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Dental X-Ray Analysis

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Dental X-Ray Image Analysis by Using Image Processing Techniques

Qno.1. Identify the tools and technologies used in the paper. Elaborate or give details of all the tools used in the paper.

In this paper author focused on to detect dental Caries. It is diseases that should be occurs in to teeth, so author used different digital image processing tools and techniques such as, Dental X-Rays, Image Processing, Image Segmentation and Binarization these all of defined and elaborate Below.

1. Dental X-Rays
2. Image Processing
a) Image segmentation
b) Binarization dental x-ray image is used by the dentist for the diagnosis and treatment purpose such as root canal treatment, detection of different factor similar to the
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Intraoral X-rays: These types of Dental X-Rays are mostly taken in your life . These X-rays are very essential that provide lot of help to your dentist to identify caries, check the health of the tooth root and bone adjacent the tooth, check the condition of developing teeth, and check up the all-purpose health of your teeth and jawbone.
Extraoral X-rays: These are also show teeth, but their main focus is the jaw and skull. Instead of finding caries or other diseases. These are used for looking of impacted teeth, examine development of the jaws in relation to the teeth, and to recognize potential problems between teeth and jaw and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or other bones of the face.
Types of intraoral X-rays:
1.1 Bite-wing X-rays To show details of the upper and lower teeth from area of the mouth . All bite-wing illustrate a tooth starting its crown to as regards the altitude of the behind bone. These are used to identify decay between teeth and changes in bone density reason through gum disease. They are also useful in determining the suitable fit of a crown (or cast restoration) and the marginal integrity of
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Each periapical X-ray shows this full tooth dimension and a part of either the upper or lower jaw includes all the teeth. Periapical X-ray abnormalities of the root structure and surrounding bone structure used for detection.
1.3 Occlusal X-rays are larger and show full tooth development and placement. Each X-ray expose the whole arch of teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.
Types of extraoral X-rays :
2.1 Panoramic X-rays illustrate the whole mouth region and all the teeth either upper and lower jaws on a single X-ray. Special X-Ray machine are require for use them. This type of X-ray is useful for identify the place of fully emerged as well as emerging teeth, categorize impacted teeth, and aiding in the analysis of tumors.
2.2 Tomograms This type of X-ray is useful for examining structures that are difficult to clearly see – for instance, because other structures are in very close proximity to the structure to be viewed .show a particular layer or "slice" of the mouth while blurring out all other layers..
2.3 Cephalometric projections show the entire side of the head. This type of X-ray is useful for examining the teeth in relation to the jaw and profile of the individual. Orthodontists use this type of X-ray to develop their treatment

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