Premium Essay

Death Rate

In: Social Issues

Submitted By freya3008
Words 999
Pages 4
The death rate is the number of deaths per 1000 people; this has fallen dramatically since the 1900s for many reasons, although some have had more of an impact than others. Because the death rate has dropped so much in the past 100 years, it also means that the average life expectancy has now risen (currently around 79), this has caused many consequences for younger generations, such as how to pay elderly people their full pension when they are going without work for 20+ years.

The health care of the UK has improved over time because scientists have developed more medicine, that can cure more diseases and is also more effecting at doing so. One of the main causes of death in the early 1900s was the common flu, however, modern medication has now made a vaccine for this, making it very hard to catch in the first place, and also easily treatable. Because of this modern medication, the death rate has fallen over the past 100 years. Another reason for the decrease in the death rate is the improvement in health care. The NHS (National Health Service) was introduced in 1948. The NHS is a public service that provides people with free health care. Before this time, you would have had to pay for your health care, which a lot of people were unable to do, especially the dependant elderly people. This meant that many people went through life with very little health care, or sometimes none at all, which usually led to lots of people becoming ill, and then dying early on in life. The NHS fixed this problem by making health care free for everyone, meaning that people could now get medication for free if needed, which helped in keeping them much healthier, and therefore living longer. The NHS has had a massive impact in the life expectancy during the latter half of the 1900s; this is proven by the life expectancy for females in 1948 being 70.1 and then the life expectancy for...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Examine the Reasons for and the Consequences of the Death Rate Since 1900

...There are many reasons for the death rate to fluctuate. Since 1900 there has been a decrease in the amounts of death and the average age of death has rose as life expectancy is now longer than in 1900. In 1901, life expectancy for a man was 45 and a woman 49, more recently life expectancy is a large amount higher as in 2009 life expectancy for a man is 78 and a woman 82. Furthermore, infant mortality rate has also declined since 1900. Firstly a key factor for the decrease in the death rate is the better healthcare the country now has improved massively. In 1900, many people were to die due to illnesses that we wouldn’t see as a problem anymore such as the flu. There weren’t antibiotics and other ways to help cure these illnesses, and the ways they did have weren’t effective enough to stop people dying. In addition there are massive heath care services available in the 21st century which weren’t available in 1900 to help ill or diseased people such as the National Health Service (NHS). Similarly, medical knowledge has improved hugely as we are more aware of illnesses/diseases and the cures of these problems which could lead to death that in 1900, people weren’t aware off. Secondly, the standard of living in the 1900 may have had an impact on the death rate. Many people had large families to provide for and they usually lived in small houses that may not be fit for the amount of people living in them. Today in the 21st century there has been a change in family size by......

Words: 1081 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Birth and Death Rates

...Birth and Death Rates in Miami Miami’s birth and death rates have fluctuated over the past few years. Miami is a major city located around the Atlantic coast of southern Florida. Florida is one of the most common states and also the fastest developing state at this time. Miami is currently the 42nd leading city in the United States (Census Bureau, 2009). Miami includes a very large number of people with a broad variety of racial, religions, and ethnics in the city (Census Bureau, 2009). Birth rate is the number of live births per 1000 females in the population ranging from ages 15-44. The birth rates in Miami-Dade County had a little decrease between the years if 2006-2007 and a small increase between the years of 2008-2009. The birth rate per 1000 females for ages 15-19 is 37.5%, which has approximately 22,016 births for 2009. Within the 22,016 births, 19,862 are unmarried mothers, which is 90.2% for 2009. The number of births to mothers younger than age 15 is currently 48. The birth rate for 2010 is 17.76 births per 1,000 females of the population in Miami-Dade County. The death rate is a record of the number of deaths due to a certain cause. In Miami-Dade County there were several causes of deaths. The death rate for breast cancer in 2009 was 19.6 deaths per 100,000 females (DOH, 2009). There were 18 suicide deaths and 36 homicide deaths as of 2009. Fetal and infant mortality rate is 18.9% deaths per 1,000 births and fetal deaths (Kids......

