for water quality improvements. Although implementing GI has tremendous environmental, social and economic benefits, DC Water’s proposal to use GI doesn’t adequately render GI as a viable option for the following reasons.
The first reason the implementation of GI is unacceptable is because DC Water has failed to show that GI works. The Long Term Control Plan (LTCP) consent decree was signed in 2005. In
2014, DC Water proposed to amend LTCP to include green infrastructure. In this nine year period,
DC water failed to demonstrate and provide site specific performance information on the
Potomac and Rock Creek illustrating that GI can achieve equal or greater reductions of combined sewer overflows (“CSOs”) compared to building tunnels. Therefore utilizing $30 million dollars of the rate‐payers money to reduce the size of the Potomac’s tunnel and replace it with GI is a poor choice since DC Water has not proved its proposed GI would fulfil the same requirement as a large tunnel would. DC Water’s General Manager, George Hawkins’ power point presentation indicates DC Water has invested 10 million in GI projects such as tree plantings, rain gardens, green roofs, bioretention, etc., but the presentation lacks providing any significant data or measuring tool on how successful the projects have been while implementing GI.
The second reason DC water should not use GI, is the concern whether DC Water intends on using public or private land to implement GI along Rock Creek and the Potomac. DC water has not addressed issues such as easements associated with GI on property as well as maintaining the green infrastructure it will install on the land. DC Water has not discussed who will bear the burden of maintaining the GI and whether GI occurs on private...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Change Management Assignment

...GROUP : STAKEHOLDER MEMBER : Dini Siti Ayu Ariani 19010025 Dora Lisnandani M. Firdaus Ivadaputra 19010112 Risky Adha Kayom Nursalim Hanny Aqmarina Hartini Soraya 1. Identify and explain the Opportunities and Threats of the assigned external forces. Opportunities * Cooperation with a number of other national companies. The company, PT Len Industri for the development and production of inverters, battery management system, charging system and DC-DC converter electric cars. Threat 2. Discuss how a development in a corporation's societal environment can affect the corporation through its task environment. 3. According to Porter, what factors determine the level of competitive intensity in an industry? Costs Among his factors that affect competitive intensity, Porter mentions a few cost-related factors. These include high fixed costs, high storage costs and low switching costs. When companies invest significantly in fixed costs, they generally compete mightily to sell enough products to cover those costs. High costs of storage prompt companies to compete to make sales quickly. When customers have free mobility to change providers it forces more intense competitive rivalry. Many Firms, Flat Market One of the more obvious reasons for high competitive intensity within an industry is more companies competing. And, the more limited the market available, the more intensely those companies have to compete. Porter noted that......

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Secret Origin: The Story of DC Comics The DC Comics made a name for themselves in 1939 as they were then set up by Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson. During that time its company was known as National Allied by Publications. The initials for the DC Comic books was taken from the Detective Comic series. With that series became Batman. Another line of comic books, known as Action Comics, which had a new super hero named Superman. Over the years these two super heroes became very popular and still two of the most popular super heros to ever appear in comic books and that mad the way for other super heroes. The Golden age was more like a baby boom in comic books. Tones of comics are being produced for the men at war,people all over, which trippled in sales making millions. All comes to and end when the war ends. Super heros "die" when the war ends. In the 1950′s the industry was under attack. Parents of America didn't think the comics were up to standards for children. Either parents were they ripping them up, burning them, or telling thier children to sell thier comics, it was a cultural revolution. The company managed to keep it's success during that time and created some comics about westerns,romance, but it was the recreations of the super heroes which made them so successful in the comic book industry known as the Silver Age. It was during 1965 when the industry introduced a new/old super hero Flash. This character was brought back and "updated" to be placed in more present......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Masked Masked Heroes

...Krystal Gladden Professor deLauney ENG 102 05/10/16 The Masked Mask Heroes A costume is meant to mask the true identity of a hero"(2009). But what if the mask is their true identity. In the graphic novel "Watchmen" by Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons, Moore and Gibbons show how that a few of the vigilantes have a problem with juggling their masked persona and their every day persona. We can see a constant tug of war between who the vigilantes truly see themselves as and what is accepted in their society. We see the pull or hold that each vigilante masked persona has on them on a daily. So, we constantly see how Rorschach and Dan are battling within themselves about who they truly are. Rorschach is one of the first masked heroes we get to meet. We meet Rorschach after the death of another masked hero Edward Blake aka The Comedian. We go throughout most of the graphic novel without knowing the identity of Rorschach or his "real name". We quickly learn that Rorschach is a very black or white type of person, there is no in between with this guy. Rorschach is unapologetic too; he doesn't go by what society sees as bad or good, but off of his own judgment of right or wrong. He is also the only masked hero still fighting crime even though the Keene Act made it illegal to do so. It is not until the end of chapter 5, we get to actually see the human face behind the mask. Rorschach happens to be "The End Is Nigh" guy from earlier chapters, whom "real" name is Walter Joseph Kovacs. We......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Video Games Neil Gaiman

