Deception

In: English and Literature

Submitted By goshsoorandom
Words 498
Pages 2
“The interrogation is critical to any criminal investigation. A suspect might lie or tell the truth, they may be innocent or guilty. Interrogation is a high stakes game. Too much pressure and an innocent person might confess to a crime they didn’t commit.” National Geographic’s

“Nothing but the Truth” This is a concept held by many to be the ultimate goal of interrogation. But, from research, deception is a common technique used by interrogators against the accused. In the Oxford Dictionary deceive is defined as deliberately causing someone to believe something that is not true, especially for personal gain. It is said to bring out the truth by using a lie, but is it really ethical?

There are three types of false confessions:
Voluntary false confessions are made without external pressure.
Compliant false confessions happen when a suspect confesses to the crime just to get out of the interrogative situation.
Internalised false confessions occur when the accused starts believing that they have committed the crime.

In a criminal case documented by National Geographic’s, in 1988 a 12 year old girl was killed and police believed her 14 year old brother had killed her. The detective told him if he did not confess he would be tried as an adult and if he confessed he would get help. This was a lie. The detectives in a 10 hour interrogation finally led to him confessing to the crime. Luckily, DNA later revealed that he was innocent.

There is a misconception amongst arrogant interrogators that they would know a false confession when they hear one. However, it is virtually impossible to tell the difference because they seem exactly the same.

The more vulnerable of our society are children and mentally unstable people namely because they are more subject to influence. This does not mean ordinary and intelligent people are not susceptible to a false…...

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