Premium Essay

Description of Non-Governmental Organizations

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lukasschwamm
Words 547
Pages 3
Description of Non-Governmental Organizations Any attempts to explore the performance management practices of NGOs must begin with an explanation what non-governmental organizations or non-profit organizations in general are and principally what their field of activity consists of. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and non-profit organizations (NPOs) are a diverse group of organizations, which play different roles and take very different shapes and forms within and across different countries. NGOs work both independently and alongside bilateral aid agencies from developed countries, private-sector infrastructure operators, self-help associations, and local governments (Hamed-Ur-Rehman, 2012). Salomon und Anheimer (1999) developed the idea that NGOs in general show five key characteristics. They are (a) organized and follow a certain institutional common goal, (b) they separate themselves from the government and are private corporations, (c) they do not return profit to investors ore owners, (d) they are completely autonomous and decide over there activities on their own and (e) they base on a voluntary member or worker platform. According to Enahoro and Nwaobia (2012) NGOs play an essential part in the development process of civil societies and contribute to the economic development in developing countries. Furthermore Enahoro and Nwaobia refer to NGOs as private organizations that pursue finalities of public interest though raising of new resources, creating new services for the indigent public or companies that seek help with the launch of a certain product or business model in an unknown region, and by encouraging empowerment und participation. In general NGOs run projects and participate in projects where they see the potential for value creation on the public side, especially for people and communities in the need of help. Refunding of their own...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Application Form Instructions

...provide a brief introduction to the current social and economic situation related to the geographic region and beneficiaries of the project. The background should also describe: a. The problem or critical issue which the proposal seeks to resolve b. How the proposal relates to other relevant national development strategies and policies c. Whether there are other programmes and activities which will complement the proposal d. How the need for the project was determined e. How intended beneficiaries were involved in project identification and planning f. What kind of assistance the concerned Governmental offices will provide g. What kind of resources the Implementing Agency and other non-governmental organizations will provide. If a non-governmental organization has prepared the proposal, it is important to describe how concerned Governmental officials were made aware of and/or were involved in project formulation. Finally, the section should describe the relevant experience and capabilities of the...

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...David Bayley and Clifford Shearing: The New Structure of Policing: Descriptions, Conceptualization and Research Agenda Policing is being reconstructed worldwide. Its distinguishing features are (a) the separation of those who authorize policing from who do it and (b) the transference of both functions away from government The change in policing cannot be understood in customary terms. It is often mischaracterized for example as privatization. Because the distinction between public and private domain becomes problematic in the new policing, the more appropriate description for what is occurring is multilateralization—as host of non governmental groups have assumed responsibility for their own protection, and a host of nongovernmental agencies have undertake to provide security services Crucial distinction is made between the auspices and providers of policing. Auspices are groups (and sometimes individuals) that explicitly and self-consciously take upon themselves the responsibility for organizing their own protection. Providers are groups that actually do the policing. In the old paradigm of policing government had responsibility for articulating security needs and for developing institutions to meet them. This has changed auspices can either be public (govt) or private (nongovt) Governments were the organizational auspices for formulating demand for policing, and they were the providers who supplied it. These two functions have become separate it has become acceptable......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Attachment Report

...Introduction This report is a short description of my four month internship carried out as compulsory component of the MSc. Biology. The internship was carried out within the organization Faunagua (Bolivia) in 2009. Since my I am interested in animal ecology and especially of cetaceans, the work was concentrated on the river dolphin, Inia boliviensis, a unique species dolphin species for this country. At the beginning of the internship I formulated several learning goals, which I wanted to achieve:  to understand the functioning and working conditions of a non-governmental organization;  to see what is like to work in a professional environment;  to see if this kind of work is a possibility for my future career;  to use my gained skills and knowledge;  to see what skills and knowledge I still need to work in a professional environment;  to learn about the organizing of a research project (planning, preparation, permissions etc.)  to learn about research methodologies (field methods/methods to analyze data)  to get fieldwork experience/collect data in an environment unknown for me;  to get experience in working in another country/with persons from another culture;  to enhance my communication skills;  to build a network. This internship report contains my activities that have contributed to achieve a number of my stated goals. In the following chapter a description of the organization Faunagua and the activities is given. After this a reflection......