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Wk 4 Checkpoint Sci 275

...Checkpoint: Population Size There are four factors which create changes in population sizes on a global scale; the birth rate, the death rate, migration, changes in environment. Any changes which create a global scare normally pertain to birth and death rates throughout the world. The factors which can affect the birth rate scale are family planning (including contraception), education, as well as religious and cultural views interfering with the amount of births a single family is allowed to have (such as China). The factors which can affect the death rate are a lack of education (inability to adapt and survive), diseases (with lack of medical care), and crime (murder, suicide, and accidents). Migration can be due to many different reasons ranging from unstable environments politically, economically, or within the environment in general. And each of those factors can have factors of their own, whether it’s a personal at home situation or a more wide spread situation with the surrounding area. Typically birth rates rise faster than death rates. Honestly this can be attributed to modern science, our innate ability to adapt to changing environmental situations, and that we are typically living longer than our ancestors have. However, when pertaining to the nutria, their population increases dramatically because their birth rate sky rockets compared to their death rate. According to the video, they are extremely over populated. The nutria’s increasing population can......

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Broken Heart Stats Report

...caused by the death of a loved one or the ending of a romantic relationship. But is there any additional truth to this saying? This study examines the medical implications of having a ‘broken heart’ by establishing a correlational relationship between the loss of a romantic partner and the mortality rates of widowers due to heart-related diseases. By tracking the mortality rates of 4,486 widowers of 55 years of age and older, over a period of 9 years, the researchers made some interesting findings: that within the first 6 months of bereavement, the mortality rate for widowers was 40% above that for matched controls, and that the greatest increase in mortality during these first 6 months came from heart-related diseases. No significant conclusions could be made about the relationship between the cause of wife’s death and the cause of her widower’s, nor about the impact of social class on widower’s mortality rate. We also examine the study’s methodology and provide reasonable recommendations to some of its shortcomings. One practical application of statistics and probability is in the area of medical research. In ‘Broken Heart: A Statistical Study of Increased Mortality Among Widowers’, published by the British Medical Journal, researchers wanted to find out if one could really ‘die of a broken heart’. To test this theory, they decided to obtain data on the mortality of recently bereaved widowers, and examine if their cause of death......

Words: 2940 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Soc 402 Week 4 Quiz

...has the highest divorce rates? 2. Question : The number of years of education completed by a student is a measure of educational ___________. 3. Question : The term _______________ refers to working full time for poverty wages, working part time when full-time work is desired, or working at a job below the worker’s skill level. 4. Question : The evidence used to support the notion that the nuclear family is dying usually includes factors such as: ___________ 5. Question : The ____________ is the proportion of the labor force that is not working but is available for work and has made specific efforts to find work. 6. Question : The work place death rate has been cut by more than half since 1970 by ___________. 7. Question : At best, you can say that the greater happiness and satisfaction reported by the better educated may reflect _______________. 8. Question : According to the text, _______________ 9. Question : The voting percentage for people who have four or more years of college is ________. 10. Question : The notion your sense of worth and the satisfaction of your needs are intricately related to the kind of work you do is called __________________. SOC 402 Week 4 Quiz Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/soc-402-week-4-quiz Description Multiple Choice 10 10 Grade Details 1. Question : Which of the following has the highest divorce rates? 2. Question......

Words: 1555 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Argumentative Essay On The Death Penalty

...The Death Penalty: Cruel and Unjust As Ronald Ryan fell to the ground on February 3, 1967, a flock of pigeons flew away in a scare (York). Everyone nearby knew this man’s life had been taken from him and never to be used again. This moment was the last of Australia’s executions. 50 years later, however, the United States of America still commits Capital Punishment, and regularly, too. The topic is debated whether or not the Capital Punishment should be legal. The government is already involved in the lives of those who commit crimes, but the idea of it taking away someone’s life creates an uneasy thought. Some people believe that execution is wrong, inhumane and should be abolished while others believe that it projects positive impacts and will benefit the world, in such ways as lowering crime rates and ridding the world of the worst criminals....

Words: 1439 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mr Wait Rose

...fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates since 1900Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rates......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths in the United Kingdom Since 1990.

...Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the United Kingdom since 1990. There has been a long-term decline in the number in the number of births since 1990. In that year, England and Wales had a birth rate of 28.7, but by 2007 it had fallen to an estimated 10.7. Similarly, the death rate has fallen since 1900. The death rate is the number of deaths per thousand of the population per year. In 1900, the death rate stood at 19 000, whereas by 2007 it had almost halved, to 10 000. For the birth rate, there have been fluctuations in births, with three “baby booms” in the 20th century. The first two came after the two world wars (1914-18 and 1939-1945), as returning servicemen and their partners started families that they had postponed during the war years. There was a third baby boom in the 1960s, after which the birth rate fell sharply during the 1970s. The rate rose during the 1980s, before falling again after the early 1990s. One reason for the decline in the birth rate is the changes in the position of women. During the 20th century there were major changes for women. For example, women gained legal equality with men (including the right to vote), increased educational opportunities, laws outlawing unequal pay and sex discrimination, access to abortion and reliable contraception and easier access to divorce. As a result of these changes, women now see other possibilities in life apart from the traditional role of housewife and mother. Many are choosing to delay......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Funeral Home

...number of deaths 2 2.3 Areas with more than 170 deaths on average per annum 2 3.0 ANALYSIS 3 4.0 APPENDIX 4 5.0 REFERENCES 7 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The purpose of this report is to analyze the potential locations of where an organization can set up funeral homes for business outside the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). In our analysis, we considered three possible options in determining where to locate the funeral homes: an area with a high number of old people and low death rate in their population, an area with a high number of old people and high death rate in their population and an area with low number of old people and high death rate. We also used the fair share calculations and areas with at least 170 deaths per funeral on average every year as part of the metrics 2.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 2.1 Fair Share Analysis Based on the fair share calculations, which is total market divided by the number of funeral homes in the market. The four potential locations would be St Catharines with the highest fair market share of 9.87%; Kingston with 8.51%; Hamilton with 7.84%; London with 7.19% and Cambridge with 6.36%. We would highly suggest that the organization should consider St Catharine’s and Kingston as potential locations of the funeral home. 2.2 Annual number of deaths The five areas with the highest number of annual deaths are: Ottawa-Gatineau with 8,157.50 deaths, Hamilton with 5,943.50 deaths, St Catharines with 3,997.35, London with 3,584.93......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Demographic Transition

...the dynamics of a population within a specific area in a country. To put it in other words, it measures the stages from high birth rates and death rates to low birth rates and death rates while a country is developing from a preindustrial economic system to an industrialized economic system (Montgomery). Four Phases of Demographic Transition Stage I -Within the first stage of a demographic transition, the birth rates and death rates are high. As you may know, within a developing country one of the reasons the birth rate is high is because of the fact that children are needed in order to keep up with farming and also to look after the elderly. The death rate is high mainly due to the different types of diseases in poor health. The death rate affects all ages. Stage II - In the second stage of the demographic transition, the birth rate will stay high while the death rate sees signs of that it are decreasing at a rapid pace. The birth rate is still high because of the children that are needed for farming and to still look after the elderly. The rapid pace of the death rate decreasing is due to the types of improvement in medical care and better supply of water and sanitation. In the second stage, fewer children are dying. Stage III - In this stage of the demographic transition, there has been a rapid decrease in birth rates while the death rate is slowly beginning to decrease. This is mainly due to the improvement of medical technology and the way people are eating and......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Is the Funeral Industry Affected by Recession

...How the funeral industry is being impacted and changed by the Global Recession? Benjamin Franklin’s old adage “in this world nothing can be said to be certain except death and taxes” has never been truer. However, if he was around today he might change his spelling of “death” to “debt”. Taxes in Ireland have increased recently and the forthcoming emergency budget looks certain to bring further misery to the population. So while governments are busy collecting whatever taxes they can, people are still dying! You are born and then you die, it is a simple fact of life. In fact the portion in between we call life is the uncertain part. When you die you will require the services of an undertaker / funeral director. They are there to tax you one final time and put the proverbial last nail in your coffin, with a bill attached! With the exception of a huge natural disaster, accident or war, the funeral industry can quite accurately predict its number of customers for the forthcoming year using the country’s population statistics and current death rates. With such detailed statistics to hand this has to be one of the easiest industries to forecast. Figure 1.1 shows the death rate falling in recent years as population increases. Each customer is new (although dead!) but new business can only be achieved by taking from a competitor and not by a sudden jump in demand for the product. Andrew Loos explains “You’re battling for current customers (of other funeral homes), many of them with......

