Premium Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By tynese53
Words 1797
Pages 8
Business Ethics 560a | Test Unit 5 | | | |

Take Home Test –Business Ethics for Healthcare Institutions,
1.Describe the Tripartite Ethics Theory by answering the questions below : * What is the primary decision criterio for each of the following theories ?
a.Utilitarianism – The primary decision criterion for utilitarianism is if a decision or act would lead to the greatest good for the greatest number of people. An example would be a patient is on the waiting list for an organ and as a result decides to make a sizeable donation to the hospital..Because of this donation the hospital will benefit tremendously and as a result the patient’s status on the waiting list changes. One large problem with Utilitarianism is that it justifies things that are clearly immoral if such act produces a maximization of consequences. Utilitarianism can be used to justify punishment or enslaving a small group of people if such acts produce a maximization of consequences .But such an act is clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number.
c.Virtue Ethics.- Virtue ethics is a person rather than action based: it looks at the virtue or moral character of the person carrying out an action, rather than at ethical duties and rules, or the consequences of particular actions. Based upon virtual ethics a person’s character would come into play when deciding on consequences for any inappropriate actions. The decision criterion here would be focused on the person’s character make-up (e.g. stealing from the company consequences would be based upon the character make-up not the actual offense. * What character should I show ?
(Genesis 22:1 God refines us during difficult circumstances) b.Deontology – rights can be positive such as the right to be treated equal and a right to education or a negative such as the right not to be discriminated...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...STRENGTHS OF DENTOLOGY: Deontology is based on duties and rights and respects individuals as ends in themselves. It places value on the intentions of the individual (rather than the outcomes of any action) and focuses on rules, obligations and duties. Deontology requires absolute adherence to these obligations and acting from duty is viewed as acting ethically. The deontological thinkers tend to think about care delivered through a long term continuous relationship. To them breaking care up into smaller fragments is a denial of what caring is really about. They maintain equity and considers every individual equally and worthy of protection. Motivation is valued over consequences, which are beyond our control. An immoral motive cannot be justifies by unforeseen good consequences but a good motive is worthy of value. It provides guidelines for making moral decisions , without the need for lengthy calculation of possible outcomes. It recognises the value of moral absolutes that do not change with time or culture. Deontology sports a fair trial of right or wrong as it depends on a universally accepted morality approach. It also makes the philosopher study both sides of a situation without compromising the outcomes. WEAKNESS OF DENTOLOGY: Deontology: One of the key criticisms in healthcare is that applying a strictly deontological approach to healthcare can lead to conflicts of interest between equally entitled individuals which can be difficult or even seemingly......

Words: 611 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Green Business

...challenges of maintaining social responisibility through the enviroment while at the same time generate profits for their shareholders. Can a business achieve both goals without jeopordizing their economic value? In order to answer this we analyze three factors that directly affect green business strategies. Ethical consideration – Ethical consideration happens on four different levels: personal, economical, societal/enviromental, and technological. Throughly analyzing each level of consideration creates a much better understanding of different morals and values in our society. Ethical Theories – Can ethical theories be applied to help assist leaders to make more informed decisions towards developing eco-friendly principles? Based on the dentology theory and the four fundamental questions using Kantian ethics, we determined that establishing a eco-friendly principle could become a moral law. Ethical Decision-making process – Businesses that integreate a decision-making process revolving around eco-friendly core, will establish a interal company culture that will guide them to make the nessisary decisions to consistantly be enviromentally aware. Based on the findings in the report, we can conclude that it is possible for businesses to maintain a desirable level of profits and at the same time become a green business. Introduction Henry Ford once said, “Thank God men cannot fly, and lay waste the sky as well as the earth.” In today’s society, small businesses......

Words: 2250 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Insider Trading

...Singapore law states that price sensitive information belongs to the company. However, the arguments made in “Property rights” push for the case that if this information does belong to the organization, then it is the organization’s right to allow its employees to use it for insider trading. Let us examine these arguments. Who does price-sensitive information belong to? The employees who create this price sensitive information are empowered by the finances and reputation of the firm. Without this, they can’t make decisions that create this information. For example, the CEO of a company can’t go on a joint venture with another company to create a new product if he doesn’t have the resources of the firm at his disposal. The employees may disagree and would otherwise disagree may argue that it was their skills and ability that allowed this price sensitive information to be created. Yet, an employment contract means that an employee allows and employer to is already a contract between the employer and the employee to allow the use theof an employee’s skills and abilities for the benefit of the company in exchange for remuneration. The employee is going to be already being rewarded for his work and claiming ownership of the information would otherwise thus be a breach of a contract. Thus, let us take the position that price sensitive information is created by and belongs to the company. The company has the right to do what it wills wants with the information. So it is firm......

Words: 1391 - Pages: 6