Free Essay

Debate Phrase

In: Other Topics

Submitted By afifezhar
Words 573
Pages 3
Useful Debating Phrases (in not quite as small print)
(1) 1st Proposition opening, definition, teamline, own arguments (3) 2nd Proposition rebuttal of 1st Opp., rebuild own case, own arguments (5) 3rd Proposition general rebuttal, rebuild own case (8) Proposition Reply (1st or 2nd speaker) biased summary (2) 1st Opposition accepting definition / redefinition, teamline, rebuttal of 1st Proposition, own arguments (4) 2nd Opposition rebuttal of 2nd Prop., rebuild own case, own arguments (6) 3rd Opposition general rebuttal, rebuild own case (7) Opposition Reply (1st or 2nd speaker) biased summary

opening the debate: ● [some nice opening, e.g. quote] on the fact that ... ● Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to ● And our third speaker, ..., will do the this debate. rebuttal. ● Welcome from this side of the rebutting arguments, rebuilding your case: house... ● But before I come to my own ● The motion for debate today is: ... arguments, let us first have a look at defining the motion: what ... has said. ● Now we as today's ● I will continue our case in a minute, proposition/opposition strongly but before that there are some things believe that this is true/not true, but about the ... speech that need to be before we come to our actual addressed. argumentation, let us first define ● The first prop/opposition speaker has some important terms in this debate. told us ...; on the contrary ... ● We believe that what is meant by ... is ● He/She also said that ...; but in fact.. ... / that ... are ... ● He/She was claiming that ...; but as ● When we say ... should ... we mean my first speaker already told you, ... that ... introducing arguments: presenting the teamline: ● Let me come to my ● We as todays proposition/opposition first/second/.../next argument: have structured our case as follows: [concise label of argument] ● I, as the first speaker, will be talking ● My first/... argument is: about ... ● The first/... reason why we're ● Our second speaker, ..., will elaborate prop/opposing this motion is:

explaining arguments: ● Wouldn't you have to agree ...? / ● [rather abstract explanation on how Doesn't what you're saying contradict the argument should work] with ...? / What about the ...? / How giving examples: would you explain, that ... ? ● There are many examples for this/for ● No, thank you, Sir/Madam. ..., for instance. ● Declined. ● In fact, you can find many examples ● Yes, please. / Go ahead. for this in real life. Just think of... ● Thank you very much, Sir/Madam, ● And there are similar cases, such as I'm going to come to this very point ..., ... in my second argument in a minute. ● So in this simple example we can [this is an emergency break] clearly see the effect of ... giving reply speeches: summarizing & linking the argument: ● Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome for ● So as we have seen [argument label], the last time from today's and therefore [motion]. prop/opposition. It is now my ● Now because of this ..., we have to pleasure to summarize this debate, support this motion. take a look at what both sides have summarizing & ending your speech: said and see what the outcome of this ● So Ladies and Gentlemen, what have debate actually is. I told you today? Firstly ..., Secondly.. ● A first/second/... major clash was: ... ● [some nice closing words] Today's prop/opposition told us ...; we ● And for all of these reasons, the had to find ... motion must stand/fall. ● [some particularly nice closing making/rejecting/accepting/answering points words] of information: ● And for all these reasons, I beg you to ● Point of information, Sir/Madam. prop/oppose ● On that point.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Competitive Debating

...your communication skills. It is about assembling and organizing effective arguments, persuading and entertaining an audience, and using the language to convince people that your arguments outweigh your opposition's. Debating is not about personal abuses, irrational attacks or purely emotional appeals. A debate usually involves two sides talking about a topic (often called a motion). As a competition, teams of debaters attempt to show the adjudicators that they have the best debating skills. Being the best debater does not mean that the debater's opinion has to coincide with that of the adjudicators. After attending this course and the course on specific debating formats, it is expected that the trainee would be able to conduct their first competitive debate properly. Understanding Formats To ensure proper conduct of the debates in a competitive setting, competitions usually enforce what is called a format. In collegiate level competitive debating, these formats are usually based on the debates conducted in a parliament, such as Australian Parliamentary, British Parliamentary, and Asian Parliamentary. Aspects regulated by a format include: • number of teams in each debate; • number of debaters in each team; • duration of speeches • order of speeches; • roles of speakers (what is expected from each speaker); • allowance/prohibition of interjections/interruptions; • issues on making a definition of the motion; • procedure, criteria, and marking scale for......

