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Development of Nursing Theory

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MODULE 2: Theory Development in Nursing

Discuss the five development of nursing theory.

Silent Knowledge Stage is the period where nurses practice blind obedience to medical authority. Trainings of nurses and student nurses were limited to hospital settings. There is no independent decision-making by the nurse, and technical skills can only be performed by skilled nurses. Hospital schools believed that the nursing education comprises only of learning technical skills and that there is no need to be educated of theory. It is in this stage that nurses are dependent to doctors, and they carry out orders no questions asked.

Received Knowledge Stage is the time when nurses were encouraged to be registered as a professional by taking up state licensure, and pursue graduate education to study nursing functions and purposes. Prominent nursing organizations were formed and books containing lessons on nursing research and theories were published. The publication of the Journal of Nursing Research was then set forth, which goal, according to Parker (2006), was to promote scientific productivity and report scientific investigations for nursing, and contains papers on a variety of topics in relation to health care and current policies. This drove nurses in graduate education to inspire other nurses scholars to improve their awareness on theories and their skills in practice.

Subjective Knowledge Stage is the period where authority was internalized and new sense of self emerged. Nurse scholars focused on defining nursing and developed theories about and for nursing. One of them is Hildegard Peplau. She published a book describing interpersonal relationship between nurse and client.

Peplau’s work has remarkable influence on nursing practice and education as we know it today and on development of later nursing theories. She urged nurses to use nursing...

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