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Describe the Definition of Nursing by the American Nurses Association

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Describe the definition of nursing as put forward by the American Nurses Association.
The American Nurses Association defines nursing as, "the protection, promotion and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through diagnosis and treatment of health response and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities and populations." While developing a trusting and caring relationship with your patient is important, it does not come close to involving all aspects of the definition of nurses today. Nurses today are educators, promoters, spokespersons, and researchers. How does it address the metaparadigm theories of nursing?
The ANA's definition of nursing and the 4 major components of the nursing metaparadigm (person, health, environment and nursing) are closely intertwined. When we consider the first major component, person, we understand that we do not look at a patient individually or just consider their illness. Nurses are to take a holistic approach and consider mind, body and soul. With this it is also important to consider the cultural and religious beliefs of the patient. In doing so we are protecting our patient and becoming an advocate. As educators we are focused on the health of our patients, the second major component is the nursing metaparadigm. This encompasses the ANA's definition referring to promotion, optimization and prevention of illness and injury. By teaching our patients simple things such as wear a helmet when riding a bike, get your vaccinations, and frequent hand washing we are helping to prevent injury and illness. Teaching also empowers individuals to take an active part in their wellbeing, promoting and optimizing health. When considering environment we must open our eyes and realize that it expands outside of the hospital room. Environment consists of the...

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