Words: 5815 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Population Education

...How to Perform Well in a Debate 1. Exploring the Art of Rhetoric a. Discover how to persuade through Invention. The five canons of rhetoric were first coined by the Roman philosopher Cicero in the first century. Cicero laid out these five major rules of rhetoric, dividing skillful argumentation into more digestible parts. The first step of rhetoric is called Invention. It refers to the nascent stages of an argument, where you discover the pressing nature of your argument for your particular audience. You’ll need to have an understanding of your audience's desires and needs, as well as how to best appeal to them. When appealing to your audience, think about a balance of logos, ethos, and pathos. These three modes of persuasion will be used to convince your audience to believe in your argument. Each will provide a different reaction from a crowd, and you must change your approach to adapt to the needs of your audience. b. Assemble your argument with Arrangement. The order that your audience hears your argument has a massive effect on how they'll perceive your speech. You've most likely come across the five-paragraph essay in your studies. While this format isn't appropriate for all speeches, the basic layout is based on Greek and Roman argumentative structures. The five steps are as follows: Introduction. Express your message and why it's important to your audience, as well as yourself. Statement of fact. Break down the general thesis of your......

Words: 1561 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...GRAMMAR Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. (3 marks) (i) Njenga told me that his sister is successful. (Use of in place of that) (ii) She never came late to school last year. (Begin: Not once ---------------------) (iii) Who broke this jug? (Rewrite in the passive) (b) Identify and correct the misspelt words in the following paragraph. (3 marks) Occassionally, you will be called upon to speak in public. You must learn to do so without embarassing yourself by fumbling and making unnecessary repeatations. With adequate practice you can become an accomplished public speaker. (c) Use the correct form of the words in brackets to fill in the blank spaces. (3 marks) (i) She could not explain how the accident ______________________ (occur) (ii) The students presented their _____________________ (complain) to the principal. (iii) Jane is very bright but very poor in _________________________ (pronounced) (d) Use the appropriate prepositions to fill in the gaps. (3 marks) (i) Suddenly, the plane was enveloped _______________________ a dense fog. (ii) Inspector Chacha was an expert _______________________ catching criminals. (iii) Most of my classmates are strong _________________________ Mathematics. (e) Replace the underlined with the correct phrasal verbs formed from the words in brackets. (i) His performance discouraged me until 1 stopped teaching him. (put) (ii)......

Words: 4434 - Pages: 18

Free Essay


...IMPORTANT This electronic version of The Century Vocabulary Builder (1922) has been prepared by Serenson Pty Ltd for This PDF follows the pagination of the original (hard copy) book and includes hypertext links that we have inserted, which look like this. Please do not remove links. Reformatting the original text into this PDF has been no easy task; it is possible that the process has introduced errors or caused omissions. As a result, we make no guarantee about the accuracy or completeness of this version of the Vocabulary Builder. If you find an error or omission in this PDF, please check the original book and contact us so that we can fix the error or omission. Please check your local copyright laws before accessing this PDF. If you are serious about building your vocabulary, we highly recommend you try the popular vocabularybuilding program called Ultimate Vocabulary Want the ultimate vocabulary builder? Click www.write-better-english com/ultimate-vocabulary.aspx THE CENTURY VOCABULARY BUILDER BY GARLAND GREEVER AND JOSEPH M. BACHELOR NEW YORK THE CENTURY CO. Want the ultimate vocabulary builder? Click www.write-better-english com/ultimate-vocabulary.aspx PREFACE You should know at the outset what this book does not attempt to do. It does not, save to the extent that its own special purpose requires, concern itself with the many and intricate problems of grammar, rhetoric, spelling, punctuation, and the like; or......

