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Death Penalty

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jrw276
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Pages 7
The death penalty has origins in the very beginning of civilization. King Hammurabi of Babylon created a code of laws to help keep the peace and create organization in society. His code allowed the death penalty for 25 crimes. Interestingly enough murder was not one of them. The death penalty has been part of the American justice system since the very beginning of our country. Right after the end of the Revolutionary War each state created it own constitution. This was before the writing of the United State Constitution that centralized a national government. Every one of these early state governments included the death penalty as a punishment for certain crimes. The death penalty is a long standing method for crime prevention and deterrence. It is the responsibility of our government to protect it citizens from the threat of violent crime. The death penalty is a crucial part of that in both deterrence of those wishing to commit these crimes and ridding our country of those who have committed these horrible crimes against innocent people. Some people believe that in the past innocent people have been put to death. Modern criminal science and DNA testing effectively eliminate uncertainty as to a person's guilt or innocence. The death penalty is a key component of our justice system for upholding peace and for the protection of American citizens. Civilized society has relied on capital punishment as a means of deterrence for those who want to commit violent crimes resulting in the death of another person. The primary goal of the death penalty is deterrence. Deterrence means to punish somebody as an example and to create fear among those in the general public of that punishment. The death penalty is the most severe penalty used to create fear in the minds of sane people. Ernest van den Haag, in his article "On Deterrence and the Death Penalty" mentions, "One...

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