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Internationa Law

...Question 1. Explain the different international organizations Answer: 1. Introduction This section reviews the complete range of international organizations. The conventional categories used are first examined, then various ways of distinguishing between the many kinds of organization and degrees of "internationality" are considered. The problem of borderline cases is discussed, together with non-organizational substitutes for organizations and possible alternative forms of organization. Quantitative information on the growth of international institutions and indicative data on regional organizations are also presented. A major difficulty in obtaining some understanding of international organizations is the variety of organizational forms which need to be considered. Abstract classification schemes, particularly when simplified for convenience, tend to conceal the existence of well-developed groups of organizations with distinct features. The approach employed here has been to use several different ways of breaking up the range of organizations and to cite several examples of organizations of any particular type. The intent is not to put forward a new systematic classification of international organizations but rather to facilitate an appreciation of the variety of bodies which could be incorporated into any such scheme. A comment on the three conventional categories used (intergovernmental, international non-governmental non-profit, and multinational......

Words: 16790 - Pages: 68

Premium Essay


...and Government organizations. I have been involved in Financial management and management audits of various organizations. This include Project Planning and Management, development of Accounting Systems and internal control systems, Budget Management on Donor funded Non-Governmental Organizations, Project Management, Finance and Management Accounting and Staff Performance appraisal, both private and public sector Organizations. Currently am managing the Regional Finance and Administration as supervisor in the East and Southern Africa Region and I have been responsible for coming up with policies and procedures that are in line with the organizations’ long term strategies. This involved review of existing structures, and Advising management on possible implementation procedures and processes and the costs/benefits associated with them. I have therefore had to work with consultants and different authorities in order to accomplish these goals. The job is based in Uganda but I receive reports from all the above mentioned countries through email on a monthly basis by the 5th of every month, import into ACCPAC and send the consolidated report to our headquarters in Canada by the 15th of the month. All Financial management is undertaken through correspondence on mail and Skype and due to the varying time difference, ( +6 and -8 GMT)constant access to internet is of utmost importance While with Save the Children Denmark, I worked with Partner organizations and......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Quincy Il Municipal Financial Report

...and accounting practices for those funds as well as anomalies that arise from reviewing the report. In addition five relevant ratios will be used to assist in summarizing the financial condition of the city. The major governmental funds used by the city include the General Fund, the Motor Fuel Tax Fund, and the State and Federal Grants Funds. The Motor Fuel Tax Fund is used for projects financed by the Motor Fuel Tax which is assembled and dispersed by the State of Illinois. The State and Federal Grants funds are financed by grants from state and federal governments and are used to support community development and housing. Although this may seem understandable, there is no mention in the report of what “community development” actually means. What is known, however, is that these grants are legally restricted to specific uses. The General Fund accounts for all revenues and expenses not allocated specifically to other funds. Governmental funds not considered major include Special Revenue Fund, Capital Project Fund, Debt Service Fund, and Permanent Funds. The name of the Permanent Fund does not in any way describe what it is for, but notes to the financial statements indicate that it accounts for the City’s revolving loan funds. Besides the Governmental Funds the city also maintains Proprietary Funds and Fiduciary Funds. Types of Proprietary Funds include the Enterprise Funds which consist of the Water Fund, Sewer Fund, and Quincy Regional Airport Fund, and the......

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...population” (Creswell, 2009, p. 12). This study will involve a questionnaire, used like a structured interview for collecting data to assist with answering the three research questions; and intended to generalize a sample population of five NGOs (Babbie, 1990 cited in Creswell, 2009, p. 12). B. CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH APPROACH The characteristics of case study research embody the following (derived from Creswell, 2009, p. 175-176): multiple sources of data; theoretical lens; and participant meaning.. First, multiple sources of data may include: observation, case studies related to humanitarian organizations, documentation from humanitarian organization’s source to donors, and other mass media and social media available. Additionally, the study will use framing theory as its guiding approach and how it relates to soft power theory, to understand how humanitarian organizations develop their messages. Finally, the participant meaning by reviewing the responses NGOs have toward the research questions to view “the meaning that the participants hold about the problem or issue, not the meaning that the reaserchers bring to the research or writers express in the literature”(Creswell, 2009, p. 176). C. RESEARCH STRATEGY AThis research offers an appropriate strategy for three primary reasons. First, it develops the landscape of understanding for theoretical frames related to soft power of NGOs. Secondly, , the collected survey data is representative of NGOs......

