Development and Validation of Computer Assisted Instruction

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By juicy15
Words 394
Pages 2
Review of related literature and studies
Literature
* Kim (2006) how visual learning can affect the students way of learning.
* Smith (2002) visual learners prefer to see how to do things rather than just talking about it.
* Lehman, newby, russel, stepic (2005) computer-based tutorials have advantages such as students can interact with embedded questions then easily give feedbacks.
* Laird (1985) by stimulating the senses, especially the visual sense, learning can be enhanced.
* Computer assisted instruction – is an integrated module for the development and evaluation of the learning scheme of the users on the material provided.
* * computer-assisted instruction (CAI), a program of instructional material presented by means of a computer or computer systems.
The use of computers in education started in the 1960s. With the advent of convenient microcomputers in the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread from primary education through the university level and even in some preschool programs. Instructional computers are basically used in one of two ways: either they provide a straightforward presentation of data or they fill a tutorial role in which the student is tested on comprehension.
If the computer has a tutorial program, the student is asked a question by the computer; the student types in an answer and then gets an immediate response to the answer. If the answer is correct, the student is routed to more challenging problems; if the answer is incorrect, various computer messages will indicate the flaw in procedure, and the program will bypass more complicated questions until the student shows mastery in that area.
There are many advantages to using computers in educational instruction. They provide one-to-one interaction with a student, as well as an instantaneous response to the answers elicited, and allow students to…...

Similar Documents

Validation

...Question 1 (20%) In your own words, briefly describe your understanding of application of the lifecycle concept to validation. Process validation is a vital aspect not just for regulatory purposes, but also for the efficient and reliable long-term application of the process. In order to address the performance of the process adequately, process validation is used to identify the relevant parameters, to design the experimental validation studies accordingly and to define appropriate acceptance criteria through process development. Applying the lifecycle concept to validation, measures should be taken to routinely maintain and control the validated status of the process during initial development, its long-term application and until the process’s discontinuation. These measures include the monitoring of relevant performance parameters through good documentation. Question 2 (20%) What activities generally support the validation of a process / product? Activities that generally support the validation of a process / product include equipment calibration to ensure that the measured variable is accurately monitored; equipment qualification which includes installation qualification (IQ) an audit of the installation against the equipment specifications and drawings and operational qualification (OQ) which confirms that the equipment performs as intended; process development to provide documented evidence of the suitability of all critical process...

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Development and Validation of Learning Support Materials in Computer-Assisited Instruction in Teaching Science and Technology Iv

...Statement of the Problem The main purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a Computer – Assisted Instructional (CAI) material on the selected topics in Physics among the fourth year students of PHILSAGA High School Foundation, Inc, Bayugan 3, Rosario, Agusan del Sur. Specifically, the study aimed to answer the following questions: 1. How was the computer – assisted instruction on the selected topics in physics developed? 2. How did the students evaluate the CAI material according to: a. objective b. content c. delivery system d. instructional design and quality; and e. technical quality? 3. How did the teachers evaluate the CAI material according to: a. objective b. content c. delivery system d. instructional design and quality; and e. technical quality? Significance of the Study The teacher plays an important role in student’s learning. It is only when learning takes place that education exists. To be more effective is to impart effective methods on the essence of teaching, that is, for the learner noting also all-important aspects that will benefit all concerned. Thus, the researcher is convinced that the results of the study will be essential to: Curriculum Experts. This will serve as basis in planning an enriched curriculum in a way that the students can cope up with the technological needs in the society. The effectiveness of the school program also lies on the kind of curriculum it follows. School Supervisors and Administrators...

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

Development and Validation of Computer Assisted Instruction

...Review of related literature and studies Literature * Kim (2006) how visual learning can affect the students way of learning. * Smith (2002) visual learners prefer to see how to do things rather than just talking about it. * Lehman, newby, russel, stepic (2005) computer-based tutorials have advantages such as students can interact with embedded questions then easily give feedbacks. * Laird (1985) by stimulating the senses, especially the visual sense, learning can be enhanced. * Computer assisted instruction – is an integrated module for the development and evaluation of the learning scheme of the users on the material provided. * * computer-assisted instruction (CAI), a program of instructional material presented by means of a computer or computer systems. The use of computers in education started in the 1960s. With the advent of convenient microcomputers in the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread from primary education through the university level and even in some preschool programs. Instructional computers are basically used in one of two ways: either they provide a straightforward presentation of data or they fill a tutorial role in which the student is tested on comprehension. If the computer has a tutorial program, the student is asked a question by the computer; the student types in an answer and then gets an immediate response to the answer. If the answer is correct, the student is routed to more challenging problems; if...