Words: 2333 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Balance Between Population and Resources

...base showing low birth rate, a bulge in the above 65 age group showing an ageing population and a wide apex showing large amounts of people living longer. This a representation of a stage 5 population pyramid. -An ageing population pyramid has narrow base showing low birth rate, a bulge in the above 65 age group showing an ageing population and a wide apex showing large amounts of people living longer. This a representation of a stage 5 population pyramid. The Balance between Population and Resources -Japan 0-14 = 13.2, 15-64 = 63.7, 65+ = 23.1 (%) -Germany 0-14 = 13.1, 15-64 = 66.1, 65+ = 20.8 (%) -Italy 0-14 = 13.9, 15-64 = 64.7, 65+ = 21.4 (%) -An aging population places an increasing pressure on health resources but it is important not to overstate this impact. Average healthcare costs do rise with age, but the cost of this trend could be significantly offset by people becoming healthier. Retired people continue to pay income tax and other taxes. Health costs tend to be compressed into the last years or even months of life. -A youthful population has a very wide base showing a high birth rate, steep sides showing a high death rate and a very narrow apex showing a low life expectancy .This diagram represents a stage 2 country. -A youthful population has a very wide base showing a high birth rate, steep sides showing a high death rate and a very narrow......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Functions by Family

...Examine the reasons for, and the consequences of, the fall in the death rate since 1900 (24 marks) In the UK, the overall number of deaths has stayed fairly stable since 1900. However there has been some fluctuations, for example the number of deaths increased during the world wars. However, ignoring the two major increases, the death rate has fallen since 1900. Firstly, according to Thomas Mckeown (1972), improved nutrition is a main reason for the fall in the death rate. He argues that better nutrition increases resistance to infection and increases the survival chances of those who did get infected. However this has been challenged as females usually have a lower intake of food compared to men, and yet they live longer than men. The second reason for the decrease in the death rate is the healthcare the country now has improved massively. In 1900, many people would die due to illnesses that we wouldn’t see as a problem anymore such as the flu. There weren’t antibiotics and other ways to help cure these illnesses, and the ways they did have weren’t effective enough to stop people dying. In addition there are massive heath care services available today which weren’t available in 1900 to help ill or diseased people such as the National Health Service (NHS). Another reason is that the standard of living in 1900 may have had an impact on the death rate. Many people had large families to provide for and they usually lived in small houses that may not be fit for the......

Words: 703 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Health Care

...Assignment 2 1. Health production function can improve the health status of patients by determining the relative importance of medical expenditures in decreasing death rates. HPF concept is being used more by employers and MCO that face financial pressure to reduce medical cost. The health status can be improved by changes in lifestyle, patient education, and environmental improvements. By following those suggestions it would allow them to direct their attention to programs that are cost effective. Also by allocating funds in those manners would achieve a great reduction in death rates. 2. First, health insurance coverage has been comprehensive with low deductible and small copayments that individuals face a very low out-of-pocket price when they go to the hospital or a specialist. Patients use more medial services than ever if they had to pay a greater portion of the cost. Given the low copayments and incentives inherent in fee-for-service payments to providers, which the medical community lobbies for increased expenditures. Second, the primary objective of government medical expenditures has not been to improve health and decrease death rates. Medicare is for the elderly while half of Medicaid spending is for the care of the elderly in nursing homes. The purpose of these government programs help finance medical needs of the elderly. 3. Employers can decrease medical spending by recognizing that their employees’ health can be improved more cost effectively......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hoi Hoi Hoi Paper Time

...Two factors that might have accounted for the rapid decline in the mortality rate in Idustria between 1855 and 1895 consist of hygenic improvements and and a potential improvement in water supply. Personal hygeine, a notion imposed by what could have been a slight improvement in medical education, likely reduced the deaths via disease, whereas water supply to all denizens could have reduced dehydration sickness and improved the overal morale of the public as well as their personal health. 1855 through 1950's birth rate grew from exponential in stature to diminished gradually due to the educational opportunities provided to women at the time. Contraceptive methods were relatively devoid at the time and sex education was demonized by public morality just as female education was limited and impeded by public ideals, making the birth rates rather slow to fall. (E): During the 1980's, the emergence of a serious immune system disease known as AIDS began to run to among the denizens of the US. Along with it came increased mortality rates, albeit not drastic rises in death, but apparent none-the-less. AIDs caused quite a stir in the population due to the fact that it exposed weakness in the human body to other diseases, such as influenza, which would then come to kill them. So in a sense, it was as if AIDS opened a window for other diseases to be let in, which would then cause a small spike in the mortality rate in the 1980's. 2: (C): It is many times more efficient to produce......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3