...Professor English 15 May 2015 Birth of the New American Gods: The Video Game God There are gods, old and new, among us and little do people know they are born by humans. The Video Game god is a new god because people spend time, money, and worship games in a new ways which allows this new god to exist. People can say it’s in the past where gods have been created through worship but the creations of these gods haven’t stop just because people just stop worshipping certain named deities, but only have been forgotten. These gods still live today and are still being created by human beings; in similar ways gods have been created in the past, but people subconsciously do it. A new god that can be seen today in our time can be the Video Game God, and this god has been created by people all over the globe. The Video Game God is a new god that people spent hours, days, even weeks on enjoying the entertainment, influences and effect the god has had on human, and what the god provides to his people. Before proving that there is a Video Game God that exists in the modern world, one needs to understand what a god truly is. After reading Neil Gaiman novel one can grasp a better understanding that religion isn’t needed for a god to exist and that, “Religions are, by definition, metaphors, after all: God is a dream, a hope, a woman, an ironist, a father, a city, a house of many rooms[…]” (Gaiman). In this part of the chapter people can understand how religion isn’t needed and......

Words: 1292 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Batman V Superman: Dawn of a Disaster

...Rant: Batman V Superman Well, I may be a week late to the party, but that won't stop me from writing about this terrible movie. That's right, I said it. This movie is trash and there is no debate. Of course, you can enjoy this movie and like it, that's your opinion, but you can't say that this movie was 'good' in any way. Why have I decided to write about this movie? Well, I was on Instagram the other day and there were way too many comments on various posts actually DEFENDING this piece of shit. I got into a number of arguments with random people because they were just trashing on other people and the critics for disliking the movie. I cannot believe how hard headed some blind fanboys are. To the point where I knew I clearly won the argument because their next replies were always something like: "You're just a dumb fag who hates on movies go kill yourself". I'm not exaggerating. These people need to be stopped. They need to open their eyes and see that this movie was not good AT ALL. Some more examples of comments I found on Instagram were like "This movie is perfection" or "Everyone who hates this movie is stupid and wouldn't understand the dark theme because they only like light-hearted Marvel movies". What exactly was wrong with this movie? Everything. I mean the fight scenes were pretty cool, but that's about it. It was just an overall mess. The story jumped around everywhere and couldn't focus on anything. Let's start with the first thing wrong, the title. It......

Words: 1232 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Comics & Politics

...Research Paper Comics & Politics In December of 1940 almost a year before the U.S. would enter into WWII, Captain America Comic #1 was released with the cover showing the super hero punching Hitler (Aiken, 41). This is only one of several different examples of politics being present in comics. No matter the political issue comics have not been afraid to express their views on politics. There is no denying that politics are present in comics, but the real question is, do politics belong in comics? Mainstream comics sole purpose is to make money, and companies will do write about anything if they think it will sell more comics. In this instance the comic book companies are using politics to gain interest and sell their product. Without the presence of politics in comics many story lines would not have been as strong, and many characters would not have been created. Atomic Warfare and the Regan administration both were heavily displayed in comics and both had a significant effect on comic books. When President Harry Truman ordered for the bombing of both Hiroshima and Nagasaki and revealed to the world the power behind atomic warfare, soon followed an onslaught of controversy whether this technology belonged in war. The world had never seen such power and soon the world began to debate this topic. Comic books soon began to publish stories, mainly involving superhero’s, with atomic related stories. As the years progressed and the U.S. entered into the Cold War......

Words: 1990 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Super Heroes

...Are we waving goodbye to the superheroes? We all know them, and we all love them. But the era of the superhero movies are maybe coming to an end. Why is that? And will we no longer be looking at buff men and women dressed in slim tights and colourful capes? A dominating and very unique genre of movies saw it’s first light of the day back in the 00’s. It all started with the Batman-movie who was published in 2002 and became a massive success. If we look at the cold facts we can see, that in the list of best selling movies are The Avengers from 2012 and The Dark Night from 2008 present. This is an independent genre, although it’s got a lot in common with the action-genre. In both genres, we have an outstanding hero who saves the day and is unbeatable. But in the action-genre we have heroes like Harry Callahan and John McClane, who comes home at the and of the day and still remains the same hero. Unlike Spiderman and Batman who comes home in the end of the day and becomes a whole other person when they take their masks of. Often, when they get home, the superheroes turn into the opposite of a superhero- someone that you would never expect to save the world. And someone you could identify yourself with. And that is one of the most important parts in a superhero movie, because the hero stays anonymous and that creates an exiting story and a different view on the heroes. These superheroes are also different, because they take care of business by them selves. They do...