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Use of Computer Aided Instruction in Teaching and Learning of Mathematics

...Abstract The paper investigates the use of computer aided instruction (CAI) in teaching and learning mathematics. It also explores the use of Instructional Materials Aided Methods (IMAM) as a close substitute. From the study, it was clear that computer-aided instruction enhanced the students performance in mathematics The design of the study was experimental. The hypothesis were tested using T-ratio at 0.05 level of significance and a reliability index of 0.85 was calculated from the test items; while the data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. Introduction One of the problems of teaching and learning is the method of imparting knowledge to learners. According to stone (1991), the major difficulty in sciences is the method by which the subjects were customarily taught without regard to instructional materials. The pedagogical approach in imparting knowledge to learners has become inadequate to their needs. Mathematics, like other science subjects, recorded poor students performance both in national and international examination (Ali, 1983). Many factors contributed to the performance of students in mathematics examination Akale, (1996), Okebukola and Jegede (1996), Ottiah (1997) and Ali (1998). The factors include: a. Inability of the mathematics teachers to put across the mathematics concepts to the students. b. Lack of skills and competence required for teaching mathematics. c. Shortage of qualified mathematics teachers. d. Lack of teaching...

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

History and Development of the Digital Computer

...History and Development of the Digital Computer Prior to the advent of digital computing, human clerks who calculated in accordance with effective methods we referred to as “computers.” Human computing has evolved greatly since that time; giving the need for computing and the advancement of technology an entirely new growth opportunity. A digital computer is “a device that processes numerical information; more generally, any device that manipulates symbolic information according to specified computational processes” (Digital Computer). Each computer is programmed with a basic set of instructions that are the identifiers of what capability that system has to perform functions. Computers are devices used to carry out a myriad of logical operations, and most often consist of at least one processing element. A computer most often contains a memory bank for information storage. Though the idea of computing has been around for a long while, it wasn’t until the mid-1900’s that “computers” came alive. The dinosaurs of the mid-1900 were mammoth machines housed in large buildings and warehouses and consumed more energy for one operating system than hundreds of today’s mini machine’s do. Today’s computers are miniscule in size in comparison to that of their ancestors and have the capability of far more computing power. As technology has evolved, the computer has taken the shape of laptops, music players, gaming systems and automobiles; each of these tangible items relies on some...

Words: 1713 - Pages: 7

Skill Validation

... the data presented is unorganized or missing vital components, have the healthcare provider become inappropriate in response. Emphasize the importance of data organization and completeness when communicating. Role-play intraprofessional communication by having the learner call report to the admitting or transferring unit, or have the learner give report to the next shift. When learners apply and/or titrate oxygen, the facilitator should open the Oxygen Intervention Option or Treatment Scenario and choose the appropriate flow rate. If using the HPS, no software command is necessary when real oxygen is applied. When learners provide pharmaceutical interventions, the facilitator should open the Medication Intervention Option or Treatment Scenario and choose the appropriate medication. If using the drug recognition feature of the HPS no software command is necessary when a drug is administered via that system. Learner is expected to integrate content from sciences, humanities and previous nursing courses when preparing for and participating in simulation activities. Debriefing and instruction after the scenario are critical. Learners and instructors may wish to view a videotape of the scenario afterward for instructional and debriefing purposes. Program for Nursing Curriculum Integration (PNCI®) Skills Validation © 2009 METI, Sarasota, FL 11 Skills Validation PNCI Debriefing Points The facilitator should begin by introducing the process of debriefing...

Words: 4609 - Pages: 19

Validation

.... For these reasons ZigBee has been designed to have a high level of security. In order for ZigBee to catch on in businesses and homes it needs to be simple to set up the network and to add new devices. ZigBee networks rely on simplicity and ease of setup. In most instances a new device is simply synchronized with the existing network by placing the two devices close together and pressing a button on each device at the same time. Battery life of a device is an important consideration in the design of the ZigBee standard. Many devices will have simple inexpensive batteries and will remain off most of the time. A device can be “pinged” to awaken or scheduled for a prearranged time. In this way the device is checked to see that it remains on the network, yet maximizes battery life up to several years. Why does San Juan Software care about ZigBee? The principals of San Juan Software have been in the embedded systems software business for many years. We have long envisioned a world where small embedded computer devices are simple to use, ubiquitous and communicate among themselves. ZigBee has many of the elements that can help us realize this vision. San Juan Software is focused on making helping our clients implement ZigBee and other wireless networking solutions for embedded computing devices. For more information about the ZigBee Alliance visit their website: www.zigbee.org. Please contact San Juan Software to find out how we......

