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Definition Essay for Freedom

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CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

Be able to state the cell theory. ALL ORGANISMS MADE OF CELLS; CELLS BASIC UNIT OF STRUCTURE & FUNCTION; CELLS COME FROM EXISTING CELLS

Know the people responsible for the cell theory. VIRCHOW, SCHLEIDEN, & SCHWANN

How do cells compare is size? PLANT CELL > ANIMAL CELL > BACTERIAL CELL

CELL MEMBRANE:
What are cell membranes made of? PHOSPHOLIPIDS & PROTEINS How are membranes arranged? PHOSPHOLIPIDS make a BILAYER with POLAR HEADS FACING OUT and HYDROPHOBIC TAILS FACING IN
Which molecule in cell membranes helps cells recognize “self”? GLYCOPROTEINS
What is the cell membrane’s function? CONTROLS WHAT ENTERS AND LEAVES CELL; HOMEOSTASIS
What do we call membranes that allow certain molecules pass through and keep others out? = SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE

NUCLEUS:
What is the nucleus like? Has a DOUBLE MEMBRANE and CONTAINS DNA
What structure surrounds the DNA and controls what enters and leaves the nucleus? : NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
What is the dark spot in the nucleus called? NUCLEOLUS
What is the job of the nucleolus? MAKES RIBOSOMES
What do we call DNA that is TIGHTLY PACKED in DIVIDING CELLS? = CHROMOSOMES
What do we call DNA that is SPREAD OUT in NON-DIVIDING CELLS? = CHROMATIN
What is the function of the nucleus? CONTROL CENTER of cell; CONTAINS DNA

CYTOPLASM:
What is the gel-like material and organelles called inside the cell membrane? CYTOPLASM

MITOCHONDRIA:
Looks like/Made of ?: Have a DOUBLE MEMBRANE and OWN DNA
What is the folded inner membrane called? = CRISTAE
What is the function of mitochondria? POWERPLANT
What molecules is burned for fuel in mitochondria? BURNS GLUCOSE
Mitochondria store the energy released from burning glucose as which molecule? ATP

GOLGI BODIES:
Made of: MEMBRANE SACS
Looks like: STACK OF PANCAKES
What is the function of Golgi bodies? SORT...

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