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Dc Comics

...Oral Roberts University SUPERIORITY AND BLURRED LINES: An observation of the themes communicated in major DC Comics storylines Joshua Gallego Philosophy of Science HONR 102 Dr. Ken Weed/Dr. Samuel Thorpe March 13, 2014 Introduction Superheroes are part of an American upbringing. Stories of persons with capabilities that far exceed that of the human race are popular and appealing to our youth and even to many adults. Entertainment in general pervades the American culture, and this specific type of entertainment dealing with superheroes is of considerable size and has been a constant for several decades. Images of Superman, Captain America and many others are immediately recognized when seen. The entertainment value of these fictitious tales has caused the companies that own them to expand into creating computer games and producing movies, which has made them even more visible. It is considered weird if a person does not even know the basic story of these costumed figures. The adventures, stories, and even lives of these fictions have become a part of the American Psyche. Throughout the course of this semester, discussion in the Philosophy of Science class has led to topics such as the paradigms and presuppositions that we approach our world from and the metaphors that we use to communicate ideas and concepts. Such discussion has led to the asking of questions concerning things that we encounter in everyday circumstances. Questions like “What are the......

Words: 3545 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Marvel vs. Dc

...Jess Jones Persuasive Paper: Marvel vs. DC November 3, 2015 One of the most controversial topics for teenagers and adults alike is the topic of which comic brand is better, Marvel or DC? DC and Marvel fans have been at each other’s throats since the 1950’s. “The battle between DC and Marvel is eternal. First it was in the comic shop, then it was on the Internet and most recently, it’s on the big screen (Lussier).” says Tsujihara. DC characters are better because their status is more realistic and attainable, they are more popular among the children, and DC characters work hard for their strengths and powers and use them for good. There are two categories within DC: the gods, such as Wonder Woman and Superman, and the iconic underdogs, such as Batman and Green Lantern. The gods are from another planet or universe and are normally the ruler’s child. They use their powers to protect their land. The underdogs are the favorite in any story and work the hardest. They are not born with any powers, but they want to help so they make a way. The underdogs are the people we look up to and admire the most. They are good men and/or women whom we strive to be like. Everyone looks up to Bruce Wayne because he is a good guy who wants to turns the bad events in his life into profit for others. Marvel literally has no characters that work for their superhero status. People love Marvel and support it and they wonder why their children do not want to work for what they get. Children......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Super Hero Cole

...Superhero Cole I live in a city named Rocket Cove with many Superheroes. Superhero Cole is the most powerful hero there is. He has many powers. He loves helping others in need whether it’s carrying groceries for the elderly or stopping crime. Coles main job is to make sure his people are safe from the evil Zen Cole. Superhero Cole’s super powers are shooting ice, fire, super speed, super strength, and can also teleport from place to place when he senses danger. He lives in a tower on the 100th floor in a building named Rocket Cave. One day Zen Cole was trying to break into a jewelry store to steal a rare gem named the Lexington Rock. It was early morning and Selena the manager was in the middle of getting the store ready so that she can open. She heard a loud bang as Zen Cole kicked in the door. Superhero Cole sensed danger and quickly used his teleportation and at an instant he was in the closet of the jewelry store. He slowly opened the close door and saw Zen Cole breaking into the lock box to retrieve the Lexington Rock. Superhero Cole quickly jumped into to action by grabbing Zen and throwing him across the room. Zen quickly got up and the two were battling each other. Superhero punched, kicked, and threw Zen over and over. Zen gave up and starting running away. Cole began running after him and chasing him across Rocket Cove City. People watched as this chase was happening and were ducking and running for cover. Zen turned into an abandoned alley and it was a...

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Boys Will Be Men

...Roger Logan Professor Garvin English 1010 Paper #3 Comic Book Boys Peter Middleton’s essay “Boys Will Be Men” begins with simple anecdotes about the relationships between boys and men of different ages. Middleton then changes his focus towards comic books, where his focus remains all the way through the rest of the paper. Circling back to his original thoughts, the focus on comic books leads to an analysis of comic books in regards to children and their development into men. In his conclusion to the essay, Middleton states, “Nevertheless, action comics for boys are certainly damaging because they offer false solutions to the difficulties of growing up which both sexes face” (Middleton 141). Often Middleton points out that the reason that little boys read such comic books is that their true role models, their fathers, are not home. So in their absence, the children latch onto the traits found inherent in the superheroes they read about. However, the newly found role models, and superheroes, do not represent that which should be portrayed to our children. Throughout many comic book series there seems to always be portrayed a sense of masculinity gone wrong or hypermasculinity. Along with others, though primarily in the comic series of both Batman and of Spiderman, this specific form of masculinity being shown to the children is expressed through a relationship between the superhero, and the law. In the end, comic books become what is essentially a display case for the......