Words: 996 - Pages: 4

Systems Validation

... normally forms part of the commissioning. This is carried out at the customer site following delivery of the equipment. Involves the testing under stress of the performance of the equipment or system following installation and integration. Again this should be supported by the necessary documented testing and acceptance criteria. 6) Commissioning report The Commissioning report is the documentation supporting the start up and turnover of the facilities, equipment or systems to the end user. This includes FAT and SAT, calibration of equipment and processes, detailed operational procedures. Cleaning procedures, maintenance routines, material certifications, CE certifications, P&ID’s, wiring diagrams and loop diagrams for instruments. Finally and probably the most important the detailed corrective action request and the documented close out by the vendor. 7) Standard Operating Procedures Standard operating procedures (SOPs) are the detailed documented instructions required to perform a specific process or set of processes. In terms of IQ qualification it is about understanding how the equipment or processes should be operated and establishing if they can be operated in line with the procedures. 8) Validation Master Plan The VMP outlines the principles involved in the qualification of a facility, defining the areas and systems to be validated and provides a written program for achieving and maintaining a qualified facility with validated......

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Validation

... validation scenarios. The results will be reviewed by Laurie McWilliams, Donor Care Director and Kathy Alvarado, Quality System Director. Brad Campshure, System Administrator will order and purchase any needed computer equipment and perform the Installation Qualifications. While the validation activities are being performed: each question will be validated for visual display and audio quality; QDS will not allow a donor record to print if there is a missing question response or missing signature; QDS will mark questions with aberrant responses correctly for review; QDS will display the gender specific questions to donors of the appropriate gender; current Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) will be reviewed for needed changes; any new SOPs needed will be drafted. The Document Control Process will be initiated per SOP. All controlled documents will be finalized before the QDS is implemented for production. All staff training documentation will be forwarded to the Education/Training Manager for review and filing before a staff member will be allowed to perform donor interviews using the QDS in production....

Words: 411 - Pages: 2

Computer Assisted Therapy

...* Computer assisted therapy * Can be assigned to treat depression * Computer application to treat anxiety * The tendencies of computer therapy footnote #1: There are several software programs available that can assist in many of the therapeutic tasks involved in depression treatment. Such programs supports users in relation to detailing to their problems and assign daily treatment plans specifically for clients needs. As of today, a number of formats in association with Internet treatment, and virtual reality treatment has been used as computers applications in link to therapy for anxiety disorder. Computer therapy also has the ability to attract patients who may have a certain type of phobia. Computer-assisted therapy has the tendencies of giving economical psychological services to those experiencing difficulties as related to treatment. reference: http://www.finddepressiontreatment.com/depression-software.html * Convenience of computer assisted therapy * Limits patients travel and results expectation time * The ability to handle multiple clients at a time * Less human therapist work overload footnote #2 Computer assisted therapy can alleviate the long waiting process for those who need to receive cognitive behavioral therapy. This newly from method of therapy can make treatment more accessible to those in need. It can also be a means for clients who make live far away from their therapist and also......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Instruction

...HOW TO ACCESS YOUR CREATE eBOOK (CREDIT CARD) STEP 1: Go to http://create.mheducation.com/shop and search for and select eBook by Title, ISBN, Author, or State/School STEP 2: Add the book to your cart and click “Check Out.”     Create an account or sign in. Verify order information and place order. Your receipt and bookshelf will appear. With purchase, you receive both an online eBook and a downloadable eBook. IMPORTANT! Your VitalSource password will be the same password you chose when you created your eBookstore account. Questions? McGraw-Hill Technical Support: 800-331-5094 (prompts 2, 3, 2) - www.mhhe.com/support HOW TO DOWNLOAD YOUR eBOOK TO YOUR COMPUTER.     Go to http://create.mheducation.com/shop and Sign In (top, right) Click the My Bookshelf tab. Click the button. You will first need to install a third-party application called VitalSource Bookshelf. Choose your platform and install or launch bookshelf if you already have the application    Run the installer. Restart your computer. Launch VitalSource Bookshelf. Questions? Please go to http://support.vitalsource.com/kb/ gettingstarted/gs-1001 for additional assistance.  After launching VitalSource bookshelf, you may be asked to enter your email address and password. Your VitalSource password will be the same password you chose when you created your eBookstore account. HOW TO VIEW YOUR DOWNLOADED eBOOK. How to NAVIGATE through the eBook download (VitalSource Bookshelf...

