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Describe the Definition of Nursing as Put Forward by the American Nurses Association. How Does It Address the Metaparadigm Theories of Nursing

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The American Nurses Association (ANA) describes nursing as the “protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations”. (ANA website, 2014) The metaparadigm of nursing provides a framework to better understand the four major components for the nursing profession: person, health, environment and nursing. Treating the person as a whole and realizing that each patient is an individual and may responded differently is very important. What may work for one patient may not work for another. As a nurse, we must recognize this and advocate for our patients, as we are the ones that are with them for 8, 10 or 12 hours a day. Again, when we find that a treatment is not working for a patient it is imperative that we communicate this with other members of the care team. Nurses are also key in education of the patient and their families, often times because of the stressors the patient is going through they are not able to focus, concentrate or retain the information that is taught. Involving the patient’s support system in the education, will often help to provide better outcomes by preventing reoccurrence or further injury. When a bedside nurse recognizes that a patient may still need more education she should bring in the appropriate members of the care team. This could encompass a pharmacist to provide additional teaching on medication, a dietitian to provide information on the appropriate foods to eat/avoid, a patient navigator to assist with resources for a cancer diagnosis, a case manager to provide information on additional classes in the community. Through all of these actions, we work together to promote optimal health and abilities of our patients. “A...

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