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Definition of Nursng

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Describe the definition of nursing as put forward by the American Nurses Association. How does it address the metaparadigm theories of nursing?
The ANA defines nursing as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations” (American Nurses Association website, 2015).The metaparadigm theories of nursing is comprised of four parts: person, health, environment, and nursing. Person: The first metaparadigm concept refers to the patient himself or herself and can also refer to the patient’s family member and friends. Nurses should be aware of this and should empower the patient and their family members and friends to help manage the patient’s health as a team. Health: The second metaparadigm concept refers to the patient’s wellness as well as his or her access to healthcare. Nurses should be aware of the patient’s level of wellness or illness as experienced by each patient. Nurses should be aware that the term “health” is a not an absolute term but a relative term. Each patient’s genetic factor, age and emotion are different from the other patient. Environment: The third metaparadigm concept refers to the patient’s environment. Nurses should be aware of the patient’s environment such as the patient’s mental state, geographic location, culture and personal relationships. Nursing: The fourth metaparadigm...

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