Words: 97231 - Pages: 389

Premium Essay

Abortion Essay Thomson Article

...A Regrettably Inadequate Defence of Abortion This essay shall examine and critique Judith Jarvis Thomson’s analogy of the sickly violinist, as it relates to the moral permissibility of abortion. I shall conclude that the analogy is ultimately too dissimilar from a general case of abortion to be an accurate representation of the mother-foetus relationship. I will further conclude that at best the analogy only provides justification for abortion in cases of rape, and when a developing foetus becomes a threat to the mother’s life. The Impermissibility Argument Much of the debate concerning the permissibility of abortion surrounds the notion of ‘personhood’, specifically whether a developing foetus qualifies as such a being. Opponents of abortion expend much energy arguing for the conferring of personhood to the moment of conception, whilst the proponents argue this would be a misclassification. One would not call a pinecone a pine tree; to label a foetus as a person is similarly inappropriate (Thomson: Page 47). Thomson argues this tact distracts from the primary concern of abortion, for even if one grants that a foetus is a person, one’s work is still ahead of them to argue against the permissibility of abortion (Thomson: Page 48). The argument runs as follows: P1: As a person, the foetus has the right to life. P2: As a person, the woman has the right of autonomy concerning her own body. P3: The right to life is more important than the right to autonomy over......

Words: 2794 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Gran Torino

...through due to his weight. Bolt goes to the mirror, and sad music begins playing. The scene changes to Bolt standing at the top of the stairs with a tennis ball in his mouth. He drops the tennis ball and a classic upbeat song starts playing. Bolt begins a rigorous exercise program to lose weight. He continues exercising as the seasons pass. Once again, Summer's arrived. Bolt hears the Volkswagen Beetle and darts out of his doggie door and successfully chases it down the street. The commercial not only advertises a new Volkswagen Beetle, it suggests improved appearance, success and, high social status are attached to ownership. Spinning off of the popular 2011 Volkswagen Passat commercial, which features Darth Vader, along with a debate between characters from Star Wars, spreads their message to fans of the movie. Choosing a classic song guarantees recurrent thoughts of the commercial. Volkswagen connects with the audience in multiple ways, such as; most people want to lose weight, and like dogs, music, success, and Star Wars. Driving the new Volkswagen Beetle will make the owner look and feel fabulous. Watching Bolt climb stairs, lift weights, run, swim, and diet over the next year so he can fit through the doggie door to chase the new body style of the Volkswagen Beetle conveys the main message of the advertisement (“The Dog Strikes Back”). Volkswagen depicts owning the new body style of the Beetle will give the incentive to work hard for a......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Globalisation and the Media

...The media coverage of the September 11 attacks and of the events following have played an important role in the affecting of the publics view about Islam, the war on terror and the Middle East. The media distorts or manipulates information that is being presented to the public. Creating a distorted view of social reality for the individual viewing. Theobald in his article ‘Mystification in the Media: from ‘Ritual Murder’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ he offers a powerful discussion about the medias portrayal of Islam, the War on Terrorism and the illusion created by modern journalism. Theobald’s in-depth analysis of the medias treatment of Islam, the war on terror and the representation of Muslims exposes the impact of the media on the comities view. Martin and Phelan’s article ‘Representing Islam in the Wake of September 11: A Comparison of US Television and CNN Online Messageboard Discourses’ uses different techniques in their article to show the reader how two different media examples, television and a CNN messageboard present information headed by the word Islam in the immediate aftermath of September 11. Where Martin and Phelan back their arguments with statistics and hard evidence, Theobald develops his argument through in-depth and detailed analysis of important news coverage. Both articles offer an in-depth insight into the medias representation surrounding the September 11 attacks and the war on terrorism. John Theobald’s discusses the issues of mass communication......

Words: 1720 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Sonnet 18 Shakespeare

...In "Sonnet 18" by Shakespeare the speaker poses a question to himself as to how to best immortalize his beloved subject. At first he compares his love to a summer's day, which the speaker sees as most beautiful. However, he finds the metaphor imperfect so he decides through internal debate and poetic expression that the best way to immortalize his love is through his own poetry. This method eternalizes both his love for her and her beauty in written words. By exploring the contrast between the subject's beauty and a summer's day, the author proves that love can withstand the course of time. The line "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day" (1) opens the speaker's debate with a comparison between his love and the season of summer; the author questions whether the beloved subject should be compared to a summer's day. In the consequent lines, the narrators begins to compare his subject to a "summer's day" and answer the question posed in line one, and right away makes the point that the subject is superior to summer, with the line "thou art more lovely and more temperate" (2). The faults of summer continue to be proven with phrases such as "rough winds" which describe summer's temporary nature. Unlike summer, "rough winds" do not shake the subject's beauty .The examples made regarding summer in the first quatrain show that summer's beauty does not last forever, it is merely a time of year that passes within a short period of time . Each subsequent comparison between his......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Creative Thinking