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Development and Validation of Instructional Material Using Mathematics Software

... practical aspects of a concept, design, discovery, or invention. Curriculum development needs to pass into a proper examination and validation. On the other, validation is the process of checking data against a standard or criteria. It provides an independent means of assuring quality and acceptable results. State universities and colleges were now employing softwares and other computer-assisted instructional devices in their teaching. Some of the elementary schools also were now using their E-classroom for their everyday lesson. The researcher find out that Microsoft Mathematics Software may be used in teaching Mathematics. This software provides a graphing calculator that plots in 2D and 3D, step-by-step equation solving, and useful tools to help students with math and science studies. The researcher chose this study to develop and validate an instructional material utilizing Microsoft Mathematics Software in teaching selected topics on geometry. The researcher get into this subject because she believes that this endeavour will provide a set of mathematical tools that will help students get school work done quickly and easily. With this instructional material, pupils can learn to solve word problems while gaining a better understanding of fundamental concepts in pre-algebra, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, physics, chemistry, and calculus. But the researcher focuses only on lessons about geometry for Grade Six pupils. Microsoft Mathematics includes a full-featured...

Words: 3324 - Pages: 14

Validation Rules

... Validation Rule | Validation Text | 1. <>0 | Enter a nonzero value. | 2. >=0 | Value must be zero or greater. | 3. 0 or >100 | Value must be either 0 or greater than 100. | 4. <#01/01/2007# | Enter a date before 2007. | 5. >=#01/01/2007# AND <#01/01/2008# | Date must occur in 2007. | 6. <Date() | Birth date cannot be in the future. | 7. >=Int(Now()) | Enter today's date. | 8. M Or F | Enter M for male or F for female. | Operator | Function | Example | 1. NOT | Tests for converse values. Use before any comparison operator except IS NOT NULL. | NOT > 10 (the same as <=10). | 2. IN | Tests for values equal to existing members in a list. Comparison value must be a comma-separated list enclosed in parentheses. | IN (" Tokyo","Paris","Moscow ") | 3. BETWEEN | Tests for a range of values. You must use two comparison values — low and high — and you must separate those values with the AND separator. | BETWEEN 100 AND 1000 (the same as >=100 AND <=1000) | 4. LIKE | Matches pattern | LIKE “[0-9][0-9” | 5. AND | Specifies that all parts of the validation rule must be true. | >= #01/01/2007# AND <=#03/06/2008#Note You can also use AND to combine validation rules. For example: NOT "UK" AND LIKE "U*". | 6. OR | Specifies that some but not all parts of the validation rule must be true. | January OR February | ...

Words: 250 - Pages: 1

Development and Validation of a Measure That Examines Attitudes Towards E-Hrm Practices

... psychologists as “1) explaining individual, group and organisational behaviour and optimising functioning, 2) measuring behaviour and predicting potential, 3) contributing to organisational development, and 4) translating IO research findings and empowering potential users thereof” (Rothmann & Cilliers, 2007, p. 10). Rothmann and Cilliers (2007) proceed to explain the importance of the involvement of IO psychologists when new technology is introduced into organisations. They believe that it is necessary for IO psychologists to be involved in the implementation of the technology; they look at this from a systems perspective in that changes in the task subsystem (e.g. technology) must also include changes in the psychosocial system, which includes knowledge, skills, attitudes and values (Robbins, Odendaal & Roodt, cited in Rothmann & Cilliers, 2007). Traditionally, IO psychology covers similar domains to HRM. These may include the effective selection of human resources, performance management, development and 67 survey work (Crespin & Austin, 2002). IO psychologists today also utilise information technology in their work. A major area where IO psychologists can use information technology is that of computerised and distance assessment of individuals and groups. Another area where technology is used in IO psychology practice is learning, which may include computer-assisted training and individual skill acquisition. Job analysis explains the......

Words: 47711 - Pages: 191

Computer Assisted Instruction

... under the purely traditional instruction method. Sison asserted a recommendations that schools administrators should put their greatest effort in upgrading the teachers’ qualifications and teaching competencies of their teacher in Biology by requiring them pursue science specialization in the Master’s teacher education program and to encourage them to attend seminars/trainings on the current trends in teaching science subjects particularly in the use and applications of information technology Local literature Computer assisted instruction (CAI) of writing is a big field and has generated a growing body of literature. Since it is also a relatively young field, much of the literature you will find is typical of that of any newer academic area in which theory, research, and practice are ongoing. In other words, be careful what you read. Depending on what sources you review (and when they were written), it is possible to get a somewhat unbalanced view of CAI. For instance, many early articles about computer based writing instruction are perhaps overly optimistic about the effects it can have on the writing classroom, or maybe they simply grant computers greater power in writing instruction than they really deserve. Consider the following: "The computer, more than any staff development program, journal article, or administrative mandate, has the potential to alter the environment of the classroom, and with it the role of both teacher and student" (Boiarsky......

Words: 6836 - Pages: 28