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Describe the Health Belief Model

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bellamacneill
Words 269
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Describe the Health Belief Model (10)

The health belief model is a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors, focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals does this. It is used to predict the uptake of health behaviors based on several factors. The more factors that are present in a particular situation, the more likely you are to behave healthily. Health behaviors include giving something up (smoking), refusing to try something (drugs), regularly checking your health (self-examination), regularly preventing problems (brushing your teeth). According to the health belief model, the likelihood that individuals will carry out a health behavior depends directly on two assessments that they make- evaluating the threat and the cost-benefits analysis.

Evaluating the threat of a certain behavior entails considering how serious one believes the behavior to be and susceptibility of the behavior. In regards to the costs-benefit analysis one is believed to consider whether the perceived benefits of changing behavior exceed the perceived barriers. An example of benefits could include improved health and relief from anxiety. Some examples of barriers could include financial instability and situational problems (getting to a gym).

Becker’s study used the HBM to explain mum’s adherence to a drug regimen (i.e routine for taking medication) for their asthmatic children. The study confirms the HBM is an accurate predictor of the likelihood of a parent giving the medication. Becker proved a correlation between beliefs reported during interviews and compliance with administration of asthma medication (also self-reported). A blood test was used on some participants to confirm the validity of the self-report.

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