...Creative Thinking Name HUM/111 April 28, 2013 Yasmeen Thomas Creative Thinking Of all the political issues present in our country today, the issue of Gay Marriage is one that everyone has an opinion on. There are very few people who will ever say, “I have no opinion.” They may not want to express their opinion, but everyone will have an opinion on this topic. The Gay Marriage debate is explosive because it touches several hot buttons: religion, civil rights, homosexuality, homophobia, race and hatred. In order to properly address this issue we have to consider all sides of the issue. Not just the issue itself, but how each side feels about the issue. We have to ask if their opinions are valid or emotional. We have to ascertain whether their feelings are based on universal truths or religious fervor. By considering all sides we may come up with multiple solutions. We can also put ourselves in the opponent’s shoes and try to argue against ourselves so we can see what the other side sees. We can also take the position of an onlooker to judge the situation impartially. In a topic like this there is rarely one solution. More likely, it will be a series of imaginative compromises that will ultimately take place. As Alfred North Whitehead warned, “Fools act on imagination without knowledge; pedants act on knowledge without imagination.” Living creative means combining knowledge and imagination (Vincent Ryan Ruggiero, 2012). In order to bring groups together...

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Framning Memo

...Priya Ranade Assignment A: Framing Memo on the Individual Mandate in the Affordable Care Act of 2010 Introduction: For years, America has struggled to resolve the problem of uninsured patients in the United States healthcare system. Under President Obama’s administration, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed in March of 2010. There has been considerable debate regarding many of the provisions in this law. Although this policy was passed nearly six years ago, it is still a subject of controversy. Many in the Republican Party are supporting efforts to repeal the law. One of the most controversial stipulations in this law is an individual mandate requiring employers with 50 or more employees to buy health insurance for their workers. Under this condition, employees that do not purchase insurance for their workers will have to pay a large fine for their failure to comply with the law. The payment of the fine depends on several factors including the total number of individuals in a household that are uninsured1. Opponents of the law believe that the Affordable Care Act infringes on freedom; Americans should be able to choose how they want to spend their hard-earned money, and should not be fined if they decide not to buy health insurance. Proponents of the individual mandate believe that the rising costs of healthcare is a problem for every American, and the individual mandate will guarantee insurance for all while decreasing the total amount of capital spent on......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Seo Optimization Is a Thought Process!

...SEO Optimization is a Thought Process! Of course, SEO optimization is a thought process which uses certain search marketing rules and tolls in order to create a mind blowing and progressing business online. There are surely various online marketing methods available but SEO or you can say Search engine optimization method sis the most suitable and most successful method to opt for. At present the world of search engine marketing has been making a determining debate on the topic – “criticality of the on going process of SEO”. The search engine rank will only improve when you will be having a good and comprehensive technique and plan of SEO optimization. Experts say that SEO technique is the actual and most essential element for promoting the web sites. SEO Optimization- Exact Meaning! SEO Optimization is the art as well as science of picking the presence of your web site in order to increment the Search Engine Rankings so that more and more traffic can be driven towards your site. The content which is written with the help of SEO services makes your content completely dense with keywords so that it can fetch more customers towards it. SEO world have stated that keywords which are working today may not work tomorrow. These are simple techniques which require your common sense. You must be well aware of the method on how to work off page ad on page with the help of SEO optimization methods so that you can have a good beginning. Just go through case studies related to SEO......