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Public Domain Super Heroes is a collaborative web site about comic book, comic strip, film, literary, pulp, mythological, television, animation, folk stories, etc... Characters in the public domain fitting in genres such as the masked vigilante, caped crusader, villains, scientists, magicians, robots, jungle lord, and their supporting characters. Open source characters are allowed. The wiki format allows anyone to create or edit any article, so we can all work together to create the site. For info on what constitutes "public domain", check out the Public Domain FAQ. After Action Comics #1 gave the world Superman in 1938, there was an explosion of costumed heroes in comics. New publishers and characters sprang up everywhere. After World War II, these type of characters fell out of favor with readers. This caused many publishers to go out of business and many characters were lost. Those comics and their stars have since fallen into the public domain. This enables anyone to use those characters and those classic stories any way they wish. Over the years many publishers have taken advantage of this, including AC Comics (FemForce, Men of Mystery), Malibu (The Protectors), America's Best (Terra Obscura), and - most recently - Dynamite (Project Superpowers), and Image Comics (Next Issue Project, Savage Dragon, and Hack/Slash) among others. HERO Initiative is a non-profit organization that creates a financial safety net for comic creators who may need emergency medical aid,...

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Watchmen and Audley Proposal Essay

...Mengfan Chen Neale Barnholden ENGL 121 A13 September 23rd, 2014wee Watchmen and Lady Audley’s Secret Both works of the “Watchmen” and “Lady Audley’s Secret” consist of fiction tales that mirror themes of ideology and class, and the accompanying tension. Moreover, in each of the works there is some local events and issues that seem to have a close connection with the time of release and the contents of these two works. Specifically, in the former work there were the underlying events of an increase in the urbanization of Britain. This was accompanied by a greater accumulation of wealth by part of the population, and this led to the formation of classes, so many people increased in their rank in society. Furthermore, the swelling of the population also meant that there was a shift from the small village of the past where the locals could be well acquainted with everyone, and all their daily affairs or unusual controversies. The shift from Lady Audley holding the traditional role of a house keeper who is completely innocent and harmless, to a violent and dangerous person going to lengths to conceal their identity evidences the extent of this shift. Similarly, in the circumstances of “Watchmen,” there is some underlying tension between the United States and Russia through what is known as the Cold War era. While there was suspicion between these two nations, and many accusations, this trend holds true as the characters place blame on one another,......

Words: 724 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Projecft October, 2012 Vol 1 Issue 8 ISSN: 2278 – 0211 Cheaper Electrodes Having Higher Efficiency Using Salt Water And Salt Vinegar Electrolytes S. Ramakanth Electrical And Electronics Engineering,Visakha Institute of Engineering and Technology, Visakhapatnam Abstract: This paper gives how salt water and salt vinegar is used as a renewable energy source. Working of salt water and salt vinegarelectrolytes and both the combination of electrolytes, comparison of different electrodes used in the electrolytes. And choosing which is the best pair of electrodes.applications of it in many fields. Keywords: Electro-chemicalreaction,Electrolyte,Vinegar,corrosion. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Page 310 October, 2012 Vol 1 Issue 8 1. Introduction We know that our earth covered with 70% of water and 30% of land. So water occupies more space than land but 97% is the salt water and 3% is the fresh drinking water. Many technologies are developed to use salt water for producing electrical energy. The energy produced in this way is renewable energy source. Ex: salt water battery, salt water generators etc. The modern battery is found in high-tech applications ranging from hearing aids and pace-makers to pocket calculators, personal stereos, radios and mobile phones. They are everywhere and completely invaluable. The origin of the power behind the battery is chemical. In the following paper I......

Words: 3350 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Next-Gen Shift

...A Shift of Power predicted death of game consoles by some in the industry shift of power from the hardware manufacturer to the content provider AAA development costs are out of hand. Sales in decline, due in part to the rise of cheap mobile games Publishers and developers with money are investing heavily in software as a service. There is a shift from packaged software to online-oriented services Bungie's Destiny, Respawn's Titanfall Ubisoft's The Crew and The Division influx of free-to-play game developments, particularly among independent studios F2P projects net the investment dollars, packaged software projects do not Crytek's Gface Splash Damage's Fireteam Survarium Killer Instinct packaged software will continue to exist for a while, but the tide has already turned. We'll see fewer developments over time desire to cut out the retailer desire to cut out the hardware manufacturer who imposes licensing fees, royalties on sales, and strict (and costly) approval processes Free-to-play monetization is a game changer realignment of the industry with the establishment of new giants the who's who in business is changing established publishers struggle to adapt to current conditions: burdened by low profitability of AAA packaged software, have poor understanding of F2P monetization or the life cycle of a service, Riot Games, and......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3