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Develop Emergency Action Plan

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Develop Emergency action plan
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Develop Emergency action plan.
Introduction.
A general behavior model is an approach used in the risk management based on the situations of the cases. The steps of this model seek to establish the factors likely to increase the risk and how such variables can be circumvented or resolved within good time (Cheremisinoff & Rosenfeld, 2009).
Assessment of stressor event. Stress to the fuel tank can result from falling objects of the large housing development nearby or from any of the four functioning pumps. The source of the stressors can be thermal, human, chemical or mechanical factors on the system.
Assessment of the container breach. After the intense impact on any of the four underground tanks at the petrol station, there could be breaks and breaches on it causing communication with the environment. The breach on the underground storage tanks can result from detonation, explosion, spill, leak or rapid release.
Checking the petrol, diesel release. A breached underground tank can release the fuel to the environment, either through the pumps or any other broken part of the container. Both petrol and diesel can be released in the form of either vapor or liquid depending on the prevailing environmental temperatures. The danger zone likely to be engulfed by petrol or diesel at the petrol station include the convenience store, the cashier and the sales service center. Also, the fuel can reach the city park ground and the baseball pitch from behind the petrol station. Other parts that are likely to become engulfed by the matter lie across the road in the brisk business and the elementary school project. The spreading of the fuel is likely to be highly facilitated by the concrete floor of the service station.
Assessment of the exposures likely to be impinged by the fuel. This situation present such exposures as the city park ground, the baseball pitch, the cashier and the sales service center. The fuel is also likely to impinge the heavily wooded area near the city park grounds and the area occupied by the brisk business and the elementary school. Permanent impingement of the service station’s area is likely to happen because of its proximity to the fuel tanks and the pumps.
The likely harm on the exposures. The likely harm on the exposures includes fire and environment pollution. Both petrol and diesel are inflammable. If the two fuels are exposed to fire, they can cause a dangerous fire outbreak. The risk of is heightened by the existence of numerous combustible substances in the environment. The heavy wooded area behind the petrol station can cause the fire to spread to long distances, especially on windy days. The fire would cause radiation harm to the structures, buildings and people. On the other hand, chemical harm would result from the contamination of the environment with diesel and petrol (Cheremisinoff & Rosenfeld, 2009).
Recommendations for preventing spills or releases. In order to stop the risk of fire, one of the best suggestions is to keep the sumps clean and empty. It is also recommendable to keep the spills bucket clean and empty. Moreover, the management should ensure a properly working and calibrated automatic tank gauge. It is also recommendable to maintain a leak-free piping sump as well as the dispenser area. This practice would help detect problems before any release happens. Additionally, it is recommendable to install tanks and pipes that are corrosion –protected as a proactive approach to disaster preparedness. Also, the internal inspection of the tanks should be carried out periodically and records kept to provide the management with the necessary information (Bersani, 2008). Another recommendation is the checking of the metal piping systems for corrosion and replacements where applicable. The underground storage tanks should be inspected periodically to help detect the leaking ones and remove them where applicable.
Response actions required in the event of a spill or release. In case of a spill at the petrol station, one should follow the laid out steps to prevent the immense danger associated with the petrol. A four step protocol can be utilized to help successfully respond to the petroleum spill. The first step is to stop the spill. This action should be carried out by qualified and well-equipped personnel to do it safely. Turning off the nozzle should be the first action if it can be done safely. In case a hole is detected, one can use band or putty to seal it. The second action should be to recover or contain the release or spill. This action involves taking the catching the flowing fuel using pans or holding its flow using absorbent materials. This action prevents the spread of the fuel to the areas surrounding the source. The third action is the collection of the absorbent material with the fuel contained in it. This step involves sweeping the material as a way to remove it from the site. The last step is the securing of the waste in the sorbent material as a way to control any further risks (Cheremisinoff & Rosenfeld, 2009).

References.
Bersani, C. (2008). Advanced technologies and methodologies for risk management in the global transport of dangerous goods. Washington, DC: IOS Press.

Cheremisinoff, N. P., & Rosenfeld, P. E. (2009). Best practices in the petroleum industry. Oxford, UK: William Andrew.

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