Words: 524 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nature Verses Nurture

...Nature Verses Nurture The discussion on the importance of heredity and environment in human development is not new. The nature verses nurture question has been debated for years (Psychology). Nurture side of the debate considers all the environmental influences on an individual after conception. While the nature side of the debate focus on nature that which is inherited, or know as genetics. The nature verse nurture discussion has been a part of the history of psychology that goes back to Francis Galton. Galton was influenced by the book, The Origin of Species written by his cousin, Charles Darwin. The Origin of Species has been criticized for over simplifying two theories of why a lifestyle of wealth, education and privilege seems to be passed on to biological children. Galton takes credit for the phrase in his English Men of Science: Their Nature and Nurture, first published in 1874. In this book he states that nature and nurture are, "a convenient jingle of words, for it separates under two distinct heads the innumerable elements of which personality is composed. Nature is all that a man brings with himself into the world and nurture is every influence that affects him after his birth” (p.12). It is thought that how one is nurtured is what controls the psychological aspects of child development and the concept of growth applies to the biological facets of human life.  When infants bonds to the individual(s) bestowing love and affection, she/he has received,......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Media Coverage of the Army

...Media Coverage of the Army By 16 November 2005 SGM Olson Group M15 Media Coverage of the Army The American public has come to know the United States Soldier and the army through the influence of the media. The American people have formulated a certain trust and support for the American Soldier at war, because of stories told by the media. This trust and support is evident as more than half the American public is against the war in Iraq and the global war on terrorism. The Soldier and the army now become in the middle of a public opinion war because of views, stories and perceptions from the media. At the same time, the media has disrespected the American Soldier by describing American fatalities in the war as milestones. The Soldier and the army must change public opinion, and rise up with an over whelming public relations campaign telling their side of the story. The media is quick to report a head line of “American Soldier shoots Iraqi civilian”. The story reveals only a statement from the dead Iraqi’s wife who said “an American shot my husband”. All the public has seen is the head line and one side of the story. The public instantly forms perceptions against the American army. The Soldier and the army automatically become the bad guys, public opinion sways against the army, and the Soldier is under investigation. Two days later an investigation concluded that the Soldier was innocent. The...

Words: 1398 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Nature vs Nurture

...NATURE V.S. NURTURE The Nature vs. Nurture debate is one of the oldest and most commonly debated psychological conflicts around. Arguments from both sides on this subject are hard to dispute. Whether it is in our DNA or it was predisposition it’s hard to agree or disagree with either stand-point being that they both offer interesting and intriguing views that are insightful, informative and unfortunately unfounded. With that being said it’s still an argument that will continue to stand the test of time and continually be debated for centuries down the road until a definitive explanation can be fathomed. Nature vs. Nurture is a phrase for the long-standing controversy as to the relative influences of genetics versus the environment in the development of personality traits. Nature is represented by instincts and genetic influences and nurture by social influences and environment. The Nature part of this debate is influenced by the idea that we get our traits and characteristics from our DNA and nowhere else. It is easy to ascertain and prove that we get our physical traits such as eye color, hair color, height and otherphysical traits from DNA. The unknown is whether we get our more abstract traits from DNA like character, intelligence, sexuality and preferences to likes or dislikes. The Nurture side of this is debatea agrees that genetic influence is a key factor in the abstract physical traits but nothing more. It also goes on saying that the environment that......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Agreement / Addition / Similarity  in the first place, not only ... but also, as a matter of fact, in like manner, in addition coupled with, in the same fashion / way, first, second, third, İn the light of, not to mention, to say nothing of, equally important, by the same token, again, to, and, also, then, equally, identically, uniquely, like, as, too, moreover, as well as, together with, of course, likewise, comparatively, correspondingly, similarly, furthermore, additionally   Opposition / Limitation / Contradiction  although this may be true, in contrast, different from, of course ..., but, on the other hand, on the contrary, at the same time, in spite of, even so / though be that as it may, then again, Above all, in reality, after all, but, (and) still, unlike, or, (and) yet, while, albeit, besides, as much as, even though, although, instead whereas, despite, conversely, otherwise, however, rather, nevertheless, nonetheless, regardless, notwithstanding   Cause / Condition / Purpose in the event that, granted (that), as / so long as, on (the) condition (that), for the purpose of, with this intention, with this in mind, in the hope that, to the end that, for fear that, in order to, seeing / being that, in view of, If, ... then, unless,  when, whenever, while, because of, as, since, while, lest, in case, provided that, given that, only / even if, so that, so as to, ......

Words: 1538 - Pages: 7