Words: 2988 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...Introduction Ethics and compliance play a tremendous factor in the overall success of an organization. They are excellent tactics for building organizational trust and transparency. Ethics and compliance empowers the organization to minimize risk and maximize your culture of integrity. (Global Compliance and Ethics, para. 1) In this paper we will examine the ethics and compliance of Pepsi-Cola. After obtaining the organization’s annual report and SEC filings for the past three years we will examine and analyze the data addressing ethical issues; the role of ethics and compliance in Pepsi-Cola’s financial environment. A description of the procedures Pepsi-Cola has in place to ensure ethical behaviour will be given. The processes that the organization uses to comply with SEC regulations will be identified. An evaluation of the organizations financial performance during the past three years will be given using financial rations for each given year. Lastly, a discussion of the three-year trend for each ration and what it tells about the organization’s financial health will be given. Role of Ethics and Compliance in Pepsi-Cola The Pepsi-Cola company is strongly committed to delivering sustained growth through empowered people acting responsibly and building trust, (PepsiCo Inc., 2010). Pepsi-Cola aspires to be a environmentally and socially responsible company and upholds their commitment with six guiding principles: Take care of the customers and......

Words: 1893 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT JOB ADVERT THE INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (C&D) IS A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION WORKING IN KARAMOJA CARRING OUT ITS ACTIVITIES IN VARIOUS DEVELOPMENTAL SECTORS. C&D IS CURRENTLY IMPLEMENTING YOUTH VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROJECT AND IS LOOKING FOR COMPETENT AND SUITABLE CANDIDATES TO FILL THE POSITIONS AS LISTED BELOW: Position: Data officer Job descriptions * Prioritize and perform data entry clerical duties in an organized manner. * Process paperwork and enter data in appropriate databases. * Administer data and implement various solutions to increase efficiency of project team.  * Process and manage data relating to students’ progress and other records. * Keep confidentiality of the information availed to you by virtue of your position. * Perform analysis on all data relating to the programme. * Retrieve data and share it as may be required with the guidance and counselors. * Resolve discrepancies by using standard verification procedures. Qualification And Requirements. * Diploma certificate in computers related courses * Experience of working with Microsoft Access & Excel, and SQL Ability to work as part of a team and Independently * Flexible approach towards working patterns and environment. * Experience of dealing with large scale data analysis * Experience in ensuring the standards of data protection and......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gender Inequality

...disparities in education before year 2015. The countries also did believe that achievement of this goal would lead to subsequent achievement of the rest of the goals. Contrary to all these concerns, the concept of gender equality has led to unequal issues in the society after extreme concentration on one gender. Some of the methods are in clear illustration in the two articles on the description. Article 1 summary The article is under the Publishers. It title is Bridging the pay gap between the gender. In this article, the author is concerned of the pay gap that still exists among men and women. The gap is often in many times overlooked, or used as a factor of determining the success in women. Source of data from United States Bureau of Labor Statistics reveals the facts, through the statistics demonstrating the women’s median weekly earnings did shoot at 80% in comparison with men. It demonstrates a great improvement from the previous indicator, which did reveal that women made 62% what men did make. Moreover, the article also reveals of information from Catalyst, which is a non-profit corporate...

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Human Rights

...UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI MA IN HUMAN RIGHRTS CHR 613 CIVIL SOCIETY AND HUMAN RIGHTS MONITORING Instructor: Dr Busalile Jack Mwimali 1. Course Description This course explores the right to freedom of association and assembly; the role of civil society in the promotion and protection of human rights. It looks at the trade union movement, religious organizations and the campaign for equal rights. The role played by student bodies, professional societies; and non-governmental organizations in human rights monitoring will be addressed. The students will also be taken through the role played by women’s organizations, consumer societies and the cooperative movement in monitoring human rights in Kenya. 2. Objective of the Course: The broader aim of this course is to provide students with practical guidance on how to monitor human rights. It will introduce learners to the doctrine and methodology of human rights monitoring. Students will acquire theoretical and practical knowledge on the principles and methods of human rights monitoring as well as monitoring of specific institutions and situations. 3. Assessment The course will be graded as follows: 1. 2. 3. Course work (40 points); Final exam (60 points) Class presentation (10 points). The final exam will be open-book. You will be allowed to carry into the exam room any material that you believe will be of use, save for “notes” you made/possess. To achieve a pass in this course you must obtain at least 40 marks. It is......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Law Paper

