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Depression: Unipolar and Bipolar Disorders

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Depression: Unipolar and Bipolar Disorders Almost everyone experiences mood changes in their lives. They feel happy or elated when things are going their way. Maybe Dave got a raise at work or Gary caught a glimpse of the pretty girl he has a crush on. They feel sad or upset when things are not going their way. Perhaps Becky’s television went shot or Marilyn just found out her favorite uncle has cancer. These feelings are normal and usually do not last very long. When feelings of intense sadness or feelings or extreme elation last for a long time and they interfere with normal functioning they are considered to be mood disorders such as depression or mania (Comer, 2011, p. 193). Depression is a sad, low state where life seems dark and overwhelming (Comer, 2011, p. 193). Mania is a state of frenzied energy or breathless euphoria where a person may have an exaggerated belief that the world is theirs for the taking (Comer, 2011, p. 193). Mania and depression are the two key emotions in mood disorders and most people who have one usually only suffer from depression, which is called unipolar depression (Comer, 2011, p. 193). These people have no history of mania and may return to a normal or a near normal mood when their depression lifts where other people may have periods of mania that alternate with their periods of depression, which is called bipolar disorder (Comer, 2011, p. 193). Unipolar depression and bipolar disorder are similar in some aspects but very different in others. People who suffer from either should seek help from healthcare professionals. Unipolar depression is where a person feels depressed all the time. It is also referred to as clinical depression which is a very common illness that affects more than 19 million people each year of any age, race, or ethnic group (Mental Health America, Depression, 2012). Unipolar depression affects almost 17...

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