...goods is not lost. Account: a right to payment of a monetary obligation, whether or not earned by performance, (A) for property that has been or is to be sold, leased, licensed, assigned, or otherwise disposed of, (B) for services rendered or to be rendered, (C) for a policy of insurance issued or to be issued, (D) for a secondary obligation incurred or to be incurred, (E) for energy provided or to be provided, (F) for the use or hire of a vessel under a charter or other contract, (G) arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card, or (H) as winnings in a lottery or other game of chance operated or sponsored by a State, governmental unit of a State, or person licensed or authorized to operate the game by a State or governmental unit of a State or (ii) any credit device account. The term includes health-care-insurance receivables. The term does not include (i) rights to payment evidenced by chattel paper or an instrument, (ii) commercial tort claims, (iii) deposit accounts, (iv) investment property, (v) letter-of-credit rights or letters of credit, or (vi) rights to payment for money or funds advanced or sold, other than rights arising out of (A) the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card or (B) a credit device account. Account debtor: a person obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. The term does not include persons obligated to......

Words: 7135 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Financial Reporting and Standard Setting by the Sec, Fasb, Iasb, and, Gasb

... Abstract In the accounting industry there are different organizations that have been established to design, implement, and oversee accounting standards and financial presentation processes. Such organizations include the Securities Exchange Commission, SEC, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, FASB, the International Accounting Standards Board, IASB, and the Governmental Accounting Standards Board, GASB. Each of these organizations works closely with the others to attempt to provide the accounting industry with a similar, if not identical, set of accounting standards that align with those of the U.S. GAAP – Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and IFRS – International Financial Reporting Standards. The strengths and weaknesses of these organizations identify their similarities and differences and enable the organizations to continue to grow with the finance and accounting industries. In the accounting industry there are several different organizations specifically designed to set, maintain, and regulate accounting standards and financial statement presentation. Among these organizations are the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, the International Accounting Standards Board, or IASB, and the Governmental Accounting Standards Board, or GASB. Each organization was established to carry out specific purposes, and handles the accounting standard......

Words: 1963 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Organizational Design Paper

...external factors. An organization may follow different designs at different stages of the organization. According to Carroll and Rudolph (2006), “clinicians and managers must design and redesign for their organizations at different organizational stages” (p. i8). The organization this paper will focus on is a non-profit organization operated by a local volunteer board of trustees. Southeastern Health has 452 beds, treats 14,000 inpatients and 76,000 emergency patients annually, consisting of acute, intensive, and behavioral health services. The following paper will identify the type of organizational design of Southeastern health, the internal and external factors defining and shaping this organization in terms of size, organizational structure and processes, and how the demand for more accountability is affecting the behavior of this organization. Internal Factors Internal factors affecting the design of Southeastern Health are the mission and vision, structure, policies and procedures, organizational strategies, and services. The mission and vision of this organization represents its dedication to the community it serves. The vision is to be recognized as the regional health care provider of choice and the mission is to provide quality regional health care in a safe, compassionate, and efficient environment (Southeastern Health, 2013). All internal operations are in line with the mission and vision of the......

Words: 1355 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Foreign Direct Investment

...STYLIZED FACTS ON FFD FLOWS TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Figure 1: Correlation between FDI and some of its determinants i)Correlation with Haman Capital ii) Correlation with institution iii) Correlation with infrastructure iv) Correlation with market size v) Correlation with macroeconomic stability Description The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project reports aggregate and individual governance indicators for 213 economies over the period 1996-2009, for six dimensions of governance: Voice and Accountability Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism Government Effectiveness Regulatory Quality Rule of Law Control of Corruption The aggregate indicators combine the views of a large number of enterprise, citizen and expert survey respondents in industrial and developing countries. The individual data sources underlying the aggregate indicators are drawn from diverse variety of survey institutes, think tanks, non-governmental organizations, and international organizations. Detailed documentation of the WGI, interactive tools for exploring the data, and full access to the underlying source data available at The WGI are produced by Daniel Kaufmann (Brookings Institution), Aart Kraay (World Bank Development Research Group) and Massimo Mastruzzi (World Bank Institute). Please cite Kaufmann, Daniel, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi (2010).The......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2